Kusindikiza mafayilo a CAD

Ngakhale kuti ndi nkhani yowonjezera, nthawi zambiri imapezeka m'mabukuwa ndi ma Google. Nzosadabwitsa kuti kupanga makina othandizira makompyuta kumatenga nthaŵi yaitali pansi pa cholinga cha Engineering, Architecture ndi Construction pamene nkhani ya geospatial yakhala ndi chiyanjano chokwanira kwa kayendetsedwe ka gawolo. Sitingathe kuiwala kuti tsiku lililonse zonsezi kusintha, mpaka momwe AutoCAD ndi Microstation zikuphatikizira ma georeferencing monga zomwe zimafala kuchokera kumasulidwe atsopano (AutoCAD 2009 up AutoCAD 2012 y Microstation XM mpaka ku V8i).

Ngakhale a dwg kapena a DGN akhoza kukhala ndi maofesi omwe amawonetsedwa mu mapulogalamu awo, kuti atsegulidwe ndi ntchito ya GIS yomwe siyimenenso akupanga kuti fayilo ilibe malo. Mwa ichi, maofesi a CAD akugwiritsidwabe ntchito mkati mwa mapulogalamu ofanana nawo, pakalipano. Gawo la GIS silidzachita zodabwitsa ngati fayilo ili m'zinyendo zachilendo kapena malo olakwika a Cartesian.

Tiyeni tiwone pamene, ndichifukwa chiyani ndi AutoCAD ngakhale ziri zofanana ndi pulogalamu ina ya CAD.

Chifukwa chiyani georeferencing mu CAD imakhala yovuta

Zolinga zenizeni, ndondomeko ya nyumba zomwe timachita popanda kuganizira za georeference, ndipo izi ziri ndi zifukwa zosiyana:

  • Timakonzekera kuyang'ana kulumikizana ndi chinsalu. Ngakhale kuti mudziko lenileni nyumbayi imasinthasintha ponena za kumpoto kwa dziko lapansi, panthawi yopanga pang'ono timakhala ndi chidwi ndi izo, timakonda kusinthasintha chizindikiro cha kumpoto mu ndege.
  • Kawirikawiri mapulaniwa amapangidwira zolinga zabwino, choncho tikuyang'ana njira zomwe zimapangitsa kuti pakhale kudulidwa ndi zojambula, komanso kugwirizana ndi kulengedwa kwa masanjidwe zogwirizana ndi geometry.
  • Ngakhale kuti pali njira zowonjezeramo machitidwe owonetsera, sizothandiza kugwira ntchito ndi kulingalira kopanda nzeru, pokhapokha pamene mukujambula zolinga zamakono ndi zina pamene pafupifupi chirichonse chikukonzedwa.
  • Pamene tikufuna mapu a malo, timazitcha fano, orthophoto kapena mapu a cadastral, ife timasinthasintha ndikuliyika kuti tipeze tsatanetsatane koma nthawi zambiri timagwira ntchito kamodzi mu malo amenewo.

kupanga mapu

"Zoona zenizeni zomangamanga ziyenera kuwonetseredwa, makamaka, pakugwiritsidwa ntchito kuchokera pazochitika zaumunthu, luso laumisiri silingathe kufotokoza zomangamanga."

Alvar Aalto

Wokonza nyumba yomwe ndikugwiritsa ntchito mwachitsanzo

Chifukwa chiyani geo-kufotokozera ndi chofunikira

Njira tingachipeze powerenga kuti madongosolo zasintha, kumayambiriro mawerengeredwe zimapangitsa pang'onopang'ono atengere mapulogalamu functionalities imene chinthu 3D mabala kapena pamakoma ntchito zotsatira.

Ngakhale izi ndizochitika, nthawi zambiri zimapangidwira kuchokera ku chomera cha 2D. Koma sitiyenera kuiwala kuti izi ndizosasinthika, kufunika kokonza zowonongeka kwa kusintha kwa malo ndi njira ya BIM yowonongeka kwambiri mu Mapulogalamu a CAD, monga tawonera mu Revit kapena ArchiCAD.

kupanga mapu

Chimene chimatanthauza georeferencing.

