CAD / GIS nsanja ayenera kupita GPU ndi

Omwe timagwiritsa ntchito zojambulazo, timakhala tikuyembekezera kuti makompyuta ali ndi chikumbumtima chokwanira. Mu izi, mapulogalamu a CAD / GIS akhala akufunsidwa kapena kuyesedwa malinga ndi nthawi yomwe imafunika kuchita ntchito za tsiku ndi tsiku monga:

  • Kusanthula malo
  • Kukonzanso ndi kulembedwa kwa zithunzi
  • Kutumizidwa kwa deta yaikulu
  • Kusamala kwa deta mkati mwa geodatabase
  • Utumiki wa data

Mapulogalamu a PC samasintha kwambiri zaka zaposachedwapa, monga RAM, hard disk, kukumbukira zithunzi ndi zinthu zomwe zakula; koma kulingalira kwa opaleshoni ya CPU yakhalabe yoyamba kupanga (Ndicho chifukwa chake timamutcha CPU). Zakhala zovuta kwambiri kuti magulu akamakula akwanitse, mapulogalamu amawononga chiyembekezo chawo pokonza kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zatsopano.

asus-dual-gpu-khadi

Mwachitsanzo, (ndi chitsanzo chokha) Pamene ogwiritsa awiri anayikidwa pa nthawi yomweyo m'mikhalidwe womwewo wa zida ndi deta wina AutoCAD 2010 ndi wina Microstation V8i, tsegula 14 raster images, ndi parcelario file 8,000 katundu ndi kugwirizana kwa Nawonso achichepere okhudza malo Oracle, ife kudzifunsa kuti;

Kodi chimodzi mwa ziwirizi, kuti musagwe makina?

Yankho silinali lokonzekera, ndi njira yokhayo yomwe pulojekiti ikuyendera, chifukwa izi sizili choncho ndi AutoDesk Maya, zomwe zimachita zinthu zopenga komanso zimapanga bwino. Njira yogwiritsira ntchito PC ndi yofanana (pakali pano pa mapulogalamu awiri), ndipo malinga ndi izi tikuwombera mapulojekiti, chifukwa timawagwira ntchito, ndi zambiri. Motero, makompyuta ena amadziwika ngati PC, ntchito kapena maseva; osati chifukwa chakuti ali ndi mtundu wina, koma chifukwa cha momwe iwo amaperekera mapulogalamu opangira mafilimu, kujambula mavidiyo, chitukuko cha mapulogalamu, ntchito ya seva komanso momwe ifeyo, ntchito ndi deta.

Pang'ono ndi CPU, GPU yambiri

Lapadera kwambiri kusintha posachedwapa amene anachitika ku zomangamanga a ma PC ndi akuti anayambitsa GPU (Njira Unit Zojambula), kupeza kompyuta ntchito bwino, kupanga zinthu zofunika kuchita zazikulu mu ntchito yaing'ono munthawi yomweyo, anyalanyaza makonzedwe CPU (Processing Unit chapakati), amene ntchito mphamvu ndi ankaimba pakati pa kusintha kwa molimba litayamba, RAM, video kukumbukira ndi kuphatikizapo munthu (osati ena ambiri).

Makhadi ojambula zithunzi sagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti awonjezere kukumbukira kanema, koma iwo eniake akuphatikizapo purosesa yomwe ili ndi makina ambiri omwe amayendetsera njira zofanana. Iwo nthawizonse akhala nazo izi (zambiri kapena zochepa), koma zopindulitsa pakalipano ndikuti opanga opanga amapereka zomangamanga (pafupi) kotero kuti opanga mapulogalamu angaganizire kukhalapo kwa khadi la izi ndikutha kugwiritsa ntchito zomwe zingatheke. Magazini a PC mwezi uno wa Januwale amatchula makampani monga nVidia, ATI ndi ena omwe akuphatikizapo mgwirizanowu OpenCL

Kuti mumvetse kusiyana pakati pa CPU ndi GPU, apa ndikukamba za fanizo:

