gvSIG, Kugonjetsa Chatsopano malo ... Tikufunika ¿Maganizo?

Ili ndilo dzina lomwe lapemphedwa Msonkhano wachisanu ndi chiwiri wa GvSIG kumapeto kumapeto kwa chaka cha 2011.

Cholinga cha chaka chino chidzapereka zambiri zoti zidzalankhulidwe zapadera pazithunzithunzi zazikulu zojambulajambula za geospatial; koma njira yake ndi yosapeŵeka, ngati ziyembekezeredwa kuti gvSIG imatha kuthetsa zopinga zomwe zilipo m'mayiko omwe alibe mfundo zomveka bwino zogwiritsira ntchito mapulogalamu aumwini komanso komwe nthawi zambiri amanyansidwa ndi umbuli kapena zofuna zina.

Pankhaniyi, tikuyembekezera kuti padzakhala mafotokozedwe ndi matebulo okhudzana ndi njira zowonjezereka kuti athetsere nthano monga:

- Free mapulogalamu alibe khalidwe

- Palibe makampani otsala pulogalamu yaulere

folio ndi banner_ESPChinthu chabwino kwambiri chomwe GvSIG Foundation wakhala ikuchiyanjanitsa academy - poyera - payekha chifukwa chokhazikika. Palibe zomwe zina zowoneka poyera zomwe sizinachitike, ndi kusiyana kwakukulu mu zoyesayesa zolemba zovomerezeka ndi kugwirizanitsa mgwirizano ndi njira yosautsa imene mpaka tsopano yabweretsa zotsatira zosangalatsa ku Ulaya ndi America.

Makamaka zakhala zophweka kuti ndipangitse wogwira ntchito kugwiritsa ntchito chida chomwe chimadula zikwi za madola kuposa yankho laulere. Osati chifukwa chakuti mphamvu zake sizingatheke kuwonetseredwa bwino, koma chifukwa choyenera kugula pulogalamu yomwe ilibe dzina lopindulitsa ndi kuimika ndi njira yothandizira ndi zovuta ndi olemba zamalamulo ena.

Nkhaniyo ikhoza kukhala yovuta malinga ndi malo, komanso kuwonetsetsa kwa dziko lonse kuyenera kutsogoleredwa ndi chizoloŵezi chokopa mwachikhulupiliro chomwe sichidzaperekedwa popanda kulimbana. Palibe choipa kuposa chipulogalamu yabwino ndipo akuti ... palipo ngati mukufuna kuchigwiritsa ntchito.

Sikophweka ngati tiganiziranso zovuta zomwe tingayembekezere poyipitsa chithunzicho monga momwe tawonera kale owononga, zomwe ziri zofanana ndi uchigawenga ngakhale poyamba sizinali. Pachifukwa ichi, ndizoopsa kuti zigwirizanenso ndi zigawo za kumanzere, zomwe, ngakhale ziri maziko ndi maziko osasinthika, m'mayiko ambiri a ku Amerika akugwirizana ndi miyambo ya anthu okhudzidwa ndi chikhalidwe ndi mawu osadziwika ndi atsogoleri awo omwe amaletsa kwambiri malingaliro.

Ndizovuta kwambiri zomwe gvSIG ikufuna kufotokoza zochitikazi, chisokonezo pakati pa Open Source ndi Private Software ali ndi zovuta zawo kuti amvetse bwino ngakhale tokha, tiyeni tiwone njira zina:

Chidziwitso chiyenera kukhala demokalase: Mbendera iyi ndadzitukulira ndekha, Geofumadas gawo la mfundo imeneyi ndipo nthawi zambiri ndimatsindika kwa akatswiri anga omwe apitirira zaka 50 kuti asadziwe okha ndikudzibwezera ku mibadwo yatsopano ngati tikuyembekeza kupita patsogolo.

