Chidziwitso cha BIM kuphunzira ndi kuphunzitsa muzozoloŵera ku CAD

Ndinali ndi mwayi wokambirana ndi Gabriela katatu. Choyamba, mu makalasi amenewo a yunivesite kumene ife tinkagwirizana kwambiri mu bungwe la Civil Engineering; kenako mu Gulu la Ogwira Ntchito Yomangamanga ndiyeno mu ntchito ya damu la Río Frío ku Cuyamel, kumpoto kwa Honduras ndi kampani Tunnelboring. Ine ndikulimbana ndi NeoData ndikufufuza m'mene ofufuzawo anasiyira magulu akale aja ndikuphunzira kugwiritsa ntchito Leica yatsopano kuchokera ku Munich yomwe idabweretsa kale malo okhala ndi barcode; iye akumenyera ulamuliro ndi chinthu chowunikira kuti akhale pamlingo waukali wa Colombiya ndi mtsogoleri wa Germany.

Kukambirana kwathu posachedwa kunali kokondweretsa, kotero tinasankha kusandulika kukhala nkhani. Lero, ngati ife zambiri kuitana! Gab inasanduka mwina woyamba BIM Management Master m'nkhani imeneyi, kumene kuli Honduran mtima, koma ndi munga wa kuposa kulonjezedwa ankapitabe lonse.

- Mu Geofumadas zaka zaposachedwapa Ndayankhula za BIM, ngakhale zambiri mwachindunji. Kodi mungatiwonetsere pang'ono za kufunika koyandikira?

Eya, ngakhale kuti ambiri amvapo za BIM (Zomangamanga Zomangamanga), ambiri samvetsa zomwe zimaphunzira njira za BIM kuti zigwiritsidwe ntchito mu makampani. Mwinamwake njira imodzi yomwe mungatengere ndikumakuuzani za zomwe ndakhala nazo kwa a Revit ophunzira (Architecture, MEP ndi Structural) mu malo a BIM, poyamba kufotokoza mfundo, ndi zina mwazochitikira. Mukuganiza?

-Koma ndithudi. Ndine makutu onse.

Poyamba, kwa iwo omwe akumvabe BIM, akukhazika mtima pansi, tikhoza kunena kuti ndi nthawi yatsopano. Kumanga Information Model (BIM) limanenedwa ngati chitsanzo Polemeretsedwa inu mudziwe, wopangidwa mwa zinasokoneza makompyuta angapo, ndi zinthu zimene zikhoza kugawidwa ndi ambiri achidwi mu lifecycle lonse kulengedwa, zomangamanga ntchito ndi ngakhale yobwezeretsanso ya nyumba. Mochuluka kapena kutanthauzira kutanthauzira tanthauzo la NBS (National Building Specification).

Chifukwa chake kufunika kwa njirayi, ndipo chifukwa chake izo zakhala zikuvomerezedwa kwambiri m'mayiko otukuka. Chifukwa zimatithandiza kugwira ntchito mofulumira, mogwirizana, ndi mafayilo a digito, ndikuwonetsa bwino ndikukonzekera bwino. Kuonjezera apo, timayendetsa bwino ntchito zathu malinga ndi malamulo omwe alipo, ndi kulamulira bwino, kuyesa kusamvana, ndalama zothandizira ndalama, kuchepa kwa zinyalala ndi zonse mu nthawi yochepa.

-Zimveka bwino.

Inde zikuwoneka bwino kwambiri! Ngakhale kuti nthawi zina lingaliro silikugwira ntchito, makamaka m'mayiko athu omwe akutukuka kumene chuma chathu chilibe. Ngakhale zili choncho, ndikuganiza BIM idzapambana posachedwa.

-Nenani, koma musakhale okhumudwa kuyambira pachiyambi. Uzani owerenga anga, momwe mwakhalira.

Ok ???? Kuchokera kwondichitikira kwanga monga mlangizi ndi mphunzitsi wa BIM. M'mayiko athu a ku Central America, CAD akadali ofunika kwambiri ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri. Pali akatswiri ochepa omwe amagwiritsa ntchito Revit komanso ambiri a Revit Architecture; iwo ndi zilumba zikugwira okha. Ndamvapo za makampani komwe katswiri wamapangidwe amamanga nyumba yake ku Revit, kenako amapita ku AutoCAD kotero kuti ena makontrakitala ndi okonza mapangidwe angagwire ntchito. Kunena zoona ndikutaya nthawi.

Choncho kuumirira kuti, ngati tipita kukagwira ntchito ndi BIM, sitiyenera kuphunzitsa olemba okha omwe amagwira ntchito ku kampaniyo, komanso alangizi ndi makontrakitala, kutchula zofunika kwambiri. Ndawona akatswiri ambiri m'dziko langa omwe ali okhutira ndi madigiri awo ndipo sakufunanso kuphunzira, sakufuna kusintha. Iwo amakhala ndi AutoCAD ndipo ndi pomwe chinthucho chinafa. Zili ngati kukhala mu nthawi ya TV yakuda ndi yoyera pamene pali digito yomwe ikuyembekezera ife.

