Topological cleaning

Zomwe zipangizo za GIS zimatchulidwira motero kuthetsa kusagwirizana kwa vector ndi malamulo omwe amavomerezedwa mu chikhulupiliro cha malo. Chida chilichonse chawagwiritsira ntchito mwa njira yake, tiyeni tiwone nkhani ya Bentley Mapu ndi Manifold GIS.

Maiko a Microstation

kuyeretsa mafupa

Microstation ili ndi zipangizo ziwiri zofanana, zomwe zimayikidwa ndi keyin (dialog cleanup) ndi zina zotchedwa Cleanup topology. Chifukwa cha kufalikira, tonsefe timakonda kale, ngakhale palibe batani pazinthu izi kusiyana ndi lamulo lakale.

Zimaphatikizapo zosankha zisanu ndi chimodzi zapadera zomwe zili kumanzere, pomwe m'munsimu muli kulekerera ndi kuwona kumene kuli malo ndi zizindikiro zomwe ziyembekezeretsedwe. Ngakhale kuti imatchedwa kuyeretsa mapulaneti, sikuti ndilo dzina loyenerera kwambiri, koma ndizo zida zowonongeka pakati pawo zomwe zikuphatikizapo:

  • Zowonjezera zinthu
  • Zinthu zofanana
  • Zochepa, zing'onozing'ono zinali kugwiritsidwa ntchito koma ndikutanthauzira kugwiritsira ntchito mawu achipongwe mopanda pake
  • Chigawo
  • Zagawo
  • Zinthu zosavuta

Pafupifupi aliyense anali ndi njira ina yosankhira zolakwikazo, kusankha kuti muzitha kuzilemba kapena kuzichotsa. Sizinali zoyipa, pangakhale ngakhale mrf zida zopangidwa ndi mdl zomwe zinaloledwa kudutsa mu zolakwikazo. Koma kale linali chifuwa chilichonse chomwe chinali, osati chifukwa cha ukhondo umene unali woonekeratu koma panthawi yomwe ikugwiritsidwa ntchito m'deralo kapena kulingalira kwapadera. Pofuna kupereka chitsanzo, mndandanda wa mapu osiyana, panali vuto ndi zosayembekezereka za nodes, misala.

Bentley Map

kuyeretsa mafupa

Cholembera chinasintha ndi Bentley Map, nthawizonse ndi Kuyeretsa Zokambirana ngakhale kuti ikufuna kuti ntchito ikhale yotseguka, koma njira inayi inali yoyikidwa mu gulu limodzi ndi ma tabokosi. Kuonjezerapo, zosankha zothandiza kwambiri zinawonjezeka pakati pawo:

  • Sungani kayendedwe ka maso
  • Mungathe kufotokoza mtundu wa zinthu (mzere, arc, polyline ndi zina)
  • Maseŵero angaphatikizepo mtundu wa mzere, mtundu kapena makulidwe
  • Pangani kusungira kwachinsinsi kwa fayilo
  • Kuphatikizana kumatha kuchepetsa zowerengeka
  • Mukhoza kusunga ndondomeko monga fayela ya .rsc ndikuitanani
  • Zosalala zinachotsedwa, zomwe palibe amene amagwiritsa ntchito chifukwa sizinagwire ntchito

Zingakhale zofunikira kutsimikizira ngati mutu uli ndi kulingalira kwa topological ndi bwino, chifukwa unali wolimba kwambiri ndipo ukufunsidwa kuti zolumikiza zolondola ndi zopenga zomwe kulekerera sikunali kwanzeru. Mawindo a zizindikiro amakhalanso ndi zinthu zopanda mphamvu, zomwe zimapangitsa ntchito zambiri kukhala luso lowonetsa m'malo mokhala ndi selo la kukula kwakukulu.

zobwezedwa GIS

kuyeretsa mafupa

Bentley ayenera kugwira ntchito mwakhama pamutu, chifukwa ngakhale Mapu a Bentley zimagwirizanitsa zipolopolo, ndi theka lotengedwa kuchokera tsitsi. Kuwonjezerapo sikugwirizana Mosavuta ma geometre ovuta, omwe mwinamwake samachitika kwambiri mu cadastre koma mu zigawo zina monga chivundikiro cha zomera kapena malo owopsa, kuyika zitsanzo zingapo. Mu Geographics iwo adatembenuza iwo maselo kapena mawonekedwe ovuta, ndi zomwe simungathe chitani kulingalira kwa maganizo. Izi ziyenera kuchepetsa njirayi, chifukwa mapulogalamu ambiri apita patsogolo kwambiri, mwachitsanzo, kugwiritsa ntchito onaninso GIS yochuluka imachita ntchito yapadera popanda kuphatikiza zambiri. Izi zimagwira ntchito zipangizo / topology factory, sankhani zinthuzo ndi kukweza gawo lomwe limaphatikizapo kusanthula mwamsanga molingana ndi ndondomeko yosanjikiza:

  • Kutseka
  • akugwedezeka
  • kusokoneza
  • nthambi zokongola
  • maselo ovomerezeka

Kuwonjezera apo, powasankha iwo amawonetsedwa mu mtundu wosiyana ndipo pali mwayi wa munthu aliyense kapena kudzikonzekeretsa kwakukulu. Pangani chisinthiro chokhalitsa, izi ndizomwe mukuganiza kuti mungasunthire, pitani ku yotsatira, chitanipo ndikuyandikira.

