Mmene Tax Katundu m'mayiko 27 lonse

Kuchokera ku ndemanga ya Ignacio Lagarda Lagarda, chithunzichi chikuwonetsa mgwirizano wa Mtengo wa Mtengo wokhudzana ndi katundu wamkati mwa Latin America.

msonkho wa msonkho wa cadastre

Kulimbana ndi Mexico ndi dziko lapansi, tikuwona kuti msonkho umenewu sungakhale woimira poyerekeza ndi mayiko ena onse a dziko lapansi. Tikuwona kuti Costa Rica, Panama, Bolivia, El Salvador ndi Chile zili pamwamba, zomwe zimakhala zofanana ndi za Slovakia, Czech Republic, Austria, Hungary, Turkey, Germany, Norway, Portugal, Poland ndi Finland. Pamene Uruguay, Paraguay ndi Argentina zikufanizidwa ndi Belgium, Ireland, Denmark, Sweden ndi Greece. Zingakhale zovuta ngati ife tikuganiza kuti GDP ya maiko ambiriwa sali oyenerera ndi chiwerengero cha gini ndipo motero zimayambitsa kusagwirizana pakati pa anthu.

msonkho wa msonkho wa cadastre

Ndipo chikhalidwe ambiri, ndi zosangalatsa kuona tebulo izi mwachidule mmene msonkho katundu ntchito m'mayiko 27, amene 62% Akusonkhanitsa ndi boma chapakati ndi 48% mwa maboma a m'mayikowo kapena mizinda yambiri.

Dziko

Mkhalidwe wa msonkho wa katundu

Canada

Ambiri amatauni amasonkhanitsa misonkho pa malo osungirako katundu ku malo osinthasintha, kuphatikizapo nthaka, nyumba zamalonda ndi malo okhala. Amatauni amakhomanso msonkho pa malo omwe amachitira.

United States

Malamulo omwe ali pansi pa msinkhu wa boma nthawi zambiri amapereka msonkho kwa eni eni eni eni. Zina zooneka (ndi zina zosaoneka) zimagulitsidwa m'mayiko ambiri. Kuwunika kumakhala kawirikawiri pa chiwerengero cha mtengo wamalonda. Misonkho ya katundu imaperekedwa kwa msonkho wa msonkho.

Russia

Olemba nthaka ayenera kulipira msonkho wa msonkho pamtengo wapangidwe. Misonkho ya msonkho imayikidwa mu ruble ndipo ndi yochepa.

Poland

Misonkho ya katundu ku Poland imaperekedwa kwa anthu ndi mabungwe azachuma, kuphatikizapo malonda a boma ndi mgwirizano. Misonkho imapangidwa kuchokera ku mtengo wa malo ndi nyumba, zomwe sizinagwiritsidwe ntchito mogwirizana ndi ulimi. Mitengo ya msonkho imasiyanasiyana malinga ndi mtundu wa malo. Zolemba malire mitengo ndi: Pakuti nyumba, PLN 0.18 pa mita lalikulu kwa nyumba ntchito zamitundu yosiyanasiyana. 6.63 PLN pa mita lalikulu nyumba zina, PLN 2.21 pa mita lalikulu kwa dzuwa anamanga, 2% wa mtengo wake, dziko ntchito zamitundu yosiyanasiyana, PLN 0.22 pa mita lalikulu.

Bulgaria

Onse ogulitsa katundu ku Bulgaria ali pansi pa msonkho wa nyumba, msonkho wa msonkho ndi mtengo umene boma limapatsidwa. Mitengo imasiyana pakati pa 0.2% ndi 0.6%. Misonkho iyenera kulipira ngongole iliyonse kwa ma municipalities.

