Kufunika kochepetsera malire mu Registry Management - Cadastre

Mu posachedwa kufalitsa kwa Semina pa Zomwe Zapita patsogolo ku Multi-Land Cadastre ku Latin America, womwe unachitikira ku Bogotá, ndinagogomezera kuwonetsa kufunika koyika nzikayi pakati pa phindu la ntchito zamakono. Anatchula, kufupi ndondomeko mu kuphatikiza Cadastre kasamalidwe - Kulembetsa, tingadziwe kuti review za kayendetsedwe ndi ayenera kuchepetsa kugwira ntchito, mapazi, amafuna kapena ntchito zimene musati kuwonjezera phindu sitepe, amene amayamba chifukwa zofooka tinali nacho ndipo amene akuvutika nawo ndi womaliza.

Ndondomeko yamakono yowonjezereka kuposa njira yodzigwiritsira ntchito. Chofunika kwambiri kuposa kupanga kanjira ka cadastral kapena njira, njira yothetsera njira iyenera kulimbikitsidwa ndi machitidwe abwino kwa anthu nzika, nthawi, mtengo, deta ndikuyang'anira.

Pankhaniyi, ndikufuna kutchula chiwerengero cha otsogolera kuti ali mu kayendetsedwe ka registry, ndi momwe izi zimakhudzira zizindikiro za kukongola kwa ndalama m'dziko.

1. Zambiri zamapakati = zambiri njira = zofunikira = nthawi yambiri = ndalama zambiri.

Kupititsa patsogolo ndondomeko ya kayendedwe ka registry kuyenera kuyang'ana mndandanda wa ndondomeko yonse, osati phindu la bungwe koma ndi nzika. Ku nchito kuwala kwathu nthaŵi zonse kuunikanso latsopano, latsopano mtanda macheke, lamulo latsopano, monga zinthu zimene ife kuwonjezera phindu, ndi kuganiza kuchepetsa nthawi sikuti ndikuganiza nthawi lonse ndi kukhala bwino kwa zisudzo iwo ali kunja kwa bungwe koma amachitirana nawo ntchito ndi wogwiritsa ntchito, monga wofufuzira, katswiri, banki kapena tawuni.

Chitsanzo chofunika cha chikhumbo chomwe Integrated Cadastre Management Model - Registry ya dziko ku Central America yomwe ndayitanidwa kuti ndiyende nayo, akufotokoza, mavuto ake ndi awa:

  • Kulephera kupeza chidziwitso cholembetsa ndi mlembiyo kuti nzikayo ipeze chiphaso cholembetsa.
  • Kufalikira kwa cadastre mu mabungwe atatu osiyana, ndi zenizeni zakuthupi, zenizeni za msonkho komanso zokhudzana ndi ndalama, zomwe zimakhudza nzika chifukwa zimayenera kupita kumalo onsewa kuti zitheke, milandu ndi kuyesedwa.
  • Kuvuta kwa rectorship yabwino ya oyang'anira ovomerezeka, omwe amatanthawuza kukayikira chiyeso chawo ndi kuyendera mu zoposa 5o% za milandu.
  • Kuperewera kwa chiyanjano chokwanira kwa nzika, chomwe chimalola kulembera (kuwonetsera) popanda kupita ku ofesi yomwe ili ku likulu la nthambi.
  • Cholinga chabwino chothandizira ma municipalities kuti asonkhanitse, koma izi zimafuna kupeza msonkho wa msonkho kuti athe kulembetsa. Ndi zovuta zomwe zimatsogolere, chifukwa pakati pa nthawi yomwe zofunikira zikhoza kuthana ndi kutsimikizika kwa kusungunula.

Izi zimapangitsa nzika ayenera kupita: Dziko kaundula, ndi odziwitsa, kuyeza, ndi zachuma Cadastre, ndi Cadastre Municipal, thupi Cadastre ndi Nthaŵi zonse ndi zofunikira kuti Land kaundula. mogwirizana Izi kawiri konse, ngati mwapatsidwa zofunikira za ulendo woyamba, omwe si kuyeretsa ena deta omwe alinso, amene sikutanthauza umboni kwa malire ndi malo bwino, ndi magawo angapo osachepera ndi odziwitsa ndi kuti mwanjira ina amapindula ndi zovuta izi.

