Madzi ndi mapu. kathakal

aguaymapasEsri Spain yakhazikitsa ntchito yosangalatsa ya World Water Day, ndikuwonetseratu webusaitiyi aguaymapas.com mu nyuzipepala yomwe timalemba mwachidule m'nkhaniyi.

"Patsiku la Tsiku la Madzi Padziko Lonse ku Esri Spain tikufuna kusonyeza momwe chilala cha miyezi yotsirizayi chikukhudzidwa ndi madzi athu. Tikukhulupirira kuti kuona mapulaneti ndi chisinthiko, komanso kusowa kwa malo osungira mapu, pamapu, kungathandize anthu kuti adziwe momwe tikukhalira ndikugwira ntchito yoyendetsera ntchitoyi "
Diego Hidalgo, woyang'anira Environment ya Esri Spain.

Chizindikiro chodziwika ndi chifukwa chimene chiyenera kutidetsa ife tonse. Ndi chida cha 2012: Dziko liri ndi ludzu chifukwa ife tiri ndi njala, Pambuyo pa nyengo yozizira kwambiri ya zaka zapitazi za 70, aguaymapas.com timapereka mndandanda wa mapu odziwika bwino kuti asonyeze zomwe zilipo tsopano ku Spain, n'cholinga choti tidziwitse zenizeni komanso kufunika koyendetsa bwino.

Magwero ntchito sanjira wa madzi, aguaymapas.com kubwera kwa deta pamaso pa State nyengo Agency, Hydrological Bulletin lofalitsidwa ndi unduna wa Agriculture, Food and Environment ndi Embalses.net.

Mapu ali ndi mitu yambiri yosiyana: Malo osungirako madzi; Mvula yamvula; Mvula yambiri; Kusanthula kwa Zokwanira m'zaka zapitazi za 70;Anthu osunthidwa a ku Spain y Kusamwa kwa madzi

Malo osungirako madzi

aguaymapasPa mapu tikhoza kuwona Malo osungirako madzi, kumene malo amasiku a Spain akugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Mapuwa akuphatikizidwa ndi magulu a madzi omwe akuwasunga panopa, kuyerekezera zomwe zikuchitika panthawiyi ndi 2011 komanso pafupifupi zomwe zapezeka m'zaka zaposachedwa, komanso zokhudzana ndi malo osungiramo katundu.

Zina mwazinthu zomwe tingapeze kuchokera pamapu, tikutha kuona kuti m'madera otupa monga Galicia, mapiri a Cantabrian kapena Western Pyrenees, malo osungira madzi ali otsika kwambiri. Pamene muli m'mabwato a Extremadura kapena mu Guadalquivir Valley magombewa ali pa 70% a mphamvu zawo.

Deta yamachokera ku Hydrological Bulletin yofalitsidwa ndi Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment.

Chisinthiko cha Zima Mvula yodutsa mu zaka khumi ndi ziwiri zapitazo

aguaymapasMapu akuphatikizapo kusintha kwa mvula mvula mkati mwa mwezi wa February pakati pa zaka 2000 ndi 2012 ndi deta kuchokera ku State Meteorological Agency.

Pamapu tingapeze deta izi: mvula yowonongeka mu mwezi wa February wa 2012 yakhala yotsika kwambiri pazaka zapitazi. M'madera ambiri amadzi ozizira monga Galicia kapena m'mapiri aatali omwe chisanu chokhazikika (Pyrenees) ndi chachilendo panthawi ino, mvula siinalipo.

Mapu akuphatikizapo fano la raster limene limawonetsa mitundu yochepa yomwe imafalitsa mvula ku Spain ndi kusintha kwake kwa nyengo.

Kusinthika kwa Mvula Yachigawo Yonse Yakale Yakale kuchokera ku 1921

Pamapu tikhoza kuona kusanthula kwa mvula yambiri mu chaka choyamba cha khumi ndi chimodzi kuchokera ku 1921, ndi deta yomwe imapezeka ku State Meteorological Agency.

Ngakhale kuti zaka zambiri zomwe zimagwa mvula zimakhala ndi chizoloŵezi chochepa kwambiri, zimatha kuwonetseka ngati kumwera kwakum'mawa kwa chilumbachi kumakhala kofala kwambiri.

Mapu akuphatikizapo fano la raster lomwe limafufuza kufalikira kwa mvula m'madera onse a Spain pogwiritsa ntchito mitundu yochepetsetsa komanso tchati chokonzanso chomwe chimalola kuti mvula imveke m'mabuku a 10 amasiku ano.

Kufufuza kwa Aridity ku Spain m'zaka zapitazi za 70

aguaymapasPamapu tikhoza kuona kusanthula kwa nyengo ku Spain pakati pa 1931 ndi 2011. Izi zimapangitsa kupeza deta pothandizidwa ndi madzi panthaka ndi chinyezi mumlengalenga (kutaya madzi). Deta imapezeka ku State Meteorological Agency.

Deta yomwe imapezeka imasonyeza kuti kupatulapo Autonomous Community of Galicia, chikhalidwe cha kuuma chimatchulidwa kwambiri.

Zimaoneka ngati malo omwe mvula yambiri imachepetsedwa m'zaka makumi angapo zapitazi, zomwe zikuwonetsa kuti anthu akuferedwa ku Peninsula.

Kuwerengera kumadalira ubale pakati pa mphepo ndi kutentha. Njira yogwiritsira ntchitoyi inali chiwerengero cha Knoche aridity (Ik): Ik = n * P / (100 * (T + 10)).

Anthu otumizidwa m'madera ku Spain

aguaymapasMapu awa amasonyeza mizinda ya ku Spain imene inamira m'madzi chifukwa cha kumanga nyumba kapena malo ogona. Deta imapezeka ku Embalses.net.

Pa mapu awa, pulogalamu yapangidwa pogwiritsa ntchito ArcGIS Explorer Online, ntchito yothandizira kwambiri yomwe inakhazikitsidwa Microsoft Silverlight.

Timaganizira khama lodziwikiratu la zomwe tingachite ndi mateknoloji ogwira ntchito komanso powonjezera kuzindikira za zochitika zapadziko lonse.

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