Slovakia

Ndalama ya msonkho imasonkhanitsidwa kwa eni eni enieni, ndipo msonkho wa msonkho umaganizira zonse nthaka ndi nyumba. Mitengo imadalira mtundu ndi mtundu wa dzikolo, kukula kwake ndi mtengo wake. Pafupifupi nyumba zonse zogona zimakhala ndi msonkho wa katundu. Malipiro amadalira mtundu wa nyumbayi, ndi ntchito yake. Zambiri zimagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Czech Republic

Olemba nthaka akugonjera msonkho. Mitengo imasiyanasiyana malinga ndi kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa nthaka (ngati kuli malo aulimi), ndi m'deralo ndi mtundu wake, (pa nkhani ya mayiko ena). Mitengo imasiyanasiyana malinga ndi malo omwe pansi ndi kugwiritsa ntchito nyumbayi.

Romania

Misonkho yomanga ndi chaka, ndipo amawerengedwa ku 1.5% ya mtengo wa nyumbayi. Mtengo wa msonkho pamtundawu umakhalanso pachaka, ndipo amawerengeka pakati pa L 15 ndi L 120 pa mita imodzi iliyonse. Misonkho ya katundu pa nthaka yaulimi imasiyanasiyana pakati pa L 14,000 ndi L 45,000 pa hekita, malingana ndi malo a dzikolo.

Slovenia

Misonkho ya katundu imayikidwa pa mtengo wa nyumba, monga momwe boma limakhalira. Miyeso yopita patsogolo ikugwiritsidwa ntchito, osati yayikulu kuposa 1.5%. Zomangamanga zina sizimasulidwa. Mtengo wa katundu umagwiranso ntchito pa boti.

Hungary

Misonkho imaperekedwa kwa eni ake amitundu yonse. Misonkho ya msonkho ikhoza kukhala malo abwino, kapena malonda a katunduyo, monga momwe adasankhira. Pali "msonkho pa malo osapangidwira", omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa malo onse omwe angamangidwe. Mtengo wapamwamba wa msonkho uwu ndi HUF 100 pa mita imodzi iliyonse.

Australia

Misonkho ya msonkho ndi msonkho wapachaka umene umayenera kulipidwa ndi eni eni onse m'boma lirilonse, kupatulapo ku Australia Capital Territory. M'boma lirilonse limapereka msonkho wathunthu kapena pang'ono pokhapokha ngati msonkhanowo uli malo omwe akukhometsa msonkho. Mitengo ya msonkho imasiyanasiyana pakati pa mayiko.

Japan

Anthu ndi makampani omwe ali ndi malo ogulitsa nyumba ku Japan ali ndi msonkho wa msonkho wotchedwa "Land Value Tax". Mtengo uwu ndi 0.3%. Misonkho ya msonkho nthawi zambiri ndi 70% mpaka 80% ya mtengo wamalonda. Mitundu ina ya katundu siilipira msonkho umenewu, monga malo ogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi anthu paokha, malinga ngati malo onsewo sali oposa 1,000 mita mamita.

Malasia

Misonkho ya katundu ku Malaysia imatchedwa "Real Property Gains Tax". msonkho uyu wapatsidwa pa mitengo kuchepekela kwa 20% kuti 5%, malingana ndi nyengo yokhudza akupeza kapena zomvetsa likulu amaonedwa ndi msonkho pa phindu amazipeza chaka panopa kapena zaka mtsogolo, kupatula mu milandu khalidwe la magawo kampani yogulitsa nyumba. Munthu amene Ma Malay akupempha kuti abweretse msonkho kuti agwiritse ntchito katunduyo monga malo okhala. RM chikhululukiro 5,000 kapena 10% ya phindu mlandu, iliyonse ndi wamkulu, akamagwira anthu onse opanda chiletso osati kukhala udindo wake monga nzika Malaysia.

Singapore

Mtengo uwu umatchedwa "Tax Tax". Mtengo uwu ndi chaka, ndipo mlingo woyenera ndi 4% pa malo okhalamo mwiniwake, ndi 13% pazinthu zina zonse.

China

Chinthu chokha chomwe tikudziwa ndi chakuti msonkho amalipidwa pa malonda komanso phindu la nthaka.

New Zealand

Akuluakulu amisonkho am'deralo amapereka misonkho pamalowa.

India

Maboma amayesa msonkho wa pakhomo.