Ndondomeko yamakono iyenera kuphatikizapo kupititsa patsogolo chitsanzo cha kasamalidwe kwa nzika. Ngati sichoncho, ndizo zokhazokha.

Mu dziko lino, mwamsanga kudula mitengo disminuyeran nthawi kulembetsa 30 kuti 22 masiku, nyengo Cadastre ndi 10 masiku chiyanjo cha lathyathyathya + 15 masiku kalata + 25 ngati pali anayendera ndipo ngati pali katastres atatu pakati; wochulukitseni. Choncho, ngati dziko lino kuti Ine ndikutanthauza akwaniritsa (chifukwa ngati alimbikira malangizo kukwaniritsa) mu yochepa kuzindikira chiyembekezo wosalira unyolo angapo ndondomeko yapadera, pamene ife tikubwera kugwirizana, Zoonadi muyenera kupita ndikuziwona osati kusangalala ndi kukoma kwa güirilas ndi gallo pinto zomwe ndizopambana.

Ndikupatsanso chitsanzo china, ku South America, kumene ndikuyang'ana panopa za njira, zomwe zili ndi Cadastre imodzi yokha, koma komwe kampani yosungirako mizinda ndi Dipatimenti yokonza mapulani imalowererapo. Kuwonjezera pa vuto ili, Catastro ili kumapeto kwa unyolo, ngakhale atalembetsa kusintha komwe kumaphatikizapo kusinthidwa kwachithunzi, ndipo nthawi zambiri sichidziŵa mpaka tcheru yomwe ingalandire kuchokera kwa wodula, wa nyumba yatsopano. Izi zimapangitsa nzika kudutsa: Land Registry kwa ufulu wa encumbrances, notary, wofufuza nthaka, woyang'anira, Municipal, Register Registry kwa kulembetsa ndi Cadastre; ndi chiopsezo kuti chaka chimodzi atagulitsa malonda omwe amachitcha kuti Catastro, amafunika kuti adziwe mapu a woyang'anira malo, chifukwa chakuti zomwezo sizigwirizana ndi maziko ake.

Nzikayo ndi yofunika kwambiri kuposa njira.

Zambiri mwa njirazi ndi zowonongeka zikuwoneka kuti ndi zabwino kuchokera kumbali. Koma kuchokera kumbali ya nzikayi, ndi nthawi, mtengo, kuchuluka kwa zofuna, kusagwirizana kwa chidziwitso, potsiriza zizindikiro zochepa za mpikisano m'dziko.

Ngakhale zili choncho, kuthekera kwa zomwe dziko lino labwino lachibwana limapereka lidzakhala chitsanzo choyenera cha kuwona. Eya, chifukwa apa palinso tray paisa kapena patacón gratinado ndiwonetsero yomwe sichisonyeza mbiri yoipayi yotsegulidwa ndi Netflix.

2. Zosakaniza zochepa = zikuluzikulu zogulitsa msika wogulitsa = kuwonjezeka kwa chikhalidwe cholembera.

Kuchepetsa apakati olembetsanso kagulu ka regista - Cadastre sichingachitike malinga ndi mabungwewo, malinga ndi payekha. Ili si ntchito ya akatswiri a cadastral, ngakhale kwa olembetsa, popeza ambiri a iwo amatsatira miyambo, kachitidwe kapena ngakhale malamulo. Osatinso kupita kumakompyuta omwe angakhale osangalala kugwiritsa ntchito mawu ngati #AI # 4IR #IoT #BigData #DeepLearning #DigitalTwin. Zosintha izi (zikuwonekeratu kuti ndikungolankhula za apakatikati) zili ndi malingaliro paukadaulo wa mafakitale ndi kufuna kwandale pazisankho zokomera chitukuko cha dziko; ndikumverera kwa nzika yomwe ili ndi vuto lotsogolera, komanso malingaliro omveka ambiri pazinthu zabwino zomwe zakhala zikugwira ntchito mdziko la America komanso m'maiko omwe atha kale kuthana ndi malingaliro akuti zovuta kwambiri ndizowonjezera "popanda kupatsa gulu laling'ono" Anthu omwe nthawi zonse amakhala m'mabungwe, omwe ali ndi nzeru zambiri ndipo akungoyembekezera mwayi wogwiritsa ntchito malingaliro omwe sanakhalepo ndi chiyembekezo -ngakhale kuti izo ziyenera kubwera imvi kuti zikhazikitse zomwe zinali zitaganiziridwa kale-.

