Masewero omwe Civil Engineer ayenera kupeza kuchokera kwa mbuye womanga

Pofufuza momwe tingagwirire ndi chitukuko cha mutu uwu, sabata yanga yoyamba monga injiniya wa boma anabwera m'malingaliro mwamsanga; Nditatha mwambowu, ndinaganiza zopita kukaona agogo ndi agogo anga kuti ndikhale ndi mtendere wa masiku angapo. Choonadi chinali chakuti tsiku lina, ndinaphunzira kuti pambuyo pa zaka zambiri, sindikuiwalabe.

Agogo anga aamuna anali omangamanga ndi omanga nyumba zaka zambiri, tsiku lotsatira pamene ndinafika anandiitana kuti ndipite naye kuntchito yomwe anali kuyambira ndipo anandiuza kuti:

"Musanene kuti ndinu injiniya, ndipo funsani zonse zomwe mukufuna kudziwa"

Kuti tsiku ndinaphunzira nkhani mu kalasi ya yunivesite sanaphunzitse ine, mwachitsanzo ngati zokhudzana ndi ogwira ntchito (injiniya-mphunzitsi work- osema miyala ndi antchito ubwenzi), gulu la tsiku ntchito, phwando ndi ulamuliro za zipangizo ndi zipangizo, pakati pa zinthu zina zambiri. Ndinaphunziranso mbali za ntchito ya wofufuza ndi mason a ntchitoyo, amene anayankha poyera mafunso onse omwe ndinawafunsa. Ndinatha kupeza maphunziro onsewa chifukwa chakuti adaganiza kuti ndine wophunzira ndipo chifukwa chake iwo anali okondwa kundithandiza.

Mwachidule, ndimadziwa kuti tsiku lililonse ndimagwira ntchito, ndikanakhala tsiku lophunzirira, bola ngati ndinasiyiratu kudzikuza kwa digiri yanga ya engineering ndikumadziwa momwe ndingapezere ulemu ndi mgwirizano wa mbuye waluso.

Kulowerera ndi mwachindunji pa nkhani ya mphamvu kuti akatswiri okonza Civil ayenera kukhala mbuye ntchito, choyamba tiyenera kufotokozera zikutanthauza ife ndi "competences" amene ali kanthu koma "anthu kudziwa ndi luso limene munthu ali kukumana ntchito yovomerezeka bwino, ndipo ndizochita zomwe zimatheketsa m'munda wina ".

Tiyenera kudziwa kuti katswiri pa zomangamanga "aziyang'anira ntchito inagwiridwa ndi antchito anzanga pa kuphedwa kwa zomangamanga, kwa zomangamanga kumaliza ntchito" ndi ntchito zake zazikulu akhoza kuonanso pa kugwirizana zotsatirazi: http://www.arcus-global.com/wp/funciones-de-un-maestro-de-obra-en-la-construccion.

Pansipa tidzawona luso lapamwamba la womangamanga komanso makamaka zomwe zowonjezereka za womanga nyumba, zowonjezereka, zidzatithandiza kulimbitsa, kuwongolera ndi kulimbitsa iwo pa chitukuko chathu monga katswiri wodzipereka kumanga.

Chidziwitso chapadera: ndizofunika kwambiri zomwe woyimilira boma ayenera kudziwa asanayambe ntchito yake ndipo ndizo zomwe adapeza panthawi yophunzira. Tiyenera kufotokozera kuti ena mwa iwo ali bwino ndi zodziwa.

  • Kudziwa zipangizo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'nyumba: ngakhale ziri zoona kuti m'kalasi zimatiphunzitsa za nkhaniyi, pali zambiri zomwe mbuye womanga amadziwa bwino, monga chinthu chophweka, khalidwe la simenti pokhapokha poyang'anitsitsa ndi yikani
  • Kudziwa mitundu ya nthaka: Ndithudi, poona zofukula zambiri, amalola misiri kumanga kudziwa kuti nthaka ndiyo maziko a maziko.
  • Chidziwitso pa momwe konza ntchito zipangizo: kuno zinachitikira mphunzitsi kuthandiza osati momwe konza, komanso sitolo, kodi makhalidwe osiyana ndi makhalidwe a zipangizo kuti kubwera kwa ntchito, chimene kwambiri akulimbikitsidwa ntchito zina , etc.
  • Kudziwa makina ogwiritsidwa ntchito pa zomangamanga: apa injiniyo idzaphunziranso ndondomeko yomwe antchito amagwiritsa ntchito kuti adziwe zida zawo ndi zipangizo zawo, komanso kudziwa momwe angagwiritsire ntchito ndi kukonzanso zipangizo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pomanga. Winch, retro, jumbo, pick, fosholo, kubowola, ndi zina zotero, zidzakhala mayina odziwika bwino osati ena, chifukwa amasintha malinga ndi dziko ndi chigawo chomwe ntchito ikugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Unamwino: Akatswiri a zomangamanga ayenera kukhala ndi luso lomuthandiza kugwira bwino ntchito yake, mosiyana ndi zomwe amapeza pokhapokha pantchito.

