Zikhulupiriro za 5 ndi 5 Makhalidwe a BIM Integration - GIS

Chris Andrews walemba item wapatali pa nthawi ya chidwi juncture, pamene ESRI ndi AutoDesk kufunafuna njira kubweretsa kuphweka kwa GIS kupanga chimango akulimbana matupi njira BIM muyezo okonza, zomangamanga ndi kumanga. Pamene nkhani akutenga kaonedwe ka makampani awiri awa, ndi zosangalatsa amazionera, ngakhale sikuti lifanane ndi njira ya okamba nkhani zina pa msika monga Tekla (Trimble), Geomedia (Hexagon) ndi Imodel.js (Bentley). Ife tikudziwa kuti ena mwa udindo pamaso BIM anali "CAD zimene zimapangitsa GIS" kapena "GIS kuti Amasintha kuti CAD lapansi."

Mbiri yaing'ono ...

Zaka khumi za 80 ndi 90, matekinolodi a CAD ndi GIS adasanduka njira zokhudzana ndi mpikisano kwa akatswiri omwe ankafunikira kugwira ntchito ndi zolemba za malo, zomwe zinagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka pamapepala. Panthawi imeneyo, mapulogalamu a pulogalamu yamakono ndi hardware mphamvu zimatha kukula kwa zomwe zingatheke ndi makina othandizira makompyuta, polemba ndi kupenda mapu. CAD ndi GIS, zikuwoneka kukhala zopangidwa ndi zipangizo zamakono, kuti zigwiritse ntchito ndi geometry ndi deta, zomwe zingapangitse zolemba pamapepala.

Monga mapulogalamu ndi hardware atakhala apamwamba kwambiri komanso apamwamba kwambiri, tawonapo zapamwamba zamakono onse omwe amatizungulira, kuphatikizapo CAD ndi GIS, ndi njira yopita ku digitized workflows (yomwe imatchedwanso "digitized"). CAD zamakono, poyamba anaika patsogolo ntchito yowongoka. Kukonzekera njira zogwiritsira ntchito (BIM), njira yowonjezeretsa bwino, pakukonza ndi kumanga, pang'onopang'ono yasokoneza zipangizo zamakono za BIM ndi CAD kuyambira pakujambula zithunzi ndikupanga zida zamakono zamagetsi zamtundu weniweni . Zitsanzo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu zamakono zamakono za BIM zimapangidwa mwangwiro kuti zitsatire zomangamanga, kupeza zolakwika m'mayambiriro oyambirira a mapangidwe ndi kupanga ziwerengero zapamwamba zogwirizana ndi bajeti kumapulogalamu omwe amasintha mwamphamvu, mwachitsanzo.

GIS yadziwikiranso ndi kuwonjezera mphamvu zake m'kupita kwa nthawi. Tsopano, GIS angakhale naco zikwi za mamilioni a zochitika ku zimatulutsa moyo zowonetsa ku petabytes zitsanzo 3D, ndi mafano osatsegula kapena foni, ndi analytics predictive, zovuta, ndipo escalations pa mfundo angapo anamwazikana processing mu mtambo Mapu yomwe inayamba ngati chida mawunikidwe pa pepala, wakhala lidzasinthidwa lakutsogolo kapena zipata kulankhulana lithe zovuta kusanthula mu thupi laumunthu-interpretable.

Kuzindikira kuthekera wodzala workflows Integrated pakati BIM ndi GIS, madambwe ovuta monga Anzeru Cities ndi Digitized Engineering, tiyenera kuonanso mmene zolengedwa awa awiri kupitirira yamtunduwu wa makampani ndi kusuntha kwa workflows titsimikizireni digitized, zomwe zidzatilepheretsa kuchoka ku mapepala a zaka zana zapitazi.

Bodza: ​​BIM ndi ...

Mu gulu la GIS, chimodzi mwa zinthu zomwe ndimaziwona ndikumva ndizofotokozera BIM zochokera kumvetsetsa kunja kwa dziko la BIM. Nthawi zambiri ndimamva kuti BIM ndi yotsogolera, kuyang'ana, kapangidwe ka 3D kapena kuti ndi nyumba zokha, mwachitsanzo. Mwamwayi, palibe izi zomwe BIM amagwiritsidwa ntchito, ngakhale zingapitirire kapena zowonjezera zina mwazinthuzi kapena ntchitozi.

