Ma cadastre a Municipal, njira yomwe ili yoyenera

Zaka zingapo za cadastre, ndipo funsoli ndilofala nthawi zonse. Kodi ndi njira iti yabwino yomwe mungapangire cadastre?

Timavomereza kuti izi sizowoneka, chifukwa pali zosiyana zomwe ziyenera kuwerengedwa ndipo njira iliyonse ikhoza kukhala ndi zosiyana pamadera osiyanasiyana. Kotero kuti tiwonetsetse positi, tiyeni tiyese zinthu zomwe zingakhale zothandiza pa zosankha, kuti tipulumutse zopindulitsa za zokambirana zomwe zinaperekedwa masiku angapo apitawo.

njira zofufuza za cadastral

Chifukwa chiyani makampani a cadastre. Ndikufotokozera izi, chifukwa chotsatira ikugwira ntchito kupita ku malo, kumene magalimoto akufuna kupanga cadastre yake, mwina ndi njira zake kapena pothandizira polojekiti. Sichikugwiritsidwa ntchito pulojekiti yayikulu pamadera kapena m'mayiko, motsogoleredwa ndi bungwe lokhazikitsidwa, lomwe liri ndi mikhalidwe yabwino yokwaniritsa polojekitiyi ndi ndalama zambiri zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito ... komanso zizindikiro zambiri zowonjezera.

m'zitsanzozi Choncho, boma, kukula zonse, amene adzakhala pa ambiri 5,000 nyumba m'matawuni midzi yaikulu, za 4 m'madera, koma ndi zosakwana 1,000 katundu ndi ena akumidzi kapena chirichonse chimene inu itanani mbali ina, rustic.

Cadastre kwa chiyani. Izi ndizofunikira kufotokozera, chifukwa njira yoyenera kwa cadastre ndi njira yovomerezeka siidzakhala yofanana ngati cholinga chake ndi ndalama zenizeni kapena kugwiritsa ntchito nthaka. Ndiponso chifukwa ngati pali chimodzi njira zowonetsera, kuyerekezera kwa nyumba kapena kuwerengedwa kwa mbewu yosatha kumafuna zina zoyenera kuti ntchitoyi ikhale yogwira mtima.

Chofunika kwa municipalities chomwe chiribe cadastre sichiri molondola, ndiko kukhala ndi malo oti muzigwiritsire ntchito. Choncho tiyenera kulingalira njira zomwe zimakhazikika, zomwe zimathandiza kuthetsa kuuka kwathunthu kwa masisitomala, kudzipereka kuti agwiritse ntchito, kusinthika ndikukonza molondola.

Njira zina zomwe ndayesera. Zaka zinayi zapitazi tayesera njira zosiyana, malingana ndi maulamuliro, taonani ndikufotokozera mwachidule ena:

  • Photogrammetry Pang'onopang'ono, m'matawuni njira iyi ikugwiritsidwa ntchito, makamaka chifukwa si ndalama mogwirizana ndi kulondola kwake. Palibe kampani yomwe ingapange ndege ku 10,000 mamita pamwamba pa dera laling'ono kwambiri, ndikuchita izi kuti ma municipalities onse asakhale opanda ndalama. Ndiye ngati kutanthauzira chithunzi kumagwiritsidwa ntchito m'matawuni nthawi zonse kuli koyenera kuyesa malire ndipo potsiriza molondola sizingakhale bwino m'madera omwe anthu amatenga mpeni wa 10 sentimenti. Komabe, mmadera akumidzi, ndizothandiza kwambiri chifukwa kufotokozera kwakukulu kulibe pokhapokha pakufunika kudutsa malire onse ndipo mwangwiro sikokwanira chifukwa chiwembucho chili ndi malo akuluakulu.
  • Kujambula zithunzi + GPS. Ngati muli ndi orthophoto yomwe mungagwiritse ntchito bwino kumidzi ndi zotsatira zabwino kwambiri. Kukambirana, tinakambirana za orthophoto kuchokera chithunzi mlengalenga, monga orthorectified Kanema chithunzi tsopano ali ochepera mita imodzi mapikiselo ali kuwapotoza ambiri m'madera a zimachititsa chilumbachi osasamba, chifukwa bwino chisomo ortho ntchito Google. Zochita ndasunga kuti kaphatikizidwe ntchito magnification (orthophoto) kusindikizidwa ndi otsika-mwatsatanetsatane GPS (Garmin 3 5 kuti meters) kumabweretsa zotsatira zina zothandiza kwa dinani stereoscope zithunzi zamlengalenga kenako kudutsa ku kukulitsa.
    Ine sindikunena ali disposable koma zokayikitsa ntchito mu mizinda yambiri lochepa, zotsatira zake kumalo ena kuti tsopano kulola GPS kusonyeza raster kapena chifukwa inu simungakhoze nthawi zonse kupezeka ngakhale kapena anthu ogwira anakhoza kuphunzira njira ya. Zithunzi nkhonya kumabweretsa palibe ubwino nkhani yolinganizika, chifukwa yekha m'lifupi cholembera luso pa kusindikizidwa orthophoto 1: 10,000 10 mamita adzakhala zolakwa zambiri zitachitika kale Orthorectification mapulogalamu. Komanso funso ngati nsonga ya phiri stereoscope chitsanzo chabwino koma si pa kusindikiza, amatayidwa chifukwa mchitidwe limasonyeza kuti zimenezi n'zotheka kwa katswiri yemwe amachokera njira ochiritsira, novice sizinaonekeponso ndi aliyense njira ziwirizo ndi bwino kutenga mfundo zingapo ndi GPS kuti mutenge ma foni. Kenaka ndi kutanthauzira kwa zinthu zina monga kugwiritsa ntchito nthaka, njira zamakono zowonongeka zimapanga ntchito yabwino komanso ndalama zochulukirapo ndi magulu oyang'aniridwa.
  • njira zofufuza za cadastral Kampasi ya GPS +. Njira iyi ndi yothandiza ngati muli ndi siliva. Ndagwiritsanso ntchito m'matawuni, ndikugwiritsa ntchito njira ya GPS submétrica yolongosola msewu wa msewu, ndikugwiritsa ntchito kampasi kuti mugwirizane. Monga tepi ntchito kuyeza amadzibisa zolakwa chimachititsanso mu msewu, kusiya molondola wachibale malire mu masentimita zosakwana 10 ndi ulemu mtheradi zomangira akuluakulu ndi GPS pafupi yapansi panthaka. Muyese kuyesa ndalamazo ndikutsatirana ndi katatu. Sikoyenera ngati kafukufukuyo ali ndi zovuta zowonjezereka, ngati katunduyo ali ndi udindo kapena maofesi a cadastral omwe ali ndi malamulo oyenera; chifukwa cha izo, zidzasankhidwa kuyang'ana pamunda panthawi yomwe apempha.
  • njira zofufuza za cadastral Galimoto yamtundu wa GPS. Njira iyi ndi yogwira ntchito, chifukwa imapereka chithunzithunzi chabwino komanso zowonjezera Zithunzi za 3 kuti mwamsanga kapena mtsogolo zidzakhala zothandiza. Imafuna ma GPS a georeference awiri oyamba poyambira, ndi kutenga zochepa-zowonongeka-mfundo zomwe zimalepheretsa zolakwika muzowona zosayang'ana mmbuyo. Sikofunika kukhala ndi malo onse, chifukwa akhoza kubwereka, komanso mfundo za GPS zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito payekha. Nthawi zonse muyenera kuyesa ndalamazo, zomwe zingathe kuthandizidwa pazithunzi, kampasi kapena triangulation ndi zoyenera kwambiri.

Chimene ndikulangiza.

Ngati inali nthawi yanga yosankha, kumatawuni ndikupita kumalo okwera. Kutenga anyamata angapo akutuluka kompyuta sekondale, sitima ndi dontho kumuchitikira ntchito. Komanso boma kapena kucheza kapena Consortium a mizinda yambiri, kupeza okwana siteshoni woyenda ndi $ 7,000 si ndalama zoipa, popeza ntchito kupitirira kafukufuku cadastre, stakeout kapena kuphedwa kwa ntchito zomangamanga ndi ndalama wabwino. Tangowonani maphunziro a anthu ogwira ntchito.

Ndipo mu izi ndimayankhula za malo ochiritsira, robotiki Sichikugwiritsidwa ntchito ku malo omwe ntchito sizikhala zotsika mtengo ndipo ngati mutatseka theka la diso malo, foni imabedwa ... ndipo ngati muli ndi ulemu.

Pomalizira, aliyense amene asankha njirayo ayenera kumvetsetsa kuti mapu a cadastral adzakhala nthawi yosamveka bwino. Ndipo ngakhale zenizeni zenizeni zomwe tikuzipeza tsopano, muzaka zingapo adzafunsidwa chifukwa chachabechabe chake chokhudza phiri la Mars.

Njira yabwino kwambiri ndi yomwe imakhala yokwanira ndi ndalama za mwiniwake, zomwe ndalama zake zimapezedwa posachedwa komanso zomwe tidzakhala nazo m'madera onse a boma.

Mayankho a 3 ku "Municipal cadastre, njira yomwe ili yoyenera"

  1. Amalume anga anamwalira ndipo ndikufuna kusintha dzina ndikupitiriza kulipira.

  2. m'zitsanzozi Choncho, boma, kukula zonse, amene adzakhala pa ambiri 5,000 nyumba m'matawuni midzi yaikulu, za 4 m'madera, koma ndi zosakwana 1,000 katundu ndi ena akumidzi kapena chirichonse chimene inu itanani mbali ina, rustic

    4,787 urban real estate, 2,138 urban real estate m'midzi yambiri, 18,000 mahekitala akumidzi.

    Inde, iyi ndi mbali ina ya dziwe.

    Inde, m'zaka za 8, ndi kuvomereza / mgwirizano / mgwirizano / kuwonetsera kwabwino pa zaka za 5 ndi kubwezeretsanso ndalama zina zopezeka, ngati pali msonkho wa katundu.

    Makilomita akuluakulu adzalandira ndalama zambiri, osati nthawi yambiri.

  3. «Kodi tikhala kuti makhansala onse amangidwe munthawi ziwiri zokha za boma?"

    Kodi mwini nyumbayo amakhala liti?

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