Ziri ngati mawu otchuka a mmodzi wa alangizi anga kumbali ina ya dziwe: Ntchito zazikulu sizikusowa akatswiri, koma amuna amalonda.

Chirichonse chimayang'ana pa nzika, ndikuyang'ana chomwe chimapindulitsa. Pambuyo pake, kugula miniti yothandizira foni telephony kapena kulipira ngongoleyi ndilo protocol mu bungwe; lero limagulidwa mu bokosi lalikulu kapena pa intaneti. Chifukwa kwa iwo si bizinesi yoti azilipira, koma kudzipatulira ku ntchito yatsopano pakuyankhulana. Pambuyo pa kampani iliyonse ya foni ili ndi mitengo yake, zipangizo, malo osungiramo deta, tsopano akufotokoza kuti chifukwa bizinesi yawo sizinthu zamakono, ngakhale zipangizo zamakono.

Zambiri mwazinthu zomwe maboma akunena zimatha kutulutsidwa, chifukwa sawonjezera phindu, kapena chifukwa chakuti wina akhoza kuchita bwino. Chitsanzo cholembera (cholandirira), chomwe chikhoza kuchitidwa ndi wokonda pafupi ndi nzika yomwe akuyenera kupita patsogolo, monga wofufuza, woyang'anira, boma, banki, kapena angapangidwe ndi nzika yomweyo. Kuwonetsa ntchito zopanda phindu kwa boma kungathe kuthandizanso kuti aziika patsogolo ntchito yoyang'anira ogwira ntchito ndikupanga ntchito yothandiza kwambiri kwa nzika monga chiyeneretso ndi kulembetsa. Kuvomerezeka kwa ziyeneretso zamakono ndi kuphweka kwa ma templates kungayambitse kukhazikitsidwa kwa injini zophatikizapo ma injini, kotero kuti pangozi yolakwika kuchokera kwa yemwe ali ndondomeko, ku ndondomeko ya qualification; pafupifupi monga momwe zikuchitira tsopano kalata yolembetsa yomwe zaka 40 zapitazo ife timaganiza kuti zingangokhala "kulingalira ndi kulembedwa mu vesi" koma tsopano ife tikuwona vuto liri chomwe chimaperekedwa ndi dongosolo mu maonekedwe.

Ndipo penyani kuti sitinayankhulenso za makonzedwe abwino kapena otsegula ma notary. Tikukamba za anthu ochepa omwe ali ochepa.

Ntchito zambiri zingatheke pang'onopang'ono, ngati mukuganiza za nzika. Chitsanzo, malipiro angapo, omwe pamapeto pake amapita kumalo omwewo ndi pulogalamu yamakono akhoza kugawa ngakhale atayikidwa pa chinthu chimodzi.

Boma alibe ndalama; Ali ndi ndalama zathu. Boma liripo kuti lizipereka chithandizo chabwino kwa nzikayo, kuti lisayende zofuna pakati pa maphwando mwazochita zovomerezeka. Omwe akupanga zisankho ayenera kuyesetsa kuyesetsa pa ntchito ya boma.

Nzikayo imaphunzira zochuluka mu teksi panjira kuchokera ku likulu la Catastro kupita ku ofesi ya Registry, kusiyana ndi malingaliro ophiphiritsira a ISO gurus.

