Geomatics ndi Earth Sayansi mu 2050

Ndikosavuta kuneneratu zomwe zidzachitike sabata limodzi; Zoyesererazo nthawi zambiri zimakokedwa, ndikuwonetsetsa kuti chochitika chimodzi chithetsedwa ndipo china chosayembekezereka chitha. Kuneneratu zomwe zitha kuchitika mwezi umodzi komanso ngakhale chaka chimodzi zimasungidwa mu dongosolo logulitsa ndalama ndipo ndalama zowonongedwa zimasiyana pang'ono, ngakhale kuli kofunikira kusiyiratu tsatanetsatane ndikuwonjezera.

Kuneneratu zomwe zitha kuchitika zaka 30 ndizosasangalatsa, ngakhale kungakhale kosangalatsa pakuwunika mwachidule pazinthu zonse zomwe zalembedwa. Kuchokera kumbali ya geomatic, titha kupereka malingaliro pokhudzana ndi ukadaulo, makanema osunga zidziwitso kapena zomwe ophunzira apereka; komabe, pakapita nthawi pali zosintha zosayembekezereka monga kusintha kwa chikhalidwe ndi kutengera kwa wogwiritsa ntchito pamsika.

Chochita chosangalatsa ndikuyang'ana m'mbuyo momwe zinthu zidaliri zaka 30 zapitazo, momwe ziliri tsopano ndi komwe mafakitale akulowera, udindo waboma ndi ophunzira; kukhala ndi mwayi wokhudzana ndi gawo la geomatics pakuwunika kwa chidziwitso ndi ntchito muzochita za anthu m'malo azachuma, zachuma ndi zachilengedwe.

Kubwezeretsa zaka 30 zisanachitike

Zaka 30 zapitazo zinali 1990. Kenako wogwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo wagwiritsa ntchito 80286, yokhala ndi chinsalu chakuda ndi zilembo z lalanje kuseri kwa fyuluta, Lotus 123, WordPerfect, Dbase, Sindikizani Master ndi DOS monga makina opangira. Pakadali pano ogwiritsa ntchito omwe ali ndi mwayi wambiri wopanga mapulogalamu a CAD / GIS adamva ngati mafumu achilengedwe chonse; ngati anali nawo Intergraph chifukwa ma PC abwinobwino adathetsa kupirira komanso kunyoza akatswiri opanga mapepala.

  • Timakambirana Microstation 3.5 ku Unix, Generic CADD, AutoSketch ndi AutoCAD kuti kwa nthawi yoyamba chaka chimenecho adapambana Magazini a Byte, pomwe mabataniwo anali opangidwa ndi zithunzi komanso luso paperspace kuti palibe amene anamvetsa. Ngati mukuyembekeza kulowa mu 3D kuwonjezera apo kunali kofunikira kulipira ACIS.
  • Zikadatsala chaka chimodzi kuti mawonekedwe oyambilira a ArcView 1.0, kotero mu 1990 yemwe amadziwa za GIS adachita nawo ARC / INFO pamzere wolamula.  
  • Zokhudza pulogalamu yaulere, zingatenge zaka 2 kuti ziwoneke NTHAWI 4.1, ngakhale matekinoloje onsewa anali ndi kukhwima paulendo kuyambira 1982.

Ponena za kulumikizana kwapadziko lonse, mu 1990 zimasowa mwamwambo ARPANET ndi makompyuta 100.000 olumikizidwa; mpaka 1991 mawuwo adzaonekera ukonde wapadziko lonse lapansi. Choyimira kutali kwambiri mu maphunziro chinali makalata olemba makalata chifukwa Kusintha Inapereka ma pininos ake oyamba mpaka 1999 ndipo njira yokhayo yogulira china chake inali kupita ku malo ogulitsira kapena kuyimba nambala yosindikiza.

Zochitika pano za Geomatics ndi Earth Science.

Powona momwe zinthu zinaliri zaka 30 zapitazo, tikudziwa kuti tikukhala munthawi zabwino. Osangokhala mapulogalamu aulere komanso eni ake omwe timagwiritsa ntchito, komanso pamakampani onse. Ma Geolocation ndi kulumikizana kwakhala kofunikira kwambiri kwakuti wogwiritsa ntchito mafoni, amapempha ntchito yakunyumba, amasungira chipinda ku kontrakitala ina osazindikira momwe UTM imagwirira ntchito.

Chosangalatsa ndichosakanikirana ndi chilengedwe chonse cha Geo-engineering. Zipangizo zoyendetsera deta zomwe zakula ndi njira zosiyanasiyana zakakamizidwa kuti zizisamalira kayendetsedwe ka ntchitoyi, kuti zikhale zosavuta komanso mopepuka kuvomereza kukhazikitsidwa.

Kuphatikizika kumeneku kwamayendedwe ozungulira ntchito kumafunikira akatswiri kukulitsa chidziwitso chawo kutengera kampani yomwe ikufuna kuchita bwino. Geographer, geologist, wofufuza, mainjiniya, wopanga mapulani, omanga komanso ogwiritsa ntchito amafunika kutengera luso lawo pantchito yofananira ya digito, zomwe zimapangitsa nthaka ndi mawonekedwe apadziko lapansi, kapangidwe ka voliyumu komanso tsatanetsatane wa zomangamanga kukhala zofunikira. , kachidindo kumbuyo kwa ETL ngati mawonekedwe oyera kwa wogwiritsa ntchito woyang'anira. Zotsatira zake, sukuluyi ikudutsa nthawi yovuta kwambiri kuti ikhalebe mwayi womwe ungakwaniritse zosowa zamakampani komanso kusinthika kwamisika.