CPU, yonseyi, ali ngati tawuni ndi chilichonse chomwe chilipo, chomwe chili ndi kukonza mizinda, chimadziwa kuti chiyenera kuyendetsa kukula kwake koma sichitha kuyang'anira ngakhale zomangamanga zomwe zikuphwanya malamulo. Koma mmalo mogulitsa ntchitoyi kwa kampani yachinsinsi, akuumirira kutenga gawolo, anthu sakudziwa yemwe angadandaule za mnzako yemwe akuyenda mumsewu, ndipo mzindawo ukupitirizabe kusokonezeka tsiku ndi tsiku.

Pepani, simunayankhule za meya wanu, munangoyankhula za fanizo la CPU, kumene Central Process Unit (ngati ili ndi Windows) iyenera kupanga gululo kuti lichite monga:

  • Mapulogalamu omwe amayamba pamene Windows akuyamba, monga Skype, Yahoo Messenger, Antivirus, Java Engine, ndi zina zotero. Zonse zimadya gawo la kukumbukira ntchito ndi zofunikira koma zosafunikira ngati zisasinthidwe ndi msconfig (chinthu chimene ena amanyalanyaza).
  • Mapulogalamu omwe akuthamanga, omwe ali mbali ya Windows, mapulogalamu omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito, ogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi hardware kapena ena omwe anatulutsidwa koma atsala. Izi kawirikawiri zimakhala ndi zofunikira kwambiri.
  • Mapulogalamu omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito, omwe amawononga malo ndi zinthu zofunika kwambiri. Timamva kufulumira kwake kupha pachiwindi chifukwa timatemberera ngati sazichita mofulumira ngakhale kuti tili ndi timu yapamwamba.

Ndipo ngakhale Windows ikuwongolera, machitidwe monga kukhala ndi mapulogalamu ambiri otseguka, kukhazikitsa kapena kuchotsa mosasamala, mitu yosafunika yomwe ikuwoneka pintones, amatipangitsa kuti tisawonongeke.

Izi zimachitika ndiye kuti pamene tiyambitsa ndondomeko ya iwo otchulidwa kumayambiriro, pulosesayo idzakhala konzani kokonati ndikuyang'ana kuika patsogolo izi pulogalamu ina yomwe ikugwiritsidwa ntchito. Zosankha zake zochepa zomwe mungachite kuti mugwirizanitse ndikumbuyo kwa RAM, video memory (yomwe nthawi zambiri imagawidwa), ngati pali khadi lachinsinsi kuti mupeze chinachake, malingana ndi mtundu wa hard drive ndi zinthu zina zing'onozing'ono, kukhumudwa kungakhale kochepa.

GPU, njira zofanana, zili ngati mamembala amasankha kuwonongera, kulandirira kapena kusungitsa zinthu zomwe sizingatheke, ngakhale zitakhala zochitika zazikulu zomwe zimaperekedwa m'ntchito zing'onozing'ono. Choncho, pogwiritsa ntchito malamulo omwe alipo, kampani yapadera imapatsidwa udindo woyang'anira zolakwika zina mwachindunji. Chifukwa (chitsanzo chokha), nzikayo ikhoza kukwaniritsa chisangalalo chokoma chouza nthiti kwa mnansi amene amachotsa galuyo mdima pamsewu wake, womwe umamanga khoma lokhala mbali ya msewu, kuyimitsa galimoto yanu molakwika, ndi zina zotero. Kampaniyo imayankha kuitanako, imapita kumalo, imayendetsa ntchito, imaitengera kukhoti, imapereka zabwino, hafu imapita kumatauni, ina imakhala bizinesi yopindulitsa.

Izi ndi momwe GPU ikugwirira ntchito, mapulogalamu angapangidwe kotero kuti asatumize njira zazikulu mwa njira yachizolowezi, koma m'malo mwake amapita mofanana ngati njira zochepetsedwa. O! zodabwitsa!