Tailandia

Misonkhoyi imatchedwa "Land and Tax Taxes". Omwe ali ndi malo kapena nyumba zomwe zili m'malo osankhidwa akhoza kukhala ndi msonkho wapachaka pokhapokha ngati msonkho wa Tax Development Act wa 1965 ndi Tax Act ya 1965. Misonkho yachitukuko yowonerako ikugwiritsidwa ntchito pa mtengo wowerengeka wa nthaka. Mtengo wapachaka ndi 12.5% wa kuyesa kwa ndalama zapakhomo.

Peru

Misonkho ya pakhomo imachokera pazovomerezeka za boma, ndipo imaperekedwa kwa mabungwe alamulo ndi eni eni a kumidzi kapena kumidzi. Misonkho imaperekedwa pa mtengo wowonjezera wa katundu yense wogula. Mndandanda uli .2% mu magawo khumi ndi awiri oyambirira a msonkho, .6% kwa khumi ndi zisanu ndi chimodzi mphambu makumi asanu ndi limodzi za msonkho, ndi 1% kwa iwo omwe apitirira ndalamayi.

Guyana

Ku Guyana msonkho wa msonkho umatchedwa Property Tax, ndipo ndi msonkho wa pachaka womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito pa "nsomba" kumapeto kwa chaka. Ndalama ndizo ndalama zomwe mtengo wa munthu aliyense umakhalapo kuposa chiwerengero chonse cha ngongole zomwe zimagwiridwa ndi munthuyo. Malowa akuphatikizapo katundu weniweni komanso weniweni wa munthuyo, ufulu wa mtundu uliwonse, zotsatira zake (zomwe ziri ku Guyana kapena kulikonse), ndi phindu lochokera ku kugulitsa katundu kapena ndalama kapena ndalama zomwe zikuimira phindu. Zokwanira zingapo sizinayenere kuwerengedwa kwa nsomba, ndipo chiwerengero cha ndalama zogwiritsidwa ntchito chikhoza kupangidwa kuchokera ku mtengo wa katundu pamene mtengowo umapanga maziko a msonkho. Mwachidule, mtengo wogulidwa umagwiritsidwa ntchito poyerekeza ndi katundu womwe unaperekedwa kapena pambuyo pa 1 ya Januwale 1991, pamene mtengo wamagetsi umagwiritsidwa ntchito poyerekeza ndi katundu womwe unaperekedwa tsiku lisanadze. Misonkho ya msonkho wa katundu kwa makampani ndi 0% ku G G1 500,00 yoyamba, 0.5% ku G $ 5 miliyoni, ndiXXUMUM% mpaka ndalama zina zomwe zimayenderana ndi msonkho. Misonkho ya anthu ndi 075% pa G $ 0 miliyoni yoyamba, 5% pa G $ 0.5 milioni yotsatira, ndi .5% pa ndalama zina zonse zomwe zimaperekedwa msonkho.

Venezuela

Misonkho ya katundu imachokera ku mtengo wa malowo, malinga ndi kuunika kwa a boma. Nthaŵi zambiri msonkho kuzungulira 0.1% ya kuyesa. Mtengo uwu ndi chaka, koma kawirikawiri sichiperekedwa mpaka katundu atagulitsidwa.

Belize

Malipiro osiyanasiyana amaperekedwa ndi akuluakulu a boma mumzinda ndi midzi kupita kumalo okhala. Misonkho imapangidwanso ndi malonda omwe sali kunja kwa mizinda. Mtengo uli pafupi 1%.

Costa Rica

Ndalama ya msonkho imatchedwa Tax Territorial, ndipo imaimbidwa molingana ndi mtengo wotchulidwa kapena wofunika wa malo ndi zomangamanga, zomangamanga ndi zipangizo, kuphatikizapo makina ndi zipangizo zomwe zimapanga mbali yomanga. Misonkho iyenera kulipidwa pamwezi uliwonse. Zamtengo zamtengo wapatali zosakwana c 150,000 zilibe msonkho

Panama

Malo ogulitsa katundu omwe ali ku Panama, rustic kapena m'tawuni, amatha msonkho wotchedwa "Real Tax Tax". Olemba ayenera kulipirira malingana ndi kukula kwake komwe kumayambira ku 1.4% ya mtengo wapamwamba pamwamba pa ziboliboli za 10,000, ku 2.1% pamwamba pa zizindikiro za 75,000. Pansi pazi ndi mtengo womwe wapatsidwa ndi Komiti ya Ground. Pali zosiyana zambiri, kuphatikizapo nyumba ndi zintchito zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mabungwe othandizira kapena ndi mabungwe apagulu kapena katundu omwe ali ndi mtengo wochepa kuposa mabotolo a 10,000.