Kwa zoyimira, zofunikira zinayi ziyenera kuganiziridwa:

1 Sinthani mayunitsi kuti akhale mamita. kupanga mapu Ngati titi tipeze ku dongosolo lotchedwa UTM, zidzakhala zofunikira kuti mayunitsi ndi mamita. Nthaŵi zambiri, ndege zingatengeke kutenga ma tepi mamilimita kapena ma inchesi a dongosolo la Chingerezi.

Izi zachitika ndi lamulo Zogwirizana. Ndipo apo ife kusintha analamula mtundu mapulani Decimal mayunitsi ndi mainchesi kuti meters. Ndi kusintha anaona amayi kapamwamba ndi amasintha mawonekedwe anasonyeza, koma ndi izi ife sizinasinthe zojambula lonse, ndipo ngati ife kuyeza khomo muyeze 2.30 zikuoneka ngati 92 woimira mainchesi woimira 7 '- 7 ".

Kotero mukuyenera kujambula chojambula chimodzi, pakali pano zofanana ndi kusintha masentimita kufika mamita, zikanakhala 0.0254.

  • Lamulo laperekedwa Kukula, malo ofotokozera amasankhidwa, chinthu choyesa chinalembedwa kenaka Lowani.

2 Sungani fayilo ku UTM ikugwirizana.

Pakuti ichi chizindikirike ndondomeko malo osiyanasiyana zifunika, mwina akhoza zopezera ndi GPS, kuchokera orthophotos georeferenced mapu cadastral kuti watikoka nyumba kapena pamapeto pake Google Earth ndi lolondola ngozi. Pankhaniyi, zolinga chitsanzo Ndine ntchito Google Earth:

kupanga mapu

Lembani 1

X = 3,273,358.77

Y = 4,691,471.10

Lembani 2

X = 3,274,451.59

Y = 4,691,510.47

Mfundo izi zimayikidwa ndi lamulo mfundo.

  • Lamulo lalembedwa mfundozatha Lowani, mgwirizanowu walembedwa mu fomu ya 3273358.77,4691471.10 ndipo iyo yatha Lowani.

Mofananamo pa mfundo ina. Ndiye zojambula zonse zomwe tidzasunthira zasankhidwa:

  • Lamulo kusuntha, timangodutsa pa tsamba loyambira lomwe likugwirizana ndi ngodya yajambula popanda kusunthira, ndiyeno timalemba kukonza 1; kuti tisalembenso kachiwiri timagwiritsa ntchito mzere wonyamulira pamwamba ndikubwezeretsanso zomwe tazilemba kale.

Kuti muchite Lowani, kujambula kudzatitsogolera kumalo osangalatsa monga momwe tawonetsera mu fano. Tiyenera kugwiritsa ntchito lamulo yang'anani kwambiri kuti muwone Kapena kuchokera ku keyboard z, lowetsani, ndi kulowa.

kupanga mapu

Ngati sitimayang'ana ndemangazo moyenera, mukhoza kusintha mtunduwu pogwiritsa ntchito lamulo ddptype.

3 Sinthirani kujambula

Tsopano chimene chikusowa ndicho kupanga kuzungulira kwa kujambula kuchokera kumzere wa kumanzere umene ife tikudziwa bwino.

  • Amasankha chirichonse kuti chizungulire, chilolezo sinthasintha, mzere woyendayenda umasindikizidwa powonekera kumanzere (magenta dot), chisankho chimasankhidwa Buku, dinani pa mfundo ziwiri zomwe zikutanthawuza vector yoyendayenda, choyamba pa kadontho kakang'ono ka magenta ndiyeno pamzere wofiira.

kupanga mapu

Izi ndizofanana ndi kugwiritsa ntchito lamulo lozungulira ndi mfundo zitatu za Microstation, ngakhale apa palizomwe zimatengedwa ngati maziko.

