Leica Airborne CityMapper - njira yodabwitsa ya mapu a mizinda

N'zosatheka kuti tisayambe kuona zoona zenizeni zamtunduwu, komanso zolinga zake. Zili zotheka kuti pali zofunika zina zofunika m'moyo mwathu kusiyana ndi kuganizira za intaneti. Ngakhale, zomwe opanga njirazo akuchita, palibe amene wawapempha. Choonadi ndi chakuti mpikisano wokhazikika pamasinthidwe otsatira a momwe makampaniwa adzagwiritsire ntchito m'tsogolo ndi apo, ndipo palibe njira ina yodziwira kuti zinthu zikuchitika.

Ngakhale timaganizira za njira Leica kumapeto kwa nkhani ino - tsa kuti ife nthawi yocheza limodzi ndi Paisa thireyi ndi Laura ku Switzerland ndi Pedro mu Brazil, pansi pa Congress wa yapakati-American Network Cadastral Register ku Bogotá- N'zochititsa chidwi kuona kuti pokhapokha ngati atagonjetsedwa, omenyana nawo amatha kuyesetsa. Ku mbali imodzi, ESRI / AutoDesk ndi kufufuza kuyanjana kwa malo a BIM / GIS ndi yankho CityEngine, Bentley / Siemens ndi Twin CityPlanner. Pankhani ya Hexagon ndi chida Leica CityMapper. Aliyense ali ndi makhalidwe osiyana, koma onsewa ali mu nkhondo cigawo ndi endpoint kwenikweni Umayenda kuyambira wogonjetsa deta mawerengeredwe, kamangidwe, zomangamanga ntchito ndi mkombero moyo pansi pa ndondomeko Mbali ya Hub ya BIM 3.

utuluke awa akhala panapita zaka zambiri, koma ndi kovuta kusiyanitsa alekane, chifukwa kuti inu kuyang'ana njira SmartCity, malingaliro amene akali tikukonza koma amene geomatics ndi akatswiri sitiyenera kuyang'ana kutali; chifukwa zake zogwiritsira ntchito pa deta, njira ndi teknoloji zidzachitika zaka 10 zikubwerazi.

Kuchokera ku Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR), SmartCities ndi Internet ya Zinthu

Pansi pa utsi uwu mbali imodzi ya nzeru. Momwe zinthu zatsopano zimathandizira kuti ntchito za anthu zichitike. Injini ya nthunzi inali yofunika kwambiri kuyendetsa njirayi, ndiye kusintha kwapitirira mpaka magetsi atulukira, ndipo kenako kupanga makompyuta kukhala zida zofunika pakugwira ntchito; Zinthu zitatu izi zimagwirizanitsidwa ndi mafakitale atatu omwe mafakitale apita.

Pakalipano, dziko lapansi likuyang'anizana ndi kusintha kwachinayi kotengera zaka za digito, motsimikizirika kuti teknoloji imapezeka kwa onse ndipo izi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popindulitsa anthu ammudzi; kuti athe kugwiritsa ntchito mapulaneti odziwitsidwa bwino (Cloud / BigData), nzeru zamagetsi (AI), sayansi yamagetsi ndi masensa kuti athandizidwe mofulumira pa zochitika, kuyang'anira ndi malo a zothandizira.

Tili m'kamphindi, pomwe akatswiri onse, kuchokera pazochita zawo zamakono angagwiritse ntchito matekinoloje monga othandizira kulimbikitsa chitukuko chawo. Kupititsa patsogolo ndi zitukuko zamakono zakhala zikupangitsa kusintha kwakukulu kwa malo - ndizo zowonongeka - ndipo sizowonjezereka kwa anthu ambiri, koma kufunika kwa malo okhalamo. Zonsezi zikupita patsogolo, akufunitsitsa kupereka njira yotchedwa SmartCities; zomwe ndi zofunikira zomwe zimafuna kugwirizanitsa pakati pazinthu zaumunthu, mateknoloji, kasamalidwe ka mauthenga, ndi kusintha kwa chilengedwe.

