LADM kukhazikitsa ntchito INTERLIS - Colombia

Mlungu wachitatu wa June 2016 anapatsidwa maphunziro a INTERLIS, owonedwa ngati chinenero ndi chida chothandizira kukhazikitsidwa kwa Chitsanzo cha Dongosolo la Ulamuliro wa Land (LADM) mu malo oyendetsa nthaka ku Colombia.

Maphunzirowa anayamba kupanga mu magawo awiri, mmodzi pa mfundo / mlingo ongolankhula ndi gulu lalikulu la mabungwe osiyana nawo anira dziko, wofunitsitsa kuti amadziwa INTERLIS, ntchito ofunsira akupangidwa mmene ntchito ndi zotsatira za ntchito yake mu Ulamuliro wa Dziko ku Mayiko a Central / Eastern Europe; tsiku lachiwiri kumene ndi bwino ndi gulu la akatswiri ang'onoang'ono thematic amene anali kugwira ntchito yomanga chitsanzo LADM Colombia.

Chovuta chochititsa chidwi, kukumbukira kuti wotsogolera wa maphunziro ndi Michael Germann, osachepera mmodzi mwa olankhula LADM omwe ali pa INTERLIS pa zochitika zaposachedwa, pamodzi ndi Jürg Kaufmann, Daniel Steudler, Christiaan Lemmen, Peter Van Oosterom ndi Kees de Zeeuw. Ndipo ndikukuuzani, chifukwa anthu omwe ali pamlingo umenewu nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi zolephera pamene akuwonetsa mitu yotsuta pamaso pa anthu ambiri a Latin America.

Kodi INTERLIS ndi chiyani?

Ndi conceptual schema chinenero (Chilankhulo cha Conceptual Schema - CSL), yomwe ingagwiritsidwe ntchito m'mafotokozedwe amtengo wapatali, ngakhale angagwiritsidwe ntchito pa dongosolo lililonse, ndilopadera pa zitsanzo za geospatial, popeza ili ndi mitundu yambiri ya ma geometre. Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti INTERLIS si mapulogalamu, koma chilankhulo chosalowerera ndale, chomwe chimaphatikizapo kusintha kwa deta komwe kumachokera mwachitsanzo; INTERLIS sichinenero chamapulogalamu, ngakhale chiri ndi mawu ake enieni kuti afotokoze molondola zitsanzo, kuphatikizapo tanthauzo la zovuta (zovuta).

LADM INTERLIS COLOMBIA

Fomu yopititsa deta ndi ITF (INTERLIS-1) kapena XTF (INTERLIS-2, xML) yotengedwa, monga momwe tafotokozera kale, kuchokera ku deta yachitsanzo pogwiritsa ntchito malamulo ovomerezeka. Kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa chitsanzo ndi kutumiza (njira yogwiritsidwa ntchito) ndizosangalatsanso, chifukwa kumbuyo kumapereka zogwirizana ndi utsi wa LADM umene unayankha funso lomwelo Ndipo tsopano ndikuchita chiyani gehena?

Kuika magazi kwa INTERLIS kumapita zaka za 30, pamene 1989 a Swiss ayamba kugwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito makompyuta pamakono amasiku ano. Ngakhale kuti adagwiritsa ntchito makompyuta ku cadastre kuyambira zaka 70, kudzera mwa polojekiti yotchedwa RAV (Kusintha kwa Cadastre Yovomerezeka) kuti apereke chiganizo ndi lingaliro lalikulu lomwe likugwirizana ndi ufulu wogwiritsa ntchito njira zogwirira ntchito. N'zoonekeratu kuti kufotokoza kwa mfundoyi kunaphatikizapo kufunikira kokhala ndi njira yodziyimira yowonjezera maulendo a kufotokoza ndi kusunga deta, ndipo momwemo INTERLIS-1 anabadwira mu 1989. Malingaliro ake a kubadwa ndi ofunikira, ndi langizo la "ufulu kugwiritsa ntchito njira", chifukwa limalimbikitsa kuti mamembala, dera, dera kapena bungwe lina lililonse lingagwiritse ntchito chida chomwe chikuyenera, ndi kudzipereka kwa INTERLIS kungatengedwe chiwonetsero chonse Woyendetsa ndegeyo anali kumayambiriro kwa zaka makumi asanu ndi anayi, mu 1993 chitsanzo choyambirira cha cadastral chinasindikizidwa; zosangalatsa ngati tikuganiza kuti 1994 inayambitsa ndondomeko ya 2014 Cadastre yomwe potsiriza idasindikizidwa mu 1998.LADM INTERLIS COLOMBIA

