Kufotokozeranso Geo-Engineering Concept

Tikukhala mu nthawi yapadera mu kusinthika kwa zilango zomwe zakhala zikuperekedwa kwa zaka zambiri. Kafukufuku, kapangidwe ka kapangidwe kake, zojambula za mzere, kapangidwe kake, kulinganiza, kumanga, kutsatsa. Kupereka chitsanzo cha zomwe mwamwambo zinkayenda; mzere kwa zosavuta, iterative komanso zovuta kuyendetsa ntchito molingana ndi kukula kwa polojekiti.

Lero, modabwitsa, taphatikiza mayendedwe pakati pa malangizowa omwe, kupitilira ukadaulo wa kasamalidwe ka data, njira zogawana. Momwe zimavuta kudziwa komwe ntchito yake imatha ndipo ina imayamba; komwe kuperekera chidziwitso kumatha, pomwe mtundu wamachitidwe umamwalira, ntchitoyi ikamalizidwa.

Geo-engineering: tikufuna nthawi yatsopano.

Ngati tingabatize njira izi, zomwe zimachokera pakupeza chidziwitso chofunikira polojekiti kuti chikwaniritse ntchito momwe zidalembedwera, tidzayimba mtima kuzitcha Geo-engineering. Ngakhale liwulo lakhala likuchitika pazinthu zina zogwirizanitsidwa ndi sayansi yapadziko lapansi, sitili mu nthawi yolemekeza misonkhano; zambiri ngati tikuwona kuti malo a geo adakhala chinthu chopangira makampani onse, ndikuti masomphenya a Milingo ya BIM amatikakamiza kuganiza kuti gawo la Architidwe, Zomangamanga ndi Zomangamanga (AEC) lingathe kugwa ngati tilingalira malire a gawo lake lotsatira lomwe ndi Ogwirira ntchito. Kuganiza zochulukirapo kumafunikira kulingalira zakusintha kwa njira zamagetsi, zomwe zimasefukira pakumanga kwa zomangamanga ndikufalikira kumabizinesi omwe nthawi zonse amakhala osayimira, omwe samalumikizidwa munthawi yayitali. kugwira ntchito kwatsatanetsatane koma mofanananira ndi kuphatikiza kwa njira.

Ndi buku ili Mu magaziniyo tidalandira mawu akuti Geo-Engineering.

Kukula kwa lingaliro la Geo-engineering.

Kwa nthawi yayitali, ntchito zakhala zikuwoneka m'magawo awo osiyanasiyana monga malembedwe apakatikati mwa iwo okha. Masiku ano, tikukhala mu kamphindi pomwe,, kumbali imodzi, chidziwitso ndi ndalama zosinthira kuchokera kugwidwa mpaka kufika pakuchotsedwa; komanso kugwiranso ntchito bwino kumakwaniritsa gawo ili kuti lisinthe kuchuluka kwa deta iyi kukhala chida chokhoza kupanga bwino kwambiri komanso mapodifolomu mukakumana ndi zosowa zamsika.

Timalankhula chifukwa cha unyolo wopangidwa ndi zikuluzikulu zazikulu zomwe zimawonjezera phindu pazomwe zimachitika munthu atakhala mu macroprocess yomwe, koposa kukhala nkhani ya mainjiniya, ndi nkhani yamabizinesi.

Njira Njira - njira yomwe -Kalekale- Zikusintha zomwe timachita.

Ngati tikufuna kukambirana za momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito, tiyenera kulankhulanso za unyolo wamtengo wapatali, wopatsa chidwi kutengera wogwiritsa ntchito kumapeto, pakupanga zatsopano ndikufufuza momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito phindu lanu.