Kodi china chikuphatikizapo geo-referencing?

Ndi ichi, fayilo si georeferenced. Zimene tachita ndi kuziika mu dongosolo lokonzekera, komwe kumpoto kwake kumagwirizana ndi kumpoto kwa malo ndi malo okhala ndi UTM.

Nthawi zonse mukamaitcha ku GIS ntchito, dongosololo lidzafunsa deta yomweyi yomwe imaphatikizapo kulingalira ndi Datum. Ngati tipanga kuchita izi ndi pulogalamu ya GIS Kupyolera mu chizoloŵezi chokonzekera tiyenera kukumbukira kuti izi zidzangokhala choncho lachitsanzoa Kamangidwe adzatayika ndi xml katundu pamene adzatumizedwanso ku dxf.

AutoCAD imabweretsa chida chotchedwa malo, kuti tiwone tsiku lina, komanso chisankho chokhalira ndi kachilombo ka Microstation.

4 Zolemba zakunja

Kuchita izi kungakhale kokha mwachindunji chopanga chithunzi cha 3D, chomwe chingakhale chokwanira kutumiza chomera. Ngati tikufuna kuchita monga chitsimikizo chokhazikika kumapangidwe athunthu, tiyenera kulingalira za maumboni akunja -zomwe timagwiritsa ntchito kuti tidzipulumutse tokha pogwira ntchito ndi mafayilo akuluakulu kapena kuphatikiza ogwiritsa ntchito osiyana- koma izi zikutanthawuza kulekanitsa kufanana ndi maofesi mu malo ogwirira ntchito. Ngati titachita izi ndi fayilo, izi ziyenera kukhazikitsidwa.

Komanso mfundo yakuti nthawizina fayilo yomweyo imakopedwa mkati mwake lachitsanzo, chifukwa cha kusindikizira ... pamene akuganizira za imfa ya masanjidwe.

"Tsiku lina kulikonse, kulikonse komwe mungapezeke, ndipo izo, zokhazo, zingakhale zosangalatsa kwambiri kapena zokhutira maola anu."

Pablo Neruda

Ine ndikudziwa, gawo la gawolo ndilo lingathe, mapeto sali kanthu kochepa; koma posakhalitsa kapena m'tsogolo ndikofunikira kuti tichite, zambiri ngati kasitomala akuwonekera kuti akufuna kuona zinthu monga izi:

kupanga mapu

Zithunzi za 19 ku "Georeferencing CAD File"

  1. Nkhaniyi ndi yabwino kwambiri.
    Ndizovuta ndipo tonsefe timayesetsa kuathetsa.
    Nthawi zambiri popanda kupambana.

  2. moni funso langa ndi ine ntchito makamaka ndi geolocation 3d boma, ndipo ine 600 ntchito mfundo ndi kuchuluka kwa deta 3d boma ndi Ine georreferenciarlo, malo ndiye ilili chithunzi 3d yapachiweniweni sawona bwinobwino kudzakhala lamulo kukhala malo aone.

  3. Chabwino sindikudziwa kuti ndikuyankha, ndikuyenera kuona ngati mukulowa molondola mfundo za chiyambi kapena malo omwe mukupita.

  4. Hello, ine ndinapanga nthawi ndi sasiya ine, ndikoyenera kukhulupirira kuti pamene muyenda chithunzi kumene mukufuna (ndi ndondomeko ya), kusamukira ku malo atsopano onena muyenera kale ndondomeko yolondola, ndi changa sapereka ine ndondomeko ndi okwera kuti ndiribe kanthu kochita ndi mfundo Q Ndikufuna, ngati ine?

  5. Chabwino, chinthu choyamba ndilowetsani maofesi anu ojambulidwa mu fayilo ya CAD.
    Kenaka itanani fayilo ya CAD ngati yowonjezera, ndipo yesetsani ndi kuyizungulira molingana ndi zigawo zodziwika.

