Udindo wamakono opanga magetsi mu kusintha kwa 3D Cadastre

Lachinayi November 29, monga Geofumadas ndi anthu omwe ali ndi 297 timakhala nawo pa webusaiti yotchulidwa ndi UNIGIS pansi pa mutu wakuti: "Udindo wamakono opanga magetsi mu kusintha kwa 3D Cadastre»Ndi Diego Erba, yemwe anafotokoza ubale wofunika pakati pa magetsi ndi 3D cadastre. Lau, wogwira ntchito ku Geofumadas, yemwe tinamulemba masana, tawonanso zomwe adaziwona, zomwe adazipeza komanso ndondomekoyi chifukwa UNIGIS Iye wapachikidwa icho kwa iwo omwe anachiphonya icho.

Kumvetsera kwa Erba kumafuna malingaliro otseguka ku masomphenya a zochitika mwachangu m'mayiko otukuka, ndi masomphenya a masewera m'mayiko omwe chilengezo cha 2034 Cadastral sichimaimira mantha pa zomwe zingachitidwe; koma makamaka mwachindunji mu kayendetsedwe ka kusintha, kupanga chisankho ndi zovuta zachuma panthawi yomwe ngongole za zotsatira kwa nzika zikukwera popereka chithandizo chabwino kuchokera ku deta. Wothandizira wanga, Lau, wakhala waluso kwambiri pofotokoza mwachidule zomwe zili mu Webinar; Mukhofi wamtundu ndikuwonetsa ndemanga yanga monga mkonzi wa Geofumadas.com.

Webinarayi inakhazikitsidwa malinga ndi zomwe zili m'bukuli Zitsanzo Zapamwamba Zogwiritsa Ntchito 3D CadastresNdipo iye anayamba kufotokoza, monga mawerengeredwe 3D kusintha dziko monga nawo mu luso la zopangapanga amphamvu amene amapereka mwayi kwa mipata atchule luso limene limalimbikitsa chitukuko, zonsezi popanda kunyalanyaza makhalidwe onse ku Dongosolo la 2D (mapu, makalata, ndondomeko).

Erba, anagogomezera kuti njira zosonkhanitsira deta ziyenera kukhala zophweka kudzera pulogalamu yaulere monga Zokongola, zomwe ndizomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga deta ndipo deta iyi imasungidwa pa intaneti, kusiya kugwiritsa ntchito mapepala monga njira yamagulu yosonkhanitsira.

Vuto lalikulu kwa opanga zisankho. Zoonadi, masomphenya ndi maphunziro ndi masomphenya. Komabe, tikawona zochitika monga Colombia Multipurpose Cadastre, kumene Trimble inabwera ndi Land Folio ndi PenMap, timatsimikiza kuti kugwirizanitsa ndi magetsi komwe kuli m'madera akumidzi kulibe vuto lalikulu. Malo osungirako a webusaiti adzalandirabe mtundu wosakanizidwa pakati pa kusonkhanitsa, kuyanjanitsa, komanso ngakhale pepala.

njira tiyenera kuziganizira podziwa kuti ngakhale luso tikadali gawo kusintha pakati pa 3D chiwonetsero ndipo 5D opareshoni, m'mizinda ikuluikulu mu Latin America ndi akufunika thandizo kutengera njira dziko loyamba, zidzakhala zabwino pamsewu wopita ku mizinda yabwino.

Anasonyezanso kuti tiyenera kuyamba kuganizira za chitsanzo cha 3D osati kokha chifukwa cha mapulogalamu a zamakono, koma chifukwa cha malo enieni omwe akufunira, kupyolera mwa ichi njira yabwino yokhala ndi zochitika zapakati pa malo ndizotheka. Kupyolera mu chitsanzo, udindo wa chitsanzo cha 3D ukhoza kuwonetsedwa pambali pa zovuta zomwe zivomezi ndi kuthamangitsidwa kwa nyumbayi zikhoza kuwerengedwa malinga ndi malo ndi kusamuka kwa nthakayo malinga ndi zigawozo.

Awonetsanso kafukufuku wa sayansi omwe akuchitika padziko lonse lapansi, omwe kuchokera ku 2011 amalimbikitsa kugwiritsa ntchito njira ya 3D yopenda malo, komanso akuitanira omvetsera kuti apange mapulogalamu ogwirizana ndi nkhaniyi, makamaka ku Latin America.

Kuphatikizana kwamakono

Kumvetsa sayansi zimene zimaphatikizapo mawerengeredwe 3D, malinga ndi dziko, m'pofunika kuyankha funso la momwe katundu m'kaundula mu 3D? Podziwa kuti wagawo ndi poyamba pozigwiritsa ntchito m'dziko polygon nthawi zonse, mmene inu mukhoza kukawerenga malo mu 3D ndipo phindu lake silinapezeke ndi mwambo wa cadastre.

