Kumvetsetsa kuyang'ana kwa UTM

Anthu ambiri amafunsa pafupipafupi momwe angasinthire magawo amalo kupita ku UTM. Tithandizira kukhala patokha ku hoteloyi ndikufotokozera zomwe tili nazo momwe ziwonetsero za UTM zimagwirira ntchito kuti zithetse kukayikira kwina kulikonse.

Ndikupangira ngati mukudziwa kale nkhaniyi, musamagwiritse ntchito mphindi zanu kudzitopetsa ... koma mutha kutilumikiza ku blog yanu :). Sicholinga cha positi kuti tikambirane zowerengera, popeza pali zina zambiri, ndizosangalatsa kufotokoza momwe makonzedwe agwiritsidwira ntchito, tigwiritsa ntchito Google Earth kuwonetsa zitsanzo.

Chiwerengero cha malo

Geographic ndondomeko ndinu ochokera ku dziko lapansi mu zigawo ngati mukufuna ndi apulo, kupanga ofukula mabala meridians (otchedwa zotalika) ndi mabala yopingasa kupanga kufanana (otchedwa M'madera a zitunda).

Kuchokera pamtunda ndi mbali ya equator, kumpoto kapena kum'mwera kuchokera ku zero kupita ku madigiri a 90 pamitengo ndipo magawo awiriwa amatchedwa hemispheres.

Pankhani ya kutalika, izi zimayamba kulembedwa kuchokera ku Greenwich meridian yotchedwa zero meridian kummawa, imalembedwa mpaka kufika madigiri a 180, pomwe meridian yomweyi imagawaniza dziko lapansi (lotchedwa antemeridian), theka ili limatchedwa « Kum'mawa ". Kenako theka linalo limatchedwa West, lomwe nthawi zambiri limayimilidwa ndi W (kumadzulo), meridians amayambirabe kuchokera ku Greenwich koma mbali ina kuchokera pa zero mpaka madigiri 180.

1 geographic utm

Motero kugwirizana ku Spain kungakhale Latitude 39 N ndi kutalika kwa 3 W, yomwe ikugwirizana ku Peru idzakhala Latitude 10 S ndi 74 W. kutalika

Njira yokhazikitsira maubale omwe sakhudzana ndi kutalika kwakunyanja, chifukwa ndi vekitala yomwe imayamba kuchokera pakati pa dziko lapansi mpaka pamwamba, ndiye malingaliro omwe Google Earth imagwiritsa ntchito, ndipo iyi ndi njira ya makompyuta omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mafayilo a kml, kuwonjezera apo, spheroid yowonjezeredwa yawonjezeredwa, ndiyo njira yoyerekeza padziko lapansi pazolinga. Google imagwiritsa ntchito WGS84 ngati spheroid yofotokozera (ngakhale alipo Zida zomwe zimakulowetsani kulowa mu UTM zimakonzera ku Google Earth). Ubwino waukulu pakuyerekeza uku ndikuti mgwirizanowu ndi wapadera padziko lapansi, ngakhale kuyendetsa ntchito zowerengera mtunda kapena mayendedwe sikothandiza kwa "osakhala ma geographer."

UTM imalumikiza

UTM imalumikiza kuchokera ku lingaliro la kulingalira zolembera zowonjezera pamtunda wa m'nyanja kuchokera pa chiwonetsero cha pulasitiki Traverso de Mercator. Dziko lapansi nthawi zonse limagawidwa ndi meridians, m'magawo asanu ndi limodzi okhala ndi 60, awa amatchedwa mabacteria. Kuwerengera kwa maderawa kumayamba kuchokera ku antemeridian, kuyambira zero mpaka 60 kuchokera kumadzulo mpaka kum'mawa.

Magawo omwe amapanga zofananira amachokera ku 84 S mpaka 80 N, ndipo amawerengedwa ndi zilembo zomwe zimachokera ku C mpaka X ("I" ndi "O" sanaphatikizidwe), gawo lililonse lili ndi madigiri 8 a latitude kupatula X yomwe ili ndi madigiri 12.

