Kupititsa patsogolo ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa mlandu wa BIM - Central America

Popeza takhala ku BIMSummit ku Barcelona, ​​sabata yatha yakhala yosangalatsa. Onani optics zosiyana, kuchokera kwa osayikitsa kupita kwa owona masomphenya kuti tili mu mphindi yapadera ya kusintha kwa mafakitale kuchokera ku chidziwitso cha m'munda kuti kuyanjana kwa ntchito mu nthawi yeniyeni ya nzika. BIM imasewera mbali yofunikira kwambiri, pakugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa mphamvu zamakono zamagetsi zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi gawo la bizinesi, kufunafuna ntchito zabwino za wogwiritsira ntchito pomaliza ntchito za boma komanso momwe lingagwiritsidwe ntchito.

Koma pakati pa optimists bwino nkhani za mayiko Masewerera a Nordic kumene akulankhula za OpenSource salinso alakwira zofuna patokha aliyense, ndipo kufunika kwa mayiko a zotsogola luso kumene kutsogoza akufotokozera payekha gawo, pali chenicheni wanzeru m'mayiko kusagwira bwino ntchito kwa boma chifukwa cha ntchito yake yofunafuna zowoneka bwino za dzikoli. Pankhaniyi, ife kulankhula za makhalidwe anga otsiriza ndi Gab! Ndi wothandiza mu theka la ola egeomates khofi anandiuza masomphenya ake a BIM kulingana Central America.

Mwachidziwikiratu, zabwino zomwe zakupitilira patsogolo mu nkhaniyi zikhoza kubisika ndi zosaoneka zooneka bwino; kotero ife tiyenera kuyang'ana ku zomwe ife tazimvapo pamenepo. Kuchokera pachiyambi, pali kufalitsa kwakukulu kwa kupita patsogolo m'mayiko monga Costa Rica ndi Panama, komabe, m'mayiko ena a derali, ngakhale kuti pali chidziwitso pamasinkhu aumwini, nkhani ya maphunziro ndi chikhalidwe sichikuwoneka pazomwe akukwaniritsa; ngati tiyang'anitsitsa kuchokera ku BIM, yomwe, kupyolera mukumangirira, ndi njira yomwe ikuphatikizira kasamalidwe ka mauthenga ndi kayendetsedwe ka ntchito mkati mwa kukhazikitsa mfundo.


Zotsatira za BIM Panama

Panama pokhala dziko lomwe likukula mwakukula kokhazikika palinso kutseguka pang'ono ndi zina mwachangu. Inu basi kuchoka ndege ndi kutenga msewu ndi kuwona kuti malo ndiwo malo imachita m'dera Central, tsono, BIM suenta monga mapaziwo apangidwa changwiro cha kusakanikirana kwa topezeka amene amapanga osiyana lachibadwidwe, ndi zomangamanga ntchito . Koposa zonse, kukumbukira zomwe Panama ndi dziko lokhala ndi kayendetsedwe ka zamalonda ndi zofunikira padziko lapansi, zomwe sizingatheke kumbuyo.

  • The 14 July 2016 ndi Panama Komiti ya Yomanga CAPAC molumikizana ndi Panama Society of Akatswiri ndi mapulani SPIA ndi mayunivesite a Panama, sayansi ndi USMA, analengeza chilengedwe cha bolodi luso zomwe zingatipatse kukhazikitsa ndondomeko BIM, wotchedwa Forum BIM Panama.
  • Pali mabungwe angapo omwe amalimbikitsa kugwiritsa ntchito BIM monga Autodesk, Bim Forum ya Panama, Bentley Systems, PCCad, Blue AEC Studio, Comarqbim, pakati pa ena.
  • Ntchito yayikulu ya BIM ku Panama ndi kukula kwa Kanama la Panama.

BIM Model Panama Canal. Analandira mphoto ya Autodesk BIM Experience chifukwa cha kupanga kwake katatu kovuta.

Mwachidziwitso, pali mwayi wambiri wotseguka payekha, ndi malo ogwira ntchito kufunsa BIM udindo ngati chofunikira kuti pakhale patsogolo ntchito zawo.


Mgwirizano wa BIM Costa Rica

Dziko lino likulimbikitsa mwa njira ina kugwiritsa ntchito njira za BIM mu zomangamanga zatsopano. Chifukwa chachikulu, chifukwa cha maiko akunja, makampani ena apadera akuyamba kukhazikitsa njira zina; Komabe, ntchito yothandizira akatswiri a BIM ndi yoperewera, tikayiyerekeza ndi mayiko a South America. Dziko la Costa Rica lili kale ndi Bim Forum Costa Rica.

