umunthu georeference

Tikamawerenga mfundo zosiyanasiyana zimene zimagwiritsidwa kulankhulana kumafuna sanjira onse sayansi kuimira zochitika malo osiyanasiyana monga luso kuti mfundo iyi zokongoletsa zofunika, ife tikuzindikira kuti nthawi tikukhala kumaphatikizapo kuchita angapo pamoyo kumene timagwiritsa ntchito georeference monga chochita tsiku ndi tsiku.

Kuyambira pamene ife titembenukira pa foni, mfundo ife kutumiza kapena kulandira amagwirizana ndi georeferencing: The nyengo, posachedwapa, Intaneti, kufunsira mapu, GPS kutsegula kapena olemba mafano. Zikuwonekeratu kuti izi sizinabwere usiku wonse, nthawi zonse zidzakhala zofanana ndi zomwe timakhala nazo nthawi yambiri, ndipo ngakhale tikuzindikira mphamvu zopanda malire za munthu kuti zitheke, sizingatheke kulingalira zomwe zingakhale zikuchitika 25 zaka zisanachitike Mwa njira yomweyi mwina palibe amene anaganiza kuti izi zimapangitsa zaka 25, makamaka panthawi yomwe mateknoloji achidziwitso ndi akatswiri a sayansi ya zamagetsi afufuzira njira zowonetsera zowonongeka kwa tsiku ndi tsiku.

Kutsekemera

Ngakhale kuti chiwerengero cha georeference chakhala chilengedwe cha umunthu, kulingalira chidziwitso chake mu chipangizo kapena mapu osindikizidwa, kwa nthawi yaitali chinali ntchito yapadera ndi kupeza kokha kwa gulu lapadera la anthu. Choncho kulingalira mbali yeniyeni ya Geo-referencing n'kofunikira pokha pakukhazikitsa kwake ndi kulingalira zomwe zingachitike muzochitika zina m'zaka zikubwerazi. Tiyeni tiwone chomwe chimakhudza mbali iyi.

Kodi georeferencing inayamba bwanji?

Chifukwa chake chiri chophweka pa mfundo: chifukwa geolocation ndi gawo la moyo wa tsiku ndi tsiku. Tsiku lirilonse timayenera kusuntha malo atatu, pomwe timayendetsa mabwalo makumi awiri kupita kumanja, asanu ndi awiri kumanzere, timatsika m'magulu awiri kuti tiyimitse galimoto ndikukwera magulu anayi kuti tigwire ntchito ku ofesi. Titha kuchita izi tsiku ndi tsiku ndipo pamene tifunikira kufotokoza pa pepala kapena graph izo pazomwe tilengeza, ndi pamene tidziwa bwino. Koma geolocation imeneyo kwa nthawi yayitali inali yapafupi komanso ya chidwi, kotero izo zinkachitika ngati tsiku ndi tsiku.chithunzi

Kanakubo (1) akufotokoza m'mapepala ake onena za Kukula kwa Zithunzi Zamakono Zatsopano, kuti kusinthika kwa chiphunzitso cha zojambulajambula kwagwirizanitsidwa ndi zofuna za mabungwe ofunika pa nthawi yeniyeni; Mwachitsanzo, maulamuliro ogonjetsa, magulu ankhondo a nkhondo, kapena mayiko a zachuma. Nthawi izi zimapangitsa kuwonetsetsa malo osiyana siyana, monga kuona maiko oyandikana nawo, makontinenti ndi zomwe zikuchitika panopa: kulingalira kwa dziko lonse lapansi.

Nthawi yomwe tikukhalamo, imapangitsa chidwi chokhazikitsa dziko lothandizira, likufuna kugwiritsa ntchito njira zowonongeka. Basi ndi zimene anabweretsa mbali yofunika: masitolo limafuna kutchula kumene malo awo, makasitomala kuti mukwaniritse, luso opanga ayambe kukhala ofunsira, Academy amapereka maphunziro zina m'dera limeneli ndi mpikisano ichi chimabweretsa zatsopano kwa ogwiritsa ntchito. Kumene, mapeto wosuta si n'komwe izi, ndipo ndi chimene ife timachitcha zofunika, monga moyo wa tsiku ndi tsiku.

Ubwino wa geolocation

Pali zifukwa zambiri zomwe timakhulupirira kuti izi ndi zopindulitsa, ngakhale patapita nthawi tidzakambirana za ngozi. Kuchokera kwa iwo omwe akuchirikiza chuma chathu kuchokera ku sayansi ndi teknoloji ya chidziwitso cha malo, phindu lalikulu kwambiri liri kufunika kofunika kwa mautumiki athu. Kaya tikukulitsa mapulogalamu, maphunziro, kugulitsa zinthu kapena mautumiki, mfundo yakuti kugwiritsira ntchito zinthu ndizofunikira kwambiri.