Ecuador

Maboma amatha kubweza msonkho wapachaka kumidzi ndi kumidzi yomwe imatchedwa "Misonkho m'matauni ndi kumidzi". Misonkho imachokera pa mtengo wovomerezeka kupatulapo zochepa zapadera. Mitengoyi ndi yochepa. Ngati wokhometsa msonkho ali ndi katundu wambiri, zikhalidwezo zimagululidwa ndi ma municipalities, ndipo ndalamazo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ku mtengo wake wonse.

Guatemala

Amene ali ndi nyumba zamalonda zomwe zili ku Guatemala ayenera kulipira msonkho wa pachaka wotchedwa "Sole estate tax". Makhalidwe ogwira ntchito ndi omwe amapezeka mu bungwe lolemba katundu, ngakhale kuti okhometsa misonkho akhoza kuwongolera zoyenera. Mitengo ya msonkho imachokera ku 0% pa Q Q 2,000 yoyamba, ku 0.9% pa mtengo uliwonse waukulu kuposa Q 70,000.

Honduras Maboma amatha kubweza msonkho kumudzi ndi kumidzi ya kumidzi kuyambira kumudzi mtengo wa cadastral. Kuwerengera kwa msonkho wa malo ogulitsidwa mumzinda ganizirani kufunika kwa nthaka ndi kusintha; Kumidzi ya kumidzi mtengo wa mbewu zosatha ndiwonjezeredwa. Pomwe chiwerengero cha cadastral cha katunducho chawerengedwa, mlingo wochokera ku 2.50 kufika ku 3.50 Lempiras pa zikwi zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito, zomwe zingasinthidwe pang'onopang'ono muzomwe sizoposa 0.50 pachaka. Kuphatikizanso apo, lamulo limapatsa kuti chaka chilichonse cha 5 chiyambe kusinthidwa machitidwe a cadastral ndi kuvomereza peresenti ndi anthu.

Gome limatengedwa pakupanga kwa Miguel Ángel Montoya Martín del Campo mu buku lake «Kupenda koyerekeza kwamisonkho yamalo omwe ali m'maiko osiyanasiyana padziko lapansi».

Yankho Limodzi ku "Kodi Misonkho Yamtengo Wapatali M'mayiko a 27 a Dziko"

  1. Ku Colombia, msonkho wanyumba ndi mitundu yonse ya zomangamanga umatchedwa msonkho wa katundu, umayikidwa ndi boma mwakufuna kwawo ndipo ndiye kuba kwakukulu kwambiri komwe kungakhalepo, pali eni nyumba masauzande ambiri, ALIYENSE OGULITSIRA omwe sangathe kulipira , yemwe samalipira kumayambiriro kwa chaka sangapangidwe kuchotseredwa kwa 10 peresenti ndipo ngati sakulipidwa panthawi yomwe boma likuyitanitsa chiwongoladzanja chomwe chimaletsedwa kulipira anthu achilengedwe kapena bungwe lililonse mdziko muno koma boma ngati litero ndipo limayenda tsiku ndi tsiku, monga mwachitsanzo ndikukuuzani kuti sindingathe kulipira msonkho wanyumba kwa zaka zinayi kumapeto ndidakwanitsa kubweza ngongole ndipo chiwongola dzanja chidali chofanana kale ndi ngongoleyi !!! Colombia ndichifukwa chake dzikolo limakhala malo achisanu mosakondana komanso zopanda chilungamo pazachikhalidwe. Mu ziphuphu za A POLISI, MUYENERA KUDZIWA Zoyambirira.

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