  • Mphamvu yogwira ntchito mu gulu ndi kulankhulana bwino ndi malamulo: mwa kuyang'ana mphunzitsi wabwino womanga, injiniya akhoza kuphunzira momwe angagwirire ntchito monga gulu, momwe angaperekere malangizo ndi momwe angaperekere kapena / kapena kudzudzula wogwira ntchito.
  • Mphamvu yogawana ntchito ndikukonzekera ntchito yomanga: ngakhale pamene kukonzekera kwa ntchitoyi kuli ntchito ndikuwongolera udindo wa katswiri wa zomangamanga, ayenera kukhala ndi nzeru zokwanira zokambirana ndi kukambirana zomwe wapanga ndi mbuye womanga, ndi Mudzapezadi malingaliro atsopano momwe ntchito za tsiku ndi tsiku ziyenera kukhalira.
  • Mphamvu yodziwa nthawi yomwe ikufunika pachithunzi chilichonse: luso limeneli silinaphunzire kupyolera muzochitikira, komanso tiyenera kudziwa ogwira ntchito, ziyeneretso zawo, ntchito zawo ndi luso lawo; popeza ndizo zikuluzikulu zomwe zimasonyeza kuti ntchito ikugwira ntchito iliyonse; Choncho, choyamba chomwe chiyenera kufunsidwa ndi mbuye womanga.
  • Mphamvu yothetsera mavuto omwe amabwera mukumanga: Panthawiyi chidziwitso chimakhala chofunikira ndipo ndithudi mbuye wabwino ayenera kukhala ndi chidziwitso chokwanira pankhaniyi, popeza ayenera kuti anavutika, amakhala ndi kuthetsa mavuto ambiri omwe amachokera ntchito.

Unamwino: Izi ndi zotsatira za chidziwitso ndi luso kuyambira pamene adayamba ntchito yake ndipo adatha kulimbikitsa wogwira ntchito zomangamanga chifukwa cha zomwe adaziwona pazinthu zosiyanasiyana.

  • Magulu oyendetsa opangidwa ndi akatswiri ndi ogwira ntchito: izi zikutanthauza kukhala ndi "utsogoleri". Anjiniya amalola mtsogoleri wa ogwira ntchitoyo kukhala mbuye wa ntchito, kulimbikitsa nthawi iliyonse yomwe angathe kuchita izi; atsogolere gulu lanu laumisiri ndikupeza utsogoleri wanu ndi malingaliro anu, luso ndi mankhwala olemekezeka kwa ogwira ntchito onse.
  • Ganizirani zowonjezera zomwe zilipo pa ntchito iliyonse: Apa zomwe zimapangitsa kuti mudziwe komanso njira zodzikongoletsera ndizofunikira kuti mudziwe kuchuluka kwa zipangizo, antchito ndi zipangizo zofunika kuti mugwirizane ndi ntchito zina. Mwachitsanzo, ndani pantchito angathe kudziwa bwino kuchuluka kwa zipangizo, chiwerengero cha antchito komanso zipangizo zomwe tikufunikira kuti tichite konkire kuchokera pansi pa slab, yankho ndi lokha "mbuye womanga"; ngakhale m'kupita kwanthawi injini idzagwiritsire ntchito ntchito yowonjezereka bwino.

Mosakayikira pali luso lapadera lomwe woyimilira boma ayenera kukhala nalo, zomwe sitimanena pazinthu zatchulidwa kale, chifukwa ndizo zomwe amaphunzira ku yunivesite kapena zomwe zimapindula mwa maphunziro ena; monga mwachitsanzo kayendetsedwe ka pulogalamu yamakono, kapena kuti mugwiritse ntchito ntchito yamagetsi ndi ntchito ya bajeti. Maluso onsewa atchulidwa ndi njira zomwe zikufotokozedwa mwachidule mu ziganizo za 7 zomwe zikuphatikizidwa mu mbiri yomwe injiniya ayenera kukhala nayo kuti apindule ndi akatswiri, omwe ndi:

  • Kuchitapo kanthu komanso mphamvu zodzifunira,
  • Maluso,
  • Maluso apamwamba,
  • Kusamalira zachilengedwe
  • Zosintha

Mungathe kupita patsogolo kwambiri muzotsatira izi: https://mba.americaeconomia.com/articulos/reportajes/7-habilidades-que-debe-tener-un-ingeniero-para-alcanzar-el-exito-profesional

Pomaliza tiyenera kunena kuti kadaulo wazomangamanga amene anayamba ntchito yake yomanga, kaya yokhazikika kapena Woyang'anira, ali ndi mwayi wawukulu kukhala ndi kulimbikitsa competencies pakati kukuthandizani kuti mbiri yanu monga katswiri bwino. Pachifukwa ichi, ayenera kukhala ndi mtima wodzichepetsa ndikudziŵa kuti ku yunivesite amuphunzitsa pazochitika zamakono, koma kuti ntchito yake yowona bwino, idapindula, idzamaliza iye kuphunzitsa. Ayeneranso kuzindikira kuti akatswiri ena omwe ali ndi chidziwitso komanso chidziwitso akugwira ntchito, ndipo pakati pawo ndi mbuye wa ntchito yemwe angamuphunzitse kwambiri.

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