Njira zomwe zidakhazikitsidwa pa Management Management. Zoyesera zambiri zoyambirira za m'ma 1980, pofika pakompyuta, zinali zoti azitha kuyendetsa bwino nkhaniyo. Mbali imodzi, adafunafuna kuti achepetse kugwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe ndi kugwiritsa ntchito phindu lakutengera kuwerengera zovuta; chifukwa chake, CAD koyambirira sikutanthauza kusintha njira koma kumawatsogolera ku kuwongolera kwa digito; Pitilizani kuchita zomwezo, zokhala ndi zomwezo, mutengere mwayi kuti atolankhani atha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito. Langizo loyimitsa likubweza m'malo mwa liwu lofanana, ortho-snap the mraba of 90 degrees, bwalo la kampasi, imayimitsa template yoyenera ndipo mwanjira zotsatizana tidapanga kudumpha kuti mowona mtima sizinali zophweka kapena zazing'ono, kungoganiza mwayi wosanjikiza womwe ungaphatikizire kufunafuna kuti amange ndege kuti agwiritse ntchito mapulani ake. Koma nthawi idafika pamene CAD idakwaniritsa cholinga chake m'njira zonse; idakhala yofunika kwambiri makamaka pamtanda, pamaso ndi pseudo yamagawo atatu; Umu ndi momwe 3D modelling idafika tisanayitchule BIM, kupangitsa izi kukhala zosavuta komanso kusintha zambiri zomwe tidachita mu 2D CAD.

... mwachidziwikire, kasamalidwe ka 3D panthawiyo kunathera pazomwe zimaperekedwa zomwe zidapezedwa ndi chipiriro chochepa pazinthu zochepa osati zida zowonetsera.

Omwe anali ndi mapulogalamu akulu pamakampani a AEC anali akusintha momwe amagwirira ntchito molingana ndi zochitika zazikuluzikuluzi, zomwe zikugwirizana ndi kuthekera kwa Hardware komanso kutengera ogwiritsa ntchito. Mpaka pomwe idafika nthawi yomwe kasamalidwe ka zidziwitso izi sikokwanira, kupitirira kutumiza mitundu, kulumikiza deta ya master ndi kuphatikiza kophatikizira komwe kunakhudzidwa ndi zochitika zam'mbuyomu zogwirizana ndi departmentalization.

Mbiri yakale. Ngakhale pantchito yopanga mafakitale kufunafuna ntchito kwamphamvu kuli ndi mbiri yambiri, kukhazikitsidwa kwa tekinoloji ya Operation Management munthawi ya AEC kunali mochedwa ndipo kutengera zolumikizana; gawo lomwe lero ndi lovuta kulikulitsa pokhapokha titakhala nawo nawo nthawi imeneyi. Zambiri zomwe zidachitika kuyambira zaka makumi asanu ndi awiri, zimagwira mwamphamvu zaka makumi atatu ndikufika kwa kompyuta yomwe ingakhale pa desiki iliyonse, imawonjezera pamakina othandizira pakompyuta omwe angathe kutulutsa zazidziwitso, zithunzi zoyipitsitsa, ma network a LAN komanso kuthekera kwa Phatikizani malangizo ogwirizana. Nawa mayankho ofukula a zidutswa za zithunzi monga topography, kapangidwe ka kapangidwe kake, kapangidwe kake, kuyerekezera kwa bajeti, kuwongolera kwa kulingalira, mapulani omanga; onse okhala ndi malire aukadaulo omwe sanali okwanira kuphatikiza koyenera. Kuphatikiza apo, miyezoyo inali yopanda kukhalapo, othandizira ovutikawa adavutika ndi mitundu yosungirako zinthu zazing'ono ndipo, zomwenso sizinasinthike chifukwa chotsimikiza kuti ndalama zogulira ana zinali zovuta kugulitsa pachiyanjano chofanana ndikuchita bwino komanso phindu