Chabwino, poyamba, kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zamakono za 3D zingagwiritsidwe ntchito kusamalira malo, ndiko kuti, kufotokozera maonekedwe awo, ma volume ndi malo, komanso mitundu yomwe ili pamwamba pake.

Pogwiritsira ntchito mphamvu zamakono zamakono zimatha kutenga zambiri za deta, kuphatikizapo deta, monga mapulaneti kapena mitambo, zomwe ndizofunikira kumanga zinthu za 3D zomwe zimalimbikitsa kukula kwa malo osungirako zinthu.

Ma geomatics m'mayiko otukuka ayenera kuyandikira njira monga izi, zomwe, monga ndanenera kale, ndizowona komanso zosasinthika. Pamene zinthu izi zikugwiritsidwa ntchito, ndizofunika kuumirira pa njira; chifukwa ngakhale zida zogwiritsira ntchito zakhala zikupita patsogolo, ntchito zogwiritsira ntchito pulogalamuyo zamasinthidwa, ndi kulamulira kwachitsulo ndi kaphatikizidwe kazotsatira kwazomwe zapitazo zili zochepa. Ngati kugwiritsa ntchito chiwerengero cha ISO-19152 ndi vuto lovuta kwambiri, pakati pa kuchepetsa chikhalidwe cholingalira ndi chitsanzo, ndi maphunzilo a zolemba zapamwamba monga mfundo monga metadata yosungirako; ndikulingalira ngati tikufuna kupita kumagulu atatu (osati mwa kuwonetsera, kapena kugwidwa, koma ndi maulamuliro olamulira).

Ndikuganiza kuti vuto silikutengera masomphenya atsopano. Mabungwe onse ali ndi maphunziro apadera, makamaka potsata ndondomeko ya chidziwitso ndi chitukuko cha sayansi; koma vuto limagwirizanitsa ntchito zaumishonale osati kungoyang'ana pa gawo lodziwika bwino la deta, koma kumafuna kuti izi zikhale zatsopano, zotsatila zoyenera, ndi ziyeneretso zazinthu zina zomwe zingagwiritse ntchito chidziwitso, njira za Kupititsa patsogolo maulamuliro opatsirana, komanso njira yophunzirira ochita masewera omwe adzatenge nawo ntchito zopereka kwa nzika.

Amene akuyendera njira Integrated pakati Land kaundula, ife akudziwa za vuto kasamalidwe kusintha nawo ntchito ndi Choyenereza wa chojambulira kuti akuonetsa mapu pa intaneti wowerenga kuti salinso amanyamula anafotokoza moyandikana mu kulemba, ngati iwo ali zikuwoneka muzithunzithunzi zogwira ntchito za mapu a cadastral ndipo, zomwe zikuwonetseratu zoletsedwa ku malamulo apadera a boma omwe akuchokera ku malamulo. Tsopano tangoganizani kuti m'malo mwa ndege ya 2D, muyenera kuwona manda atatu omwe ali ndi nyumba zosungunuka zogwiritsidwa ntchito molimbika kwambiri pogwiritsa ntchito Drone2Map kapena ContextCapture.

Mu webinar anali anamugwira pamaso kukambirana kukhazikitsa sanjira 3D lonse, m'pofunika kugwiritsa ntchito njira zamakono zoyenera kupanga zitsanzo za chifaniziro cha malo, monga ndi geoid, monga izi ndi zofunika kumanga ndi kuthandiza Zitsanzo zimasinthidwa kuti zitheke. Ntchito yomanga chitsanzo ichi m'mayiko ambiri sizitha, zomwe ndizovuta kwambiri pakuganizira zojambulajambulazi, zowonjezereka.

Gawo lalamulo silingaleke pambali, podziwa kuti cadastre ndizofunika zokhudzana ndi zachuma - zakuthupi ndi zakuthupi. Malinga ndi malamulo omwe akugwirizana ndi cadastre mumzinda uliwonse, njira yomwe mipangidwe ndi mipata imachiritsidwa zidzatsimikiziridwa, nkhani ya Colombia-Brazil inakambidwa, kumene kugulitsidwa kumangidwe kumene kuli malo osalimba (dera lofiira) .

Chotero kodi ntchito 3D dziko, komanso deta buku alipo, kudzakhala zothandiza chimene iwo ankachitcha the web unakonzedwa ngati "zinthu kulowererana", ndiye kuti kuthetsa mavuto okhudzana ndi ufulu overlays ofukula (nyumba zokhudzana) kapena zogwirira ntchito (mapaipi, zingwe, tunnel kapena mapaipi).

Kuyambira pa malo awiri:

  • Kupeza: ndiko, kulipo, komwe kuli, komwe kuli kuwonekera.
  • Chilengedwe: Pangani deta kupyolera mu matekinoloje monga BIM, ndipo pangani chitsanzo cha 3D, chomwe chidzatha kupyolera mu ndondomeko yomwe imapereka chinthu chomwe chikuwonekera.