Ndizosangalatsa kuti tsopano ndikupanga mzere umodzi, kuti ndipereke ndondomeko, ndikulipira ndi khadi langa ndi kuwonetsera, mmalo mwa mizere itatu yomwe ndinkakonda kupanga pakati pa pulojekiti, banki ndi wolandira. Tsopano sindilipira ngakhale wodyetsa chifukwa ndikudziwa kuti nthawi imeneyo idzandisintha.

Ndili ndi zotsutsa zitatu mu ndondomekoyi. Nthawi iliyonse wofufuza wina amandiyenerera ine.

Sindikufuna kusindikiza kwa Mtsogoleri wa Cadastre, ndi sitampu yomwe imati idaperekedwa ndi bungwe ndi njira yowunika ngati ili yokhulupirika.

Sindikumvetsa mndandanda wa zofunikira zomwe adazifalitsa. Nthaŵi zonse ndimayenera kulipira mlembiyo kuti andifotokozereni ine ndi manejala kuti awerenge.

Ine sindikudziwa momwe ndingapezere chofunikira ichi ngati iwo akuchigwira icho pawindo ndikuchiponya mu zinyalala.

3. Kodi masitepe angati angathe kuchepetsa kulembetsa?

Kulimbitsa kuti n'zotheka kuchepetsa, popanda kutaya mphamvu, ndigwiritsa ntchito zizindikiro «kuchita bizinesi»October wa 2018, mwa chiwerengero cha masitepe omwe akuchitidwa polemba kayendedwe ka registry, ndipo ndidzakumbukira maiko a America ndi Ulaya ngati mfundo zoyerekeza. Onani kuti njira zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pochita bizinesi zimatcha "njira", chifukwa ndingathe kukhala ndi intermediaries awiri okha ngati owonetsa, koma ngati ndiyenera kudutsa nawo katatu, ndithudi padzakhala njira zisanu ndi chimodzi; popeza sindikudutsa chifukwa chomwecho. Ndipo ngakhale zina mwa zizindikirozi zimatengedwa kuchokera kuzinthu zenizeni ndi zochitika kumidzi yayikulu, ndizoyambanso kulingalira za komwe tikufuna kapena tikhoza kupita.

Mayiko omwe ali ndi bureaucracy ambiri mwa ma intermediaries of registry management:

Dziko udindo Othandizira
Brasil 137 14
Nicaragua 155 9
Venezuela 138 9
Uruguay 115 9
Jamaica 131 8
Ecuador 75 8
Mexico 103 8
Bolivia 148 7
Argentina 119 7
Guatemala 86 7
Panama 81 7
Colombia 59 7

Gome pamwambapa likuwonetsa maiko omwe ali ndi malire, kuyambira 7 mpaka 14. Dziko la Brazil lili kwambiri, ngakhale ndi 14.

Kusiya Brazil kunja, pakati pa zovuta kwambiri kwa nzika zomwe zikuchitika pazinthu izi ndi Uruguay, Venezuela ndi Nicaragua ndizitsulo za 9.

Mexico ili ndi zigawo za 8.

Colombia, Panama, Guatemala, Argentina ndi Bolivia ali ndi otsogolera a 7.

Chigawo choyamba ndizolemba zolembera kuti, kupatula pakati pa otsogolera, amawona zapamwamba za kayendetsedwe ka nthaka, nthawi ndi mgwirizano wamtengo wapatali pokhudzana ndi mtengo wa chinthu chomwe chikugulitsidwa. Mkhalidwe uwu, pansi, ndi wabwino; kotero kuti zabwino zomwe zikupezeka mu gulu ili ndi Ecuador kuti kukhala ndi 8 otsogolera ali ndi udindo wa 75, komanso Colombia ali ndi udindo wa 59 ndi 7 omvera. Ngakhale zili choncho, iwo ali ndi mavuto ambiri, pamwamba pa 50; Dziko la Bolivia ndi Nicaragua ndilokutalika kwambiri ndi nzika zabwino.

Mayiko omwe ali ndi chiwerengero chokhazikika cha osamalidwa.

