#GIS - ArcGIS Pro Course - kuyambira zikayamba

Phunzirani ArcGIS Pro Easy - ndizopangidwira anthu okonda kwambiri machitidwe odziwa malo, omwe akufuna kuphunzira momwe angagwiritsire ntchito mapulogalamuwa a Esri, kapena ogwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe apitawo omwe akuyembekeza kusintha malingaliro awo mwachindunji. ArcGIS Pro ndiyo njira yatsopano ya mapulogalamu a GIS otchuka kwambiri, omwe anamaliza ndi ArcMap 10x.

Maphunzirowa apangidwa ndi Golgi Alvarez, pogwiritsa ntchito njira yake ya AulaGEO:

  • Onse ali kumalo omwewo,
  • Ntchito zomwe adachita ndi katswiri, adafuula mokweza,
  • Tengani maphunziro pamtunda wanu, ndi kupeza moyo,
  • Kusankha kufunsa mafunso pamene mukufuna,
  • Zipangizo ndi deta zilipo pothandizira,
  • Kufikira ku zipangizo zamagetsi,
  • M'Chisipanishi ndi Chingerezi.

Maphunzirowa ali ndi zigawo zisanu ndi chimodzi; Mu zisanu zisanu zoyambirira timagwira ntchito ndi deta pa mlingo wa dziko, phunzirani pang'onopang'ono momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito ndondomeko pa deta yomweyi. Mu gawo la 6, chitsanzo chachiwiri chikugwiritsidwa ntchito, ndipo zochitika zimapangidwa pang'onopang'ono pang'onopang'ono, kuchokera kuitanitsa deta kuchokera ku AutoCAD / Excel kuti ikhale ndi mafotokozedwe ovuta ndi machitidwe omwe amachokera pa matebulo owonetsedwa kunja.

Pezani maphunziro a ku Spain

Pezani maphunziro mu Chingerezi

M'munsimu muli chidule cha maphunziro.

Gawo la 1. Maziko a ArcGIS Pro

Tiyeni tiyambe ndi ArcGIS Pro. Mu kalasi iyi, mawonekedwe atsopano a pulogalamuyo amadziwika, ndi kasamalidwe kokhudzana ndi gulu lamanzere ndi ndondomeko ya deta yomwe ili m'gulu labwino. Zimatheka mwa kutsatira zochitika zogwiritsira ntchito deta kuchokera ku ndege kudziko lonse lapansi, kukafufuza deta za iwo ndikuyesera kudziŵika ndi riboni pamwamba ndi zipangizo.

Kusankhidwa kwa Deta Mukalasi iyi mumaphunzira njira zosiyana siyana posankha zinthu, zonse mwa kusankha pa makiyi ndi zochokera pamaganizo ndi malo omwe mukukhala nawo. Kuchokera tsopano ntchito yonse ikuchitika pa gawo limodzi pa mlingo wa dziko.

Kuyimitsa Malo (Mabuku). Pano tikufotokozera momwe tingakhazikitsire malo osankhidwa mwamsanga, kuti tithe kuyenda moyenera. Ntchitoyi ikugwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito chithunzithunzi cha satana (chiwonetsero cha dziko) ndipo imaphunzitsidwa momwe angapangire, kusuntha, kupukuta, kusintha kapena kuchotsa malo omwe ali ndi chidwi (bokosi).

Gawo la 2. Chilengedwe ndi kusindikizidwa kwa deta.

Onjezani deta kuchokera ku Excel. Izi zikuphatikizapo pang'onopang'ono momwe mungayikitsire deta kuchokera ku gome loyendetsera Excel. Pankhaniyi, ntchito zogwiritsira ntchito zagwiritsidwe ntchito; muzochita masewera olimbitsa thupi, Maofesi a UTM a Excel nthawi zonse amaikidwa. Inde, m'zimenezi ndi zina zimagwiritsa ntchito mafayilo kuti athe kupitanso kalasiyo.