Pali zochitika zaphulika muzinthu zatsopano. Pakadali pano tatsala pang'ono kuwona chiyambi chimodzi.

Zaka 30 mtsogolo.

M'zaka 30 maulemerero athu abwino angawoneke achikale. Ngakhale kuwerenga nkhaniyi kumapangitsa kuti munthu asangalale pakati pa gawo la Jetsons ndi kanema wa Njala Yamasewera. Ngakhale tikudziwa kuti zochitika monga kulumikizana kwa 5G komanso kusintha kwachinayi kwa mafakitale kwayandikira, sizovuta kudziwa momwe zisinthidwe zomwe chikhalidwe chidzasinthire mwa aphunzitsi-aphunzitsi, nzika za boma, ogwira nawo ntchito-kampani, ubale wamakasitomala. wofalitsa.

Ngati tinganene za zomwe zikuchitika masiku ano monga zamakampani, aboma ndi ophunzira, awa ndi malingaliro anga.

Kukhazikitsidwa kwa miyezo kudzakhala udindo wanthawi zonse.  Osangotengera ukadaulo kapena mawonekedwe azidziwitso, komanso pamsika. Zikhala zachizolowezi kusanja nthawi yakutsata pakupereka chithandizo, zitsimikiziro zachilengedwe, zitsimikiziro zomanga. Makampani opanga ma geomatics akuyenera kuphatikizira zambiri zaumunthu, chifukwa azigwira ntchito yofunikira yolumikiza dziko lenileni ndi mapasa a digito, kupitilira maimidwe oyimira, mapangano olumikizirana ndi anthu, makampani ndi boma.  

Pofika 2050 blockchain idzakhala protocol yoyambiriratu, osati monga yankho koma monga chenjezo ku vuto lalikulu, pomwe kuyimilira kuyenera kukhala chizolowezi chovomerezeka. 

Kugwiritsa ntchito kumasankhidwa ndi kasitomala womaliza.  Wogwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo, malonda kapena ntchito adzakhala ndi gawo osati pakukambirana kokha komanso pachisankho; momwe mbali zina monga mamangidwe amatauni ndi kasamalidwe ka zachilengedwe zikhala mwayi wamaphunziro okhudzana ndi nthaka. Izi zitanthauza kugwiritsa ntchito chidziwitso chapamwamba kwambiri kuchokera kumakalasi monga geography, geology, topography kapena engineering mpaka mayankho omwe wogwiritsa ntchito kumapeto amasankha. Ntchitoyi iyenera kusintha chidziwitso chake kukhala zida, kuti nzika zitha kusankha komwe ikufuna nyumba yake, zisankhe mtundu wamapangidwe, zisinthe magawo momwe angakondere ndikulandila mapulani, zilolezo, zopereka ndi zitsimikiziro. Kuchokera pagawo lopanga zisankho, yankho lamtunduwu lidzagwira ntchito ponseponse, monga zopezera zolumikizana, zigawo kapena mayiko; Ndi zinthu zowoneka geolocatable, mitundu ya masamu ndi luntha lochita kupanga.

Kulumikizana ndi kulumikizana ndi nthawi yeniyeni kumakhala chidwi. M'zaka 30, zambiri zapa geographic monga zithunzi, mitundu ya digito, zosintha zachilengedwe ndi mtundu

Zoneneratu zidzakhala zolondola komanso zofikirika. Ndi izi, masensa omwe amalandila zambiri kuchokera ku ma satelayiti ndi zida zazitali kwambiri amasamukira kumagwiritsidwe ntchito tsiku ndi tsiku atathetsa zovuta zachinsinsi komanso chitetezo.

Maphunziro onse adzakhala enieni ndipo zovuta zidzatsika. Madera ambiri olumikizirana ndi anthu adzakhala pafupifupi, maphunziro osapeweka. Izi zipangitsa kuti chidziwitso chikhale chosavuta chomwe sichofunikira pamoyo weniweni komanso kukhazikika kwa zinthu zomwe masiku ano zili zopinga monga malire, sikelo, chilankhulo, mtunda, kufikira. Ngakhale malire apitilizabe kukhala ofunikira kwambiri, m'malo omwewo adzafa chifukwa chamsika komanso kugwa kwa chipembedzo chabodza. Ma Geomatics sakanakhoza kufa, koma adzasintha kuchokera pakukhala akatswiri osankhika mpaka kudziwa bwino zovuta zatsopano zaumunthu.

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Pakadali pano, kuti musangalale kukhala mgulu la "zaka 30 zapitazo", mudawona mphindi yapitayo komanso momwe mungalowe munyengo yatsopano kumene lingaliro lokha lochita zisankho ndikuwonetsa chidziwitso chogwiritsa ntchito bwino lidzapulumuka. .

Ngati mukufuna kuwona zomwe zikuchitika pakadali pano, dinani Apa

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