OpenGeo Suite: Chitsanzo chabwino cha GIS Software kuganizira zofooka za mtundu wa OSGeo

Masiku ano, m'dera la geospatial, akatswiri onse osagwirizana nawo amadziwa kuti pulogalamu yotseguka yotereyi imakhala yokhwima ngati pulogalamu yamalonda, ndipo m'njira zina zimakhala zopambana.

Njira ya miyezo inagwira ntchito bwino kwambiri. Ngakhale kuti ndizokayikiratu zazomwe zisanachitike zisanafike mphamvu zomwe zasayansi zamoyo zikusintha, mwina ndizo zomwe zinayambitsa maziko kuti zitsimikize bwino muzochita zina monga chikhalidwe, filosofi, chuma ndi malingaliro ena omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti azitsatira chitsanzo, kuti mwachidule ndizofunikira.

Komabe, kugulitsa njira zowonjezera sikophweka pa malo azachuma kapena maboma, pa zifukwa zambiri zomwe zimachokera ku mpikisano komanso ngati zotsatira zosapeŵeka za zofooka zachitsanzo, zomwe ziyenera kusintha ndi kukhala ndi pulogalamu yamalonda. Omwe akupanga zisankho akudzifunsa mafunso monga:

  • Ngati m'mawa wina tikuwona vuto lomwe limabwera chifukwa cha zosintha za mapulaneti ena, muzinthu monga chitetezo Ndani amayankha pamene tikusowa chithandizo, ndipo ndi mtengo wotani womwe umachokera?

  • Pogwiritsa ntchito njira zosiyanasiyana m'chinenero, makalata, makasitomala, njira zamakono, kodi ndi njira yotani yomwe tifunika kusankha kuti tiyenerane pafupifupi chiwerengero?

OpenGeo Suite ndi yankho limene silingagwiritse ntchito pokhapokha kukula kwa zida zomwe zilipo, koma cholinga chake ndikutsata zofooka izi. Kuwonjezera pa kupatsa anthu mderalo njira yothetsera mavuto awo, amachititsa kuti anthu azikhala ndi mfundo zofunikira kuti athe kusinthika, ndipo makampani opanga OpenGeo amapereka chidziwitso chomwe chimafuna kusankha payekha. Ngakhale pali makampani ena, patapita kanthawi poyesera njira iyi, sindingathe kusankha koma kuzindikira mphamvu ndi chidziwitso chokwanira cha kuganiza kuseri kwa Boundless, kampani yomwe inayambitsa njirayi.

Tiye tiwone zina mwa zomwe OpenGeo Suite ikuwonetsera:

Zida zotani OpenGeo Suite zikuphatikizapo?

Kukhala ndi njira zambiri zothetsera vuto sizowonongeka, ndizochilendo, ngakhale kuti zikuphatikizapo momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito zipangizo zogwirira ntchito. Kusankha kolakwika kungakhale kofunika ngati tidziwa kale pamene tachita khama pa kufufuza, chitukuko, maphunziro, komanso kuposa nthawi zonse.

Mwachitsanzo, mu nkhani za chitukuko chinenero tili ndi chithunzi chifukwa cha zofuna za anthu ammudzi, ambiri a iwo akuchita chimodzimodzi, ena emulating kukoma wina, ena mbali wapadera zofunika kuchita zophweka kuti alibe ndipo tonsefe. Tiyeni tiwone kusiyana kotere ndi ntchito ndi zinenero; ngakhale ndiyenera kukhala woona mtima, categorization si yekha ndi zina kovuta kusiyanitsa malire:

  • Kwa amsitomala, malo otchuka kwambiri ndi: QGis, Grass, ILWIS, SAGA, Kapaware, yotengera C ++. GvSIG, Jump, DIG, Kosmo, LocalGIS, GeoPista, SEXTANTE, yochokera ku Java. MapuWindow kumbali yake pa ActiveX yochokera pa .NET.
  • Mu makanema timakhala: GDAL, OGR, PROJ4, FDO, GEOS pa C ++. GeoTools, WKB4J, JTS, Baltic yochokera Java. NTS, GeoTools.NET, SharpMap pa .NET.
  • Malingana ndi njira zamakono, zomwe zikuyambira pano: MapServer, MapuGuide OS pa C ++; GeoServer, Degree, Zowonongeka pa Java. OpenLayers, Leaflet ndi Ka-Map ku Javascript, mapuFish pa Python, Mapu ku PHP / Javascript.
  • Ponena za maziko, Postgres ndizovuta kwambiri, ngakhale pali zothetsera zina.

Zapamwamba zikuwonetsa kuti n'zotheka kukweza dongosolo pafupi ndi malo alionse. Komanso, ambiri a iwo, ngakhale atabadwa m'chinenero, tsopano akuthandizira ena. Ambiri mwa iwo anabadwira ngati ochita kasitomala koma amatha kugwiritsa ntchito ma webusaiti ndipo nthawi ngati Open Layers n'kotheka kukhala pa webusaiti pafupifupi chirichonse chomwe chimachitidwa ndi chithandizo cha kasitomala.

