Mmene mungapezere zithunzi kuchokera Google Earth - Google Maps - Bing - ArcGIS Imagery ndi zina

Kwa akatswiri ambiri, ife tikufuna kumanga mapu ndi raster kumene nsanja iliyonse Buku monga Google, Bing kapena ArcGIS Zithunzi chimaonetsedwa, ndithu tilibe vuto pafupifupi nsanja aliyense kupeza chithandizo izi. Koma ngati zomwe tikufuna ndikusunga zithunzizo mu chigamulo chabwino, ndiye zothetsera SakaniMaps kutha, ndithudi njira yabwino kwambiri ndi SAS Planet.

SAS Planet, ndi ufulu pulogalamu, chiyambi Russian, zomwe zimathandiza kupeza, kusankha download zithunzi angapo ku nsanja osiyana kapena maseva. Mkati maseva angapezeke, Google Earth, Google Maps, Yahoo, Bing, Nokia, Yandex, Navitel Maps, VirtualEarth, Gurtam ndipo akhoza zidzawonjezedwa kwa iwo overlays fano monga zolemba kapena nyumba msewu - zimene amatchedwa hybrid- . Mwazinthu zake zokha, mungathe kulemba:

  1. kukhala ntchito yotheka kwathunthu, sikutanthauza kuika mtundu uliwonse, kungochita izo n'zotheka kuchita chilichonse,
  2. kuthekera kolowera mafayilo a .KML,
  3. kuchuluka kwa madera ndi misewu
  4. katundu wazinthu zowonjezera kuchokera kwa ma seva ena monga Wikimapia,
  5. Kutumizira mapu ku maulendo, kumagwirizana ndi mapulatifomu monga Apple - iPhone.

Pogwiritsa ntchito chitsanzo chabwino, zingatheke kulingalira njira zomwe zingatengere zidziwitso mu mawonekedwe a raster mwa mapepala omwe tatchulawa. Chimodzi mwa zazikulu zake zopindulitsa ndi chakuti zithunzi zojambulidwa kudzera mu ntchitoyi ndi georeferenced, zomwe ndi nthawi yopulumutsa mu zomangamanga. Chinachake chosiyana ndi zomwe zimachitika ndi zithunzi za Google Earth, zimatha kupulumutsidwa - zimasulidwa, koma zimafuna njira zowonongeka, zomwe zimasintha nthawi.

Zotsatira za masitepe kuti muzitsatira zithunzi

Kusakasaka kwapadera kwa dera la chidwi

  1. Choyamba ndicho kukopera fayilo yomwe ili ndi womanga SAS Planet, pakadali pano yomaliza kumasulidwa kuti ntchito ya anthu mu December ya 2018 imagwiritsidwe ntchito. Fayiloyi imasulidwa mu fomu ya .zip, ndipo kuti ikwanitse kuthamanga, muyenera kuchotsa zinthu zonsezo. Zatsirizika, njira yowunikira imatsegulidwa ndipo Sasplanet ikutheka.
  2. Mukamaliza pulogalamuyi, malingaliro aakulu a polojekiti akuyamba. toolbars angapo (obiriwira), ndipo ntchito zazikulu menyu (wofiira mtundu), maganizo chachikulu (lalanje), mawonekedwe view (yellow), zinthu zokhudza (wofiirira), bala anaona za boma ndi zochitika (mtundu wa fuchsia).
  3. Kuti muyambe kufufuza, ngati mumadziwa malo omwe mukufunikira, mumayang'ana mapu awuni yaikulu, mpaka mutayandikira malo omwe mukufuna, mu imodzi mwazitsulo zomwe mumasankha chitsimikizo cha raster, pakakhala iyi kuchokera ku Google .
  4. Ngati mukufuna kusintha amawatenga, monga kutsamba kumene dzina m'munsi anasonyeza, pali osankhidwa: Google, Yandex, Nokia, Kosmsnimki, Navteq, Genplan wa Moscow, GeoHub, Bing, Geoportal, Yahoo! , mapu ena, mbiri zokopa alendo, mapu m'madzi, Space, mapu m'deralo, OSM, ESRI, kapena Google Earth.
  1. Pambuyo pa chisankho, kusankha malo oyenerera kumapangidwa. Malingana ndi momwe raster imawonedwera, seva imasankhidwa, chifukwa chithunzi cha Google chinagwiritsidwa ntchito, popeza sichinali ndi mtambo uliwonse womwe ulipo.