Kwenikweni, BIM ndi ndondomeko yoteteza nthawi ndi ndalama, ndipo zimakwaniritsa zotsatira zokhutira panthawi yokonza ndi kumanga. The 3D chitsanzo kwaiye pa kapangidwe ndondomeko BIM, ndi byproduct za kufunika mwandondomeko ndi kapangidwe makamaka, analanda chimango momwe ziliri, kupenda ndalama kugwetsa, kapena kupereka kusintha mbiri malamulo kapena contractual mu kakatundu thupi . Kuwonetseratu kungakhale gawo la ndondomekoyi, chifukwa kumathandiza anthu kumvetsetsa mphamvu, zizindikiro ndi aesthetics za kapangidwe kameneka.

Monga ndinaphunzilira kale ku Autodesk, B 'B' mu BIM imatanthauza 'Kumanga, mawu' osati 'Kumanga, dzina'. Autodesk, Bentley ndi ena ogulitsa mafakitale agwira ntchito ndi malonda kuti adziwe mfundo za ndondomeko ya BIM kukhala madera monga njanji, misewu ndi misewu, mautumiki a anthu ndi ma telecommunication. Nthambi iliyonse kapena bungwe limene limayang'anira ndi kumanga zinthu zakuthupi limakhala ndi chidwi choonetsetsa kuti makontrakitala ake ndi makina opanga ntchito amagwiritsa ntchito njira za BIM.

Dongosolo la BIM lingathe kugwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsira ntchito ntchito yolowera chuma. Izi zakonzedwa, mwachitsanzo, mu chatsopano ISO miyezo ya BIM, omwe adziwitsidwa, mwa ndondomeko ya kukhazikitsidwa kwa miyezo ya United Kingdom, yomwe inakhazikitsidwa m'zaka zapitazi za 10. Ngakhale malingaliro atsopanowa akugwiritsidwa ntchito pa ntchito ya BIM deta, mu moyo wathunthu wa chuma, zikudziwikiratu kuti kusungirako ndalama zogwirira ntchito, monga momwe taonera m'nkhaniyi, ndiko kulimbikitsa kwakukulu kwa kukhazikitsidwa kwa BIM.

Mukawoneka ngati ndondomeko, kuyanjana kwa teknoloji ya GIS ndi BIM kumakhala kovuta kwambiri kuposa kungowerenga zithunzi ndi zikhalidwe kuchokera muchitsanzo cha 3D ndikuziwonetsa mu GIS. Amvetse kwenikweni mmene mungagwiritsire ntchito mfundo zimene zili BIM ndi GIS, timapeza kuti tiyenera redefine lingaliro lathu la nyumba kapena msewu, ndi kumvetsa mmene makasitomala ayenera kugwiritsa ntchito osiyanasiyana deta ntchito pa nkhani geospatial. Ife anapeza kuti kuganizira chitsanzo, nthawi zina amatanthauza kuti ife munayiwala mophweka kwambiri, umayenda ntchito zambiri zofunika ofunika ndondomeko lonse, monga kugwiritsa ntchito deta m'munda mwatsatanetsatane mu malo nyumba Gwirizanitsani malowo ndi deta yachitsanzo yoyendera, kufufuza ndi kufufuza.

Potsirizira pake, tidzangowonjezera kumvetsetsa komanso zotsatira, ngati "tiwoloka kusiyana" kuti tigwire ntchito limodzi ndi magulu omwe angabweretse mavuto osiyanasiyana. Ndicho chifukwa chake tikugwira ntchito ndi Autodesk ndi anthu ena mu malo awa.
Chiyanjano pakati pa Esri ndi Autodesk, chomwe chinalengezedwa koyamba ku 2017, chakhala chothandiza kwambiri kuti awononge timu yambiri kuti athetse mavuto ena a BIM-GIS.

Bodza: ​​BIM imapereka maonekedwe a GIS

Chimodzi mwa mfundo zovuta kwambiri kuuza sanali katswiri wosuta mu BIM-GIS, ndi kuti ngakhale BIM chitsanzo chikuwoneka chimodzimodzi ngati mlatho kapena nyumba, sindiye ndi makhalidwe amene amapanga tanthauzo la nyumba kapena mlatho zolinga sanjira kapena kafukufuku wa geospatial.
Ku Esri, tikugwira ntchito zatsopano zokhudzana ndi kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendedwe ka chuma, monga ArcGIS Indoors. Ambiri ogwiritsa ntchito akuyembekeza kuti ndi ntchito yathu ndi data Autodesk Revit, tikhoza kutulutsa ma geometry omwe timakhala nawo, monga zipinda, malo, mapulani, pansi pa nyumbayo ndi zomangamanga. Ngakhalenso bwino, tikhoza kuchotsa mitsinje kuti tiwone momwe munthu angadutsitsire.