Ndichisoni chotani cholimbikitsanso; sizimathetsa kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka nthaka, koma m'kupita kwa nthawi kukonzanso ndikuphatikizira mautumiki kwa ochita masewera omwe akugwirizanitsidwa ndi chingwe.

Zopereka kwa geoengineering

Panthawi ya chiwonetserocho, Erba anasonyeza zitsanzo za momwe maofesi a 3D azinthu zogwirira ntchito amagwiritsiridwa ntchito, zomwe adanena kuti zitsanzozi zikuimira chida chopangira zisankho, chifukwa chochokera pa zomwe zilipo, ndiko kuti, kulingalira kuti kulipo, komwe kulipo ndi momwe izo zilili, izi zikhoza kukhala chiyambi cha zofanana zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito deta ili kuteteza mtundu uliwonse wa chochitika chabwino kapena choipa.

Phunziro la cadastral ndilosinthidwa kukana, kuphatikiza kwa lingaliro likuyamba VoxeL, chinthu chofanana ndi mnzake wa pixel, koma mu zinthu 3D, "ndizochepa zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito pamasitepe atatu". Lingaliro la zachuma 3D cadastre imayambitsidwanso, kuchokera pa zomwe pafupifupi kapena Kusintha kwabwino, zomwe zimakhala zofanana ndi zomwe malo amaikidwa pa malo ena, kuti adziwe makhalidwe ena molingana ndi momwe amachitira komanso chiyanjano ndi malo omwe akukhalapo.

Kodi chingachitike ndi Geographic Information Systems ndi chilengedwe chonse cha machitidwe omwe apangidwa kuti azisanthula malo, ndi zowonjezereka tsopano atatsimikiza kuti chiwerengero cha deta ya 3D, monga Erba adanena, kuti akatswiri ena ogwirizana ndi mundawu Deta ya dera imasonyeza kuti ndi mapeto a deta monga momwe zimadziwira, ndiko kunena kuti ndizo "Mapeto a polygon" monga maziko a deta yolumikizidwa ndi cadastre", Chomwe chimatanthauza kuti njira yomwe akugwiritsidwira ntchito, yomangidwanso ndi kusanthula iyenera kuganiziridwa.

Kuphatikizapo zowonera ndi deta mpheto 3D sakhala patali ndi zoona, ntchito monga ArcGIS ovomereza ESRI, DigitalTwins Bentley Systems kuti m'gulu functionalities awo mawonekedwe mwa kulemekeza deta awa, QGIS wakhalanso kuphatikizapo kuwonjezera-mvu othetsera deta mtambo, Choncho amapanga chinsinsi chimene chidzachitika ndi ochiritsira ndi ena ofunsira ndi okhudza malo kusanthula GIS, chifukwa zosintha ayenera kukhala mwachinsinsi ndi chomwe chayandikira zaumisiri, ife tiwona mu zaka zingapo, ngati pali zosintha ufulu mapulogalamu lolani zamtunduwu zosiyanasiyana za kusokoneza deta ya 3D.

Funso tiyenera kufunsa ngati mayiko athu akugwira ntchito dzanja ndi dzanja patsogolo luso, chitukuko cha SmartCities ndi mfundo imeneyi basi kuzungulira ngodya, ndipo pamafunika khama kwambiri a kusakanikirana zamakono, kuchokera mawerengeredwe 3D ubale ndi masensa ambiri alipo, kuphatikiza maganizo IoT - Internet wa zinthu, ndi kufala kwa deta kupyolera mu mtambo, chimene icho chiri amasintha mzinda ndi dziko, kuwatsogolera iwo kuti mukhale anzeru mizinda ndi dziko anzeru.

Webinar iyi inali yokondweretsa kwambiri, poganizira kufunika kwa ma 3D-BIM-modeling modeling in sensors-cloud for geoengineering, komanso kwa onse omwe akutsata njirayi.

Kwa ine, kulemekeza kwa Diego Erba, chifukwa cha kulalikira kwake mopanda mantha kwa masomphenya kupitirira pomwepo. Osatchula za chikondi chake ndi mphamvu zake za kufotokozera anthu omwe amasuta fodya m'njira yabwino kwambiri ya anthu.

UNIGIS, osapatsidwa mwayi wovutawu Dipatimenti ya Master Master Online, ndi ma webusaiti awa, akuthandizira kulengedwa kwa anthu omwe ali ndi chidwi chokhutira zomwe zimapangitsa kuti chiwerengerochi chikhale chofunika kwambiri. Ngakhale kuti nambalayi ndi yozizira, anthu a 95 a Colombia, 37 Argentina, 35 Mexico ndi anthu a 33 Ecuador amawerengera magawo awiri mwa atatu pa chiwerengero cha ophunzira pa webusaitiyi.

Kudikira lotsatira.

Simungathe kupita ku #Webinar ya #UNIGIS ndi Diego Erba? Pano pali mgwirizano ndi mafupitafupi kuti muwone zolemba # https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/7579969785221365507

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