  1. Ndiye, bataniyo yatsegulidwa Kusintha, ndi malo ophunzirirawo adzasankhidwa kudzera pa chithunzithunzi. Ingolani pa ngodya ndikukoka ku malo omwe mukufuna, dinani yomaliza imapangidwa, ndipo zenera likutsegulidwa, kumene ife tiyenera kuyika zotsatira za magawo a chithunzi chosankhidwa.
  1. Pawindo, ma tabu angapo amawonedwa, muyambirira mwa iwo Koperani, mazenera ofunika amasankhidwa. Mawindo okuya amasiyana ndi 1 mpaka 24 - kuthetsa kwakukulu. Chifanizocho chikasankhidwa, mu bar zoom, mlingo ukuwonetsedwa, komabe, pazenera iyi akhoza kusinthidwa. Ikuwonetsanso seva yomwe mankhwalawa adzachotsedwe.
  1. M'tsati lotsatira, magawo omwe amapereka amaperekedwa. Makamaka kuti raster apulumutsidwe ndi zolemba za malo. Mu (1) bokosi, fano mtundu anasonyeza mu bokosi (2) linanena bungwe njira, bokosi (3) Seva anasankha (4) bokosi ngati wosanjikiza aliyense anakuta, mu ndi (5) bokosi ziyerekezo ndi ananenera, ndiye anati pansi pa gulu lina lotchedwa Pangani fayilo yamagetsi (6), Njira yabwino kwambiri yodziwika, ndiyiyi .w, khalidweli lidakali lokhazikika pa 95%ndi potsiriza dinani kuyamba,
  2. chithunzi wakhala zimagulitsidwa mu jpg mtundu, koma zikhoza zimagulitsidwa mu akamagwiritsa zotsatirazi: PNG, BMP, ECW (psinjika Wavelet Kompyuta), JPEG2000, KMZ kwa Garming (JPEG overlays), yaiwisi (osakwatira bitmap likutipatsa), GeoTIFF.
  3. Ngati muyang'ana foda yomwe fanolo lasungidwa, mafayilo a 4 angadziwike, raster .jpg file, file yothandizira, ndiye jpgw idawonedwa (iyi ndilo fayilo yowatchulidwa kale .w), ndi .prj yogwirizana ndi chithunzicho.

Kuwonetseratu kothamanga mu SIG

  1. Pambuyo pokonza ndondomekoyi, fayilo imatsegulidwa ku mapulogalamu onse a GIS kuti athe kutsimikizira kuti fanolo ndilofunikira m'deralo. Kuti mupitirize, mu polojekiti ya ArcGIS Pro, zigawo zimanyamula mawonekedwe ake, zomwe zikusonyeza malo omwe chithunzi chatsopano chiyenera kuikidwa.
  2. Pamene mutsegula, mukhoza kuona kuti fanoli likugwirizana kwathunthu, ndi zinthu zomwe zili mu mawonekedwe a mawonekedwe akulu, ndiko kuti, ndi matupi a madzi mu mawonekedwe a vector. Gombe lomwe liripo mu fano likukonzekera ku malo a polygon, kotero, ilo likuwoneka kuti liri lofotokozedwa mwangwiro

Kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa wosakanizidwa

Ngati mukufuna kuchotsa deta yolumikizirana ndi zina, monga misewu ndi njira, ndikuzigwiritsira ntchito pa mafoni apakompyuta, malo omwe amasankhidwawo amapezeka.