Kuchoka ku gawo lakaleli la kugawana zambiri kumafunikira zinthu zatsopano. Mwina chochitika chofunikira kwambiri chinali kukhwima kwa intaneti, komwe kungatipatse mwayi wotumiza maimelo ndikusakatula masamba asamba omwe adatsegula chitseko chothandizira. Madera omwe akukhudzana ndi nthawi ya webusayiti ya 2.0 atapanikizika kuti akhale okhazikika, mwachidziwikire amachokera ku zoyambitsa gwero lotseguka kuti pakali pano sizikumveka mopanda ulemu ndipo zimawoneka ndi maso atsopano ndi makampani abwinobwino. Chilango cha GIS chinali chimodzi mwazitsanzo zabwino, zikubwera motsutsana ndi zovuta zonse kuti zithetse pulogalamu yoyendetsa; ngongole zomwe mpaka pano sizinathe kutsagana ndi kampani ya CAD-BIM. Zinthu zimayenera kutsika ndi kulemera kwawo kusanakhazikike kwa malingaliro ndipo mosakayikira zosintha pamsika wa B2B mumafuta azinthu zadziko lapansi pazokhazikitsidwa ndi kulumikizidwa.

Dzulo tidatseka maso athu ndipo lero tadzuka tawona kuti zinthu zodabwitsa monga malo a geo zakhala ndipo chifukwa chake sikuti zosintha zamakampani a digito zokha, koma kusinthika kosasintha kwa kapangidwe ndi msika wopanga.

Njira zochokera pa Management Operation. Njira yomwe akuchitirayi imatitsogolera kuti tidumtse magawo ena a magawo amomwe amapangira maofesi osiyana. Magulu ofufuzawo adakhala ndi luso lotumizira komanso kutumiza ma digito, opanga zojambulajambula adachoka pamalingaliro osavuta kukhala olongosola; Akatswiri opanga mapulani ndi mainjiniya adayamba kulamulira msika wa geospatial womwe unkapereka zambiri chifukwa cha malo a geo. Izi zidasinthitsa momwe zinthu zazing'ono zimatulutsira mafayilo azidziwitso ku njira zomwe zinthuzo ndizofanana ndi mafayilo okha omwe amaperekedwa pakati pa zolemba zapamwamba, zomangamanga, zomangamanga, zomangamanga za mafakitale, kutsatsa ndi ma geomatics.

Kutengera Kuganiza za mitundu sikunali kwapafupi, koma kunachitika. Masiku ano sizovuta kudziwa kuti malo olima, mlatho, nyumba, chomera kapena mafakitale ndi chimodzimodzi. Kanthu, kamene kamabadwa, kumakula, kubala zipatso ndipo tsiku lina kadzafa.

BIM ndiye lingaliro labwino kwambiri lomwe bizinesi ya Geo-engineering yakhala nayo. Mwinanso chopereka chake chachikulu panjira yokhazikikayo ngati malire pakati pa gawo lopanda malire la mabizinesi akunyumba yamatekinoloje ndi kufunikira kwa mayankho omwe wogwiritsa ntchito amafunikira makampani aboma ndi aboma kuti apereke ntchito zabwino kapena atulutsa zotsatira zabwinoko ndi zinthu zoperekedwa ndi makampani Kulingalira kwa BIM, ngakhale kwawonedwa mwanjira yocheperako ndi ambiri pakugwiritsa ntchito pazomangamanga, ndithudi kumakhala ndi gawo lalikulu tikamaganiza za ma BIM omwe ali ndi magawo apamwamba, komwe kuphatikiza njira zenizeni kumaphatikizira maphunziro monga maphunziro, ndalama, chitetezo, pakati pa ena.

Mtengo Waphindu - kuchokera pazidziwitso mpaka opaleshoni.

Lero, mayankho samayang'ana pakumvera upangiri wina. Zida zapadera zantchito monga kupanga mawonekedwe a topographic kapena kuwongolera bajeti zimakhala ndi chisankho chochepetsedwa ngati sizingatheke kuphatikizidwa ndi mayendedwe apitalo, otsatira kapena ofanana. Ichi ndiye chifukwa chomwe chimalimbikitsa makampani otsogola kuti apereke mayankho omwe amakwaniritsa zosowa zawo zonse mumtundu wofunikira.

Chingwechi chimakhala ndi zigawo zomwe zimakwaniritsa pang'onopang'ono zolinga zowonjezerapo, kudula mzere wofanana komanso kulimbikitsa kufanana ndikuyenda bwino kwa nthawi, mtengo ndi kufunikira; zinthu zosaletseka zamtundu wapamwamba zamakono.