Chizindikiro cha Data Kalasiyi ikuphatikizapo kugwiritsa ntchito mafano ophiphiritsira owonetsetsa pogwiritsa ntchito ndondomeko ya magome. Zigawo zomwe zili pamtunda wa dziko zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pa izi, zomwe zimachitika chaka chonse (Madagascar).

Kusintha kwa chidziwitso. Kuno kumadera omwewo anasankhidwa monga kusinthira deta alphanumeric, kusintha ndi kuwonjezera zipilala, komanso chiwerengero cha m'deralo ndi kusungiramo m'matawuni pogwiritsa ntchito ndondomeko yowonetsera.

Kulemba kwa zikhumbo. Tsopano, akufotokozedwa momwe angabweretse deta yamtundu wa chinthu ndikuwoneka ngati zizindikiro (ma labels). Zimafotokozedwa momwe tingachitire izo ma polygoni, mizere ndi mfundo; komanso mbali zina zokhudzana ndi kayendedwe ka chizindikiro.

Kusinthidwa kwadzidzidzi. Zida zothandizira deta ya deta zifotokozedwa.

Zithunzi zojambulidwa. Pano, pogwiritsa ntchito mfundo zodziwika pa fano, georeferencing yachitika malinga ndi malo osanjikiza.

Gawo la 3. Kusanthula deta

Kusanthula maganizo - Buffer. Zimafotokozedwa momwe mungasankhire deta komanso kuti izi zikugwiritsidwe ntchito mofulumira, kusankha mtundu wa mapeto, mtundu wa mapeto.

Gawo la 4. Sindikizani zinthu ndi ArcGIS Pro

Mbadwo wa Maps. Pano tikufotokozera momwe tingamangire bokosi la kusindikizira, kufotokoza momwe tingawonjezere zinthu pa mapu ngati chizindikiro chachikulu, chizindikiro chophiphiritsira, chizindikiro chakumpoto, ndi zina zotero. Imafotokozanso momwe mungatulutsire mapu ku maonekedwe ena (pdf, png, jpg, eps, etc.) kuti musindikize kapena kuyang'ana ndi mapulogalamu omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Gawo la 6. Tiyeni tichite izi - magawo ndi masewero olimbitsa thupi

M'gawo lino, pa gawo lachiwiri la ntchito, zochitika zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuzinthu zofanana zokhudzana ndi katundu. Kumbukirani malo omwe timatembenukira ku fanizo la digito kuchokera ku zithunzi, pogwiritsa ntchito Regard3D, AutoDesk Recap ndi malo omwe mtambo wathu timatumizira ku Civil3D. Pakuti pa malo omwewa ntchito zotsatirazi zikugwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito ArcGIS Pro, ndi mavidiyo ambiri. Zochita zonsezi ndizomwe zimatengera deta, mafayilo oyenerera kuti achite masewera olimbitsa thupi komanso zotsatira zake zowunika.

Zotsatira za kusintha kuchokera ku ArcMap kupita ku ArcGIS Pro. Mu kalasi iyi, ulendo wa ArcGIS Pro, mawonekedwe ake amawonekera, kufotokoza kusintha kwakukulu, ubwino ndi zofunikira za buku ili poyerekeza ndi ArcMap. Gawo lirilonse la gulu lapamwamba likufotokozedwa, kodi ntchito zazikulu ndi zotani zomwe ziri pansi pa kukonzanso kukonzanso zomwe ArcGIS Pro zili nazo.

E1 jercicio. Tengani katundu kuchokera ku mapu a AutoCAD kupita ku GIS. Fayilo ya dwg yochokera ku AutoCAD / Microstation imatengedwa, ndipo yokhudzana ndi kuitanitsa kuchokera ku ArcGIS Pro; kufotokoza zomwe mungachite pamene malembawo sakugwirizana. nkhani monga kulekanitsa kwa zinthu ndi wosanjikiza, kuchotsa zinthu zosafunikira monga olamulira a msewu kwambiri, makalasi kutembenuka mbali ndi kutembenuka kwa zinthu kuti akhale polygons koma kuti anadza ngati mizere monga choncho anafotokoza mapulogoni a nyumbayo, kugawana mizere yomwe iyenera kukhala imodzi pambali ya mtsinje waukulu, nyumba ndi gombe. Koposa zonse, momwe zinthu izi za CAD zimakhalira GIS zigawo.