Kodi kuphatikiza kwa mapulogalamu aulere omwe angagwiritsidwe ntchito?

Otsatira OpenGeo adasankhidwa ndi Qis monga makasitomala a desktop, omwe pa nthawi ino kale akuyenerera gulu la nkhani mu Geofumadas. Pakuti intaneti anasankha GeoServer monga Seva deta kuti opaleshoni Tomcat, Jetty ndi chilengedwe pulogalamu yowongolera Java, GeoWebCache kwa tessellation ndi OpenLayers monga laibulale ngakhale njira yamasika ali ndi kulembetsa lamulo kuganizira njira monga ukukamba amene akukula ndi kupambana kwakukulu makamaka chitsanzo chake pogwiritsa ntchito mapulagini ndi mphamvu zake zogwiritsira ntchito mafoni. Amaona kuti iwo amakhoza kupita kwa mzere umodzi wa chinenero koma Ndikufuna kuona kusanthula masanjidwewo kuti kwachititsa tanthauzo limeneli.

Tiyeni tione bwino, aliyense angathe kugwiritsa ntchito njirazi payekha. Chomwe OpenGeo chiri nacho ndi chosungira ndi matembenuzidwe a zigawo zikuluzikuluzi ndi kusintha kuti pakhale njira zowonongeka; mwachitsanzo:

opengeo suite

  • opengeo suite map mapulogalamuWowonjezerayo amachititsa msonkhanowu momveka bwino. Kutha kusankha zosankhidwa kukhazikitsa, kuchotsa kapena kuchotsa. Kwa iwo omwe agwirizanitsa ndi injini ya Java yothamanga ndi chisangalalo cha 503 cholakwika Iwo adzadziwa ntchitoyi.
  • Pali oyikira osiyana: chifukwa Mawindo, Mac OS X, CentOS / RHEL, Fedora, Ubuntu ndi Operekera Mauthenga.
  • Vuto la 4.02 laposachedwapa limabweretsa PostgreSQL 9.3.1, PostGIS 2.1.1, GeoTools 10, GeoServer 2.4.3 ndi GeoWebCache 1.5; ndipo imathandizira OpenLayers 3.
  • Muyambidwe loyambirira mndandanda wachindunji umalengedwa kuti uime kapena kuyamba GeoServer ndi Postgres; Komanso kuti muzitha kugwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe a deta kwa Postgres (shp2psql) komanso kuti mutsegule ku PostGis (PgAdmin).
  • Komanso kumayambiriro kwa menyu pali mwayi wopita kuhosthost, womwe umasokoneza mawonekedwe a makasitomala a 3, ndi mawonekedwe oletsa kuyang'ana ku GeoServer, GeoWebCache ndi GeoExplorer.
  • mankhwala, GeoExplorer ndi chitukuko chigulu cha Boundles zochokera GeExt kuti akutumikira deta wowerenga kuti GeoServer, zimathandiza deta Kwezani wapamwamba m'deralo kapena ku sitolo deta ndiponso akhoza kukhala mtundu, mzere makulidwe, chilungamo, zolemba, kuphatikizapo malamulo ndi kupulumutsa mwachindunji pa fayilo ya kalembedwe ya geoServer (sld). Palibe mu malingaliro awo abwino ntchito m'ndondomekozi koyera ndi GeoExplorer ndi njira yabwino -ngakhale kumachita zinthu zambiri-.
  • GeoServer anaika Baibulo zikuphatikizapo ulalo kuitanitsa deta, ndipo akhoza kuchita kulengedwa kuchokera zigawo m'dera magwero mawonekedwe, kuphatikizapo PostGis umene deta ikhoza kusunthidwa ku mbali imodzi localhost wina kuphatikizapo utumiki ndinkakhala nalo; N'zochititsa chidwi kuti nyamukani mu deta OGR2OGR kuti zochimwazo kumathetsa mavuto pokha anapanga ndi kutonthoza mzere, kutaya mavuto pamene multipolygon wosanjikiza mmwamba, monga kusakhulupirika ndi losavuta polygon.
  • Pankhaniyi, mautumiki a WPS amawoneka chifukwa mwa njira yoyenera kukhazikitsa ndinaganiza zowaphatikiza.
  • Pa nthawi yowonjezera mukhoza kuwonjezera GeoServer Add-ons monga CSS Styling, CSW, Kugwedeza ndi kuthandizira makanema a GDAL zithunzi. Palinso kuwonjezera kwa PostGIS yomwe imathandizira mndandanda wazomwepo pa deta komanso ngati kasitomala mungathe kukhazikitsa GDAL / OGR. Kwa omanga pali mwayi wosankha Webapp SDK ndi GeoScript.
  • Mosiyana wanga ndinkakhala nalo pa Baibulo Seva, ndikuona kuti pali magwero zotheka deta kuti inshuwalansi akhoza kuwonjezeredwa Koma ngati amene akubwera ndi OpenGeo Maapatimenti Baibulo kumabweretsa delimited lemba koma H2, H2 JNDI, SQL Server, OGR, Oracle ndi chiwopsezo cha zinthu zomwe zimayambira ku raster.