Pambuyo pa kukhazikitsidwa kwa woyamba boma cadastral chitsanzo, vuto zipangizo oyambirira kompayila kwa potsimikiza ndi malembedwe olondola a zanyengo, Translator pochitika kafukufuku chitsanzo wina ndi mzake, ndipo XTF tchesi atsimikizire deta ndi chitsanzo; 1998 ndi 2006 pakati pa olemera INTERLIS-2 ndi chaka kuti tchesi imafalitsidwa pansi chiphaso ufulu. Pakuti 2007 INTERLIS amakhala muyezo Amalawi Switzerland ndi 2014 pali kale 160 zitsanzo za SDI dziko, anafotokoza mu muyezo, amene mwa zina analenga maziko oti Launch chatsopano Land kaundula Malamulo oletsa Chilamulo Public pa Katundu , kuzindikira kwa 2014 Cadastre.

Monga potsirizira pake, INTERLIS si chinenero chokonzekera, koma ndi chinenero chofotokozera ndi kutumiza deta. Ngakhale kuti zinalembedwa mu UML, zili ndi ma deta ena monga kutumiza ndi kusinthidwa kwa deta zomwe zili kale.

Ubwino wa INTERLIS

Njira yaikulu ndi "ufulu wa njira". Ndikofunika kuthandizira mfundo za 2014 Cadastral, makamaka ponena za ufulu wodzilamulira ndi zitsanzo mwa mutu koma mu zofanana zofotokozera; kuwonjezera pa kusintha kwake kuti apange deta zamtundu uliwonse, ngakhale kuti ziyenera kuwona ngati zikuwoneka ngati mpeni wa Swiss Army kuti uwonetsere.

Zimamvetsetsedwa mosavuta ndi akatswiri a IT komanso akatswiri pa kayendetsedwe ka nthaka. Zimamveka kuti ndi mawu ovomerezeka ndi otsogolera kuti atenge mawonekedwe a kusintha, akhoza kusinthidwa ndi kutsimikiziridwa ndi mapulogalamu a makompyuta.

Zopindulitsa zina zimaganiza kuti zikhoza kukhazikitsidwa mosavuta, ngakhale mutatha kuyang'ana masamba a 160 masamba ... Ndiyenera kuvomereza kuti kumafunika khama kwa sabata kuti muwone zitsanzo ndikuyesani kuwakhazikitsa. Inde, pokhala ndi chitsanzo chomwe anamanga ndi mkonzi wa UML ndikupanga chikhomo cha ntchito kapena zochitika zadatabwayi ndithudi zikupita patsogolo ... ngati zakhala bwino, ndithudi.

Bukuli liri m'Chijeremani, Chifalansa ndi Chingerezi. Ndipindulitsa kuti pamene anavomerezedwa ku Colombia adayesetsa kupeza Baibulo m'Chisipanishi lomwe liridi pakukonzekera; tikuyembekeza kuti tidzakhalapo potsatsa posachedwa www.interlis.ch.

Kusiyana pakati pa INTERLIS-1, INTERLIS-2 ndi zinenero zina

Pulogalamu ya 2 ya INTERLIS ndiyomwe imayendetsedwa, imasintha komanso imathandizira maphunziro ovuta kwambiri; imagwirizana ndi ma 1 ndipo imathandizira kale zowonjezereka, zovuta zovuta ndi kutumiza kudzera pa XML.

Poyerekeza ndi zizindikiro zina ndi zinenero zina, INTERLIS ndi yolondola kuposa UML, ngakhale kuti zonse zimachokera m'chinenerochi. Kuwonjezera apo, ndizochindunji kumalo a malo ndi kuphatikiza mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zinthu (mfundo, mizere, arcs, malo ndi malo). Poyerekeza ndi GML, imathandizira kugulitsa zinthu, zomwe sizili ngakhale ku LADM komanso kwa ife omwe tayesa kutumiza ntchito za WFS pogwiritsa ntchito GML timamvetsa kuchepetsa. INTERLIS tsopano ndi mbali ya laibulale ya OGR / GDAL (2.0) ndipo mukhoza kuona ma fayilo a XTF pogwiritsa ntchito QGIS. Zida Zowonjezera Zowonjezera zimalola kuti chiwerengero cha postgreSQL / PostGIS chilembedwe, kutumizidwa kwa deta ku schema ndi kutumiza ku fayilo ya XTF (ili2pg). Ndipo ndithudi pali zambiri zomwe zimagwira ntchito payekha, GEONIS kwa ArcGIS zochokera pa FME, GeosPro ya Geomedia, INTERLIS ya AutoCAD Map3D.