  • BIM Forum Costa Rica ndi Komiti Yomangamanga yomwe inakhazikitsidwa ndi cholinga cholimbikitsa kukambirana ndi kupititsa patsogolo ntchito za BIM mu ntchito yomanga.

Mwachitsanzo chidwi, mu yapakati-American Bank Development (IDB zomangamanga Management ndi Division ya Science, Technology ndi luso (CTI), ntchito pa pophatikiza BIM mu kapangidwe ndi kuyang'aniridwa ndi ntchito zomangamanga.

Mu Costa Rica, Mwachitsanzo, anaphatikizidwa specifications ntchito yomanga kuyang'aniridwa kusamuka kapangidwe zojambula BIM lachitsanzo polojekiti nthawi yomanga. Ndiko kuti, ndege 2D 3D kuti zapita, ndipo mfundo quality, kumanga zinayendera (4D) ndi kulamulira mtengo (5D) adzakhala Integrated; Izi zidzakuthandizani kudziŵa nthawi, khama ndi ndalama zambiri, kuchoka ku chikhalidwe chachikhalidwe kupita ku BIM. Zokolola, ndalama, deadlines ndipo ayenera kusinthidwa pa ntchito yomanga pa San Gerardo - Barranca, adzakhala poyerekeza ndi gawo Limonal - San Gerardo, omwe ali yemweyo kapangidwe specifications, ndipo udzamangidwa imodzi.

Ngakhale kuti pali njira yochuluka yopita kuderali, zotsatira za woyendetsa ndegeyo zidzakhala zolimbikitsa kuti maboma azigwiritsa ntchito BIM ndikupeza phindu la zokolola ndi zogwira mtima, mwa kusintha kwakukulu momwe ntchito ikugwiritsidwira ntchito.


Mgwirizano wa BIM Guatemala

Chifukwa ndi dziko lalikulu, pali zinthu zina zofunika kwambiri mu BIM. Tili ndi Master in Modeling and Management of Construction Projects BIM Management ku University of Valle de Guatemala ndi Universidad del Istmo ndi Master mu Bim Management.

Pali mabungwe omwe amapatulira maphunziro ku Bim, monga Revit Guatemala ndi GuateBIM (BIM Council ya Guatemala). Pali kuvomereza kwina pa gawo lachinsinsi. Chitsanzo chikanakhala kampani Danta Arquitectura yomwe imabweretsa BIM. Ndipo tisasiye otsatsa a BIM softwares omwe amalephera kulimbikitsa njirayi.


Nkhani ya BIM El Salvador

Ku El Salvador, palibe zambiri zomwe zilipo. Komabe, mapulojekiti monga omwe amamangidwa ndi kampani Structuristas Consultores EC inayamba ndi BIM kuyima.

Pulojekiti: TIER III malo osungirako deta komanso makampani oyang'anira maofesi a Banco Agrícola, ku San Salvador.

  • Ndi nyumba ziwiri zomangamanga za 11,000 m2 kuphatikizapo: deta yomwe ili ndi zizindikiro za TIER III komanso nyumba yomanga maofesi a 5.
  • Zolinga zamakono, kupanga ma HVAC ndi kugwirizanitsa zamagulu osiyanasiyana, pogwiritsira ntchito zipangizo za BIM ndi kuyang'anitsitsa patsogolo ndi chitsanzo cha BIM.
  • Zolinga zikuphatikizapo: Civil, Structures, Architecture, Electricity, Mankhwala, Mapaipi.

Ngakhale kuti ntchitoyi ndi BIM yovomerezedwa, ndi zosiyana siyana; Inde, zolemba ndi kukonza gawo sizowoneka; ngakhale inde muchitsanzo chake. Izi zili ndi zifukwa zosiyana siyana, pamene nkhani yotsatsa ndondomeko yamakono kapena ngakhale maphunziro apadera akugwiritsidwa ntchito pokhapokha pa zomangamanga / zomangamanga, koma amaiwala kuti ayang'ane pazomwe ntchitoyo ikugwiridwa mpaka mapangidwe ake aphatikizidwa.


Nkhani ya BIM Nicaragua

Pano ife tikupeza zizindikiro za malo ophunzitsira, mipingo ina ngakhale kuti sitingakwanitse kukhazikitsa mapulani, komabe timakhala tikudziwitsanso BIM. Pali maphunziro ena omangamanga omwe akuyambitsa mawu, monga kuphunzira kwa BRIC.