Pomalizira, wogwiritsa ntchitoyo amasinthasintha kuti avutike kapena kusakaniza zida, koma siziyenera kukhala chizolowezi chovomerezeka ndi ntchito yomwe timalipiritsa ndipo tikuyembekeza kuti izikhala bwino pakapita nthawi.

Mayankho a 25 ku "Topological cleaning"

  1. Kufotokozera za kukayikira komwe kwafika pa makalata anga.
    Chitsanzo chikuwonetsedwa ndi Microstation Geographics 8.5
    Ndi Mapu a Bentley V8i Kugwiritsira ntchito ma geometre ovuta monga mabowo mkati mwa maonekedwe sikulinso vuto.

    Kuphatikiza apo, popeza kugwirira ntchito kwa ma XFM omwe ali ndi Mapu a 900, kulumikizana kwa ma node-malire kulibe vuto kuti izi zitheke bwino. Ngakhale zida zogwirizanitsa ndizofanana ndi zomwe zimasamutsa deta pakati pa centroid ndi mawonekedwe / malire.

  2. Moni mukudziwa kuti ndikufuna kudziwa ngati mungandithandize ndi vuto langa zomwe zikuchitika ndikuti ndikufuna kupanga pulogalamu yatsopano ndikusiya zinthu zina zomwe zingandithandize pamene ndikupanga chojambula chatsopano monga zitsanzo za kalembedwe, ndikufuna kudziwa m'mene mungakhalire chikhomo chatsopano ndi zatsopano zogwiritsa ntchito zatsopano kapena zojambulajambula za zinthu, ndikuyembekeza kuti mungandithandize koma mayankho ena ndikuzindikira kuti ndinu okoma mtima pazinthu izi ndikukuthokozani

  3. Tiyeni tiwone

    Kutumiza kunja kumakhala ndi Microstation Geographics.
    Muyeneranso kugwirizanitsidwa ndi polojekiti, kotero kuti imatulutsira zigawozo ndi zizindikiro.
    Komanso kutumiza zinthu zokhala ndi mawonekedwe amtundu, zomwe ndizogwirizana nazo. Sizigwira ntchito ndi mfundo ndi malire.

    Ngati zonse zili bwino, ndiuzeni ngati mutumiza uthenga mukatumiza kutumizira kunja. Muthanso kuyesa kutsegula fayilo ya dbf ndi Excel kuti muwone ngati ili ndi deta.

  4. Hi mutu kwambiri, ine ndiri chidwi kwambiri kudziwa ngati sikutheka kuti katundu ndi DGN file kwathunthu shp chifukwa pamene katundu pa Wamaliza ine amapanga chosakwanira deta izi ine ndikuzindikira pamene ndimayesetsa fayiloyi kachiwiri ndi bentley map

    Ndikuyamikira kwambiri ngati wina ali ndi yankho kapena malangizo

    zikomo !!!

  5. ok g! ndiroleni ine ndifufuze mapu autocad kwa kanthawi, ndiyeno ine ndikuwafunsira iwo. zikomo

  6. Kungoti chimenecho ndi AutoCAD Map 3D kapena AutoDesk Civil 3D. Ndi izi mutha kuchita zomwe mungachite ndi GIS iliyonse, kulumikizana ndi deta patebulo, kusanthula pamiyeso, mamapu amawu, ndi zina.
    Ngati inu mukufuna kulemba ndi hyperlink yosavuta, kutsegula katundu chinthu, inu mungazindikire munda wotchedwa hyperlink, chimene inu kusonkhana njira ulalo wa webusaiti, njira ya file pa litayamba m'deralo, kapena mawonekedwe mapu ena amawoneka.

    Pankhani ya AutoCAD, imangogwirizanitsa kamphindi imodzi pa chinthu.

  7. funso kwa akatswiri, kodi kufufuza kumene kunachitika ndi GPS, nazo AutoCAD, pali ntchito kuti mukhoza kuwonjezera iwo makhalidwe ndi item CAD kapena akusowa wogwiritsa Control ngati midadada, kuphatikiza momwe ine zikhoza kugwirizana ndi chithunzi CAD mchitidwe kapena chokanika, ç.
    Ndiyamika kwa onse omwe amapereka nawo mituyi.