Zithunzi zonsezi zingakhale zothandiza kwambiri pa ntchito za GIS komanso kuntchito yogulitsa ntchito. Komabe, palibe ma geometrewa omwe ali oyenera kumanga nyumbayo, ndipo kawirikawiri, sichipezeka mu Revit model.
Tikuyesa mateknoloji kuti tiwerenge ma geometry, koma ena amapereka zovuta zofufuza ndi zolemba ntchito zomwe zasokoneza makampaniwa kwa zaka zambiri. Kodi madzi ndi otani? Kodi nsalu yotchinga ndi yani? Kodi mazikowo akuphatikizapo? Bwanji za zipinda? Kodi choponderezeka cha nyumba ndi chiyani? Kodi mumaphatikizapo zida zazingwe? Kapena kodi ndi njira yokhayo yokhala ndi nthaka?

Kuonetsetsa kuti mafayilo a BIM ali ndi ntchito zofunikira pa GIS workflows, eni ogwira ntchito ayenera kufotokozera zomwe zafotokozedwazo musanayambe kupanga ndi kumanga. Monga momwe CAD-GIS yosinthira ntchito yolembera, yomwe ma data CAD amatsimikiziridwa asanakhale GIS, ndondomeko ya BIM ndi deta yomwe ikupezeka iyenera kufotokoza ndikuphatikiza zizindikiro zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito kuyendetsa kayendetsedwe ka moyo wa dongosolo, ngati icho chiri cholinga chokhazikitsa deta ya BIM.

Pali mabungwe kuzungulira dziko lapansi, makamaka maboma ndi ogwiritsira ntchito makampu olamulidwa kapena machitidwe, omwe ayamba kufuna kukhala ndi makhalidwe a moyo ndi zikhalidwe kuti ziphatikizidwe muzinthu za BIM. Ku USA UU., Administration Boma Services patsogolo nyumba kudzera malamulo a BIM ndi mabungwe ngati Veterans Administration ayesetsa tsatanetsatane zinthu BIM, monga zipinda ndi malo amene akhala akugwira kumanga kasamalidwe nyumbayi ikamangidwa. Tapeza kuti ndege, monga Denver, Houston ndi Nashville, zimalamulira mwamphamvu ma data awo a BIM ndipo nthawi zambiri zimakhala ndi deta yosasinthasintha. Ndinawona zokambirana zazikulu ndi SNCF AREP yomwe inamanga pulogalamu yonse ya BIM yopangira sitima zapamtunda, pogwiritsa ntchito mfundo yakuti BIM idatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pa kayendetsedwe ka chuma ndi ntchito. Ndikuyembekeza kudzawona zambiri za izi mtsogolomu.

Ankatiuza kuyambira George HW Chitsamba Choyaka Houston International Airport (chili pano mu Web AppBuilder) deta kusonyeza kuti ngati deta BIM ndi yovomerezeka zambiri mwa kutsimikiza zipangizo zojambula tsono angathe mwadongosolo mbali GIS ndi . Mwachibadwa, timaona kumanga mfundo zitsanzo BIM pamaso zambiri kuonera zokhudzana FM

Bodza: ​​pali mafayilo omwe angapereke kuyanjana kwa BIM-GIS

Mu bukhu lophatikizapo ntchito yogwirizanitsa bizinesi, tebulo kapena mawonekedwe angapatsidwe ku gome kapena maonekedwe ena, kuti athe kuloleza kufalitsa uthenga pakati pa matekinoloje osiyanasiyana. Pa zifukwa zingapo, chitsanzo ichi sichikukwanira kukwaniritsa zosowa za tKutuluka kwa uthenga wa zaka za 21:

  • Zomwe zimasungidwa m'mafayi n'zovuta kulengeza
  • Kugawidwa kwa deta kupyolera mu madera ovuta kuli ndi kutayika
  • Kugawa kwadzidzidzi kumatanthawuza kubwereza zosakwanira zomwe zili muzinthu
  • Mapu a data nthawi zambiri amakhala osagwirizana
  • Zipangizo zamakono, kusonkhanitsa deta ndi ntchito yogwiritsira ntchito ntchito zimasintha mofulumira kwambiri kotero kuti zitsimikizirika kuti malumikizidwe a lero adzakhala ochepa kusiyana ndi zomwe mawa adzafunikire

Pofuna kukwaniritsa digitization woona, chifaniziro digito ya kalembera wa, ayenera kukhala mosavuta mu malo anagawira kuti akhoza modernized ndi kusinthidwa kuti zigwirizane zokambiranazo, kusanthula ndi chiphasochi zovuta kwambiri pa nthawi ndi limodzi moyo wothandiza wa phindu.