-Ndimvetsa, ndikusuta kwambiri ndi zonena za sayansi za mafilimu apambuyo. Koma bwerani, ndilo mutu womwe uli pamabwalo omwe malo a geolo akuwathandiza kwambiri.

kusakanikirana izi chuma ndi zipangizo, kulola mitundu ndi maboma bwino posankha zochita, kudziwa konza ndalama zake ndi moyo, zinthu zonse zilipo mu malo azigwiritsa ntchito mbali ya mndandanda wa mfundo wopandamalire, chimene chimatchedwa IoT (Internet of Things).

Zitsanzo chidwi Ineyo ndinawona SmartCity ndi Singapore, limene anapambana Choyenereza ngati umodzi mwa mizinda ophunzira mu dziko, amakhala ndi malo mwachilengedwe, ndi Pofuna kukhazikitsa ndi kukhalabe kugwirizana mu anaziika ndi kuyan'anila kudutsa angapo masensa, kuphatikizapo masewera olimbitsa thupi omwe amawongolera ma data, omwe mungapange chisankho chokhudzana ndi zomwe zilipo, ndikuyang'ana ku chilengedwe ndi kukhazikika.

masomphenya a IoT osati za kukhazikitsa zimatulutsa zinthu, kapena kukhala ndi mndandanda wa yogwira ndi olekanitsidwa deta wina chida komanso chuma ndi zochita lolunjika pa kukhazikitsidwa kwa SmartCities, kodi cholukanalukana njira zolembedwa, kamangidwe, zomangamanga - zomangamanga - kumanga AEC (kwa acronym ake mu English), nyumba zambiri kumutsatira (BIM) ndi kasamalidwe njira ya mudziwe monga GIS, mabwenzi izi zimene zimapanga umavuta pakukhazikitsidwa kwa mizinda yabwino.

Atamaliza kufunika momveka kwa interconnection njira monga AEC + BIM + GIS, monga likulu la kasamalidwe mudziwe, kuti wokhumba kusakanikirana ndi mawerengeredwe 3D mzinda. Choncho misala wosalira zambiri ndipo streamline ndi mawerengeredwe pafupi kugwila zambiri monga chizindikiro cha munthu, ndi marekodi monga zoyang'anira digito kwa olamulira a kasamalidwe ntchito mu njira monga kayendedwe ka moyo wa mankhwala (PLM).

Chitsanzo cha Leica Airborne CityMapper

Kugwiritsa ntchito njira zamakono 3D kuthandiza kuchepetsa nthawi ndi ndalama za kusonkhanitsa deta mmunda, ndipo ngakhale panopa zipangizo yoyeza anthu amene ali zimasintha ndi zosintha kugwila mawerengeredwe deta ndi chidwi Hexagon ndi Leica Malo osungira zinthu akhala akuwonetsedwa ngati njira ina, kupanga chojambulira chomwe chimagwiritsa ntchito mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya deta mu njira yokhazikika ndi yofunika, ndi yotchedwa Leica Airborne CityMapper.

Deta yolumikizidwa

msika amapereka masensa oyenera drones chithunzi adani, infuraredi, accelerometers, meters chinyezi, zimatulutsa m'misewu kulamulira otaya magalimoto, owerenga particles mu mlengalenga ndi ena amene mudziwe mwa danga lapansi. Komabe, ife tikuganiza ndalama Leica Geosystems, zinangokhalako yake mapulogalamu mbiri ya umisiri apadera m'dera la kupeza deta ndi processing chosonyeza, chinthu kwambiri mwa kukulozani ndi Ulendo wa Leica CityMapper, zomwe mwachidwi zimagwira ntchito monga zinyama zosakanizidwa ndi zinthu monga:

  • Kamera kamakono kamene kamakhala ndi chisankho cha malo a 80 MP ndi Nadir.
  • Makina anayi opangidwa ndi ndege, ndege ya Mini RGB resolution 80 MP ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira a 45º powona zithunzi zojambulidwa.
  • Mapulogalamu a Lidar, maulendo obwerezabwereza a 700 Hzs, scanner oblique ya mitundu yosiyana, madigiri a 40 a munda wa masomphenya, kufufuza ndi mawonekedwe mu nthawi yeniyeni.