  6. Moni.

    Ndikulemba kuti ndikupemphe thandizo pa nkhaniyi. Ndimasangalala kwambiri ndikuchita masewero olimbitsa thupi koma sindikupeza, kapena sindinamvetsetse masitepe onse.

    1. Ndili ndi fayilo (cad) yokhala ndi lathyathyathya popanda zolemba.
    2. Ndili ndi fayilo yapamwamba kwambiri ndi 50 UTM yomwe imatengedwa kumalo okwera ndege.
    3. Cholinga chake ndi kupanga georeference ndege ndi kukalowa mu UTM monga mfundo.

    Mfundo izi zidzatumikila kupitiliza kugwira ntchito pajambula, zomwe zidzakwaniritsidwa kale, koma izi sizothandiza, chifukwa cha funsoli.

    Zikomo pa webusaiti yathunthu kwa omwe timakonda cad, ndikuti ngati wina angathe kubwereketsa dzanja, akunena zomwe ndikuyenera kuchita kapena ndi ndemanga kuti ndichite zonse zomwe ndatchula.

    Muchas gracias

  7. chinthu chokha sindinamvetsetse anali kodi inu kupeza mfundo X ndi Y, chifukwa anga sakani lapansi zimandipatsa yemweyo amene amayang'anira izi 25 ° 43'29.97 "N - 100 ° 22'39.55" O, kapena ngati ine ndikanakhoza kunena monga kusintha mfundo X ndi Y, zikomo ...

  8. Zikomo Mario.
    Zomwe mumatchulazo ndizowona. Ngati panali muyezo womwe ungapangidwe ndi opanga ... ngakhale izi ndizosavuta.

  9. Fayilo ya CAD iyenera kukhala ndi fayilo ya "universal", ndiye kuti, georeferencing imadziwika popanda wopanga. Nthawi zambiri ndimayenera kuyang'ana mafayilo a DWG a kafukufuku wapadziko lapansi ndi orthophoto, yomwe nthawi zambiri ArcGis sindikudziwa idati georeference. Ndili wokondwa pankhaniyi, ndapeza kuti ndi yothandiza kwambiri. Moni

  10. Kwenikweni, sindinawone mapulogalamu ambiri a iPad omwe amakupatsani mwayi kuti mutsegule fayilo ya kmz. Zomwe zimachitika ndikuti kmz ndi fayilo yopanikizika (monga .zip kapena a .rar), yomwe ili ndi chithunzi chimodzi kapena zingapo kml ndi georeferenced kapena yomwe ili mkati mwa fayilo ya kmz yomweyo.

    Yesetsani kuwona momwe zimagwirira ntchito: KMZ Loader, Wanga Mapuwa Anga, MapBox, wowonera wa POI, Wowerenga Map, GPS-Trk

    Chofunika kwambiri ndi GIS Pro, koma mtengo wapatali wa siliva.

    Vuto lina ndiloti ngakhale ena mwa mapulogalamuwa akudzinenera kuti akuthandizira kmz, ena amathamanga ndi Google Earth kuti ipange iPad, ndipo izi sizipezeka kwa mayiko onse, makamaka ku Latin America.

  11. Ndikukuthokozani pa blog yanu, Ndikufuna kukufunsani inu, ngati mungathe kuwonetsa momwe mungathere mapu omwe anali a CAD ndipo ndasandulika kukhala polygon (chithunzi) ku fayilo ya KMZ ndipo sindikuwona pa Ipad yanga. Ndayesera chirichonse ndipo sindingathe. Zikuwoneka zomveka, koma sindikudziwa momwe ndingachitire. Pali zina zomwe zimaloleza KMZ, koma zochepa (malo okha), Zikomo kwambiri!

  12. Zikomo chifukwa cha nkhaniyi, yophunzitsa kwambiri !!

Siyani yankho

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa.

Tsambali likugwiritsa ntchito Akismet kuchepetsa spam. Phunzirani momwe deta yanu ikufotokozera.