Lingaliro la Geo-engineering limafotokozera zotsatizana, kuyambira malingaliro a bizinesi mpaka atalowa kupanga zotsatira zomwe akuyembekeza. M'magawo osiyanasiyana awa, zomwe zimayikidwa pakuwongolera zidziwitso zimachepa pang'onopang'ono mpaka kasamalidwe kantchito; komanso momwe luso limapangira zida zatsopano ndikotheka kusintha njira zomwe sizikuonjezeranso phindu. Mwachitsanzo:

  • Kusindikiza kwa mapulani kumasiya kukhala kofunikira kuyambira pomwe iwo amatha kuwoneka mu chida chothandiza, monga piritsi kapena Hololens.
  • Kuzindikiritsa magawo omwe amagwirizana ndi mapu a quadrant mapu sikumawonjezera mtengo pazomwe sizosindikizidwa pamlingo, zomwe zikusintha mosinthasintha komanso zomwe zimafunikira chidule chosagwirizana ndi zinthu zopanda thupi monga kudera lakumidzi / kumidzi kapena malo ku dera loyang'anira.

Mukuyenda kosakanikirana uku, ndi pomwe wogwiritsa ntchito azindikira kufunika kogwiritsa ntchito zida zake zowunikira osati kungogwira deta m'munda, koma kumayerekezera asanafike ku nduna, pozindikira kuti ndiwowonjezera momwe angadzalandire masiku angapo pambuyo pake kapangidwe kamene muyenera kulingalira pomanga. Siyani kuwonjezera phindu patsamba lomwe zotsatira zamaseramu zimasungidwa, pomwe zikupezeka zikafunika komanso kuwongolera kwake; momwe xyz yolumikizirana yolandidwa m'munda ndi gawo chabe la mtambo wamaimidwe omwe udasandulika kukhala chinthu ndipo udasinthika, kwachiwonetsero china, cha zinthu zomaliza zomwe zikuwoneka mumunyolo. Ichi ndichifukwa chake dongosolo silidasindikizidwenso ndi ma contour, chifukwa silimawonjezera phindu pomwe lingaliro likuyendetsedwa ndikutsatsa gawo lazomangamanga la nyumbayo, ndilo gawo lina la zomangamanga, lomwe lidzakhala ndi mawonekedwe, mawonekedwe osintha pamagetsi, mtundu wakapangidwe kamangidwe. Onse, ngati mtundu wamapasa digito omwe adzathe mu mawonekedwe othandizira nyumbayi yomwe idamangidwa kale; zomwe kasitomala ndi omwe amagulitsa ndalama poyambirira ankayembekezera kuchokera ku malingaliro ake.

Kupereka kwa unyolo kumakhala mu chiwonjezero chofunikira pa mtundu woyambirira wa lingaliro, m'magawo osiyanasiyana kuchokera kulanda, kusanja modula, kupanga, kumanga ndipo pomaliza kuyang'anira chuma chomaliza. Magawo omwe siotengera kwenikweni, komanso komwe makampani a AEC (Zomangamanga, Zomangamanga, Zomanga) amafunika kulumikizana pakati pakupanga zinthu monga nthaka kapena zomangamanga zopanda zinthu; anthu, makampani komanso ubale watsiku ndi tsiku wolembetsa, kuwongolera, kulengeza ndi kusamutsa zinthu zenizeni padziko lapansi.

Management Management + Operation Management. Kuyambiranso njira ndizosapeweka.

Mlingo wokhwima komanso kusinthana pakati pa zomanga zidziwitso zomanga (BIM) ndi Production Management Cycle (PLM), ndikuwona mawonekedwe atsopano, omwe adapangidwa kuti Chinale Industrial Revolution (4IR).

IoT - 4iR - 5G - Smart Mizinda - Digital Twin - iA - VR - Blockchain.

Zotsatira zatsopano za kusakanikirana kwa BIM + PLM.