Nanga bwanji Qgis?

  • Mwa zabwino, chifukwa cha Qgis iwo adapanga plugin yaikulu yotchedwa OpenGeo woyendetsa yomwe mungayanjane ndi Postgres maziko komanso GeoServer. Kuchokera pano mukhoza kusintha slds, kusuntha zigawo, magulu osanjikiza, kusintha maina, kuchotsa, kuwona malo ogwirira ntchito, zigawo zosanjikizidwa, ndi zina zotero.
  • Ngati wosanjikiza achotsedwa, sld imachotsedwa; zonsezi ndizosinthika ndipo pamapeto pake zimapindula ntchito kuchokera kwa kasitomala akuyang'anira zomwe ziri, kuti kuvomereza kungagwiritse ntchito REST API.
  • Pakuti tsopano alibe ndi shp2psql koma n'zosadabwitsa ndiye Integrated mu gulu lomwelo, mwina ngati mandala monga pulogalamu yowonjezera Malovu mosiyana ndi masitolo UI yogwirizana, inu mukhoza kukweza zigawo zingapo kutchinga, patsogolo kapamwamba ndi zambiri zenizeni komanso mauthenga olakwika kwambiri.

malo otseguka a geo suite postgres

Ndi OpenGeo Suite iyi skunena kuti izi ndizo matsenga. Koma ndithudi idzasunthira mbali yaikulu ya mderalo kuti izi zitheke, makamaka popeza makampani ogulitsa maphunziro angakonde kuphunzitsa njira iyi yomwe imapereka mpata wophunzirira.

Kombo ikugwirizana ndi zipangizo zina zomwe zingakwezedwe pa seva.

Zimakhudza bwanji OpenGeo Suite

Tidzawona momwe izi zilili ndi anthu ammudzi, chifukwa kumbuyo kwa Boundless pali anthu ambiri omwe ali ndi zochitika m'munda, omwe akugwira nawo ntchito yopititsa patsogolo zipangizo komanso malo ogulitsira katundu omwe tsopano akupanga gawoli kukhala lokhazikika. Koma pamwamba pa zonse ndi maycheo muzamalonda ndi malonda ogulitsa, omwe nthawi zambiri amawonongeka kuchokera ku luso laumisiri. Kutchula pafupifupi sikisi:

  • Eddie Pickle ndi Ken Bossung, omwe anayambitsa IONIC, kampani yomwe idagula ERDAS ku 2007 ndipo tsopano ili ndi Leica.

  • Andreas Hocevar ndi Bart van den Eijnden, omwe adasindikizidwa mu chitukuko cha OpenLayers 2 ndi GeoExt.

  • Victor Olaya, yemwe adatichotsera cholowa cha SEXTANTE,

  • Paul Ramsey, wa oyambitsa oyamba a PostGIS.

Zomwe zimakhudza kwambiri ndizofanana ndi kampani yaikulu, kuti kunja kwakhala khunyu pamsika-yomwe nthawi zonse ili pangozi-, imapereka mpikisano wopikisana ndi makampani apadera pazinthu monga chithandizo, kukhulupilika, chitetezo Kuletsa khalidwe pazochitika.

Kupereka kwapadera kwapadera, komwe kumachokera ku pulatifomu kupita ku ntchito zothandizira pachaka, kumawoneka mofanana ndi msika wamalonda ndi malo omwe amamvetsa pang'onopang'ono kusiyana kwa kukhala ndi chithandizo chapawuni ndi chithandizo cha bizinesi. Msika uwu sayenera kukhala wophweka, koma tikuwona ndi maso abwino momwe mabungwe okhwima amaganizira, kuyamikira mapulogalamu a pulogalamu ndi chidziwitso ngati chuma, motero amatha kuchoka kugawira magalimoto kumalo okwera magalimoto awo, kukalemba inshuwalansi yapadera ndi ntchito za makampani ogawa.

zopanda malireMu fomu yaulere yachinsinsi, pali mwayi kwa aliyense. Kotero chomwe chimapereka zopanda malire, chiripo, ndi mwayi khalani mnzanu; pali kuthekera kwa iwo omwe akufuna kukulitsa luso lawo logulitsa malonda mwa kukhazikitsa, maphunziro, chithandizo kapena chitukuko. Chitsanzo chomwe timapeza maphunziro abwino komanso abwino kuti tiphunzire ndikukwaniritsa khama lomwe GvSIG Foundation imatenga, yomwe tidzakambirana pa nthawi ina.

Tsitsani OpenGeo Suite.

2 Mayankho ku "OpenGeo Suite: Chitsanzo chabwino cha GIS Software yokonzera zofooka za mtundu wa OSGeo"

  1. Ndimachita chidwi ndi Opanga Mapulogalamu pansi pa Opengeo Suite kuti azigwiritsa ntchito poyang'anira magalimoto pamsewu

  2. Zikomo kwambiri chifukwa cha olemba anu. Mwiniwake, ndimawapeza akupindulitsa.
    Thandizo lanu ndi lofunikira pa kusanthula ndikupanga zisankho.

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