CHIPEMBE chimapita patsogolo ku Ulaya

Baibulo atsopano Geoinformatics kumabweretsa mwachidule wapatali mmene zinthu zikuyendera mu Europe mu chimango cha AMALIMBITSA kanthu, kumene otsiriza June chaka ndi chaka msonkhano wina ku Edinburgh. malipoti zonse dziko zilipo chaka, koma nkhani imeneyi ndi njira chidwi kuti kuchuluka kwa chaka 2010, kuliwerenga imathandiza kuwona momwe zinthu zikhoza kuchitika m'munda wa okhudza malo Data zidzawonongedwa ndi maganizo dera .

kuuzira Zimakhala ndi malemba angapo owerengera a nkhaniyi, kumene Spain imatenga zizindikiritso zingapo; ngakhale kusiyana kwa nkhaniyi ndi mayiko ena ochepa "ovuta" mu kukula, malamulo ndi chikhalidwe.

Lamulo la INSPIRE (INkuwonongeka kwa SPongoyerekeza InfoRm Europa) ndi utsi astral, zimatengera zaka zingapo koma anayamba kukhala akuyendera ku 2007 2007 pansi / 2 / EC. kukhumba wake ndi chaka 2019 amavomereza malamulo, malangizo ndi zomangamanga wa okhudza malo deta kugula ntchito mulingo woyenera mu chitukuko mfundo za dera European. Poyamba umalimbana 27 limati membala, popanda zoletsa kuti zimakhudza zimene ankayembekezera, chifukwa tsopano pali osachepera 7 limati (EU phungu ndi EFTA) amene zikugwiritsa ndondomeko komanso ngakhale kuchita nawo kwambiri chonse ndi ya 34.

Njira imeneyi yawonetsedwa m'madera ena padziko lapansi, kuphatikizapo ku America. Komabe, kuti tiwone chomwe CHINENERO chimakwaniritsidwira, poganizira zovuta za polojekitiyi, zikuwonetsa kuti pali ntchito yovuta yomwe yachitika.

Kufufuza kwa Geoinformatics kumaphatikizapo ndemanga pazinthu zisanu ndi chimodzi:

  • Ophunzira (Data, metadata ndi Services) ndi osaluso (bungwe, nkhani zalamulo ndi ndalama).

Ngakhale lipoti lirilonse likuchokera kumagwirizano ogwirizanitsa ogwirizana omwe amaphatikizapo mbali za 9:

kulimbikitsa Ulaya

Malamulo ndi ndalama

Dongosolo la INSPIRE limatenga

Metadata

Mautumiki a makanema

Dongosolo lapadera la chilengedwe

National Geoportal

Miyezo

Kukonzekera ndi bungwe

Gwiritsani ntchito komanso kuyesetsa kwa NSDI

Chithunzi chowonekera chikuwonekera kumayambiriro kwa lipoti, kuyika zobiriwira zinthu zomwe zasintha kwambiri kuchokera pakuyang'ana kotsiriza motsatira zigawo zomwe zatchulidwa kale.
Sitiyenera ntchito yosavuta, popeza kuti mayiko ayenera kutenga ulamuliro malangizo boma ndiyeno nkupereka kuti njanji kunja kwa malamulo analandira mpaka zaka zingapo zapitazo nkhani geospatial. Zikatero, ntchito mabungwe dziko sanjira, monga mabungwe Geographical milandu anali kupita kusinthasintha za zinthu zatsopano ndi chikalata chimene Cadastral 2014- zokhudza payekha kulumikiza anthu anati. Tiyeni tisanene kusintha kwa malamulo a magawo omwe amamva kuti ufulu wawo ukuphwanyidwa kapena ziwoneka ngati zosafunikira zomwe adaziyika.

Nkhani ya ku Spain imatchulidwa bwino chifukwa cha khama lomwe limagwirizanitsa maiko a boma. UFrance ndi Italy akutchulidwanso, ngakhale kuti ku Denmark kuli koyenera. Ma 90% a midzi yake yayamba kwambiri. Ndipo ndimatchula zomwe zikuchitika chifukwa zili ndi ma municipalities a 98, omwe ali ngati 1% a iwo a ku Spain.

Pambuyo pa nkhani ya Geoinformatics, pali zambiri zoti tiphunzire kuchokera ku mauthenga osiyanasiyana ochokera ku dziko lililonse, kuti ngakhale kuti mapulogalamuwa apangidwa kuchokera ku chikwama cha uniform, dziko lirilonse liri ndi maphunziro othandizira. Pachifukwachi, lipoti la Belgium, lomwe limaphatikizapo kulekerera pamapu osiyana siyana, limakhala lochititsa chidwi, monga momwe amachitira zosiyana siyana, zomwe nthawi zina zimakhala ndi zithunzi monga nkhani ya Cyprus ndi Norway.

Mbali ina yomwe dziko la Spain likuyimira ndilo kupezeka kwa mautumiki. Ngakhale kuti Geoportal silofunika, lipotili likusonyeza kuti osachepera mayiko a 18 ali ndi mawonekedwe a IDEE. Lithuania ndi France kuima pano, ndipo amatsimikiza pa nkhani ya Spain kumene anati pali okhudzidwa mautumiki 7, 16 m'madera mizinda yambiri 400, 833 WMS, WFS ndi 205 9 CSW.

kulimbikitsa Ulaya

Pomalizira, INSPIRE ndi chitsanzo chodziwika bwino cha ntchito yowonongeka. SindikizaniNgakhale zokayikitsa Kuchepetsa mawu ena sadziwa mofulumira, disparities pakati pa mayiko ndi wolemera malamulo ndondomeko (akuluakulu kapena andale amene sanamvetse nkhaniyi), kuchepetsa zomangamanga thupi, ndi kuwunika ntchito mwadongosolo.

Ndondomeko monga iyi ndi mwayi wapadera wokhazikika kwachitsanzo cha bizinesi m'munda wa geospatial. Makampani awiri omwe amapanga mapulogalamu omwe amaganizira kuti dera limeneli ndi limodzi mwa msika wawo wabwino kwambiri, komanso omwe amapereka chithandizo omwe amatha kuseri, ndi mawonekedwe a OpenSource omwe amawotcha kupeza malo pamsika ndipo apa inu muli ndi zinthu zoti muzinena motsatira mfundo yogwirizana kapena kuteteza miyezo.

Ngati ine ndiri mu masisitomala okhala ndi malo olekanitsa ndi owonetseratu oopsya, ine sindidzapeza lingaliro lirilonse mu kudzoza uku. Komabe, tiyenera kuwerenga pakati pa mizere, chifukwa tikukamba za momwe zizoloŵezi zosasinthika zidzatchulidwira; kumvetsetsa pempheroli amatilola kugwirizana ndi njira geospatial katswiri (monga HyperModels Bentley, ArcGIS kwa AMALIMBITSA ndi CityGML, kuti apereke zitsanzo zitatu).

Pano mungathe kuwona zonse ZOPEREKA zolemba

Pano mukhoza kuona nkhani ya Geoinformatics

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