Dziko udindo Othandizira
Honduras 95 6
Dominican Republic 77 6
Paraguay 74 6
El Salvador 73 6
Chile 61 6
España 58 6
Haiti 181 5
Costa Rica 47 5
Peru 45 5
Canada 34 5

Tebulo pamwambapa likuwonetsa maiko omwe ali nawo pakati pakati pa 5 ndi 6.

Onani apa Latin America yonse.

Kuno imagwera Spain ali 6 intermediaries ndi kuona bwino lomwe kupitirira kuchepetsa njira kumakhudzanso maonekedwe mtengo, nthawi ndi khalidwe la mudziwe cadastral, monga mu nkhani ya Canada kusanja pansipa 40, ndi Peru ndi Costa Rica ndi 50 nduna pansi. Haiti ndi mapeto ngati intermediaries kokha 5 181 ali kusanja.

Mosakayika, zochitika zachitukuko zimakhala zosiyana, makamaka chifukwa cha umunthu wa anthu, chifukwa zimakhudzidwa ndi ndondomeko zandale, kusowa ntchito zapagulu komanso kusamaliranso zowonjezera zizindikiro. Tiyeni tisanene chifukwa cha kusiyana kwa chikhalidwe chazing'ono.

Mayiko okhala ndi othandizira oyenerera m'ndandanda wa registry.

Dziko udindo Othandizira
United States 38 4
Italia 23 4
Switzerland 16 4
Russia 12 4
Finland 28 3
Denmark 11 3
Portugal 36 1
Norway 13 1
Suecia 10 1
Georgia 4 1

Izi ndizozoopsa kwambiri. Onani, monga mayiko omwe ali ndi ochepa pakati pa 40 ali ndi mwayi wokhala ndi mpikisano wokwanira pa zolembera. Zina mwazomwe 4 imaphatikizapo kuthekera kuchitapo kanthu pamaso pa ulamuliro umodzi wolembetsa; Ndizofunikira kudzipangira nokha musanathe kulembedwa kovomerezeka.

Denmark ndi Finland ali ndi zigawo za 3, ndi maudindo a 11 ndi 28 motsatira.

Russia, Switzerland, Italy ndi United States ali ndi zigawo za 4. Mwa njira, United States ndi dziko lokhalo la America mu gulu ili.


Ndimatseka nkhaniyi ndi izi, ndikumbukira kuti maganizo anga samawabweretsera kubadwa, monga momwe mwana wanga wamkazi amandiwonetsera nthawi zina.

An pafupifupi tsiku pa 11: 30 pm, mu m'tsinde mwa Cordillera de A Montecillos, njala ndi kuti chikwama GPS splintering Jets thukuta kumbuyo kwanga, kuyesera kufotokoza kwa mwiniwake mtengo wa muyeso latsopano tikuchita. Atasiya ntchito mawu UTM, masiyanidwe kudzudzulidwa Kanema kuwundana, WGS84, mtundu digito ndi mawu ena ankakhulupirira kuti akhutire mwiniwake wa mundawo, ine ndinati:

Chofunika kwambiri pa chiyeso chatsopano ndicho kuti mnzako sangathe kuyika malire a katundu wanu.

Anatulutsa machete amene anafika m'chiuno mwake ndipo anati:

Onetsetsani, ichi ndi chitsimikizo chomwe chili choyenera kwa ine.

Kenaka anandiitana kuti ndidye nkhuni zouma ndi nyemba, ndipo adalimbikitsa njira yopita ku famu yotsatira.

Chofunika cha zomwe zimapindulitsa kwambiri, sitikudziwa chomwe ife tiri kuchokera ku ndondomeko yojambula. Nzikayo ikumudziwa ndipo sitiyenera kumufunsa.

Chofunika cha mtumiki wa boma ndikuthandizira kuti pakhale chitukuko cha dzikoli, kuti moyo ukhale wovuta kwa nzika.