Masiku ano pali njira zambiri zowombera zomwe tiyenera kuphunzira tsiku lililonse, chifukwa cha chochitika chaposachedwa kwambiri cha BIM + PLM. Mawu awa akuphatikiza intaneti ya Zinthu (IoT), Smart Cities (Smart Cities), Digital Twins (Digital Twins), 5G, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Augmented Reality (AR), kuti atchule ochepa. Ndizokayikitsa kuti ndi zochuluka motani za zinthu izi zomwe zidzasowe ngati ma cliché osakwanira, ndikuganiza za mtundu weniweni wazomwe tingayembekezere ndikunyalanyaza nthawi yotsika m'mafilimu aposachedwa apocalyptic omwe amaperekanso zojambula zazomwe zingakhale zabwino… ndipo malinga ndi Hollywood, nthawi zambiri zimakhala zoopsa.

Geo-engineering Lingaliro lokhazikika pamachitidwe ophatikizidwa a malo oyendetsera dziko.

Infographic imapereka chiwonetsero chapadziko lonse lapansi cha sipekitiramu chomwe pakadali pano sichinakhalepo ndi nthawi yayitali, yomwe malinga ndi malingaliro athu tikuitcha Geo-Engineering. Izi pakati pa ena zakhala zikugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati hashtag yochepa pazochitika zamakampani opanga makampani, koma monga mawu athu oyambira akunena, sizinakhale ndi chipembedzo choyenera.

Infographic iyi imayesa kuwonetsa china chake chomwe sichiri chosavuta kujambula, chimatanthauzira. Ngati tilingalira zofunikira za mafakitale osiyanasiyana zomwe zimadutsa mozungulira kuzungulira konse, ngakhale ndi njira zosiyana zowerengera. Mwanjira imeneyi, titha kuzindikira kuti, ngakhale kuti zitsanzo ndi malingaliro wamba, titha kuwona kuti kukhazikitsidwa kwake kwadutsa m'njira zotsatirazi:

Kubwezeredwa kwa Geospatial - CAD Massization - 3D Modeling - BIM Conceptualization - Digital Twins Recycling - Smart City Integration.

Kuchokera pamalonda opanga modutsa, tikuwona chiyembekezo cha ogwiritsa ntchito pang'onopang'ono chikuyandikira, makamaka m'malonjezo motere:

1D - Kuwongolera mafayilo mu mitundu yama digito,

2D - Kutengera mapangidwe a digito m'malo mwa dongosolo losindikizidwa,

3D - Mtundu wazithunzi zitatu ndi malo apadziko lonse lapansi,

4D - Kusintha kwachitetezo munthawi yoyenera,

5D - Kuyambitsidwa kwachuma pamtengo wotsika wa zinthu,

6D - Kuwongolera kwa moyo wazinthu zofanizira, zophatikizidwa ndi magwiridwe antchito ake munthawi yeniyeni.

Mosakayikira mu conceptualization wam'mbuyomu mumakhala masomphenya osiyanasiyana, makamaka chifukwa kugwiritsa ntchito modyetsa kumakhala kopindulitsa ndipo sikumangokhalapo. Masomphenyawa akwaniritsa njira yokhayo yotanthauzira kuchokera pamalingaliro omwe amapindulitsa omwe tawaona ogwiritsa ntchito momwe tatsata zomwe zikuchitika muukadaulo; kukhala Civil Engineering, Zomangamanga, Industrial Engineering, Cadastre, Cartography ... kapena kudziunjikira kwa zonsezi munjira yophatikiza.

Pomaliza, infographic imawonetsa gawo lomwe mabungwewo abweretsa pakukhazikitsidwa ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa digito muzinthu zamasiku onse zomwe munthu amakhala.

GIS - CAD - BIM - Digital Twin - Smart Cities

Mwanjira, mawu awa adapereka patsogolo kuyesetsa kwatsopano kotsogozedwa ndi anthu, makampani, maboma ndipo koposa onse ophunzira omwe adatsogolera ku zomwe tikuwona tsopano ndi maphunziro okhwima bwino monga Geographic Information Systems (GIS), zopereka zomwe zidayimira Computer Aided Design (CAD), yomwe ikuyenda ku BIM, ilinso ndi zovuta ziwiri zotengera miyezo koma ndi njira yojambulidwa bwino pamlingo wokhwima wa 5 (Milingo ya BIM).

