Za zabwino m'nkhani za QGIS 3.X

Ndizosangalatsa momwe njira zowunikira zowonjezera zatha kukhalira okhazikika ndikukhazikitsa mwayi wogulitsa anthu omwe ali ndi phindu lowonjezera; pamene kulola kudzipatulira ku maziko a bizinesi podziwa kuti zofunikira zidzakumbidwa ndi akatswiri ena okha. Ndikuyamikira WordPress, PostgreSQL ndi QGIS pakati pa zitsanzozi.

Icho chiri kutali ndi positi yoyamba yomwe ife tinapanga Gulu la GIS 1.02 mu 2009 ndi mu Zotsatira za QGIS 3 mu 2016. Kudumpha chirichonse chimene inu apempha wasonyeza udindo ndi apadrinadores awo, kudzipereka kuchokera kwa anthu ammudzi chitukuko koma makamaka kulandiridwa ndi ogwiritsa amene kukhwima Tiyembekezere kumvetsa bwino; kutsidya lina la Taliban lomwe likutsutsana ndi polojekiti yaumwini, likuyang'ana pa zokhudzana ndi mpikisano wa QGIS. M'nkhaniyi, mmene wathu tiyenera kusonyeza ena zinthu ndi mbali buku la kusintha posachedwapa osachepera mpaka zimene wasonyeza pambuyo mawu ameneŵa, amene timadziwa kuti sanali womalizira.

"Tikukondwera kulengeza kukhazikitsidwa kwa QGIS 3.6 'Noosa'! Noosa anali malo osonkhanitsa anthu aku Australia pakagwa 2017. "Qgis Blog

Chiyankhulo

  • Mitu

Kuchokera ku 2.8 Las Palmas, mawonekedwe a mawonekedwewa apangidwa bwino, ndi mawonekedwe atsopano omwe amatsatiridwa ndi makatani ndi ma menus. M'kudziwika kotsiriza, 3.6 Noosa, mukhoza kupitiriza kusinthira, kusintha momwe mukuwonetsera ndi zofunikira zanu. Titha kuchoka kuwona mwachilendo mpaka kuwona usiku, kuthandiza omwe amathera maola ambiri akuchita njira zosiyanasiyana.

Kwa Qgis 3.4, iwe umalowa muzowonjezeretsa, pamakhala njira yomwe ilipo Tengerani QSS - nkhani za UI, mu injini yosaka, ndipo mutatha kukhazikitsa, mu menu yowonjezera, mudzapeza njira Lozani UI Mutu. Kuchokera pazenera zomwe zimayambitsa mungasankhe pakati pa zosankha zonse ngati ziri zoyenera.

Pa tsamba la 3.6, njira ya Night Mapping idzaphatikizidwa, ndipo ikhoza kutsegulidwa kuchokera ku katundu wa mawonekedwe, kotero kuti simukusowa kumasula ndi kukhazikitsa zoonjezera.

  • Sakani

M'mawonekedwe apamwamba, mabokosi ofufuzira awonjezeredwa, omwe tingathe kupeza ntchito kapena zipangizo mofulumira; monga, mwachitsanzo: chojambulira, makonzedwe, kukonza ndondomeko zowonongeka, kuzindikira zigawo za polojekiti, kapena zolemba zapakati.

Muzenera zowonjezera, bokosi lofufuzira linaperekedwanso, komwe mungapeze zinthu kapena njira zogwirizana ndi wosanjikiza. Mwachitsanzo, mawuwa aikidwa mu injini yosaka zizindikiro (1) azaonekera mu mbali gululi ndi magwiridwe a wosanjikiza, anthu malamulo onse kuti muli mawu makhalidwe (2), ndiye ngati ife kusankha mmodzi wa iwo, inu mukhoza kuwona kuti mwina muli mawu zizindikiro (3).