-Ndidziwa, zomwe zimasintha ndi kusintha kwachilendo ndizofala mmawu awa. Koma kodi mwawona kulimbikitsidwa kulikonse kwa BIM ku Honduras?

Ine ndiribe choonadi chonse, koma ndekha sindinawone ntchito za BIM mu makampani omwe ali pano -kuyankhula za njira, osati kuwonetsera 3D ndikupereka yekha - Nthawi zina zimakhala zokhumudwitsa ndipo ndikuganiza nthawi zikwi zambiri kuti abwerere ndikubwerera mu zaka za 10, mwinamwake zakhala zikufika kale nthawi imeneyo. Ndizodabwitsa ntchito zonse za BIM m'mayiko ena, ndithudi si zophweka kupanga chisankho pa zifukwa zambiri -tsopano-.

- Nanga mukuganiza kuti izi zimakhudza bwanji kuti BIM isayende mofulumira?

Pali zikhalidwe zambiri zachuma ndi zachuma zomwe ndikuphatikiziranso kuti ndikukuuzani mu bukhu lina la chifukwa chake BIM silingathe kukhazikika m'mayiko athu a ku Central America. Powona mbali yabwino, ndakhala ndi mwayi wophunzitsa akatswiri omangamanga kwathunthu Revit ndipo ine tatenga mwayi woti tilengeze BIM. Mchenga wambiri ... Ambiri sanayambe amvapo, koma mukamapanga zokambirana iwo amawakonda; kuti athe kupanga mapulogalamu ovuta, otembenuzidwa, mbali yowonetsera. Ndimayesetsa mosapita mbali ongolankhula, mmene kubweretsa ntchito zawo, ndimasonyeza ena mapulogalamu BIM kulili msika monga AutoDesk Revit, Bentley AECOsim, ArchiCAD, zolemba ndi malangizo BIM kumeneko, kodi pofikira lonse. Ndimaphunzitsa kuti BIM si software kapena 3D chitsanzo, mosiyana ndi zomwe anthu ena amaganiza, ndi njira.

Ndikumvetsa pang'ono. Ndinali mlangizi wa AutoCAD m'masiku amenewo omwe amayenera kupanga mapepala pakati pa chojambula, kampasi, ulamuliro wofanana, chigaza kuchotsa, ndi malamulo oyendetsa, kuwongolera, kuwongolera ...

Chithunzi ichi cha BIM yokonzedwa mwachidule, Zimadabwitsa kwambiri ophunzira anga ndi akatswiri omwe ndimapereka nawo nkhani. BIM m'mayiko otukuka ali ndi kufika kwakukulu; m'mayiko ena liri kale lamulo la boma. Pamene tiyambira ndi makalasi, amadabwa ndi zosavuta kuti tiwonetsere ku Revit. Ndikuganiza kuti AutoCAD ndi yovuta poyerekeza ndi Revit chifukwa ndi zophweka kuti mupange chitsanzo ndikuwona momwe zinthu zikuyendera. Iwo amasangalala akamachita maulendo ndi mavidiyo, akamatenga zithunzi ndi kamera komanso akawona zotsatira zake zomaliza.

Tsiku lina ndinakambirana ndi wophunzira wa Civil Engineer pa zomwe ankaganiza za kusintha kuchokera ku AutoCAD kufika ku Revit, ndipo anandiuza kuti zatenga nthawi yaitali kuti ndizitha. Kotero pamene iwo akudziwa izo, ndi chinachake, ife tikhoza kukhala maora ndipo iwo ali ndi chidwi; Nthawi imayenda ndi. Ndakhala ndi ophunzira omwe sali omangamanga monga System Engineers ndipo amaphunzira chimodzimodzi, amasangalala chifukwa akunena kuti apanga nyumba yawo. Kotero mosiyana ndi zomwe anthu ambiri amaganiza, mapulogalamu a BIM savuta kuphunzira, koma amafuna kudzipatulira ndi kuchita. Ngati wina ali bwino mu Chingerezi, n'zosavuta chifukwa pali zambiri zothandizira pa intaneti m'chinenerocho, koma nthawi zonse zimathandizidwa m'Chisipanishi.

Ndinali pa BIM koyamba ku CentroCAD Nicaragua. Ndikumva chisoni kuti vutoli linandisiyira pakati ndipo tinayenera kumaliza maphunzirowa ndi Skype. Koma ndimakumbukira kuti njira yowonjezereka yopanga polojekiti ndi yosangalatsa.

Inde, chitukuko chothandizira pang'onopang'ono ndizopambana. Tayang'anani pa graph, mkati mkati mupereke nyumba. Kumapeto kwa sabata yoyamba, ndizochitika maola ophunzitsa a 17, ndikusiya polojekiti yanu yoyamba. Nyumba ya nsanjika ziwiri, kuti iwonetsere izo masiku awiri. Ndizodabwitsa kuti mapulogalamu awa a BIM amachititsa kuti moyo ukhale wovuta kwa ife, ndipo tikhoza kugwira ntchito mwamsanga. Pano ine ndikuwonetsani inu chitsanzo choperekedwa ndi mmodzi wa ophunzira anga: Nicolle Valladares.