LADM INTERLIS COLOMBIA

Monga tanenera poyamba, kuti ntchito ya INTERLIS ikhale ndi zofunikira zowonjezera maulamuliro a deta modeling ndi kutsimikiziridwa muyeso, monga Compiler, UML Editor ndi Checker.

Komiti ya INTERLIS imagwiritsidwa ntchito kutsimikizira ndondomeko ya chitsanzo, INTERLIS Checker amalola kutsimikizira kuti zomwe deta ikugwirizana nazo zogwirizana ndi chitsanzo chofotokozera, kotero kuti chigwiritse ntchito chimafuna chitsanzo (.ili extension) komanso fayilo yosamutsa ( .tf o.xtf); imatanthauzanso kufalitsa fayilo ya .cfg yowonjezerapo kuti izi zikhale zosinthika (pamene zofunikira zotsatiridwa ndi chitsanzo zimatanthauzidwa). Mndandanda wa UML umagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi umleditor.jar, ndikukulolani kusintha masayero a INTERLIS powonekera. Pakuti tsopano ndi French ndi German basi. GUI imakhala yochepa poyerekeza ndi VisualParadigm kapena Enterprise Architect, komabe imathandiza pazokhazikitsidwa - ndipo chinthu chabwino kwambiri ndi chakuti zimapanga code code ndi syntax yolondola.

Njira Yogwiritsira ntchito

Poyamba koyamba anakwaniritsa ntchito yomwe "ife geomatics sitiyenera kuopa zitsanzo", zomwe zikutanthauza kuti tiyenera kuwerenga. Pa tsiku lachiŵiri, tinagwira ntchito kufotokoza mitu; pa nkhani ya Swiss mbiri ya LADM,

Mituyi imagwiritsidwa ntchito:

  • -Catastro
  • -Chivundikiro
  • Mfundo Zosintha
  • -Maketoni amtundu wa hydro

Pankhani ya Chitsanzo cha ku Colombiya, chochita chimodzimodzi chinapangidwa, ndi mitu yotsatirayi:

  • -Catastro
  • -Kubwereza
  • -Ordenamiento Madera
  • etc.

Kenako omvera ake anafotokozedwa kuti:

  • -Chuma Chakuchitika:
  • -Control Point
  • -Predio (ikuphatikizapo nthaka ndi zomangamanga)
  • -Malire olamulira
  • -cadastral zoning
  • - Malo ogwira ntchito m'maganizo
  • -Madera akumidzi
  • -Ac.

Potsirizira pake, malamulo ena a LADM Model omwe alipo tsopano adayikidwa, mwachitsanzo, ngati mapulogalamu akuyenera kuchotsedwa, ngati makalasi adzakhala ochuluka ... Zimalingalira kuti Mitu ikhale yochuluka, pamene makalasi ali m'modzi. Kotero, pa ntchentche, chitsanzocho chinapita monga chonchi:

TOPIC Control Points =

END control_points;

TOPIC Buildings =

! Limit Point

! Land, Construction, ...

END;

MUTU WACHIKUTO =

! Administrative Division

! Gawani Chigawo Chachigawo

END;

Nkupita disaggregating mitundu, subtypes ndi malamulo; Zikuwoneka zovuta, koma ayi. Ndi chitsanzo zosinthika ali peculiarities ake Colombia mu masiku awiri wakhala zimatheka bwanji kumanga chitsanzo LADM INTERLIS anamanga mu March. Latin America ndithudi padziko ife tipite patsogolo chifukwa iwo ali m'gulu la chitsanzo INTERLIS madambwe onse, mitundu ndi subtypes; zinthu zimene zingasokoneze. Tawonani kuti zovuta zachitsanzo cha Dutch ndizo:

!! !! --------------------
!!
!! !! ISO 19152 LADM mbiri ya dziko NL yosankhidwa ndi INTERLIS 2
!!
!! !! --------------------
!! !! mbiri yakonzanso
!! !! --------------------
!!
!! !! 03.02.2014 / mg: mawonekedwe oyambirira
!! !! 17.11.2014 / mg: zina zowonongeka
!!
!! !! --------------------
!!
!! !! (c) Swiss Land Management (www.swisslm.ch)
!!
!! !! --------------------

INTERLIS 2.3;

MALANGIZO OTHANDIZA LADM_NL (en)