  • Zizindikiro zowonjezera

Pamene akuchita wosanjikiza aliyense ndondomeko, monga makhalidwe sefa, panalibe chilichonse chosonyeza kuti zingatanthauze kuti wosanjikiza anali fyuluta. Mabaibulo atsopano, onse 3.4 monga 3.6, kuwonjezera ndondomeko zizindikiro kwa zigawo, monga tikuonera chithunzi izi, kotero kuti katswiri akhoza kuwona limodzi ndi osasankhidwa, oletsedwa kapena mtundu wosasunthika.

Misonkhano

M'masinthidwe atsopanowa, chojambula chojambula zithunzi chingapangidwe, kufotokoza mbiri ya wogwiritsa ntchito yemwe angasinthe kapena kusintha. Mu menyu waukulu; N'zotheka kupanga mapulogalamu ambiri ogwiritsira ntchito monga momwe akufunira ndipo mapulojekiti onsewa amasungidwa mu zolemba za Qgis 3. Njirayi ndiyomweyi kwa ogwiritsa ntchito Windows: C: \ User \\ AppData \ Roaming \ QGIS \ QGIS3 \ profiles \ osasintha

Zosinthidwa

Ponena za kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa vector kapena mabungwe a raster, zopanda malire za algorithms zakhala zikuphatikizidwa, ndipo zina mwazinthu zakhala zikukonzekera bwino

  • Tsatanetsatane kachitidwe

Mwa kupeza mabungwe amene mulibe munthu kumatanthauza dongosolo okhudza malo limati ntchito ndidzapempha kusonyeza zimene malo okhudza malo a deta. zenera, kumene inu kusankha zosiyanasiyana ntchito machitidwe padziko lonse, pansi pa izi, malo a dongosolo anasankhidwa mapu anasonyeza chotero angaletse ngati zolondola, imatseguka patsogolo kuwonjezera deta komanso mavuto a malo omwe apangidwe amapangidwa.

  • Kusindikiza

Magazini azinthu tsopano ndi ophweka kwambiri, monga zipangizo zamakono zozungulira kapena polygonal, komabe, mukuyenera kutsegula ndi kutseka kusinthidwa, mwina pa 3.4. Zida zaphatikizidwa monga: kufewetsa kwa mabungwe, kufufuza zapulotiki, kusintha kwa kayendetsedwe -kulozera mzere, kapena kusunthira mazenera a chimodzi kapena zigawo zonse. Kwa 3.6 Noosa version, kuthekera koyesa kufufuza njira zowonongeka mukuyembekezeredwa, kupeŵa kupanga zigawo zatsopano.

Mu bokosi lothandizira, pali ntchito zothandiza kusankha zinthu mkati mwa mabungwe malinga ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya makhalidwe, monga: kusankha ndi zikhumbo, kusankha mwachindunji kapena malo. Okonza Qgis 3.6, afotokozera mtundu wina wosankhidwa, wotchedwa kusankha ndi mtengo, wogwirizana ndi zikhalidwe zomwe zili mu vector.

Mmodzi wa pempho anapanga ogwiritsa ntchito, anali oyamba a CADtools yothandizana kuti Baibulo 3.6, aliyense Mabaibulo a 3.X, anali zodzipha, ndipo kukhazikitsa kwa pokha-mvu woyang'anira anasonyeza kuti ndi chinthu chakale lomwe sanathe aphedwe .

  • Tagged

Kulemba ndi njira ina yomwe yakhazikitsidwa mwa njira iliyonse. Ndi zophweka kuika chizindikiro chophweka kapena kupanga zolemba zazinthu zozikidwa pa malamulo. Kwazinthu izi ndizowonjezeredwa kutseka, izi zimathandiza kuti panthawi yomwe malemba a zigawo zina akugwiritsidwa ntchito, akhoza kusokoneza kuonekera kwa mabungwe, a chigawo choletsedwa.

  • Chizindikiro

Zatsopano zasinthidwa ndikuwonjezeredwa kuti zitheke mophiphiritsira, monga momwe mungapeze - batani lolondola pamsanji - ku mafashoni a mabungwe. Mu Qgis 3.6 Noosa, zofanana ndi mawonetsedwe a mafashoni akuwonjezeredwa xml, mu gulu la osatsegula kapena malamulo.

