Deta mu cadastre

Chiwerengero cha kuchuluka kwa cadastre ndi chokayikitsa kwambiri, chifukwa chake sizothandiza koma komanso chitsimikizo cha deta. Tikachita masewera olimbitsa thupi (komanso capon tambala :)), izo zikhoza kukhala kuti "zonse" deta ndiya posapita nthawi, koma zolinga zothandiza ambiri deta awa wolemetsa kwa polojekiti mwa mawu a sing'anga kuti kuchotsedwa adani awo kapena pomwe. Pamene wina akufuna kupanga cadastre "zambiri", Inu muyenera kudzifunsa nokha zinthu monga:

Ndani angakambirane ndi deta?
Kodi ndikulingalira kotani koyembekezeredwa?
Ndani adzasintha deta?
Zidzasinthidwa zingati?

Sikutheka kudziwa deta onse cadastral mbiri ndi "zofunika" mu nthawi yomweyo, koma ena cholinga ambiri "zina" (Dziko) akhoza kuonanso koma konse kusinthidwa. Tikhoza kutchula izi deta zambiri zokhudzana ndi cholinga. Palinso deta yomwe cadastre sangathe kuisintha, osati chifukwa sichikhoza koma chifukwa chakuti sakhala osasintha kapena pali malo ena omwe ali ndi zinthu zabwino (kapena zofuna), ngakhale kuti deta ili yofunika, popeza kusintha sikudalira cadastre, ayenera amaona ngati yachiwiri kapena yogwiritsidwa ntchito. Pa mlingo umene "Sikuti" deta ndi amachepa Kodi wina wa mfundo zimene kanthu AMALIMBITSA atachitidwa, umene umati mudziwe ayenera analowa kamodzi kokha m'munda, kasamalidwe deta adzakhala mosamala kwambiri.

Mochititsa chidwi kwa deta kupatukana zachokera ubwenzi wake ndi mabungwe amene akukhudzidwa, kuphatikizapo Dipatimenti ya Municipal Land kaundula, ndi National Land kaundula, mu kaundula Land, Office wa Planning, etc. Zambirizi zimasintha malinga ndi malamulo a dziko lililonse, koma ndibwino kukumbukira kuti cadastre imalembetsa "zoona" ndipo chinthu china chimene sichinachitike "chikhoza kukhala udindo wa nthawi ina, komanso kusiyanitsa deta yomwe yatengedwa munda, ndi zomwe zidzakhale za mtsogolo.

Lemmen akulekanitsa zambiri, kuchokera ku mafano atatu akuluakulu a Cadastre: Cholinga, Nkhani ndi Kulondola. Zolinga za maphunziro zomwe tazitcha Zotsatirapo ndi Kutengako kwa chiwerengero cha chiyanjano, (kawirikawiri chimapangidwa ndi deta yomwe imatengedwa pambuyo pojambula zithunzi) kuti zochitikazo zikhale zosavuta kukumbukira:

Derecho (Ubale pakati pa mutu ndi chinthu)
AFectaciones (Ubale pakati pa chinthu ndi cholondola)
TKuyanjana (Ubale pakati pa mutu ndi kulondola)
Objeto (malo)
Sphunziro (Anthu, zachirengedwe kapena ovomerezeka)

chinthu chikutsatira cat2

Nkhani pamutu wa cadastre Cholinga, ichi ndi chithunzi cha zochitika zenizeni pa mapu kapena mapepala. Apa iwo amawonekera ndiye:

  • Chiwembu, amene angakhale subplot angapo chiwembu, chiwembu ndi chiwembu mayina utumiki (adagawa Nyumba zophatikizana) koma ambiri ali Masamu zokhudzana deta. Kulondola ndi funso la kufunika kwa cadastre ndi masomphenya a nthawi yaitali.
  • Nyumbayi, yomwe ingaphatikizepo zomangamanga, malo osungirako, zoonjezera komanso ngakhale zosayanjanitsidwa. M'mudzi wakumidzi, izi zidzakhala zowonjezereka monga mbewu.
  • Komanso pamtanda uwu katunduyo akhoza kukhala ndi chidziwitso chosagwiritsidwa ntchito (monga chovomerezeka), monga mfundo (monga nthawi yamakono kapena malemba), monga spaghetti (monga mapu a CAD popanda geodatabase kuphatikiza).

Nkhani pamutu wa cadastre Mutu, ichi ndi chifaniziro cha anthu, ndipo akhoza kukhala anthu achibadwa, osati achirengedwe (monga alamulo) komanso akhoza kukhala ndi magulu.