  8. aha ok, ndi lalitali tabadwa chovomerezeka 248 mfundo, koma mizere 996 ndi zotheka zimene ndikufunika kusintha.
    oyamikira kwambiri ,,

  9. Zosasangalatsa, wolemba macro adazitchinjiriza ndi mawu achinsinsi, ndikusiyiratu ndi mizere ya 996. Anachita izi kuti ateteze ntchito zomwe zikuchokera ku 996 columns, kuti pulogalamuyo imagwira ntchito ndi maselo amenewo mwachindunji.

    Kusintha kungatanthauze kuswa kokonati ndi code.

  10. chabwino kwambiri pa magwiridwe a pepala kupambana, funso malinga ndi mayesero Ine ndachita izi okha chiwerengero cha mfundo kuti graphed, lakuti Ndikufuna kuti chintchito za 4000 mfundo ngati ndingachite chosintha zimenezi kupambana PivotTable monga ine Zingatenge nthawi yochuluka yokonza chiwembu.
    oyamikira kwambiri

  11. Zachidziwikire, chabwino chomwe ndikudziwa ndi XYZ-DXF, zomwe zimachitikira dxf mfundo za mndandanda wa Excel. Kholomu ya Code ikhoza kukhala ndi mitundu yina ya deta, ndipo mzere wosanjikiza umalola kuti mfundozo zifike pamlingo winawake.

    Nazi apa anafotokoza sitepe ndi sitepe.

  12. Zikomo kwambiri, zimagwira ntchito. funso lina kumeneko lidzakhala ndi ntchito yomwe imandithandiza kuti ndiyimire graph mu DGN kapena DWG deta yosungidwa mu Excel format, XY zolumikiza ndipo zimandilola ine kuwonjezera mfundo cholembedwa nthano malemba kusungidwa m'munda wabwino kwambiri.
    zikomo ,,,,,,,,,,,

  13. njira ina ndi ntchito wanzeru kusankha lamulo, mungathe kupanga kusankha mwa mawonekedwe ndi kukhala zinthu anasankhidwa ndi ntchito dontho.

    Ndi Microstation XM kapena apamwamba, mukhoza kusunga mpanda.

  14. Inde,

    Choyamba mumapanga mpanda wanu

    ndiye pogwiritsa ntchito fungulo

    iwe umalowa, mpanda, ndiye umasankha dontho, ndiye zosankha zikuwoneka:
    -kugwirizana
    -mapangidwe
    -dimension
    -milani

    mumasankha chilichonse, ndiyeno mumapeza gulu lomwe limakupangitsani kusankha mtundu wa mpanda chikhalidwe (mkati, chithunzi, ndi zina zotero)

    Ndiye inu mumangodzinso pazenera ndipo ndizo.

  15. Funso liripo ntchito iliyonse ya microstation yomwe imandithandiza kugwiritsa ntchito Drop Element mwa njira yokhazikika.
    zikomo ......

  16. Tiyeni tiwone, ine ndifotokoze zinthu zingapo.
    Choyamba, ma Geographics (omwe tsopano ndi Mapu a Bentley) amaganiza kuti chinthu chovuta ndizopanda kufotokozera mwachidule, kutanthawuza kuti chipangizo chomwe chimakhala ndi mitsempha ndi mzere sichiyenera kuyeretsedwa.

    Kwenikweni, chitsimikizo kuti ma curve ndi mapiringizika ndizomveka, popeza mapulogalamu a GIS amawongolera pang'onopang'ono pamalo osungirako database ndiovuta, chifukwa ndi mapangidwe apamwamba kwambiri, kotero kusankha kofikira Zovala zokhala ngati zokhota ndizomveka. Tangoganizirani momwe mungapangire mafayilo omwe amapanga chimango cha mayendedwe ndi mayendedwe, ngati inali yokhotakhota kapena yopondera malo apafupi kwambiri ndiopenga.

    Chifukwa chake pakuyeretsa kwadongosolo, mukamagwiritsa ntchito zigawo zina, muwasintha kukhala zigawo za mzere. Zomwe mungatanthauze ndikulekerera kotero kuti ngakhale ma vertices ambiri kapena ochepa kwambiri kotero kuti mawonekedwe a pilo amatayika.

    Kulekerera uku kumasinthidwa mu:

    Malo ogwira ntchito> zokonda> kuyerekezera> Kulimbana ndi kupweteka.

    Yesani 10, 1, 0.5, 0.1 ndi zina zambiri mpaka mutakhutira ndi gawo lomwe zigawo zatsalira.