Padakali mapulogalamu ambiri akupanga ntchito zawo ndi zochitika zimenezi. Kwambiri kusewera wofuna kukwaniritsa 64 Akamva kuthetsa mavuto awo pang'onopang'ono, ngakhale kuti ife tonse tikudziwa kuti Don Bill Gates nthawizonse kuyenda mu ubongo amene adamulamulira zinthu zosafunika pa Mabaibulo yotsatira ya Windows. Njira Windows zikuphatikizapo popezera mpata wa GPU kudzera APIs lakonzedwa kuti ntchito DirectX 11, ndikutsimikiza zizikhala njira imene onse (kapena zambiri) kuvomereza chifukwa amakonda kukhala muyezo m'malo kuchita zinthu openga iliyonse mtundu mwa OpenCL.

Zing'onozing'ono

Chithunzichi chimapereka chitsanzo, pomwe chikuwonetsedwa pakati pa 2003 ndi 2008 purosesa ya nVidia kudzera mu GPU yakhala ikukonza mphamvu zake poyerekeza ndi Intel CPU. Komanso kusuta fodya kusiyana.

Koma kuthekera kwa GPU kuli komweko, ndikuyembekeza ndipo mapulogalamu a CAD / GIS amatulutsa madzi oyenera. Zakhala zitamveka kale, ngakhale vuto lalikulu kwambiri ndilo
ndi zobwezedwa GIS, ndi CUDA, NVIDIA makadi amene ndondomeko kupoletsa digito mtunda chitsanzo kuti anatenga kuposa 6 mphindi 11 anakwanitsa kuthamanga masekondi monga masuku pamutu kuli khadi CUDA. Fumada chomwe chinawachititsa gonjetsani Gotech 2008.

Pomaliza: Timapita ku GPU, ndithudi tidzawona zambiri m'zaka ziwiri zotsatira.

5 Mayankho ku "ma platform CAD / GIS ayenera kupita ku GPU"

  1. Moni Vicente, ndikuwona kuti mukuwoneka kuti mukuzoloŵera Windows 7.

    Kodi pali chilichonse chomwe mwaphonya pa XP?
    Kodi pali zifukwa zomwe sindingabwerera ku XP?

  2. Mawindo a 7 mu 64bits amakulowetsani ntchito mu 32bits ... Ndipo pakalipano palibe ntchito yanga ya GIS yasiya kugwira ntchito.

  3. «Mwa njira, mwayesera Manifold pa 64 mabatani?»

    Nup ... Ngakhale PC yanga yodzichepetsa ili ndi AMD ya 64 bits, sindinkafuna kuyika Windows 64 kuyambira phokoso la ntchito ndi madalaivala sangakhale osagwiritsidwa ntchito. Ndikuganiza kuti sitepeyo idzakhala ndi PC yopatulira ndikupita kuyika zonse mu 64bits.

    Sindikukayikira kuti Zojambulazo zidzakhala chimodzi mwazochita zomwe zingapangitse kusiyana kwawo pansi pa ziphuphu za 64, ndipo sizingakhale kusintha kokha koma kungatenge madzi (monga momwe anachitira ndi teknoloji ya CUDA GPU).

  4. Zikomo kwambiri chifukwa chodziwa zambiri za Gerardo. Mwa njira, kodi mwayesera Manifold pazitsulo za 64?

  5. Uthenga wabwino
    Ngati mukufuna kuona mawonetsero a mavidiyo a Manifold akuwonetsa kufulumira kofulumira kukonza mapepala a teknoloji ya CUDA - omwe angapangidwe mofanana ndi kuwonjezera mphamvu zawo, malinga ngati pali malo otsetsereka - pitani ku URL iyi ya YouTube :
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1h-jKbCFpnA

    Nyemba ina ya mbiri yakale: Manambala a 1 a SIG a bitatu a 64. Ndipo tsopano, 1er SIG pogwiritsa ntchito teknoloji ya CUDA ..

    zonse

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