Monga pulofesa wa yunivesite yemwe ali ndi udindo umene sudzapereke monga choncho chidziwitso chimene chachita khama kwambiri. Kuganiza kuti kwachititsa kuti zipatala zambiri kapena ntchito zambiri ziwonongeke komanso zina zikuwoneka ngati mizu ya kudzikuza yomwe imasonyezedwa modzikuza komanso kulephera kusagulitsa malonda kuchokera ku chidziwitso chodziwika. Ngati wina akuganiza kuti ali anzeru ndi anzeru, aloleni kuti awawonetsere mwa kuwusandutsa chuma, kapena kusintha maluso awo kuti akhale malonda kapena kugulitsa ntchito ...

Ndemanga yapitayo idzawoneka ngati yopanda pake, koma izi ndizofanana zomwe nthawi zina zimawonedwa poletsedwa ndi magulu apadera pazokambirana ndi kutseguka kwa midzi.

... ndi nthawi, nthawi zina pamapeto pake kuti munthu amene amasintha chidziwitso chawo amakula, amaphunzira, kusinthika ndi zovuta kuposa amene amatenga maudindo awo kumanda.

Kupereka malangizo sikutanthauza ndalama, komanso sikutanthauza kuti tiyenera kupereka ntchito zathu kwaulere. Tikamayankhula za chidziwitso cha demokalase, timagwiritsa ntchito mfundo yowunikira nzeru komanso masomphenya othandizana nawo. Ngati ndili ndi zikhumbo zazikulu (zazikulu kuposa momwe ndingakwanitse), ndikhoza kukhazikitsa gulu la anthu omwe amatenga lingaliro loyamba kumagulu ena ogwirizana , mukumvetsetsa kuti nthawi zonse idzakhala yolamulira, monga momwe inakhalira.

Kuchokera pazimenezi, ndikanakhala ndi chidziwitso chodziwika bwino, koma ndikulemba ndikuwonetseredwa kuti ndikugwira ntchito, ndi umwini waumphawi, womwe ndi mudzi wonse komanso msewu kapena malo oyimika. Ngati kuyigwiritsa ntchito kapena kupanga malingaliro apadera kumapereka ndalama kwa iwo omwe akukhudzidwa nawo, ndiye kuti timatcha pulogalamuyi yaulere: zomwe zimamangidwa sizolondola, koma zimaperekedwa kuti zitsatire. Kuwamasulira kwa anthu ammudzi mwa malamulo osagwiritsiridwa ntchito kwaulere kumapangitsa kuti akhwime ndi kukhala ndi makhalidwe omwe gulu laling'ono la akatswiri silingakwanitse.

Umu ndi momwe kugwirizanirana kwa anthu, ndi chidziwitso cha anthu onse ndi ogwiritsa ntchito kubwereranso kudzera mwa opanga chitukuko chomwe chinapangidwira kwambiri pachiyambi choyambirira. Pali nthawizonse zamalonda, koma pansi pa chidziwitso cha demokalase ... Ndi filosofi yomwe imasiyanitsa aufulu kwaulere, kapena kuyembekezera kuti ikhale yosakanikirana, makamaka pambuyo pa zokambirana ndi anthu a RedHat kukambirana za ndalama zapadera.

Mapulogalamuwa ndi ndalama zopanda malire: Ndimaika maola 10,000 pa nthawi yanga ndikugwirizanitsa anthu atatu kuti ndikhale ndi kompyuta. Palibe chomwe chiyenera kunditeteza kuti ndisamangoganizira kuti katundu wanga ndi katundu wanga komanso kuti ndiwonetsere zolondola kuti ndalama zanga zibwerere pogulitsa pulogalamuyo kwa anthu kapena makampani.

Mwaichi, chidziwitso chomwe chinapezedwa pamene ntchitoyi ikukhazikitsidwa imapanga ndalama zomwe anthu ena ndi mabungwe angagwire ntchito bwino. Ndipo palibe chifukwa choti ndiganizire kuti chifukwa ndili ndi chidziwitso, ndimapatsa anthu chidziwitso ndi kusuta chifukwa chakuti chidziwitso chiyenera kukhala chademokrati. Mapulogalamuwa si abwino, ndichifukwa chake zimakhala zosavuta kuzidodometsa, koma ndi mtolo wa chidziwitso chophatikizidwa kuti mupereke yankho.