Mwachitsanzo, CentroCAD, zomwe ndikuganiza kuti ndi imodzi mwa malo abwino kwambiri ophunzitsira ku Nicaragua, Revit yake nthawi zambiri imayang'ana pa Zomangamanga ndi MEP, koma tikuwona pang'ono pokhapokha muzipangizo zake, zofunikira kapena zomangamanga zomangamanga. Ngakhale kuti BIM ndi wophunzira, kuphunzira kugwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu ndi mapulogalamu sizodziwika ndi njira zomvetsetsera m'njira yofunika kwambiri pamene chidachi ndi njira yokha yosunga ndi kugwiritsa ntchito deta.

Ndi gawo chonde Autodesk BIM posachedwapa anakonza Congress mu Nicaragua; Mbali kuti asamukira ndi Khama mayunivesite ndi mayanjano akatswiri Geo-zomangamanga. Ndi BIM Forum 2019 unachitikira Managua, ndi okamba kuzungulira America Central, Dominican Republic ndi Colombia N'zoonekeratu kuti dziko lino pali ntchito yambiri ku gawo payekha, academia kungathandize kwambiri, koma pamwamba kufunika zonse kuyesetsa kulera angathe BIM kuti mfundo pagulu.


BIM nkhani ya Honduras

Monga Nicaragua, ikuyendetsedwa ndi anthu, maphunziro, misonkhano, ndikudziwitsa akatswiri akumanga. Pali mabungwe omwe apatulira kukweza BIM ndikuphunzitsa antchito a makampani, monga PC Software, Cype Ingenieros, ndi College of Architects ku Honduras.

Pali chidwi pa gawo lapadera kuti ayambe kuyendetsa BIM, nthawi zonse ndi zolephera zake. Ndizosangalatsa kubadwa kwa makampani atsopano ndi masomphenya atsopano monga Green Bim Consulting omwe apatulira kuwonetsetsa ndi kupititsa patsogolo ntchito za BIM zosatha. Makampani olimba kwambiri monga Katodos BIM Center ndi malo otchuka a Honduras.

Miyezi yapitayi, makampani opanga zomangamanga anatha kupha XMUMX mita mamitala kumapulojekiti osiyanasiyana ku Honduras, 1,136.8% inali yopangira ntchito; 57,5% malonda, 20,2% mu mautumiki ndi 18,6% mafakitale. Mwa ndalamazo, gawo laling'ono la nyumbayi linagwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zamakono monga BIM kupanga mapulani.

Malonezi Marlon Urtecho, mkulu wa bungwe la Accensus Structural Systems, adatsimikizira kuti kupita patsogolo kwa zomangamanga tsopano kumalola kuti polojekitiyi ikhale yoyenera kwambiri: "Maofesi a zomangamanga angathe kufotokoza ntchito zawo mu gawo lachitatu mofulumira komanso ndi zithunzi zambiri"Adatero. Zikuonekeratu kuti masomphenya ngati awa akuwonetsa kuti pakadakalibe tsatanetsatane za kukula kwa BIM.

Ngakhale kuti uthenga wofalawu ukuchokera ku Honduras, zotsatira za posachedwa March 2019, tsiku la Choyamba BIM Virtual Congress ya Central America ndi Caribbean. Idafika mofulumira chifukwa nkhaniyi inalembedwa kale, komabe izi zimabweretsa magetsi okondweretsa nkhani yotsatira ya BIM ku Central America.

Ngakhale kuti makampani, makampani Honduran imasonyeza kupita patsogolo ntchito BIM (osachepera mlingo wa mawerengeredwe mudziwe) makamaka gulu kamangidwe, amene wapangitsa amasonyeza patsogolo ntchito kamangidwe. Kuchita zofunikira za msinkhu wa 2 (BIM Level2) momwe ntchito yake imagwiritsiridwa ntchito ngati zofanana ndi zomangamanga ku zigawo zonse zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pomanga nyumba, zomwe zili m'midzi yomwe ikukula zikulonjeza.