  • Kupita mofulumira

Koma njira zokhudzana raster, ma aligorivimu angapo kuwonjezera kwa m'zigawo, ndi kusanthula. Iwo lowonjezera mbali m'mbuyomo, kuwerengetsa ziwerengero za raster zochokera mawerengedwe wina buku m'dera, atakhala M mfundo atakhala mfundo Z malinga ndi mfundo iliyonse gulu, kapena yopezera okhutira fayilo yachitsulo - ndi mawonekedwe widget kwa minda yowina (blob) -. Ndiponso, pambali iyi, phindu lopambana lapadera ndi zizindikiro zajambuzi zowonjezera zakhala zikuphatikizidwa.

  • Dongosolo la 3D

Kwa deta ya 3D, zosankha zatsopano zowonjezeredwa monga kuthumbidwa kwa malo, ndiko kuti, wofufuza adzatha kusankha njira yomwe fanizo lake lidzayimirire. Kuwonjezera pamenepo, mukhoza kukonza magetsi muzithunzi za 3D, kumene muli ndi magetsi a 8 omwe malo, mphamvu, mtundu ndi kuchepa zimakhazikitsidwa.

Kusamalira ntchito

Kukweza kayendetsedwe ka polojekiti, kuphatikizapo ntchito monga atakhala mumafooda ntchito, monga zichitike ArcGIS ovomereza Mwachitsanzo, angathe kusungidwa mu malo amodzi ndondomeko yonse ndi mankhwala ntchito zokhudzana. Mu chigoba Kuyamba kwa polojekiti, ntchito yoyamba imayikidwa, ndiko kuti, njira yomwe deta ikugwiritsidwira ndi

  • Mawonedwe ambiri

Chinthu china chimene chaloŵa pa nsanja ndizotheka kuona malingaliro angapo a mapu, kuphatikizapo omwe ali ndi 3D deta. Kuchokera ku menyu yoyamba, muwonekedwe, pali njira ziwiri zowonjezera mawonedwe, mapu a 2D (Mapu atsopano - ctrl + M) kapena Mapu atsopano a 3D. Pambuyo posankha mtundu wawonekedwe kuti uwonjezere, iwo akhoza kuikidwa m'njira zosiyanasiyana ndikuphatikizidwa kumalo opambana, mbali imodzi - mbali yoyenera - pomwe malingaliro onsewa akhoza kuikidwa kapena kufanana ndi lingaliro lalikulu.

Mwa kuyika ziwonetsero zambiri, mukhoza kutsimikizira mbali zina za mapu akulu omwe sudzawoneke pamapeto omaliza. Zenera lililonse latsopano liphatikizidwa ndi mawonekedwe a mawonekedwe, kuphatikizapo kusinthidwa kapena osati ndi data pawindo lalikulu, kuyang'ana deta pamlingo winawake, kusonyeza ndemanga, malo a chithunzithunzi kapena malemba.

  • Zolemba zosindikiza

Ngati tibwerera kumbuyo, ndikugwirizanitsa ndi kugwiritsa ntchito chida ichi m'matembenuzidwe akale, aliyense amavomereza kuti zinali zovuta komanso zovuta; mpaka kufika pamene mfundo zowonongedwa zinachotsedwa ndipo amafuna kugwiritsa ntchito mapulogalamu ena kuti apange mankhwala omalizira. Kwa mawotchi atsopanowa, zowonjezera izi zasintha mkati, komanso kulola kusindikiza mawonedwe a 3D. Wosanthula akhoza kupanga chimodzi kapena zingapo zolemba za lingaliro lomwelo, kuphatikizapo kuwonjezera masamba m'mapangidwe ake.

Kuwonjezera pa zonse zomwe tazitchulazi, zina zowonjezedwa, ndi mwayi wowonjezera mtundu wina wa deta monga: Thandizo la 3D Mesh - ndi chirichonse chomwe chikuphatikizapo kusamalira deta iyi, monga kudziwika kwa zinthu-.