A, B, Y, Z amagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka polar; Google siimaphatikizapo gawo ili chifukwa imakhala ndi chiwerengero chosachepera m'dera la chidwi chokha chifukwa cha zimbalangondo za polar :).

1 geographic utm

1 geographic utmM'madera onse a 60 pali madigiri a 6 iliyonse, komanso

  • Mexico imagwa pakati pa 11 ndi 16
  • Honduras mu 16 ndi mbali ya 17
  • Peru pakati pa 17 ndi 19
  • Spain pakati pa 29 ndi 31.

Kuyerekeza kwa kutchulidwa kwa spheroid kunyanja kumapangitsa arc yopangidwa ndi mizereyi kukhala ndi miyezo yofanana ndendende ndi muyeso wakomweko. Spheroid iyi, yomwe kale (yotchuka ku Latin America) inali NAD27, pakadali pano NAD83 imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri, yomwe ambiri amadziwika kuti WGS84. Pokhala ndi kutanthauzira kosiyana, ma grid amitundu iwiri ndi osiyana.

Chifukwa chake zone ili ndi poyambira x, y ku Central America, malire pakati pa zigawo 15 ndi 16 ali ndi mgwirizano wa 178,000 ndikupita ku 820,000 yochulukirapo. Magawo olumikiziranawa ndi ofanana mdera lililonse, kumtunda komweko koma tikufotokozera, si gridi yolumikizana koma poyesa kwanuko, ndizofanana. Malire pakati pamagawo akutsekedwa, koma zonse zimayambira pakatikati, pomwe pali meridian yowongoka kwambiri yomwe kutalika kwake ndi 300,000 komwe kumatchedwa «zabodza kummawa», kotero kuti kumanzere ndi kumanja kwa meridian iyi mulibe mayunitsi zoipa.
Chigawo (Y coordination) chimayamba kuchokera ku 0.00 ku equator ndikukwera kumpoto kumpoto ndi makonzedwe pafupi ndi 9,300,000.

Foni ya 16

Mapu omwe timawadziwa chifukwa cha cadastral, ndi mamba 1: 10,000 kapena 1: 1,000 tulukani ku gawoli wa chigawo ichi, mu post yotsatila tidzakambilongosola pamene izi zikuchitika.

1 geographic utm

Geographic ndondomeko, monga 16N 35W ndi wapadera Komabe, UTM ntchito monga X = 664,235 Y = 1,234,432 liri ina abwerezedwa 60 madera kumpoto chomwecho, onse mu North ndi South; imafuna malo ndi malo omwe akukhala kuti azidziwe komwe kuli.

Kenako maofesi onsewa azikhala ndi spheroid yowunikira. Pankhani yolumikizana ndi UTM, ngati ili ku NAD27 siyikhala yofanana ndi WGS84 chifukwa ma meshes omwe amapanga grid sizimachitika mwangozi. Kusintha makonzedwe a UTM kukhala ma Geographic kapena mosemphanitsa, pali mapulogalamu omwe amawathandiza, monga Zithunzi za Geofumed.

Ndikofunikira kudziwa kuti machitidwe a CAD kale sankagwirizana ndi ziwonetsero, monga AutoCAD kapena Microstation, ndi AutoCAD Map3D kapena Microstation Geographics okha omwe adachita (Monga AutoCAD 2009 ndi Microstation 8.9 XM amachita). Tikamagwiritsa ntchito mapu osonyeza georeferenced ku AutoCAD, ndi UTM yolumikizira, zomwe tili nazo ndi mapu mkati mwa ndege ya Cartesian, koma tiyenera kumvetsetsa kuti maulalo omwewo amapezeka m'malo ena 60 kumtunda womwewo kumpoto ndi kumwera kwa hemispheres; Chifukwa chake, zimakhala zovuta kugwira ntchito mu UTM ndi katundu zomwe ziri pakati pa ziwiri madera.