Nkhani ya nyuzipepala ya Procesohn imati, http://proceso.hn/tecnologia/2-ciencia-y-tecnologia/constructores-hondurenos-avanzan-en-el-uso-de-tecnologia-bim.html


Pambuyo pa makapu angapo a khofi ndi mchere wobiriwira, timayandikira pafupi ndi Gab! kuti BIM sadaimire ku Central America. Ndithudi, phunziro lodziwika bwino ndilosafunika kwambiri pankhaniyi, ndi omwe ayenera kulimbikitsa luso ndi machitidwe. Zowonadi pali zifukwa zina, koma mu nsaluyi timapeza zinthu zotsatirazi:

  • Mtengo wapamwamba wophunzitsa ophunzira komanso kusowa kwa makosi oyenerera. Otsogolera BIM amawerengedwa pa zala za dzanja; Pokumbukira kuti kubweretsa otsogolera padziko lonse ndi okwera mtengo.
  • Mtengo wapamwamba wa malayisensi apulogalamu (layisensi ku Central America ikhoza kuwononga nthawi za 3 zomwe zimafunika ku Mexico, US kapena Chile). Makampani otsatsa malondawa amanena kuti pamsika wotsika, choncho ayenera kukweza mitengo kuti akwaniritse zolinga zomwe makampani a makolo amakhazikitsa. Izi zimalimbikitsa piracy ndi mantha ochita BIM chifukwa cha chilango chomwe chingalandire kuchokera kwa opatsa mapulogalamu.
  • Mtengo wapatali wa makompyuta omwe amafunika kuti agwiritse ntchito machitidwe a BIM, monga kuphatikiza mawonekedwe a mapulogeni kuzipangizo zakunja kapena kupereka.
  • Palibe mwambo wokhazikitsidwa pakukonzekera ndikukonzekera mwatsatanetsatane zolemba zofunikira pazinthu. BIM imafuna kudzaza mafomu monga EIR, BEP, BIM Protocol, kutsatira malamulo, ndi zina zotero. -Ndani ali ndi nthawi, pamene andifunsa kuti ndiyambe ntchitoyi dzulo- Chida chodziŵika pakati pa akatswiri omangamanga omwe sichimagwirizana, chifukwa pamene mukonzekera bwino, mukhoza kupanga mapulojekiti nthawi zina.
  • Mipamwamba ya uphungu yomwe ikuyimira izi. Nthawi zina kubisalako kumathandiza kukweza mtengo wa polojekitiyi, ntchitoyi ndi yovuta kwambiri. Tikudziwika kuti kutsatira BIM kungathetseretu ziphuphu zambiri zoyipa muzinthu za boma.
  • Ogwira ntchito yomangamanga sakufuna kuchoka ku AutoCAD, komabe sakufuna kumvetsetsa momwe lingaliro la 3D lingathere. Gawoli, chifukwa payenera kukhala zofanana ndi ntchito zomwe zimapindulitsa khama la kuphunzira, komanso pamwamba pa mwayi wonse kuti ukhale wophweka mu kuphweka ndi kukhathamiritsa tikawona BIM ngati chinthu china choposa 3D.
  • Kukhazikitsidwa kwa BIM kuli ndi mtengo wake, makamaka pa mapulogalamu ngati mukufuna kugwira ntchito mwalamulo; Izi sizili zophweka kwa makampani ambiri omwe akuvutika kuti athe kukhala ndi moyo mu chuma chomwe chikuvutitsa maganizo kumene anthu ochepa akugwira ntchito zazikulu ndi zokhazokha zokha. Ndipo pokhala mphunzitsi wa BIM ndi malamulo onse, nkofunikira kukhala ndi malayisensi mu dongosolo. Mapulogalamu a pulogalamu yophunzitsa BIM angatanthauze ndalama za US $ 3,500.00 pachaka pa chilolezo, m'mayiko ena a ku Central America. Zingakhale zofunikira kuwona kuti kuchuluka kwa izi kumapangitsa bwanji mapulogalamu a pulogalamu monga ntchito yotengedwa ndi opatsa mapulogalamu akuluakulu.

Pomalizira, Central America ambiri ali mu ndondomeko ya chikhalidwe cha BIM, timagwira ntchito ndi chitsanzo cha 3D, koma timalephera kufika pamlingo umene timawona m'madera ena. Pakalipano, tikuchoka ndikudikira ndondomeko yatsopanoyi, podziwa kuti Congress yapitayi ife tiri ndi kuwerenga kwatsopano pambuyo pa chidziwitso mwatsoka sikuti ikuchitidwa mopitirira kusinthanitsa zochitika zinazake.

Komabe, mbali ina ya ndalama ku Central America ndi mwayi wokondweretsa ngati ochita masukulu, apadera, ndi ochita masewerawa amatha kuloŵa mu gawo la boma asanapindule ndi zosowa zomwe zilipo pakukhazikitsidwa.

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