LADM - Monga Wapadera Domeni Chitsanzo cha Management Land - Colombia

Chidule cha nkhani yomwe Golgi Alvarez ndi Kaspar Eggenberger anapereka ku Andean Geomatics Congress ku Bogotá, mu June wa 2016.

Chikhumbo cha Multipurpose Cadastre

Pogwiritsa ntchito ndondomeko ya National Development Plan 2014 - 2018 ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa National Agency of Land ANT, malo a Land in Colombia asintha kwambiri ndipo adaika mfundo zatsopano zomanga malamulo a boma monga momwe zilili :

  • Kupititsa patsogolo ntchito kwa cadastre ndi nthumwi za mphamvu kugawo,
  • Kupitiliza ntchito ya kukhazikitsidwa ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa kasitomala.
  • Kuti tipeze mgwirizano wa zowonongeka zomwe zili m'mabuku a Cadastre ndi Registry,

Pulojekiti Yoyang'anira Ulamuliro wa Dziko ku Colombia, yolipiridwa ndi Swiss Cooperation (SECO), imathandizira njira zosiyanasiyana zokhudzana ndi malamulo a nthaka, kuphatikizapo kuthandizidwa pomanga node yosamalira nthaka pansi pa ICDE, thandizo la kukhazikitsanso ntchito za IGAC ponena za udindo wawo watsopano monga ulamuliro wa boma, kulimbikitsa lamulo la Cadastre-Registry, malangizo othandizira maonekedwe a geodetic komanso kuthandizira kukwaniritsidwa kwa masomphenya a Multipurpose Cadastre.

Chitsanzo cha LADM

Monga mfundo zatsopano mu ndondomeko ndi zamakono, kukhazikitsidwa kwa International Land Management Standard yotchedwa ISO-19152 yakhazikitsidwa; NdikudziwacongressgeoLADM (Land Administration Domain Model). Kuphatikizidwa kwa muyezo umenewu kumapangitsa kuti pakhale mgwirizano pakati pa mavuto omwe amapangidwa ndi zipangizo zamakono ndi kufunikira kwa mautumiki ndi nzika mwazinthu za kayendetsedwe kazinthu mwa njira yowonjezera.

Pakalipano, njira yoyamba ya LADM yakhazikitsidwa, yokonzedweratu ku malamulo a ku Colombi omwe akuphatikizapo:

  • Maphwando okondweretsedwa, khalani magulu awa, anthu pawokha, mabungwe alamulo ndi mabungwe a boma ogwirizana ndi kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka ufulu wa nthaka,
  • Makampani oyang'anira ntchito omwe amaimira zinthu zosiyanasiyana zapadera, zonse zapadera ndi zapagulu.
  • Mndandanda wa ufulu, maudindo ndi zolekanitsa zomwe ziripo pakati pa malo ndi malo omwe amalembedwa mu Property Registry.
  • Zigawo za malo ndi zikhumbo zawo, zomwe zilipo mu mauthenga a cadastral komanso zomwe zidzakambidwa ku Multipurpose Cadastre oyendetsa ndege kuti adzachite posachedwa.
  • Kukhazikitsidwa kwa LADM kumaphatikizapo kuthandizira kwa Colombial Space Infrastructure Data (ICDE), kupyolera mwa kukhazikitsidwa kwa Land Management Node, yomwe idzakhala maziko a kusagwirizana kwa zinthu zomwe zimayikidwa pamutu. Pang'onopang'ono, mabungwe osiyanasiyana adzasintha LADM m'zinthu zawo, kutsimikiziranso kuti, malonda, ufulu, anthu ndi zovuta zomwe zimapanga dongosolo la National Land Management System la Colombia.

INTERLIS kuti mugwiritse ntchito

LADMChimodzi mwa zida zomwe zikugwiritsidwa ntchito pakukhazikitsidwa kwa LADM ndi INTERLIS. Ili ndilo lingaliro lapadera la kufotokozera zitsanzo zamtundu wa deta, zomwe ziri ndi mawonekedwe osinthika ndi zida zingapo zomwe mungathe kukwaniritsa kutsimikizira, kuyanjana, kusungirako katundu ndi chidziwitso cha chidziwitso kudzera muzitsulo zogwirizana.

Posachedwapa maphunziro amapangidwa kwa akatswiri a maofesi osiyanasiyana okhudzana ndi Project, pogwiritsa ntchito INTERLIS kuti awonetsere, komanso ndondomeko ya chikhalidwe cha ku Colombia cha LADM chakhazikitsidwa m'chinenero ichi.

Multipurpose Cadastre Pilots

Pulojekitiyi ikuthandiza Geographical Institute Agustín Codazzi (IGAC) ndi National Superintendence of Registry (SNR), pomanga chitsanzo, mafotokozedwe ndi njira zothandizira maulendo ambirimbiri oyendetsa ndege. Ine ndikuphatikizapo kukhazikitsidwa kwa malo osungiramo zosungirako za cadastral ndi data ya registry; ndi zida zowonjezera zamapulogalamu zomwe zimathandiza kumanga, kusindikiza ndi kufalitsa deta, komanso zida zogwiritsira ntchito chidziwitso chomwe chinapangidwa kupyolera mukugwiritsidwa ntchito kunja.

Kuwonjezera apo, zipangizo zamakono ndi zopangira zidzakonzekera ntchito zosiyanasiyana za ntchitoyi ndi ofesi ya pulogalamuyo.

Kupyolera mu chitsanzo cha kukhazikitsidwa kwa mbiri ya ku Colombia ya LADM, yomwe inafotokozedwa mu INTERLIS, makampani opanga makampani adzakhala ndi chida chofunikira chokonzekera congrekasparndi kupereka uthenga womwe unakwezedwa mmunda molingana ndi ndondomeko yotsatirayi ya ISO 19152 Standard. IGAC ndi SNR zidzakhala ndi zida zothandizira, kuyang'anira ndi kusunga uthenga ndi zolemba za zotsatira za oyendetsa ndege, kuti apange maphunziro omwe aphunziridwa ndikuwongolera njira zowunika zomwe zapangidwe kafukufuku wa cadastral.

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