N'chifukwa chiyani amagwiritsa ntchito mapasa a digito kumanga

Chilichonse chomwe chikutizungulira chikukhala digito. Mapulogalamu apamwamba monga nzeru zamakono ndi intaneti za zinthu (IoT) zikukhala zofunikira kwambiri pamagulu osiyanasiyana, kupanga njira mofulumira komanso mogwira mtima kwambiri mwa mtengo, nthawi ndi tsatanetsatane. Kupita digito kumalola kuti malonda onse apindule zambiri ndi zochepa; Izi ndizomwe kukambitsirana kwatsopano kwa mphamvu zamakono komanso zogwiritsira ntchito mwanzeru, kuphatikizapo chitukuko cha makina opanga mphamvu, miniaturization, robotics ndi drones, zikuthandiza ngakhale makampani opanga zomangamanga kuti azindikire momwe angagwirizanitsire ma digito ndi zakuthupi kuti azimanga nyumba zotsika mtengo, zobiriwira komanso zosavuta mu nthawi yochepa.

Chitsanzo cha izi ndi momwe drones amavomerezera kulanda zithunzi zambiri m'kanthawi kochepa, zomwe zimatsogolera ntchito yokonza. Koma osati izo zokha, popeza malingana ndi chithokomiro chilipo drone, panthawi imodzimodziyo mungapeze deta yomwe mungathe kusonyeza makhalidwe omwe amapatsa phindu loposa la madigirimita ojambulapo. Lingaliro limeneli lomwe likusintha kwenikweni nkhope ya AEC makampani ndi "Digital Twins" ndi zitsanzo zaposachedwapa zawonjezeka chenicheni cha umboni wa Hololens2 kuti tidzakhala nazo zochuluka izi kuposa zamalonda zosangalatsa.

Malingana ndi lipoti la Gartner posachedwapa, chikhalidwe cha "Digital Twin" chikuyandikira "Chiwerengero cha kuyembekezera". Chinanso chiyani? Pakati pa 5 kwa zaka 10, chiyembekezerocho chiyenera kufika ku "Plateau Yopanga".

Gwiritsani ntchito kayendetsedwe kabwino ka matekinoloje akudziwika bwino 2018

Kodi mapasa a digito ndi chiyani?

Mapulogalamu a digito amatanthawuza mtundu weniweni wa ndondomeko, mankhwala kapena ntchito. Mapasa adijito ndi mgwirizano pakati pa chinthu chenicheni cha dziko ndi mawonekedwe ake a digito omwe akupitiriza kugwiritsa ntchito deta. Deta yonse imachokera ku masensa omwe ali pa chinthu chenicheni. Kuimira digito kumagwiritsidwira ntchito pakuwonetseratu, kutsanzira, kusanthula, kufanana ndi kukonzekera kwina.

Mosiyana ndi maimidwe a BIM, mapasa a digito sagwirizanitsa chinthu ndi chiwonetsero cha malo. Mwachitsanzo, ndondomeko yogulitsira ntchito, fayilo ya munthu, kapena chiyanjano cha zibwenzi pakati pa maphwando ndi magulu oyang'anira.

Inde, mapaipi a digito amawoneka okongola, makamaka mu Geo-engineering. Pogwiritsa ntchito mapaipi a digito, eni nyumba ndi ogwira ntchito angathe kuteteza mavuto osiyanasiyana omwe amapezeka mkati mwa nyumbayo, kutenga njira zowonetsera ndikukhala ndi malo abwino. Mwachitsanzo, mukhoza kupanga mapasa a digito a nyumba ndikuwonetsetsa momwe zidzakhudzira chivomezi chachikulu. Malingana ndi zotsatira, mukhoza kusintha zofunikira mnyumbamo, ngozi isanachitike ndipo zinthu sizikutha. Umu ndi momwe mapaipi a digito amatha kupulumutsira miyoyo.

