Urban kukwawira mutu 2011

Nkhani ya chiwerengero cha anthu idzakhala mu mafashoni chaka chino -ndi zotsatirazi- chifukwa palibe zambiri zomwe tingachite kuti tithane ndi mavuto padziko lonse lapansi. Cholinga cha chaka chino cha National Geographics ndicho chiwerengero cha anthu padziko lapansi posakhalitsa kusintha kwa 7 biliyoni. Magazini ya January ndi mndandanda wamakono.

natgeo

The Institute of Policy Chathetsa Lincoln wakonzera zipangizo zingapo mfundozo ndi kufufuza mankhwala akubwera kuchokera situdiyo pa mizinda 3,000 kuposa m'chaka 2000 100,000 okhala kuposa.

Bukhu limene ndimakonda kwambiri ndi chikalata chotchedwa kukonza midziKupanga malo a dziko la mizinda. Lipoti lochititsa chidwi limene limafotokoza zakale, zamakono ndi zamtsogolo za kukula kwa mizinda padziko lonse. Icho chikulongosola mtundu watsopano wa momwe ife tiyenera kukonzekera kukula mu zaka zikubwerazi.
Ntchito yaikulu Angel, Shlomo, ndi Jason Parent, Daniel L. Civco, ndi Alejandro M. Blei. Mukhoza kuigula mumasindikizidwe a US $ 15 ndi kukopera mu pdf mtundu waulere (inu muyenera kulembedwa pa tsamba). Kwa chaka cha 2012, kutuluka kwa zinthu zotchedwa Kukula kwa Mizinda, zomwe ndizomwe zingakhale zosangalatsa zomwe ziyenera kuphatikizapo zitsanzo za Mizinda Yamakhalidwe, zomwe zimandikumbutsa mfundo za CitiVilles Facebook komanso kuti ndizoopsa kupanga zovuta zandale zatsopano chifukwa ngakhale ndizo zokondweretsa kwambiri, ambiri amaziwona ngati njira yatsopano ya chikomyunizimu.

Zina zomwe zili ku Lincoln Institute, nthawi zonse pa nkhaniyi ndi Maofesi a kuwonjezeka kwa m'mizinda. Ichi ndi chidziwitso chofunikira kwambiri chomwe chilipo potsatsa zomwe zili ndi mapu a mawonekedwe a zithunzi, kml ndi xls mapepala omwe anali maziko a zomangamanga -ndi ena- ndemanga yomwe tatchula pamwambapa. Palinso deta mu fomu ya GIS kuti iwerengedwe kuchokera ku pulogalamu ya GIS.

Izi zimapangidwa mu magawo asanu:

1 Gawo loyamba, pali zithunzi za jpg monga mawiri awiri ojambula ngati kusindikiza pa posters. chithunzi lili deta zowerengera ndi mawonekedwe, mapu ena anamanga ntchito m'dziko m'tawuni njira kutali cholinga zithunzi Kanema m'madera matauni Mizinda ya 120 mu nthawi ziwiri: Mmodzi watengedwa pafupi ndi chaka cha 1990 ndi chachiwiri m'zaka 10 pambuyo pa 2000.

mapu 9-dziko-zigawo-2000
Mapu apamwamba amasonyeza malo a mizinda ya 120, mitundu ndi malo pamene phunziro likugawidwa. Mwachitsanzo, ndimachoka ku Madrid.

Mapu a 2000-madrid 2000-madrid

2 Gawo lachiwiri ya atlasi ikuphatikizapo kufufuza kukula kwa mbiri ya anthu Mizinda ya 25, kufufuza mapu kuchokera ku 1800 kumapeto kwa zaka zaposachedwa. Mizindayo 25 amafalitsidwa, monga tikuonera mapu zotsatirazi: 7 ku America, ku Ulaya 4, 6 mu Africa, 12 1 mu Asia ndi Oceania.

Mapu 9-dziko-magawo-mbiri

Zithunzi zozunzikirapo ndi chitsanzo cha nkhani ya ku Mexico. Kumanzereku madera ataphimbidwa ndi dera anayamba ku 1807 2000, ndipo kumanja ndi deta anthu, mahekitala utaphimbidwa, zithunzi kachulukidwe ndi nthumwi mapu akale.

mbiri-mexico-city-map mbiri-mexico-city

3 Gawo lachitatu Zimaphatikizapo matebulo mu Excel ndi deta zonse zomwe zimathandiza ntchito ya mizinda ya 15 ndi 120. Zopambana, popeza mafelelo a Excel amatilola kuti tiwone deta iyi molingana ndi zofuna zathu.

4 Gawo lachinayi imaphatikizapo deta kuti iwonetsedwe m'mapulogalamu a GIS. Onse geometries zigawo utsogoleri ndi zigawo .shp .dbf ndi .shx kuchita ndi pulogalamu iliyonse, monga .prj owona kwa georeferencing, .img kusonyeza raster ndi .lyr kuona wosanjikiza ndi katundu theming ndi kapangidwe ArcGIS.

5 Gawo lachisanu Zimaphatikizapo chidziwitso cha mizinda ya 3,646 mu pepala la Excel komanso mu fayilo ya kml ndi madera onse a m'matawuni omwe amawerengedwa, kuti awoneke ndi dongosolo la GIS kapena Google Lapansi.

Mwachidule, mfundo zamtengo wapatali zomwe zingakhale zothandiza kwa ophunzira, akuluakulu a boma, ochita kafukufuku, okonza mapulani komanso anthu omwe akukhudzidwa ndi nkhani za chitukuko ndi zachuma.

Onse Atlas ndi chikalatacho, kupereka chimango cilamulo ndipo zikuoneka kuti kwa nthawi yoyamba, deta wazotsatira zakale, yalelo ndi a m'tawuni ya m'mizinda yambiri padziko miyeso dziko. Zimatsegula malingaliro a vuto lomwe sitikudziwa momwe tingayithandizire pazaka zotsatirazi.

Pakalipano sindikuwona ngati n'zotheka kugula pa CD kapena DVD, chifukwa kukopera kumachitika payekha.

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