Kenaka tinapita ku Revit Estructuras ndi MEP ndipo izi ndi zomwe zimachititsa chidwi, chifukwa izi ndi zatsopano, m'madera ambiri m'dziko langa zimangopatsa Revit Arquitectónico. Kotero ndizosangalatsa kuona zitsanzozi zikugwirizana ndi wina ndi mzake, komanso momwe angagwiritsire ntchito mgwirizano wa BIM. Monga momwe mungathe kuwonera majekitiwa mwa kulangiza. Mu ma graph otsatirawa mukhoza kuona zitsanzo zamakono, ntchito zamagetsi zamadzimadzi ndi zowonongeka pamene tagwira kale ntchito mogwirizana.

-Ndimvetsa kutengeka kwanu ndi Revit. Koma munandiuza kuti mumaphunzitsanso njira zina.

Kumene, monga tanena kale, Revit BIM ndi kuposa pansi pa Optics wa Bentley KA, chiwembu I-chitsanzo ali BIM umwana kuphatikizapo kayendetsedwe ka polojekiti, kakatundu kasamalidwe chidwi. Koma ntchito Revit ndi kutchuka kuti ali AutoCAD m'nkhani imeneyi, kufunafuna kuposa Revit, BIM anaphunzitsa mfundo. Ife kuona zitsanzo Presto (BIM 5D ntchito kwa ndalama), Bentley Synchro (BIM 4D ntchito mapulano), Dynamo (zapamwamba mawerengeredwe ndi mapulogalamu ndi Revit) Mwa zina, kusiya munga kupitiriza kufufuza mapulogalamu ena kusunga kuwongolera monga akatswiri

- Ndiuzeni momwe mungakhalire mu masiku otsatirawa.

Tsopano tidzakhala ndi mwayi woyamba maphunziro a Navisworks ndipo ndikusangalala kupita patsogolo ndi BIM 4D (Kukonzekera), ngakhale ndi kagulu kakang'ono. Pali zambiri zoti muphunzitse ku BIM, ndipo anthu sadziwa zonsezi. Zambiri monga momwe zilili pa intaneti, nthawizonse sizikhala chikhalidwe cha kafukufuku, zimakhala zochepa pa zomwe amadziwa. Icho ndi kulakwitsa kwakukulu komwe posachedwa kumadutsa Bill, chifukwa icho chosasinthidwa chikufa.

- Nanga mukuganiza bwanji za optics za ophunzira kumapeto kwa maphunzirowo?

Ndikhoza kutsimikizira kuti ophunzira anga, atalandira maphunzirowo, amapanga kusintha kwakukulu, malingaliro awo ndi omasuka ku zonse zomwe angathe kuchita mu dziko la BIM ndi digiti ya kusintha. Zili ngati kuti amadziwa zabwino ndipo sangathe kubwerera. AutoCAD sikokwanira tsopano.

Ndimagwirizana nawe. Mafufuza a AutoCAD amalamulira Google. Mukuwona bwanji mavuto omwe ophunzirawo akukumana nawo pambuyo pa maphunzirowo?

Vuto ndiloti tikhoza kuphunzitsa antchito, kuwapangitsa iwo kuganiza mosiyana, koma makampani ayenera kukhala ndi mapulogalamu kuti apitirize kukhala ndi chidziwitso. Ndinakumana ndi wokonza mapulani amene angapangidwe muzithunzi za 3, koma anayenera kugwira ntchito ku AutoCAD chifukwa chinali chinthu chokha chomwe chinali nacho. Zimakhumudwitsa.

Kotero kusintha kwa malingaliro kwa BIM sikungokhala kwa opanga okha, koma iyenera kufika pamitu, mameneja, eni, makasitomala, oyang'anira ntchito ndi omanga. Ndichifukwa chake timayankhula za moyo wa polojekitiyi, osati pokhapokha pa kapangidwe kake. Ziyenera kukhala kusintha kwakukulu komwe kumakhudza kampani yonse, chifukwa pokhapokha tikhoza kuona kusintha kwakukulu momwe timakhalira ndi ntchito zathu ndi BIM. Mwachidule, kusintha kwa machitidwe kumatanthauza kudzipereka ndi kudzipatulira.


Kukambirana kunandichotsa ine kuganiza. Timaganizira kwambiri, makamaka pamene tikukambirana za mavuto omwe ali nawo pazinthu za boma kuti azitsatira BIM kuti apange ntchito. Kotero, pokhala ndi njira yabwino, tinakonza khofi mu nyengo ya December kumeneko chifukwa cha Khirisimasi.


Pomwe anafunsa mafunso, Gabriela Rodríguez, Civil Engineer, Master mu Bim Management ochokera ku Rey Juan Carlos University of Spain. Ndi mafunso olembedwa ndi mkonzi wa Geofumadas.com.

Yankho limodzi ku "Zomwe zimachitika pa kuphunzira ndi kuphunzitsa BIM muzolowera ku CAD"

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