Linapangidwira ntchito ya mizinda ya mapu ndi mizinda ya mizinda yawo, ndiko kuti, imapitirira kupatula geolocation ya zinthu, izo zimatha kupanga orthophotos, mitambo, DEM ndi 3D zitsanzo; kotero kuti Hexagon ndi sensor iyi ikufuna kukhala ndi chida chofunikira pa chitukuko cha SmartCities pa mzere wake; kuthandiza kumvetsetsa ntchito zovuta za chilengedwe ndi mphamvu za mizinda. Zomwe zimapangidwanso zimaphatikizapo kutengedwa kwa deta yambiri paulendo umodzi, zomwe sizili choncho ndi maselo achilendo, monga masomphenya a padziko lapansi, GNSS, kapena radars.

Ngakhale, kukhalapo kwa malo osungirako malo omwe angapereke zina zowonjezereka sizidzanyalanyazidwa; Ndi chithunzithunzi chatsopanochi, sikoyenera kuti musankhe pakati pa zinthu, monga fano kapena mtambo, pakuti zonse zomwe zikanati zidzakhale pa ndege imodzi.

Chojambulira choterechi chimatha kugwira mwamsanga ndi mofulumira kuchokera m'mizinda yaying'ono kwambiri, kupita ku midzi yomwe ili ndi miyeso yambiri ya m'tawuni, zomwe zimathandiza kupeŵa kugwiritsira ntchito ndalama pazinthu zambiri zamapulaneti kapena ndege

Kuchiza kwa deta

Pofuna kudziwa kuchuluka kwa chidziwitso chomwe chinapangidwa ndi sensa iyi, Leica imapereka dongosolo, Oitanidwa ndi iwo ngati gulu logwirizana la ntchito, lomwe limaphatikizapo zochitika kuchokera ku chiwongolero, kugwiritsira ntchito deta ndi kuwonetseratu deta, kupyolera pulogalamu yapadera yotchedwa HxGN.

Iwo afuna kuti pulogalamuyi ikhale yophweka komanso yosamvetsetseka, kupyolera mu masitepe apadera omwe amatsogolera wogwiritsa ntchito kupanga zomwe akufuna. Amaphatikizapo ntchito yogula kuti zogulitsidwa zomwe zimachokera ku zojambula zimapangidwira mofulumira; Chida chilichonse chili ndi batani. Ngakhale mapulogalamuwa amapereka mawonekedwe ophweka, amafunikanso, akatswiri kapena akatswiri omwe ali ndi zochitika pakugwira ntchito ya deta iyi.

N'zotheka, malinga ndi zosowa, kuwonjezera malayisensi angapo omwe akugwirizana ndi deta yolanda. HxGN, yapangidwa kuti ipange ndondomeko zambiri zomwe zimapangidwa ndi CityMapper, kupyolera mu ma modules atatu akuluakulu: RealWorld, RealCity ndi RealTerrain.

  • RealWorld: makamaka yapangidwa kuti ikhale ndi mapulani omwe akuphatikizapo zithunzi zazikulu, kuphatikizapo ortho generator module - ortho mosaics, mfundo zamtengo wapatali.
  • RealTerrain: ndi njira yothandizira posungira chithunzi cha Lidar m'malo akuluakulu komanso kumangidwe kwakukulu. Zimaphatikizapo gawo la jenereta la ortho - orthomosaic, mbiri ndi mfundo zamtengo wapatali, kudziŵika kwa magalimoto, ndi chiwerengero cha data.
  • RealCity: ndilo gawo lothandizira la SmartCities, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti mtundu wa 3D uwonongeke. Ikuphatikizapo ortho jenereta - ortomosaics, mfundo yamtengo wapatali, mzinda wamakono, mapping mapper ndi mkonzi wa 3D.