AT «http://www.swisslm.ch/models»
Version «2014-02-03» =

IMPORTS ISO_Base YOPHUNZITSIDWA;
IMPORTS ISO19107 YOPHUNZITSIDWA;
IMPORTS ISO19111 YOPHUNZITSIDWA;
IMPORTS ISO19115 YOPHUNZITSIDWA;
IMPORTS ISO19156 YOPHUNZITSIDWA;
IMPORTS YOFUNIKA KWAMBIRI LADM_Base;
IMPORTS YOPHUNZITSIDWA LADM;

DOMAIN
STRUCTURE UnknownValueType =
END FinalValueType;

CLASS NL_SpatialUnit (ABSTRACT) EXTENDS LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_SpatialUnit =
gawo (EXTENDED): LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_DimensionType;
maloConsolidationInterest: LIST {0..5} OF UnknownValueType;
kugulaPepala: Mtengo;
Vesi (EXTENDED): LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_VolumeValue;
END NL_SpatialUnit;

TOPIC LADM_NL =

CLASS NL_Party EXTENDS LADM.Party.LA_Party =
dzina (EXTENDED): CharacterString;
udindo (EXTENDED): LADM.Party.LA_PartyRoleType;
END NL_Party;

CLASS NL_AdminSourceDocument EXTENDS LADM.Administrative.LA_AdministrativeSource =
funsani: Ndalama;
kugulaPepala: Mtengo;
END NL_AdminSourceDocument;

CLASS NL_RRR (ABSTRACT) YAM'MBUYO YOTSATIRA LADM.Administrative.LA_AdministrativeSource =
malingaliro: CharacterString;
END NL_RRR;

CLASS NL_BAUnit EXTENDS LADM.Administrative.LA_BAUnit =
dzina (EXTENDED): CharacterString;
END NL_BAUnit;

CLASS NL_RealRight EXTENDS NL_RRR =
mtunduwotchulidwa: (zina);
mtunduSold: (zina);
END NL_RealRight;

CLASS NL_Kusinthidwa EXTENDS NL_RRR =
END NL_Kusintha;

CLASS NL_Mkwatulo EXTENDS LADM.Administrative.LA_Mortgage =
kufotokoza (KUCHITIKA): CharacterString;
END NL_Mkwatulo;

CLASS NL_Parcel EXTENDS NL_SpatialUnit =
END NL_Parcel;

CLASS NL_BuildingUnit EXTENDS NL_SpatialUnit =
END NL_BuildingUnit;

CLASS NL_Network EXTENDS LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_LegalSpaceUtiliyNetwork =
gawo (EXTENDED): LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_DimensionType;
maloConsolidationInterest: LIST {0..5} YA CharacterStringListValue;
Ndipo kotero mpaka mutapeza END LADM_NL
LADM INTERLIS COLOMBIA

Kulowa internationalization wa INTERLIS kulingana American Latin, zikuoneka chidwi vuto Agustín Codazzi Institute ndi mabungwe ena zogwirizana ndi Administration Land ku Colombia, osati chithandizo yokha woimira Cooperation Swiss koma kulemera enieni malamulo a ku Colombia ku South America. Ine ndikuganiza umwana wabwino ndi kutambasuka kwa chitsanzo m'minda ya cadastre, yolumikiza ndi Katundu kaundula, Management Land ndi Colombia okhudza malo m'mayiko Data zomangamanga cholinga asamangoyang'ana chulucho kum'mwera.

INTERLIS kulola omasuka wachibale atsatire Dziko Administration Domeni Model (ISO 19152), osachepera za interoperability, makamaka chifukwa shortens penapake njira kukhazikitsidwa kwa owona GML monga akamagwiritsa kuwombola, kujambula zida onani , kutumiza ndi kutsimikizira. Inu basi kulingalira kuthekera, popeza kuti Colombia ndi malamulo ake atsopano ndi kuyamba zikulilima wa cadastre wosiyanasiyana, imene zida zifunika kulamulira khalidwe la deta onse makampani ndi akatswiri a mbiri yabwino ndi za 1.100 mizinda yambiri pang'onopang'ono kulowa irreversibly mu mkombero wa nthumwi za mphamvu ndi Cadastre wa IGAC kapena mabungwe decentralized ... pakuti chimene INTERLIS ndi zinchito kwambiri.

chithunziNdipo mwachidule, geomatics iyenera kuphunzira kumvetsetsa zitsanzo, ngati siziri, GML, UML, LADM ndi zizindikiro izi zidzawoneka ngati mndandanda wa mapulogalamu.

http://www.interlis.ch/index_e.htminterlis ya geophysical

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