Kuti muyanjane ndi UTM, Google Earth ndi Excel, maulumikiziwa angakhale othandiza kwambiri:

UTM amayang'anira mu Google Earth

Kusintha Geographical kumalumikiza ku UTM ndi Excel

Kusintha UTM kumalumikiza ku Geographical ndi Excel

58 Amayankha "Kumvetsetsa ziwonetsero za UTM"

  1. Zimadalira pa mapulogalamu omwe muyenera kuziwona.
    Izi zikugwirizana ndi zomwe mukusowa zikusowa zowunikira, chifukwa zimabwerezedwa m'madera onse a 60, kumpoto ndi kum'mwera kwa hemispheres.

  2. Ndili ndi makonzedwe awa ndipo ndikufunika kudziwa malo, ndiyenera kuchita chiyani
    N1300113 E 1040271. AMAKONDA

  3. Sindikuwona chithunzi cha zomwe mukutumiza. Koma muyenera kumvetsetsa kuti ma ulalo a utm samakhala osiyana ndi ena, amabwerezedwa m'chigawo chilichonse pamtunda womwewo.

  4. Kodi ndikugwira ntchito bwanji ku georeference? Ndili m'dera lokhala pakati pa 13 ndi 14 ,,,. fayilo yochokera kumzinda womwe uli mu malo a 13 ndi fayilo ina kuchokera mumzinda womwe uli mu 14 ndikuwayika mu fayilo imodzi kuti muwone momwe ikuwonekera, funso langa ndiloti bwanji amakhala kutalikirana kwambiri pamene ali pafupi? Ndidachionera kale mu Google Earth ndipo chilichonse ndichabwino, kungoti ali kutali ndipo akuwoneka kuti ali pafupi ndi mzinda wa 13 woyang'ana kutsogolo kwa 14 pomwe kwenikweni siziri choncho

  5. Wawa. Zikhala kuti mutha kundithandiza ndi izi: kumunda ndimakonda kutenga mfundo ndi ma gps, mu UTM kenako ndikakhala pansi pa data kuti ndigwiritse ntchito mapulani mu AutoCAD, koma mukafuna kutumiza kunja ku mapu a cadastral, mfundo imodzi yokha imawonekera koma osati kujambula kwathunthu, bwanji izi …… Ecuador

  6. Ndibwino kuti mukhale oleza mtima komanso owolowa manja pogawana nzeru zanu, Geofumed!

  7. Kodi ine ndiyenera mfundo wanga 2 migodi grids kuperekedwa ku migodi chilolezo ku Bolivia ngati makalata anga ndife psad 56 ndi ndondomeko anga WGS 84 chonde ngati mungandithandize chifukwa foni yanga GPS ndipita desplasado yaitali

  8. Fernando Ojeda February, 2017 pa
    Ndinkafuna kutembenuzira ku UTM maofesi a popocatepetl a mapiri omwe ndi:
    Latitude 19 ° 13'20.00 "
    Kutalika 98 ° 37¨40.00 "

    Ndipo pulogalamu yabwino kwambiri yowerengera sichivomereza kutalika kwa 98 °.
    Ndingachite bwanji ngati akundiuza kuti ndisachoke ku 80 ndi 90, pamene deta ndi 9

    UTM Z14 WGS84
    2125458.053 539124.2666 14

  9. Ndinkafuna kutembenuzira ku UTM maofesi a popocatepetl a mapiri omwe ndi:
    Latitude 19 ° 13'20.00 "
    Kutalika 98 ° 37¨40.00 "

    Ndipo pulogalamu yabwino kwambiri yowerengera sichivomereza kutalika kwa 98 °.
    Ndingatani ngati mutandiuza kuti ndisachoke ku 80 ndi 90, pamene deta ndi 98?

  10. Kodi wina angandithandize mapu kukula kwa malo? Ndili ndi 4 latitude ndi longitude. Ngati wina waperekedwa ndikutumiza deta yomwe ndiri nayo ndipo ndikuthokozani kwambiri. Zikomo

  11. Eya, Bruno.
    Ife sitili omveka bwino zomwe mukukufunsa:
    Mwinanso ngati mungafotokozere zambiri: Kodi ndi zomwe mudzachite? Kodi manambala siwokhazikika?
    Kodi mungagawire izo pamapu?