Kusiyanitsa ndikuti tsopano data ya seva ya Bing idzatengedwa, muyeso yake misewu - m'misewu, mawonedwe akuluakulu amasonyeza malo omwe ali ndi chidwi kwambiri, komanso mayina a misewu yayikuru Ngati mupitiliza kuyang'ana mawonedwe akuluakulu, tsatanetsatane wokhudzana ndi malo ophunzirirawo akutsitsidwa.

Tsopano, ngati raster yapitayo ikufunika kukhala ndi deta ya mapu a misewu ndi malo a chidwi omwe amalembedwa, okhawo wosakanizidwa - mtundu wosakanizidwa, womwe umangowonjezera deta kuchokera kumalo osungirako malo, ndi chithunzi cha raster.

  1. Muzitsulo zamagetsi, pali batani omwe ali ndi zigawo zazikulu, pamene alowa mmenemo, maziko onse ojambula zithunzi omwe angakhale opangidwa ndi raster amawonetsedwa. Kuchokera ku Google, OSM - Open Street Maps, Yandex, Rosreestr, Hybrid Yahoo, Hibrid Wikimapia, Navteq.
  2. Ndiye, chifukwa cha maziko a raster, Bing Maps - Satellite seva imagwiritsidwa ntchito, ndiye imalowa mu menyu wosakanizidwa, ndi kuwonetsa ambiri monga momwe akufunira, - izi kuti mudziwe, ndi yani hybrid ali ndi zambiri zowonjezera malo, chifukwa chitsanzocho chinasankhidwa: Google, OSM, Wikimapia, ndi hygrid ArcGIS, maonekedwe a raster omwe ali ndi zigawo zazikulu amasonyeza pansipa.

  1. Kusunga fano, ndi deta ya hybrid, malingaliro amasankhidwa ngati m'mabuku apitayi, koma nthawi ino, pamene chithunzi cha magawo a fano chikuwonetsedwa, zotsatirazi zasankhidwa: mu tabu kusinthanitsa, Zotsatira zake, njira yowonongeka, maziko a raster (Bing) amaikidwa, ndi Mzere wosanjikiza - Google Hybrid inasankhidwa - ndi fayilo yolemba malo .w.
  2. Ndondomekoyi itatha, chithunzicho chatsegulidwa mu SIG kapena mapulogalamu omwe mumakonda, ndipo zatsimikiziridwa kuti fanoli ndi deta yodabwitsa ya Google Hybrid kwenikweni idatumizidwa. Zilembedwa za zinthu zomwe zilipo mmalo mwa chidwi zikuwonetsedwa, ndipo pamene mawonekedwe aikidwa, ili pomwepo pomwe thupi la madzi liyenera kupita.

Zomwe zili patsamba lino zikhoza kuwonetsedwa mu Youtube channel ya Geofumadas

Foni ya M'manja

Monga zikhoza kutsimikiziridwa, kugwiritsira ntchito chidachi ndi chophweka, sikutanthauza kuyesetsa kwakukulu kumvetsetsa mphamvu za njira iliyonse ndi zipangizo zomwe zimalemba. Choncho, ntchito yake ikufotokozedwa kwambiri.

Mosiyana ndi zochitika zina mu ntchito yotsegula zithunzi zojambulidwa, monga choncho Sungani, kusinthika kumene SASPlanet wakhala nako kulipindulitsa, kuti mwanjira zonse zosintha zake zakhala zida zowonjezereka ndi ntchito zothandizira komanso kupezeka kwa mautumiki ambiri. Nkhaniyi yapangidwa pogwiritsa ntchito 21 December 2018 yatsopano, komabe, tikupereka izi, kuchokera pa tsamba lovomerezeka, lomwe liri ndi chiwonetsero cha Mabaibulo onse omwe atulutsidwa kuchokera m'chaka cha 2009.

Kuyamikira kwa SASPlanet ndi zaka zake za 10 za kupitiriza.

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