A chitsanzo deta silingafotokoze zonse zimene Integrated mu BIM ndi GIS kudzera mafakitale kwambiri osiyanasiyana ndi zofuna kasitomala, choncho palibe mtundu umodzi kuti akhoza analanda ndondomeko wonse kuti amatha kufika mofulumira ndikukhala adirectional. Ine ndikuyembekeza umisiri kusakanikirana kupitiriza okhwima m'kupita kwa nthawi, BIM umakhala waphindu amanena ndipo pali kufunika kokhala BIM deta pa nkhani ya GIS kwa kasamaliridwe kakatundu lifecycle, zidzakhala wofunika kwambiri kuti akhalemo mokhazikika kwa anthu.

Cholinga cha kuyanjana kwa BIM-GIS ndikuthandizira ntchitoflows kupanga zinthu ndikuyang'anira. Palibe maulendo osamveka, osamveka bwino pakati pazigawo ziwirizi.

Bodza: ​​Simungagwiritse ntchito mwachindunji zinthu za BIM mu GIS

Mosiyana ndi nkhani ya mmene kupeza mbali GIS mu deta BIM, timamva nthawi zambiri kuti si tingathere kuti mwachindunji ntchito zili BIM GIS zifukwa kuyambira zamalankhulidwe Kuvuta, kachulukidwe wa chuma, ndi kuchuluka kwa katundu. Zokambirana za kugwirizanitsidwa kwa BIM-GIS nthawi zambiri zimayang'ana mafomu a fayilo ndi workflows Kuchokera, Kusintha ndi Katundu (ETL).

Ndipotu, takhala tikugwiritsa ntchito BIM zokhazokha mu GIS. Last chilimwe, ife kupereka mphamvu kuwerenga Revit file mu ArcGIS ovomereza mwachindunji. Pa nthawi imeneyo, chitsanzo akhoza kucheza ndi ArcGIS ovomereza ngati wapangidwa ndi makhalidwe a GIS kenako anatembenukira kwa akamagwiritsa ena muyezo GIS mwa khama Buku, ngati akufunidwa Ndi ArcGIS Pro 2.3, tikumasula luso lofalitsa mtundu wosanjikiza, malo osanjikiza , zomwe zimapangitsa wogwiritsa ntchito kupanga masantics, geometry ndi tsatanetsatane wa chidziwitso cha Revit muzithunzi zosawerengeka zomwe zimapangidwira zochitika za GIS. Malo osanjikiza a nyumbayi, omwe adzafotokozedwe kutchulidwa kwachinsinsi kwa I3S, amamva ngati Revit chitsanzo kwa wogwiritsa ntchito ndipo amalola kuyanjana pogwiritsira ntchito zida zowonongeka za GIS.

Ndinachita chidwi kuona kuti chifukwa cha kupezeka kwa magetsi ambiri, kusungirako mtengo wotsika komanso kusinthika, tikuchoka ku ETL 'kupita ku' ELT 'kapena kuntchito. Mu chitsanzo ichi, deta imatumizidwa makamaka mu njira iliyonse yomwe ikufunikira iyo mwa chikhalidwe chake ndipo kenako ikhoza kupezedwa kumasulira kudera lakutali kapena sitolo yosungiramo deta kumene kusanthula kudzachitidwa. Izi zimachepetsa kudalira pa processing pa gwero, ndipo zimasungira zolemba zoyambirira kuti zisinthe kapena kusintha kwakukulu pamene teknoloji ikukula. Tikugwira ntchito ku ELT ku Esri ndipo zikuwoneka kuti tawona kufunika kwa kusintha kumeneku pamene ndinatchula 'kuthetsa ETL ndi T' pamsonkhano chaka chatha. ELT inachititsa kuti kukambirana kukusinthe kwambiri mkhalidwe umene wogwiritsa ntchito nthawizonse ayenera kulumikizidwa kunja kwa mwayi wa GIS kuti afufuze kapena aone chitsanzo chake chonse. Mwa kulunjika mwachindunji deta mu dongosolo la ELT,