Chithunzi chogwirizana ndi: buildingSMARTIn Summit 2019

Mapasa a digito amalola wopanga zomangamanga kuti adziwe zonse zokhudzana ndi nyumbayo yomwe ilipo panthawi yeniyeni, yogwirizana ndi fayilo ya moyo yomwe imaphatikizapo kulenga, kupanga, kumanga, kukonza ndi ntchito ya chuma. Amapereka mwayi wopezeka pafupipafupi zonse zokhudza malo omanga. Zimathandiza omanga kukhala otsimikiza nthawi zonse ngakhale zinthu zazing'ono kwambiri, monga zofunikira za mtengo.

Posachedwapa timagawidwa ndi Mark Enzer, CTO, MottMacDonald mu nyumba ya SMART Summit 2019, pokamba za mafupipafupi a mapasa adijito kukonzanso; "Sizongonena za nthawi yeniyeni, ndiyo nthawi yoyenera."

Ubwino wogwiritsa ntchito mapasa a digito pomanga.

Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kolondola kwa teknoloji nthawi zonse kumapangitsa njira kukhala yothandiza kwambiri. Mwachitsanzo, mapasa a digito, mwa kulola kuti zikhale zosavuta kuti zitha kunyamula kuwonongeka kwa masoka achilengedwe ndi anthu. Akhoza kuthandiza nzika kukhala ndi moyo wotetezeka. Mwachitsanzo, ngati pali zowonongeka kumene zimayenera kukhala magalimoto ambiri, pogwiritsa ntchito mapulogalamu oyendetsa oyendayenda, tikhoza kudziwiratu kuti ndi liti komanso kuti padzakhala chiwonongeko chotani. Poyambitsa kusintha kofunikira mu njira ya digito ya zomangamanga, nkokwanitsa kukwaniritsa chitetezo chokwanira, kugwiritsira ntchito bwino komanso kuchepetsa ndalama zoyendetsera ntchito pomanga ndi kukonza katunduyo.

Ubwino wogwiritsa ntchito mapasa a digito kumanga ndi ambiri. Zina mwa izo ndizomwe zili pansipa:

Kupitiliza kuyang'anitsitsa kayendedwe ka zomangamanga.

Kuwona nthawi yeniyeni ya malo omangamanga pogwiritsa ntchito mapasa a digito kumatsimikizira kuti ntchito yomalizidwa ikugwirizana ndi mapulani ndi ndondomeko. Ndi mapasa a digito, n'zotheka kufufuza kusintha kwa chitsanzo monga kumangidwira, tsiku ndi tsiku komanso nthawi iliyonse, ndipo ngati pali kupotoka kulikonse, zotsatira zowonongeka zingatengedwe. Kuonjezerapo, mkhalidwe wa konkire, ukuphwanyidwa muzitsulo kapena kusamuka kwazinthu pa malo omanga kungathe kutsimikiziridwa mu mapasa a digito. Zoterezi zimapangitsa kuti zowonjezereka ndi zowonongeka zidziwike mofulumira, zomwe zimayambitsa njira zowonjezera.

Kugwiritsira ntchito moyenerera.

Mapasa a Digital amapangitsa kuti pakhale chuma chabwino komanso ndalama zothandizira makampani kuti asatayike nthawi yopindulitsa komanso kusamalira zinthu zosafunikira. Pogwiritsira ntchito teknolojiyi, kugawikana kwakukulu kumapewa komanso kumakhala kosavuta kufotokozera mozama zinthu zofunika pa webusaitiyi.
Ngakhalenso kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizozi kungathe kutengedwa ndipo osagwiritsidwa ntchito angathe kumasulidwa kuntchito zina. Izi zimapulumutsa nthawi ndi ndalama.

Kuonetsetsa chitetezo

Chitetezo ndizofunika kwambiri pa malo omanga. Mapasa a Digital, polola makampani kuwunika anthu ndi malo owopsa pa malo omangako, kuthandizani kupeŵa kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zopanda chitetezo ndi ntchito kumadera owopsa. Malingana ndi chidziwitso cha nthawi yeniyeni, njira yoyambirira yodziwitsira ikhoza kukhazikitsidwa yomwe imalola wogwira ntchito yomanga kudziwa nthawi yomwe wogwira ntchito kumunda ali m'dera losatetezeka. Chidziwitso chingatumizedwenso ku chipangizo cha ogwira ntchito kuti chitetezo chisachitike.