Zochitika zina zowoneka bwino pa geo-engineering pano zikukakamizidwa kuti ziimitse malingaliro a Digital Twins ndi Smart Cities; woyamba ngati mphamvu yakufulumizitsa kukhathamiritsa kwa digito pansi pa malingaliro oyenera kutsatira mfundo zogwirira ntchito; Lachiwiri monga mawonekedwe abwino ogwiritsira ntchito. Smart Cities imakulitsa masomphenyawa m'magawo ambiri omwe atha kuphatikizidwa m'masomphenya a momwe ntchito ya anthu iyenera kukhalira m'malo azachilengedwe, kayendedwe ka zinthu monga madzi, mphamvu, ukhondo, chakudya, kuyenda, chikhalidwe, mgwirizano, zomangamanga ndi chuma.

Zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi opereka mayankho ndizofunikira, pankhani ya makampani a AEC, mapulogalamu, maofesi ndi othandizira othandizira ayenera kutsata msika wogwiritsa ntchito womwe umayembekezera zambiri kuposa mamapu opakidwa utoto ndi mawonekedwe okongola. Nkhondo ili kuzungulira zimphona ngati Hexagon, Trimble ndi mitundu yofananira yamisika yomwe adapeza m'zaka zaposachedwa; AutoDesk + Esri pofufuza kiyi yamatsenga yomwe imagwirizanitsa magawo ake akuluakulu ogwiritsa ntchito, Bentley ndi kusokoneza kwake komwe kumaphatikizapo mgwirizano wapadera ndi Nokia, Microsoft ndi Topcon.

Nthawi ino malamulo a masewerawa ndi osiyana; Sikuyambitsa mayankho a owunikira, akatswiri opanga zomangamanga kapena ojambula mapulani. Ogwiritsa ntchito mphindi ino amayembekeza mayankho ogwirizana, omwe amayang'ana kwambiri machitidwe osati pamafayilo achidziwitso; ndi ufulu ochulukirapo wazosintha, ndi mapulogalamu omwe angathe kugwiritsidwanso ntchito pa mayendedwe, ogwiritsiridwa ntchito komanso makamaka mu mtundu womwewo womwe umathandizira kuphatikiza mapulojekiti osiyanasiyana.

Mosakayikira tikukhala nthawi yayikulu. Mibadwo yatsopano sikhala ndi mwayi wowona kuzungulira kwa Geo-engineering. Sadzadziwa momwe zinali zosangalatsa kuthamangitsira AutoCAD pa 80-286, kuleza mtima kwa kudikira magawo a mapulani kuti aonekere, ndikulakalaka kuti sitingathamange kwa nthawi yayitali ngati Lotus 123 pomwe tidanyamula mapepala amtengo Chojambula chakuda ndi zilembo zakufa za lalanje. Satha kudziwa adrenaline kuti awone koyamba kukhala mapu a cadastral akusaka pa raster ya binary ku Microstation, akuthamanga pa Intergraph VAX. Zachidziwikire, ayi, sangathe.

Popanda kudabwitsidwa kwambiri muwona zinthu zina zambiri. Kuyesera imodzi mwazinthu zoyambirira za ma Hololens ku Amsterdam zaka zingapo zapitazo, zidandibweretsera gawo lakumverera kwanga koyamba ndi mapulatifomu a CAD. Zachidziwikire timanyalanyaza gawo lomwe kusintha kwachuma kwachuma komwe kudzakhala nako, komwe mpaka pano titha kuwona malingaliro, opangika kwa ife koma oyambiranso pazomwe zingatanthauze kutengera chilengedwe chatsopano kumene kuthekera kosaphunzira kungakhale kofunika kwambiri kuposa madigirii ophunzira ndi zaka zokumana nazo

Chofunika ndichakuti chidzafika kale kuposa momwe timayembekezera.

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