JOSM - A CAD kwa deta kusintha mu OpenStreetMap

OpenStreetMap (OSM) mwina ndi imodzi mwa zitsanzo zabwino za momwe zidziwitso zogwirizanirana zimatha kukhazikitsa njira yatsopano yolongosola zojambulajambula. Mofanana ndi Wikipedia, ntchitoyi inakhala yofunika kwambiri lero kuti izi zitheke kuti izi zikhale zosangalatsa kuti izi zikhale zosangalatsa zokhudzana ndi kusinthidwa kwanu pazinthu monga zofuna chidwi, bizinesi kapena deta zomwe sizidzatheka kuti zisunge.

Kugwiritsa OSM ntchito Cadastral mukhoza kupita pa ntchito yanu, ziwembu, ndipo m'dera mapu zapaderazi, kulola Buku deta ndi anthu kusinthidwa ngati n'kotheka kulimbikitsa mgwirizano Amadziwanso kuti ngakhale ngati si kusinthidwa m'dera lawo, Tsiku lina lidzakhala, chifukwa ndi chinthu chosasinthika.

Pali njira zambiri zowonjezeramo mfundo OpenStreetMap. Malinga ndi zomwe zikugwira ntchito, njira yosankha pa Intaneti kapena pafoni ndi yosavuta pamsewu omwe amapangidwa ndi kufotokozera zithunzi. Koma ngati tikuyembekeza kuti tipempherere, ndi mapu a DXF, GPX akupanga kapena kuti ndife okondedwa a CAD, yankho lothandiza ndi JOSM, chida cha kasitomala chomwe chinapangidwa pa Java.

Ichi ndi chitsanzo, momwe kusanjikiza kwa OSM kusanathe nthawi. Ndikhoza kuwona chifukwa fano la Google liriposachedwa kuposa momwe OSM angasonyezere, nthawi zambiri Bing, yomwe m'mayiko ambiri akutukuka ndi osawuka.

openstreetmaps

Mapu amasonyeza kuti dera limenelo linali ngati zaka ziwiri zapitazo.

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Chithunzichi chikuwonetsa momwe chidakhalira mutatha kumangidwa chaka chatha chaka chatha.

Pulogalamu ya JOSM ndi yosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito kwa aliyense amene wagwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu monga AutoCAD kapena Microstation. Kumangidwa pa Java ndi multiplatform ndipo kamodzi kamasungidwa kokha kukonzekera kugwira ntchito. Monga mukuonera, pa chithunzichi cha Bing ndikuti wina adakonzanso mapu.

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Kugwira ntchito kwa JOSM

Pogwiritsa ntchito batani lothandizira, dongosololi limachepetsanso chidwi cha vector, kusintha, kuchotsa kapena kuwonjezera.

Pankhaniyi, ndikufuna kusintha mlatho wokwera. The mbali gulu limakupatsani kusankha zigawo mukufuna kuonetsa, ndi malire amene sangathe yodzaza Google ndondomeko Images maziko OSM pofuna kupewa mikangano ya ufulu, komanso chifukwa mpukutu kubala mafano chifukwa mkangano zovuta kukhalabe .

Njira imodzi ndiyo kuyendetsa pa mlatho, ndi gps yogwiritsidwa ntchito ndikuyambanso deta. JOSM imathandizira kutsegula deta kuchokera ku zithunzi zojambulajambula, DXF, mawonekedwe omwe amapezeka ndi GPS monga GPX, NMEA, komanso kuyang'anira utumiki WMS, pakati pa ena.

Kusintha kapena kusintha muyenera kukhala ndi wosuta, zomwe zimatenga mphindi zochepa pa tsamba OpenStreetMap.

Kusintha kwa deta

Mbali yamanzere imasonyeza zigawo za openstreetmapskumbuyo komweko, tatsegula, tsekani.

Kusankha tingayembekezere kuona gulu ili amusankha kuchokera pamwamba menyu zamlengalenga - ndipo pano akupezeka Bing, MapBox Satellite, Mapquest Open Ndege, wms maulendo mwini kapena zithunzi warpeadas ndi magwiridwe kuti pulogalamu chimadzetsa.

Mukhozanso kusankha kalembedwe komwe tikuyembekeza kuwona zinthu zamakono.

Pa msinkhu wa ntchito, muyenera kuphunzira kachipangizo kachinokosi kapena phokoso la mbewa chifukwa zolemba zowonjezera zili zochepa. Chizindikirocho ndi Zoom,, chiwonetsero chatsopano, monga momwe ndinkafunira, sindinapeze batani kuti ndipange (pan).

Mukakhudza zinthu, zosankha zamkati zimatsekedwa, monga kusintha njira ya njira, kupitilira kapena kuwonjezera zigawo.

openstreetmapsMuyenera kusewera ndi menyu kuti muwone ntchito zomwe zilipo, komanso muwone mapulagini osiyanasiyana kuti asankhe zomwe zingakhale zosangalatsa kuzilandira.

Kuti ndisinthe mizere yomwe imasintha mawonekedwe, ndinkangosunthira nodes, ndipo pogwiritsa ntchito zigawo zatsopano zimasungidwa popanda zambiri. Kuti musinthe ndondomeko yomwe mizere iwiri imayanjanitsidwa, ndakhudza vertex ndi chisankho chochotsera, ngakhale ndinkakonda kuchita ndondomeko yakale, kudula ndi kuchotsa gawo lotsala. Ndiye zinthu ziyenera kupatsidwa zomwe ziri, ngati ndizo misewu yayikulu, mtundu wa mlatho wawayendedwe ndikuwonetsa ngati ali ndi njira imodzi kapena ziwiri.

Zotsatira za kope

Ndinatenganso mwayi wokonza mizere yomwe inali pafupi kwambiri ndipo ndinawonjezera zigawo zingapo zomwe, ngakhale kuti siziwoneka mu Google image, ndimadziwa chifukwa m'mawa uliwonse ndimadutsa apa ndikupita kuntchito.

Potsirizira pake, patapita kanthawi kosewera, ntchito ya vector yakhala ikutero.

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Pakusintha deta dongosolo limatsimikizira kusagwirizana, monga malo osagwirizanitsidwa, ndi njira yosakanikirana ndi chigawo cha nkhondo. Zimakhala zochepa kwambiri chifukwa chithunzithunzi chimakhala chogwira ntchito komanso chothandiza. Chimatsimikiziranso zapamwamba zokhudzana ndi zizindikiro za mtundu womwewo komanso zachilendo pakati pa zitsulo zamalonda. Zina zomwe zimatsimikiziranso zimatsutsana ndi deta zina zomwe wina angakhale akuchokera kumalo omwewo.

Mukangomasulidwa, mukhoza kuona kusintha nthawi yomweyo mu OSM.

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Timatchula zojambulajambulazi.

Ndikuwonetsa kuyang'ana pa Msonkhano umene Jorge Sanz wapanga, ndi ziwerengero, deta ndi zopindulitsa za OpenStreetMap zomwe zimatithandiza kumvetsetsa momwe timagwirira ntchito kutsegula malingaliro athu ku chitsanzo cha anthu.

Koperani JOSM

Yerekezerani ndi OpenStreetMap ndi mapu ena amtaneti

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