  12. Ndine latsopano kusamalira GPS ndi mapu, amandifunsa Mwachitsanzo kutenga mfundo zina ×, Y (4 mfundo) ndi chiwembu pa phiri, ngati m'dera ndi 4 mahekitala ndi akhale multiples wa 100 lililonse ×, ndi Chonde, lolani. Zikomo (bruficarrasco123-4qoutlook.com)

  13. Sindikudziwa kuti ndingamvetsetse bwanji, kutengera chosinthira chomwe mukugwiritsa ntchito. Kumbukirani kuti ngati mutembenuza ali ndi zabodza zomwe zikuphatikizidwa, sizingafanane ndi ma UTM abwinobwino, zomwe ndi zomwe Google akuwonetsa.

  14. Moni! Ndikuyembekeza kuti mungandithandize, chifukwa ndayesera zonse ndipo sizigwira ntchito:
    Ndikuyesera kusintha maofesi ena ku UTM, pogwiritsa ntchito angapo otembenuka omwe ali pa intaneti. Poyamba ndinaganiza kuti ndizolakwika, koma ndinayang'ana ndikupeza zonse zomwezo.
    Ndikuyang'ana magwirizanidwe a ena mwa mapiri ophulika ku Mexico; Ndimalandira mwayi kwa izi kuchokera ku Google Earth ndipo zimandipatsa magawo a chilengedwe. Vutoli ndikuti ndikawasinthira ku UTM, zimandidutsa kuchokera ku 13 zone kupita ku 14 ndipo izi zimasintha magwirizanowo kwathunthu, mu «x», mpaka kuchuluka komwe kukugwa kwa chipale cha Colima (kufupi kwambiri ndi Pacific Ocean) kumandisonyeza ndi 600,000, pomwe Nevado de Toluca (yomwe ili pakatikati pa dzikolo) yandisonyeza zabwino za 400,000. Sindikumvetsa chifukwa chake.
    Ndithokozeretu

  15. Ndikupatsani chitsanzo chomwe sichikusonyeza zambiri kuti mumvetse. Ingoganizirani golosale yomwe imadutsa pamlingo wanyanja, ina yomwe imadutsa 200 mita pamwamba, ina yomwe imadutsa 1000 mita pamwambapa. Zonse ndiwongozungulirapo, ndipo mfundoyi ndi yofanana mwa aliyense koma gridi mulibe, kotero mfundo ya UTM ikhoza kukhala ndi mgwirizano wina mosiyanasiyana

  16. Kodi mawonekedwe a utm amagwiritsira ntchito bwanji datum?

  17. momwe mungadziŵerengere mtunda mu kilomita (muyezo) mu chiwonetsero cha utm

  18. Onani mfundo m'dera lanu la Goolgle Earth. Ngati kumpoto kwa mzere wa equator, ndi zone 17 kumpoto. Ngati ili pansipa, ndi Zone 17 kumwera.

  19. Eya, kodi mungandithandize ndi funso:
    Download dem amene ali WGS84, ndikufunika ntchito UTM phunziro langa m'dera la kum'mwera kumadzulo Colombia (Nariño), funso n'lakuti, zomwe dera I ntchito kuti UTM ziyerekezo, Zone 17n Amalonda 17s.
    Zikomo chifukwa cha kufotokozera kwanu ndikukhululukira umbuli wanga pa nkhaniyi.

  20. Chabwino, sindikumvetsa.
    Tumizani ife UTM kuti tiwonetsetse kuti tiwone, chifukwa sindingathe kuwona bwino vutoli.

  21. Nditalowa koyamba, nyanja imagwera munyanja, ku Gulf of Mexico. Kugwiritsa ntchito WGS84
    Kwa zotsatirazi, zomwe UTM, kugwira ntchito zimafotokozera kuti ndi malo ati.