Koma kupatula zofuna zathu, phindu lalikulu ndilo kupezeka kwa mapulogalamu a anthu, tsiku ndi tsiku ndi ntchito zowonjezereka zozikidwa pa geolocation. Tiyeni tiwone momwe kulili kosavuta kuyenda tsopano pogwiritsa ntchito wothandizira GPS akupezeka mu galimoto, ndikuganiza za mwayi wosakhala nawo komanso kuti ulendowu unali chifukwa chabwino. Titha kuwonanso phindu la wogwiritsa ntchito yemwe angagwiritse ntchito malonda ake pa intaneti, zomwe zimapezeka ndi kasitomala kunja kwa dziko, popanda kulankhulana mwachindunji.

Maphunziro omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi geo-engineering ndi umboni wa phindu la kukongola kwa geolocation. Magulu omwe akufuna kuti adziwe deta, tsiku lililonse ndi mitengo. Koma tsiku ndi tsiku zimakhala zovuta kudziwa malire pakati pa munda ndi kachitidwe ka kabati, chifukwa chakuti kugwiritsira ntchito magetsi kumaphatikizapo kugwidwa, kuwonetseratu ndi kugwiritsa ntchito zowonongeka. Miyezo monga BIM (2) imafuna kuti zipangizo zamakono zikhale zosiyana kwambiri ndi zomwe amaganiza, monga ntchito, nthawi ndi ndalama.

Palinso phindu lalikulu popanga chidziwitso tsiku lililonse mogwira mtima komanso tsiku ndi tsiku. Mgwirizano wodzipereka lerolino uli wokondweretsa pakukula kwa machitidwe monga Open Street Maps, ndondomeko ya padziko lonse ndi zojambulajambula zomwe zapangidwa ndi anthu ogwiritsa ntchito chifukwa chodziwika bwino monga Crowdsourcing. Izi sizikanakhala zosatheka ngati geolocation sichikhala yeniyeni, chifukwa kuti izi zidziwitse, sikofunikira khama lopitirira kugwira ntchito gawolo mu chipangizo chogwiritsira ntchito ndi kulandira kuperekera kwa deta.

Kotero ngati ife tikulitsa kukula kwa mapindu mu malo a geolocation, zedi mndandanda ukhala wawukulu kwambiri. Amaganizira kwambiri zachuma, nthawi yabwino yosamalira, mgwirizano, chitetezo komanso mwayi wopindulitsa anthu.

Zowopsa zowonongeka kwapadera

Sizinthu zonse zomwe zidzakhala zosadalirika monga demokalase wazomwe akudziwa. Pali zowonongeka zomwe zimagwirizanitsa, zomwe munthu yekhayo amachititsa kuti munthu akhale wofanana.

Zina mwa izi tikhoza kutchula, kutayika kwachinsinsi. Chifukwa chakuti timadalira chida chogwirizanitsidwa ndi zizindikiro za GPS, chimaphatikizapo kutumiza uthenga wa geolocation omwe poyamba anali payekha. Ndipo ngakhale kuti zingakhale zothandiza kwa ena kudziwa kumene ana awo ali, zingakhalenso zoopsa kuti achigawenga adziwe zomwezo. Zogonana pamapeto ndi zovuta zomwe zimakhala zovuta.

Vuto lina ndilo njira ya Crampton (3) polemba za sayansi zogwirizana ndi mapu: iye akutsutsa kuti zinali zovuta kuti mapu akhale ndi chithandizo ndi zasayansi zomwe tili nazo tsopano. Koma mfundo yakuti zimakhala zochitika mwachidule zokambirana ndi kupanga mapu a anthu osagwiritsa ntchito apadera, amakhala ndi chiopsezo chotaya khalidwe kapena zofunikira. Iwo amadziwika kuti malo omwe amachititsa kuti zinthu zisamayende bwino kwambiri pa sayansi, kuchepetsa kuyesetsa kwa ubongo kotero kuti ndibwino kubwereranso ku nzeru.

Pomalizira, chikhalidwe choyambirira ndikutenganso ma geolocation m'njira zosiyanasiyana za umunthu, zonse zasayansi, zamakono kapena zamasiku onse. Choyimira ichi chasintha mpaka kufika poti tichite izo mosavuta. Mapinduwa ndi aakulu kwambiri kusiyana ndi zoopsa, choncho zidzakhala zofunikira kuti mukhale osamala pazochitikazo, podziwa kupeza mipata ndikukambirana zothetsera mavuto.


(1) Tositomo Kanakubo, Kukula kwa Zopangidwe Zamakono Zopeka

(2) Kujambula Zowonetsera

(3) Momwe Mapu anakhala Scientific

(4) Anatengedwa ndi chilolezo kuchokera wolemba: mphunzitsi anati izo sizinali mayesero anafuna kuti kalasi lake, Ine ndimayembekezera chinachake zochepa mawunikidwe, zambiri liniya, zambiri unidicreccional mu zochepa mapeto georeferenciado. Chifukwa chokwanira kuti mubwererenso pano.

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