Ndi motsimikizika vuto champhamvu chimene akufuna Bentley lotsatira KA, ndi zofanana kwambiri ndi zimene tidzakambirana kenako ContextCapture, CityMapper ndi Topcon zida. Tiyenera kuona mmene akulankhula awiri Esri / AutoDesk, kudzatenga nawo nthawi aphatikizire zipangizo amene anali maulendo awo monga Drone2Map, Mkota, Infraworks, kusiya vuto kaphatikizidwe zida ndi Mlengi ndi masomphenya limagwirizana. Kuthamangitsanso kumapanganso njira zake.

Mayesero ndi Mapulogalamu

Chimodzi mwa mayesero oyambitsa maselo chinapangidwa ndi kampaniyo Bluesky kuchokera ku United Kingdom, ndi njira yosangalatsa yowonongeka, yomwe ikugwiritsidwa ntchito pazomweku. Kugwiritsa ntchito deta kupyolera muzithunzi zojambula ndi zojambula ndi 3D laser laser, m'malo osiyanasiyana kuphatikizapo London. Mu chithunzichi, chiwonetsero cham'mbuyo ndi cham'mbuyo chikuwonetsedwa panthawi yomweyo, komanso mtambo womwe umagwirizanitsidwa ndi zigawo zomwe zili m'derali. Kulondola kwa detayo pokhudzana ndi nyumba zoyambirira kumasonyeza kufunika kwa chida ichi m'tsogolomu ya mizinda.

Leica adanena kuti sanathe kumaliza ntchito yake ndi CityMapper, chifukwa akufunika kuti ayambe kupanga ntchito zopangira zithunzi zamakono akuluakulu a m'madera akuluakulu a m'midzi. Kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa sensa iyi kuli ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mapulogalamu, mkati mwake yomwe ingatchulidwe:

  • Cadastre ndi Planning,
  • Kuyankha mwamsanga kuzidzidzidzi,
  • Kuwunika kwa zomera za mzindawo,
  • Chitetezo,
  • Zithunzi za magalimoto,
  • Maulendo abwino,
  • Zojambulajambula,
  • Kutsatsa,
  • Masewera a Video

Kukhazikitsa njira zamakono monga Leica CityMaper n'zofunika kwambiri SmartCities, monga anasonyeza malo a mbali zonse za danga, koma kumutsatira matabwa ake, kuphatikiza zambiri ndi opangidwa kuchokera masensa zina monga kutentha ndi chinyezi chilengedwe ndi zingasonyeze m'madera kachulukidwe m'tawuni chawonjezeka kutentha kapena kusinthidwa kwa nyengo.

Zomwe tikuziganizira

Ngati pali chinachake sitingathe kupewa ndi kuti njira imeneyi wamphamvu idzasintha (kachiwiri) ndi zinthu zochepa momwe ife timachitira zinthu lero pa kayendetsedwe makampani photogrammetry, sanjira, zomangamanga kapangidwe ndi wodalirika. Choncho, ulimi chachinayi si mpaka ngakhale pali zinthu zonse kukhala ambiri mafakitale onse, koma chizindikiro chotsogolera kwa mitu ndi ntchito pa kachipangizo ichi monga Makina, HIV, yosungirako ndi ntchito zina zachilengedwe, kuphatikizapo mphamvu - Kudziwa kuti kugwidwa kwa zifanizo kumachitika pogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ya dzuwa, ndi mapulaneti omwe amachokera ndi chithunzithunzi mumlandu wa Lidar. Ndiye ife tikuona ntchito yake angathe m'madera viewings mu SmartCities monga zoyeserera pafupifupi chenicheni kuthandiza vulnerabilities popewa ndiponso ngakhale kotero achabechabe koma ntchito chuma yopindulitsa monga masewera a pakompyuta.

Ngakhale pragmatism wanga kufunika kwa umisiri zaluso akutulukira, m'chizimezime amayang'ana zingamuthandize, ngakhale akuvomereza ndi mabizinesi ndi akatswiri Geo-zomangamanga chidzakula kufika kuti njira ndi yofunika kwa onse adani ndi kumutsatira Zambiri monga kuyang'aniridwa ndi kuyang'aniridwa ndi kutseguka kwa mgwirizano mpaka njira zotha kugwiritsira ntchito.

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