2 Mayankho ku "Kufunika kochepetsera oyang'anira pakati pa Registry Management - Cadastre"

  1. Moni Bernard. Ndikuganiza kuti zosankha zosangalatsa za CNR ndizoyang'ana kwambiri pamlingo ndi kuphatikiza kwa Registry-Cadastre, m'malo mwa zolinga za "multifinalitarian" zomwe zingabwere chifukwa cha kupangitsa njira kosavuta komanso kuphatikiza ochita sewero. Kukumbatira

  2. Lipoti labwino kwambiri lodziwitsidwa pa malo a Geofumadas a Seminare pa Zowonjezera za Multipurpose Cadastre ku Latin America, yomwe inachitikira ku Bogotá, ikugogomezera kufunika kochepetsetsa anthu omwe akuyendetsa ntchito pa kayendetsedwe ka kayendedwe ka cadastre.
    Zowona kuti kuchepetsa otsogolera mu Registry - Cadastre management ndizofunikira kuti phindu la nzikayo, choncho, dziko.
    Ena mwa madalitso kale mu pepala otchulidwa inu angagogomezere kuchepetsa vuto, ndalama ndi katangale komanso kufanana kuwonjezeka mu chuma cha mtundu ndi mitengo kuwonjezeka zogwirizana wotuluka mlingo wa mphamvu zachuma.
    Ziri zoonekeratu kuti mutuwu umaphatikizapo mbali ziwiri zoonjezera:
    1) Kuphatikiza kumakhudzana ndikuchotsa njira zopanda ntchito pakabungwe kakang'ono ndi pakati pa mabungwe osiyanasiyana omwe akukhudzidwa ndi kasamalidwe ka Cadastre Registry. Ndidali ndi mwayi wosanthula posachedwa vuto lolembetsedwera kale kaundula wamtunda, ndikulemba mapangidwe omwe adatsimikiziridwa kuti kuchuluka kwa magawo kuchokera ku 45 mpaka 10 akhoza kuchepetsedwa. Polembetsa nyumbayi, kusinthaku kungakhale kofunika kwambiri, kuthetsa maulendo ndi kuwongolera, kuwongolera makina amachitidwe amachitidwe ndi makina ogwiritsa ntchito, kugwiritsa ntchito ma bar kapena kuposa, tekinoloji yatsopano ya blockchain yokhala ndi kukula kwakukulu. Chitetezo

    2) Kulembetsa - Kuphatikiza kwa Cadastre ndikofunikira kuti zitsimikizike kuti wopindulitsa ali ndi chitsimikizo chovomerezeka pamalamulo awo omwe amafotokozedwa (nkhani ina ndiyolondola pakuwunika). Pulogalamu ya Cadastre Registry ikhoza kukhala ndi magawo angapo ophatikizika mkati mwa bungwe limodzi monga National Registry Center ku El Salvador kapena pakati pa mabungwe osiyanasiyana. Chofunikira ndikutsimikizira, kusinthanitsa ndikusungitsa ubale wosagwirizana pakati pa malamulo ndi malo ndi malo, kulola kugulitsa kosagwirizana popanda chilema.
    Komabe, kukhudzana kwachikondwerero ndikuchulukitsa kwa kuchuluka kwa njira zogwirira ntchito yochitira bizinesi kumawoneka kuti ndizovuta chifukwa zochitika ndi njira zitha kukhala zosiyana pakati pa maiko kapena pakati pa zigawo za dziko (kuphatikiza m'maiko ambiri omwe atchulidwa mu Kufufuza zamabizinesi kulibe dongosolo la cadastre - kulembetsa kwathunthu ndi / kapena homogeneous). Ndikofunika kudziwa mwakuya kapena kulemba kafukufukuyu, ndipo ngati kuli kotheka, ndichinthu chambiri. Tiyenera kuwona zomwe zikugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi kulemera pakati pawo. Miyezo yamapulogalamu, zovuta, zochita zachilungamo zomwe zimakhudzana ndi kuchuluka kwa magawo ndi mwayi wopeza ngongole zanyumba, mwachitsanzo, zinthu zazikulu.
    Zomwe ziri zogwirizana ndi zosowa ziri, munthu sayenera kuiwala kuti chisankho cha ndale ndichokhazikika kuti athe kuchepetsa anthu apakati, chifukwa nthawi zambiri amayenera kutsutsana kwambiri ndi kusintha kwazakhazikika.

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