  • Maphukumo ndi zithunzi zogwiritsidwa ntchito

Mu Qgis, kugwiritsa ntchito ndi phukusi, kotero iwo asungira zigawo za zigawo mkati mwa bokosi lokonzekera - Zimamveka bwino kwambiri kwa ine monga momwe ndinachitira ndi ArcGIS Pro-.

Nawonso ankayembekezera kutsatira kuphatikizapo zipangizo zina zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito mu Baibulo 3.4, mwa sipangakhalenso dzina lake: yoti zithunzi geotagged -located mu zoikira zida procesado-. Ndi chida ichi mfundo wosanjikiza kumene geophotos geolocalizadas zithunzi zili kapena kulengedwa. Zithunzi zimenezi ayenera kukhala JPEG mtundu, ndi akulowa dongosolo chikwatu lonse, kulenga makhalidwe danga mankhwala pamwamba pa nyanja.

Nkhani zina Qgis 3.6

Kuwonjezera pa zonse zomwe tazitchulazi, zizindikiro zotsatirazi, ntchito ndi zina zowonjezera, zomwe zikuphatikizidwa mwanjira yosagwirizana ndi ma 2X mavesi, pamasamba awa:

  • Deta yoyang'anira deta ikuthandizira kulengedwa kwa zigawo zenizeni, deta ya deta - mesh data, ndi geopacks -
  • Chigawo cha ogwiritsira ntchito ndi omanga, wasankha kugwiritsa ntchito chiyankhulo C ++, kuti apangidwe kachiwiri kapena kusintha kwazomwe zakhalapo kale.
  • Kukhoza kulenga magulu, kugawana ndi kuwongolera ndizoona. Iwathandizanso ogwira ntchito, zosiyanasiyana zomwe zingathandize kupanga mawu mosavuta.
  • Zomwe amachita kapena ntchito zimachitidwa kumbuyo, kotero sizimasokoneza pakuzindikira ntchito zina.
  • Ambiri -kuphatikizapo ife- Takhala tikufunsa mafunso muzitukuko za zinthu zina, zida kapena ntchito za Qgis, chifukwa cha kusowa kwazinthu zazinthu izi. Patsamba latsopanoli, gulu lachitukuko likuwonetsa kukhalapo kwa zolembedwera zabwino za njira ndi zipangizo zomwe zimapanga GIS iyi.
  • Chimodzi mwa ntchito zomwe zing'onozing'ono zanenedwa, koma tikuyembekeza kutsimikizira, ndi nthawi yowonjezereka, yomwe ikugwirizana ndi maphunziro ambiri.
  • Kupititsa patsogolo zipangizo zamakina kwa chojambulira cha raster.
  • JSON thandizo la phukusi la geo.

"QGIS ndi pulogalamu yaulere ndipo simusowa kulipira chilichonse. Ndipotu, tikufuna kulimbikitsa anthu kuzungulira dziko lapansi kuti azigwiritse ntchito, mosasamala kanthu za ndalama zawo kapena chikhalidwe chawo. Timakhulupirira kuti kuphunzitsa anthu omwe ali ndi zipangizo zopangira zisankho kudzathandiza kuti anthu akhale abwino koposa. "Buku la Qgis

Monga akatswiri ndi chidwi pa malo a «Zomwe Zinalembedwa, Zida Zowonetsera malo, mu 3.6 Noosa version, zingathe kupindulitsa kwambiri pomanga katundu. Pa tsamba lovomerezeka la Qg, ndi matembenuzidwe opezeka mu nkhaniyi. Kusiyanitsa pakati pa chinthu chimodzi ndi chakuti 3.4 Madeira ndiyotulutsidwa nthawi yaitali, ndi mapangidwe a ziphuphu zomwe zimachitika panthawi yake. Kumbali ina, buku la 3.6 Noosa ndilokhutira muzinthu zovuta, koma ndi zomveka zomveka, ndipo zitha kuwonetsedwa nsikidzi panthawi yake.

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