Ubwino wogwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zamakono zamakono kumanga ndizochuluka. Zizolowezi zakale zimakhala zovuta, koma kuti zitheke kwambiri pomanga, ndikofunikira kupita digito. Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa matepi amathajambula kungabweretse mavuto atsopano kuti pakhale chitukuko cha zipangizo zamakono ndikubweretsa ubwino ndi zogwirira ntchito zatsopano. Makampaniwa ayenera kukonzekera ndi kusintha kusintha kwa chilengedwe.

Chitsanzo cha izo

Tinali ndi mwayi wofunsana nawo a ku Brazil chaka chatha, ku London. Pogwiritsa ntchito mapasa a digito, Bwanamkubwa José Richa Airport (SBLO) ku Brazil, ndege yaikulu yachinayi kum'mwera kwa Brazil imatha kuyang'anira deta ya ndege ndi kukwaniritsa bwino ntchito zake.
Poona kuti pakufunika kukonzekera bwino deta ya ndege, woyendetsa ndege wa SBLO, Infraero anaganiza zopanga mapasa a digito omwe angakhale ngati galasi ndi malo apakati pa deta yonse ya ndege, kuphatikizapo zipangizo, nyumba, zomangamanga , malo ndi mapu ndi deta yolongosola.

BIM ndi GIS pamodzi ndi ntchito za Bentley zinagwiritsidwa ntchito poyerekeza ndi malo omwe alipo a 20, omwe amapezeka kuposa 920,000 mita mamita a ndege. Amapangitsanso kayendetsedwe kake ndi maulendo apansi, madiresi awiri a ndege ndi sitima zapamsewu ndi misewu yopita. Gulu la polojekitiyo kenako linakhazikitsa deta ya parametric kuti zithandize kukonza ndi kukonza kayendetsedwe ka polojekiti.
Gulu la polojekitiyi linapanga mapasa a digito a ndege omwe akuphatikizapo chithunzi chapaulendo ku eyapoti ndi malo apakati pa data yonse ya pa eyapoti. Chigawo chapakati chimathandiza ogwiritsira ntchito molondola malo omwe akuyendetsera ndege, kukonza kayendetsedwe ka bizinesi ndi ntchito zotetezeka komanso zoyenera. Mapasa adijito amathandizanso kukonzanso mapulojekiti oyendetsa ndege oyendetsa ndege, ndikukonzekera ndi kukonzekera. Pothandizidwa ndi mapasa a digito, Infraero ikhoza kuchepetsa ndalama zowonetsera ndikukwaniritsa ntchito yabwino ya ndege ku SBLO. Gulu la polojekiti likuyembekeza kupulumutsa zambiri kuposa BRL 559,000 pachaka ndi mapaipi ake a digito. Bungwe likuyembekezeranso kuwonjezeka kwa phindu lake.

Pakagwiritsidwe ntchito

ProjectWise idagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga nsanamira yophatikizira ndege, yomwe inagwiritsidwa ntchito monga gawo logwirizana ndi polojekitiyi. Kutha kwa malingaliro a mtambo wa MicroStation kunalola timu kuti ipangire galadi lenileni la maofesi onse oyenda ku eyapoti pogwiritsa ntchito mitambo. OpenBuildings Designer (omwe kale anali AECOsim Building Designer) anathandiza kupanga ndi kukonza makalata a malo ogulitsira ndege, komanso kuwonetsa ofesi yoyendetsa galimoto, malo ogulitsa katundu, malo ozimitsira moto ndi nyumba zina zomwe zilipo. Gululo linagwiritsa ntchito OpenRoads kupanga mapulojekiti a geometric ndi mapu a pamwamba pa msewu wa pamsewu pa misewu, ma taxi ndi misewu yautumiki.

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