    Ndithudi, kukhala ndi zochuluka zowonongeka ndi kukonza machitidwe muyenera kufotokozedwa ndi aliyense amene anazitenga.

  22. Ndikuyamikira inu kutenga vuto kufotokoza zonse izi, ndinayamba kupeza yotamandika kwambiri ndi laphindu clarifier, koma pali matanthauzo inu ntchito kuti Ine sindingakhoze kumvetsa osadziwa wanga. Ndili ndi funso lokhudza tebulo lotsatiridwa ndi winawake. Mutha kundiuza ndi deta iyi yomwe ili pansipa, yomwe ikugwirizanitsa machitidwe awo ndi zomwe deta (ngati ili) idagwiritsidwa ntchito. Zikomo kwambiri, ndikudikira.

    Longitude Latitude East (X) Kumpoto (Y)
    -92.170660948 19.294503558 587135.5 2133622.5
    -92.170643520 19.294488976 587137.4 2133620.9
    -92.170620402 19.294469407 587139.8 2133618.8
    -92.170618372 19.294467695 587140.0 2133618.6
    -92.170614312 19.294464279 587140.5 2133618.2
    -92.170610252 19.294460862 587140.9 2133617.8
    -92.170597249 19.294449921 587142.3 2133616.6

  23. Kodi ndingapeze kuti mawonekedwe ndi grid of utm zones?

  24. Tiyeni tiwone, fotokozani zambiri
    Kodi munasintha wotani?

    Kodi ukutanthawuza kuti kutembenuka mtima kumakupatsani mwayi wosiyana?

  25. Yang'anani, gwiritsani ntchito utm mpaka ma degree converter ndipo ku El Salvador magwirizanidwe ndi 89 ° kutalika ndipo 13 ° latitude ndimagwiritsa ntchito 16 zone ndi hemisphere kumpoto koma ndikatembenuza mita kumandipatsa 89 ° ndi 2 ° latitude sindingathe kuzichita.

  26. Moni, CONAGUA ikundifunsa «Dongosolo ndi miyezo ndi malire a malowa mu UTM magwirizano» pali amene amadziwa kuti angandithandizire?

  27. Posavuta kwambiri, pitirizani ndi njira yatsopano yophunzitsira omwe akufuna kuphunzira kapena kukumbukira nkhanizi.

  28. KUKHALA LIMENE TSAMBA LA 10 LANDITHANDIZENI KWAMBIRI
    ZIKOMO

  29. Malingaliro operekedwa, ndi magulu angati? Ndimagwira ntchito algebra kuti ndidziwe mtunda wa pakati pa mfundo ziwiri ndi zotsatira ziri mu mamita?

  30. Ndikuganiza kuti mwachindunji mu AutoCAD simungathe. Mwina Civil3D ili ndi zinazake, koma nthawi zambiri mumayenera kuzisintha.

  31. ndingathe bwanji kusintha ma lat / latuloni ku UTM mu autocad yemweyo Ndikuyembekeza kuti mundithandize muyamiko iyi

  32. chosangalatsa kwambiri chilichonse anali atayiwala kale chilichonse mwana wanga wamkazi.

  33. Inde ndi vuto lofala kwambiri komanso kufooka kwa dongosolo la UTM. Pali zosankha, koma zimatengera zomwe zimafunika.

    Kwa ntchito, njira ina ndikusunthira chakumma konyenga, zikutanthauza kuti chapakati pamaderopo chimayenda. Izi zimaloledwa ndi mapulogalamu, ndi chisankho chosintha makina.

    Njira ina ndikugwirira ntchito ndi malo amitunda yayitali m'derali, kapena ziwembu zomwe zakhudzidwa m'mphepete mwa malowa. Kenako, pazosindikiza, ndikofunikira kupereka izi mwanjira iyi kuti zisapangitse chisokonezo.