  17. ntchito ndi zinthu liniya imene arches monga, koma ntchito yoyeretsa mtunda ndi chilengedwe cha zinthu zovuta mu Geographics arcs zinthu ankayimiridwa ngati mizere kutenga chiyambi ndi mapeto a pamapindikira, palibe njira kapena chida zina mzere wotsatira mawonekedwe a mphutsi.
    Zikomo kuchokera ku El Salvador .........

  18. Ndibwino kwambiri kusankha, zikomo pa chirichonse.

  19. Tawonani, ndikukhulupirira kuti padzakhala njira yowonjezereka kupyolera mu makachisi, koma ndikugwiritsa ntchito kukoka ndi kujambula kachitidwe ka pulaneti:

    Kuti muchite izi, zomwe mumachita ndikutsegula zojambula zonse ziwiri, imodzi yomwe ili ndi mawonekedwe osungidwa ndipo ina yomwe sinatero. Kenako mumapangitsa kukula kwama windows kuti akhale ochepa kuposa mawonekedwe athunthu, chifukwa mumawawona onse.

    Mumakhudza zenera lomwe lili ndi kalembedwe, mumapita kukasintha, pamtunda, ndipo mumayang'ana kalembedwe komwe mukufuna kuti musunthire pajambulidwe lina. Kenako mumakoka ndi kukaponyera pawindo lina, ndiye. Tsopano mukawona masitayilo omwe akupezeka muzojambula zanu zatsopano, zomwe mwakokerazi zilipo kale.

  20. HELLO, kachiwiri ine ndikudziwitseni kuti thandizo lanu ngati zanditumikira zambiri, koma, mmm ...
    Tsopano chimene sindingathe kuchita ndikusunga kalembedwe kake. Pangani mfundo kalembedwe, kuziyika izo ndi pang'ono lonse, koma ine sindingakhoze kuchita kuti apulumutsidwe, mwachitsanzo akufuna kupanga zojambula latsopano koma akufuna utlizando kalembedwe iye akukhulupirira, chifukwa simplamente si ine ndikafika ndi kulenga ndi kubwerera.
    Ngati pali njira yopulumutsira izo komanso kuti ndikujambula kamodzi ndimatha kuzigwiritsa ntchito?

    hehe ... ndikupepesa chifukwa chokhumudwa, koma ndikudziwa kuti ndine mwala.

    MAVIDIYO

  21. Chabwino, zomwe mukuchita ndi izi:

    Kumanzere lakumanzere, ma tabu atatu akuwonekera:
    wotchedwa prospector
    zochitika zina

    mu izi, zinthu zosiyana siyana zomwe mapu ali nawo, malo, malingaliro, mapulogalamu, mapaipi, magawo a mtanda ndi zina.

    ndiye mulimodzi mwa iwo, pakudindira chizindikiro chophatikizapo, mawonekedwe (mawonekedwe apamwamba) amawonetsedwa kuti agwiritse ntchito chitsanzo.
    Kuti mupange yatsopano, dinani "chikwatu" ndipo musankhe "zatsopano". Pamenepo mutha kupatsa makonzedwe ofunikira, dzina, ndi chilichonse chomwe mukufuna. Komanso kuchokera apa mutha kusintha.

    Mukamagwira ntchito pamtunda, kuchokera pa pulogalamu yotsitsa, mumangodina pamtunda, sankhani «katundu» ndipo mu "chidziwitso» njira mungasankhe «mawonekedwe kale» omwe mudapanga.

    Ndikuyembekeza kuti mumatumikira ndondomeko, chirichonse, sichoncho chokhumudwitsa.

  22. Moni, kachiwiri kundivutitsa koma ine moona mtima mwala ndi choonadi kuti iye ndi kafukufuku, koma sizinali bwino kwa ine ngati mulibe kupezeka kwa thandizo, chifukwa ine kwenikweni kotero kusinthidwa.

    AMAKONDA.

  23. HELLO, choyamba muthokoze kwambiri pa webusaitiyi yomwe ili yabwino kwambiri.

    Ndipo pepani kuti atenge malo ichi, koma kutenga reiente Mutu uthenga uwu kukhala visto.Mi pamodzi Civil 3D, ndipo mundirole ine ndidziwe ngati mungathe kupulumutsa masitaelo analengedwa ndi ine (padziko, mizere mizere, mbiri, zigawo, etc. .).

    Chifukwa pamene ndinkafuna ikonza masitaelo awa ndi ndinadabwa inali nthawi kuti pambuyo akufuna kugwiritsa ntchito izo chifukwa iwo sakanakhoza adzapulumuka nada.Pense plantilla.Tal nthawi ndinachita cholakwika chifukwa sindikumvetsa mauthenga Salian siopulumutsidwa.

    Kotero ndikupempha thandizo kuthetsa vutoli chonde.

    Zikomo.

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