Nthano: GIS ndi malo abwino kwambiri a BIM

Ndili ndi mawu awiri: "Kulembetsa malamulo." Zolemba za BIM nthawi zambiri ndizovomerezeka pazinthu za bizinesi ndi chidziwitso chotsatira, zomwe zalembedwa pofufuza zolakwika za zomangamanga ndi ziweruzo, misonkho ndi kufufuza kachitidwe, komanso ngati umboni wa kubereka. Kawirikawiri, omangamanga ndi injini ayenera kusindikiza kapena kutsimikizira kuti ntchito yawo ndi yolondola ndipo ikugwirizana ndi zofunikira za malamulo awo apadera ndi ogwiritsidwa ntchito.

Nthawi zina, zikhoza kuoneka kuti GIS ikhoza kukhala njira yolembetsera zojambula za BIM, koma panopa, ndikuganiza kuti izi ndi zaka kapena zaka zambiri, zotsatiridwa ndi machitidwe a zamalamulo omwe adakali olemba mapulogalamu. Ife tikuyang'ana mayendedwe yolumikizana ndi chuma chuma GIS mu repositories BIM, kotero makasitomala tingalandire Baibulo kulamulira ndi zolembedwa mu BIM dziko ndi luso ulitsa kuika chuma zambiri mu zolemera za geospatial zofufuza ndi kumvetsetsa ndi kulankhulana.

Mofanana ndi zokambirana za "GIS zochitika", kuyanjana kwa chidziwitso kupyolera mu zolemba za BIM ndi GIS zidzathandizidwa kwambiri ndi zitsanzo zozindikiritsa zomwe zili mu GIS ndi BIM, zomwe zimalola ntchito kugwirizanitsa mfundo zogwirizana pakati pa madera awiriwa. Izi sizikutanthauza kuti padzakhala chitsanzo chimodzi chodziwitsa, kuti adziwe zonse za GIS ndi BIM. Pali kusiyana kwakukulu kwambiri momwe deta iyenera kugwiritsidwira ntchito. Koma tikuyenera kukhala otsimikiza kuti timapanga makanema ndi miyezo yosinthasintha yomwe ingasinthidwe kuti tigwiritse ntchito chidziwitso pamapulatifomu awiri ndi kukhulupirika kokwanira ndi kusunga zomwe zilipo.

Yunivesite ya Kentucky inali imodzi mwa makasitomala oyambirira kutipatsa ife mwayi wopezera Revit yake. UKy amagwiritsa ntchito zovuta kutsimikizira kuti deta yolondola ili mu data ya BIM kuti zithandize ntchito ndi kukonza moyo wonse.

Chidule

Kusintha kwa hardware ndi mapulogalamu a pulogalamu, ndi kusamukira ku dera la digito, zomwe zimapanga mwayi wophatikizira mateknoloji osiyanasiyana ndi madera omwe sanayambepopo kale. Kuphatikizana kwa deta ndi ntchito zomwe zimagwira ntchito kudzera mu GIS ndi BIM, zimatithandiza kuti tikwaniritse bwino miyoyo yathu, miyoyo yathu komanso malo ogwira ntchito omwe akuzungulira.

Kuti tigwiritse ntchito patsogolo patsogolo chitukuko, tifunika kupanga magulu ophatikizana ndi maubwenzi, kuti tipange njira zothetsera mavuto omwe amakhudza machitidwe onse, osasunthika komanso otsika. Tiyeneranso kusintha mozama ku njira zatsopano zamakono, zomwe zingathetsere mavuto ophatikizana ndi kulimbika komanso kusinthasintha. Kuphatikizana kwa GIS ndi BIM, zomwe timavomereza lerolino, ziyenera kukhala "zitsimikizo zamtsogolo" kuti tithe kugwira ntchito pamodzi kuti tipeze tsogolo losatha.

Yankho limodzi ku "Zopeka za 5 ndi 5 Makhalidwe a BIM Integration - GIS"

  1. Eya, mmawa wabwino kuchokera ku Spain.
    Chiwonetsero chosangalatsa.
    Ngati chinachake chikudziwika bwino, ndikuti tsogolo labwino likutiyembekezera, njira yodzala ndi zovuta ndi mwayi, mkati mwa Geomatics, yomwe idzakhala ndi tsogolo lomwe limadziwa kusuntha mkati mwa luso, khalidwe ndi mgwirizano.

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