Yesetsani 2. Kusokoneza malo kuchokera ku GPS malo mu UTM. Ponena za ntchito yomwe inatumizidwa kuchokera ku AutoCAD, magulu a makonzedwe omwe athandizidwa ndi GPS omwe ali mu UTM mawonekedwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti awononge katundu. Zochitazo zikuphatikizapo ntchito yoitanitsa makonzedwe opangidwa mu mawonekedwe a XY, kuwapatsa WGS84 mawonedwe, malo ndiyeno kuwamasulira iwo kukhala mapu pamapu. Pazinthuzi, mwayi wopanga gawo lochepa, kuyendetsa kayendedwe ka chiwonongeko, kuwerengera malo ndi malo onse awiri mamita ndi kutembenuka ndi kusungirako m'mbali ina monga mahekitala akugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Yesetsani 3. Kuphatikiza kwa malo owerengedwa owerengedwa. Ntchitoyi ndi yapadera. Kutenga, kupitiliza ndi chitukuko cha katundu, kumalongosola momwe mungapangire zolumikizana zovuta, monga chinsinsi cha cadastral pogwiritsa ntchito centroid mu mawonekedwe P-coordinateX, kuwonetseratu Y, kuganiza ndi nambala.

Yesetsani 4. Buffer Analysis. Pa mtsinjewu umene umadutsa m'minda, chiwerengero cha malo amachitidwe, chikugwiritsidwa ntchito, pogwiritsira ntchito phokoso la mamita 15 kuchokera ku mtsinje waukulu ndi 7.5 mamita kumalo osungira. Kuphatikizanso apo, zimasonyeza momwe mungapangire kukhazikitsidwa kukhala ndi pulogalamu imodzi yokha ya chikoka.

Yesetsani 5. Kulemba kwa zikhumbo. Tsopano, monga kupitiriza kwa ntchito ndi katundu, ife tikufotokoza momwe tingapangire mawu kuti tigwirizanitse deta zingapo kuchokera pazithunzi zosiyana za tebulo mu mawonekedwe a malemba. Pankhaniyi, code cadastral yomwe tinapanga kale, ndipo dera likuwonjezera A = pamaso phindu. Kuwonjezera apo, imafotokoza momwe mungasinthire chizindikirocho, poyerekeza ndi mayina a nkhwangwa za mitsinje komanso momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito zotsatira zapadera ndikusintha ndondomeko ya malembawo.

Yesetsani 6. Kutengeka ndi zikhumbo. Maphunzirowa ndi limaphunzitsa, monga zochokera deta tabular akhoza thematize malo, ntchito mfundo ndi magwiridwe a ArcGIS ovomereza. An kupambana tebulo pamene eni ndi maulalo, ndi kufufuza malo ndi ali ndi chikhalidwe chapadera, mwachitsanzo pamene mwini dzina lake "Juan", komwe kulibe khadi lachidziwitso ndipo kenaka amatsitsimutsidwa malinga ndi zoyenera.

Yesetsani 7. Kulemba zamakono Kalasiyi ikugwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu za kulenga ndi kusinthidwa kwa deta. Jambulani zidule limafotokoza mmene kupanga dzenje m'dera ku lagoon ndi momwe kuti kudzazidwa njira polygon ntchito galimoto-wathunthu kapena jambulani m'mphepete mwa mtsinjewo ntchito kufufuza chida.

Yesetsani 8. Zithunzi zojambulidwa. Apa, kutenga chithunzi kuti UTM ndondomeko amadziwika georeferencing zichitike. Mosiyana ndi mchitidwe wa chigawo yapita, ikukonzekera Ntchito izi kukopedwa monga vertex amayang'anira ndi X, Y.Podrían kukhala ArcGIS maphunziro ena ovomereza. Mwina palibe monga chonchi.

Mukamaliza maphunzirowo, mukhoza kuzilandira pa moyo wanu ndipo mutenge nthawi yanu mobwerezabwereza.

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