  34. Chosangalatsa kwambiri komanso chofunikira kwambiri pa phunziroli, koma funso langa ndi lakuti: ngati ndili ndi malo oti ndiyese ndipo ili m'madera awiri, monga ine ndikuyimira zochitikazo, ngati ndingaganizire gawo limodzi kapena awiri?
    kapena m'mawu ena, kodi ndikuyimira bwanji malo omwe ayesedwa mu TRANSFER ZONE?

  35. Chabwino sindingathe kumvetsa zonsezi, koma muyenera kuyang'ana deralo, chifukwa Zacatecas ali m'madera ozungulira 13 ndi 14.

    Ngati palibe chomwe chikugwirizana ndi malo omwe mukuyembekezera, njira yokhayo yoyenera kufufuza ndi amene munatenga deta, chifukwa mwina zikanakhala zolakwika zenizeni zomwe zimatanthauza kuti pakatikati pa x = 500,000 ili ndi malo osamukira.

  36. chabwino kuti pali malo oti athe kukayikira, ndakhala ndikuyesa sukulu ndi chi-co-ordinated utm ndipo ichi ndi chitsanzo.

    onetsetsani zogwirizanitsa za ndondomeko ya chiphaso
    ndi deta iyi
    x = 636,130.00 y = 2,656,898.00
    ndipo ndimapeza 24.01828298 -103.6614938

    Kotero apo ife tiri, funso ndilo:

    pamene makonzedwe ndi x = 507258 y = 2658745
    ngati ife tiri mu zacatecas ndi ndondomeko zatchulidwazi zanditumiza ku dziko lina ndipo ndi za phiri.
    amaganiza kuti ndondomeko ndi ziwembu ndalama, choncho vuto si mtundu wa GPS kapena UTM mtundu anatenga, kodi kufufuza osiyanasiyana UTM ndi mbali.

    zikomo chifukwa cha chidwi chanu

  37. Ndinali wokondwa chifukwa ndikulakalaka ndikumuwona bwino pa dziko lapansi.

  38. Nditumizireni pulogalamu iyi ndi interesntee graxias

  39. zikomo galvarezhn, kodi mumadziwa pulogalamu iliyonse, yozoloŵera kapena yofanana yomwe imachita zomwe ndikuwonetsa ponena za mgwirizano wa madera awiri? Ndikufuna kuti izigwiritsidwe ntchito mu autocad.

    zonse

  40. Hello Ismael
    Kuti mujambula pogwiritsa ntchito ma UTM omwe amapezeka m'malo omwe amapezeka, ndikofunikira kusintha kum'maŵa komwe kuli pakati, chifukwa chakuti UTM imagwirira ntchito kuti iwone madera am'deralo ... pansi pa izi.

    Pulogalamuyi siyi ya izo

  41. Pulogalamuyi ndi yothandiza popanga autocad pakati pa magawo awiri? popeza utm ikugwirizanitsa mfundo zomwe wobwereza sazimvetsa. Ndikulingalira kuti polowera malo owonetsera malo ndikuwonetsera malo, pulogalamuyo imapanga mgwirizano wa magawo awiriwa? mu zochitika zolimbitsa

  42. zosatheka, kotero ife tikhoza kumvetsa kumene tingayambe.
    Machitidwe otchulidwa ndi chinthu chimodzi ndi mtundu wa Projection wina.
    Mapulani ojambula zithunzi ayenera kunena zonse, nthawi zonse.

  43. Pepani Yorel, ndizovuta kuti tiwoneke bwino ndi aliyense, koma ngati mutatiuza kuti ndi ndani mwa awiriwa omwe mumayesa kukhala opusa titha kukutumizirani kuma blogi ena omwe amafotokoza mopanda tanthauzo ... mwina mulingo wa blog iyi sichiri kwa inu ndipo timamvetsetsa

    ... ndi iti ya awiriwo ... galasi kapena inayo ...

    ndipo musadandaule, ndimamvetsa tanthauzo la mawu akuti troll

  44. izi zothandizira zimawoneka ngati zofunika kwambiri chifukwa timadziwa komwe tili

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