Chilamulo, uwu ndi ubale pakati pa anthu (nkhani) ndi katundu (zinthu). Pano sipangaphatikizepo maufulu enieni omwe amalembedwa mwalamulo komanso omwewo, koma omwe akuwonetsera mgwirizano wokhala nawo, wokhala nawo kapena woyenera.

Nkhani pamutu wa cadastreZotsatira, ndizochita zomwe zimakhudza kapena kuletsa ufulu wogwiritsa ntchito, malo, malo okhala, usufruct kapena kutumiza chinthucho. Zikuwoneka mofanana ndi lamulo, koma ndizowonjezerapo kuti machitidwe olembetsa amatha kupereka maina ambiri (monga gawo la m'munsi) chifukwa sali oyenerera, kapena ayi kulondola kwake. Izi zikhoza kukhala zolemba zolembedwa, koma kawirikawiri zimayamba kuchokera kuchitika mwangozi zomwe zimakhudza chiwembu, kaya ndi lamulo lachinsinsi kapena lachinsinsi; monga chitsanzo:

  • Mtsinje waukulu, umene umaletsa kugwiritsa ntchito kapena chipinda, koma osati malo
  • Sitima yapansi panthaka, yomwe imadutsa m'nyumba zambiri, imagwiranso ntchito ku 3D cadastre, pamene malo ali pamsewu waukulu.
  • Njira yowonongeka kwa zitsime, zomwe zimalimbikitsa kugwiritsira ntchito pansi pa nthaka kuti zithetse madzi.
  • Malo omwe akukhala ndi madzi osefukira, malo otetezedwa, njira yolondola.

Kawirikawiri zokhazokhazo ndizokhazikika kapena zingasinthe zotsatira zake pa nthawi; mwachitsanzo:

Chigamulo chikhoza kukhala mkati mwa chikhalidwe chalamulo cha ejidal; Pofuna kutchulidwa, ejido imatanthawuza omwe amapereka chiphaso cha umwini, koma kamodzi kamene amalembedwa amatha kuchiritsidwa ngati apadera ngakhale kuti ali ndi chikhalidwe. Sindinasinthe dera la zotsatira koma zotsatira.

Komanso zotsatirazi sizikakamiza kupanga magawo a ofesi, ngati sikofunikira; mwachitsanzo:

Chigawo chingasokonezedwe pang'ono ndi malire a m'tawuni, omwe amaletsa kugwiritsa ntchito pang'ono, koma samafuna tsankho; kupatula ngati malire a m'tawuni amakhudza omwe ayenera kuwalola mkati kapena kunja.

Ndiponso zochitikazo ndi "zoona" pamene sizili mu boma lapadera; mwachitsanzo:

Chigawo chomwe chili pang'onopang'ono mumsewu wa easement kapena malo otetezedwa. The cadastre imati "ziri monga izi", koma ndizofunikira kwa bungwe lina kuti athe kusankha zomwe zimachitika pa regularization.

Nkhani pamutu wa cadastreKutengako, ndizochitidwa pazifukwa zolondola. Izi zikhoza kukhala: kuyeza, kumanga, kusintha, kutumiza kapena kuyesa.

Zogulitsazo ziyenera kutengedwa ndi kusinthidwa ndi zigawo zofanana ndi malamulo. Kuyika
chitsanzo:

Kuwunika Sizowona, koma kugulitsa pa katundu, komwe kumachitika panthawi inayake, ndi njira ndipo izo zidzakhala zovomerezeka mpaka pali ndondomeko ya kuyesa kumeneko. Koma sizofunikira kwa cadastre (monga chidziwitso), koma kugulitsa kwa malonda kapena msonkho. Zikutanthawuza, kuti ndi deta, kugwiritsa ntchito ndalama kapena maphunziro a zowonjezera mtengo; Kukonzekera kwake kuyenera kukhala udindo wa dipatimenti ina, ngakhale kutumiza kwa cadastre.

__________________________________________

Nkhani pamutu wa cadastre Kuti nditseke mutu umene kalelo, tikhoza chimatanthauza deta "multifinalitarios ambiri cholinga" ayenera kuchepetsa pansi ulamuliro wa dziko, ndipo ayenera anafuna kuti asiyane ndi "ntchito multifinalitarios enieni." Malinga ngati zosowa zochepa za njira zoyambirira ya cadastre: Fiscal, socioeconomic, ntchito yalamulo ndi nthaka.

2 Mayankho ku "Deta mu cadastre"

  1. Nkhani yosangalatsayi, panthawiyi yotsegulira zonse, zonsezi ziyenera kupezeka kwa onse komanso zogwirizana bwino, kuti mpikisano wa deta ikhalepo, pakadali nthawi yowonjezera ...

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