Ichi ndi chiyambi cha pulogalamu ya eni eni, yomwe pambuyo pofika ma PCwo anasiya kukhala phindu logulitsidwa kwa hardware ndipo malingaliro a licensi adalengedwa (omwe ali ngati chilolezo kuposa mankhwala). Ndizo za omwe adayikapo pa chitukuko chake, ndipo zomwe zimamveka zimapatsa phindu kwa iwo amene amazigwiritsira ntchito: ndizofunika kudziwa chidziwitso chophatikizidwa.

Kusintha kwa makompyuta kudzapitirizabe kufotokozera mu lamulo lalamulo la ndalama zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zaka 30 zisakhaleko, kupereka zitsanzo, kusungidwa kwa tsamba la webusaiti, lolembetsedwa ndikugwiritsa ntchito gulu. Mavuto ngati kusiyana pakati pa mizere ya 100 ya mapulogalamu mu mapulogalamu omwe alipo kale makalata ofanana ndi mzere wa 5 wa ndondomeko yomwe palibe wina amene adayambitsa.

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Kumeneko, kodi pali zitsanzo ziwiri za bizinesi ndi machenjerero osiyana, onse pofufuza kuthetsa vuto lomwelo. Woyamba ali ndi chiopsezo chotaya moyo wake, wachiŵiri ndi chiopsezo kuti kampaniyo ikasankha kugulitsa kwa ena yomwe ikhoza kupitilira kapena yosapitiliza kukula.

Nkhaniyo ndiye, mu zomwe zinachitika Richard Stallman mu 1983, pamene adatha kuchititsa zolakwika zomwe pulogalamuyo inali nayo. Kampaniyo sinamulole kuti akhudze kachidindo, ngakhale kuti adawauza kuti adzachita kwaulere ndipo phindu lidzakhala la kampani yomweyo.

Ndiye, zimakhala zotsutsana, kuti ngati nditagula phukusi la chidziwitso ndipo ndikutha kusintha malingana ndi zomwe ndikudziwa ... ndiye kuti ndilibe phukusi, osati mwaulere. Osati momwe zikanakhalire ndikamapanga galimoto yanga ya Toyota kuti ikhale ngati dolphin, chifukwa Toyota akuti chifaniziro chake chawonongeka ndi zomwe mkazi wanga amachita. Ngati Toyota adayankha kuti ngati ndichita zimenezo ndiye kuti ndikhoza kulangidwa, ndiye ndikukhulupirira kuti ndilibe zomwe ndagula.

Koma chabwino, zonse zikhoza kuthetsedwa ngati aliyense akuchita bizinesi yake. Ngati wina akufuna kugula pulogalamu yamalonda, yigule, ndi kuvomereza zofunikira. Ngati mukufuna pulogalamu yaulere, perekani kukwaniritsa ndikugwiritsira ntchito udindo wanu.

Komabe, vutoli likupita, pamlingo osati ndalama zokha koma ndale komanso mafilosofi. Pa zovuta zomwe makampani akuluakulu opanga mapulogalamu amapanga, nthawi zina amalumikizana ndi opanga kapena opereka zida kuti apeze mapulogalamu aulere kunja, kutsegula mipata yokhala ndi mgwirizano wothandizana nawo komanso m'mayiko ambiri akutsutsa ndale.

Mu mbali iyi, tiyenera kukhala osamala kwambiri, popeza nzeru zapitazo zimayambitsa nkhondo zazikulu. Makhalidwe ena omwe adayimilidwa ndi Richard Stallman mu kayendetsedwe ka GNU ndi ofanana kwambiri ndi mkangano wotsutsana ndi capitalist omwe amachita zinthu mosamala.

"Kuti makampani ali ndi mphamvu yapadera pa ndale amatanthauza kuti demokarase ikudwala, cholinga cha demokarase ndikutsimikiza kuti olemera alibe mphamvu zogwirizana ndi chuma chawo, ndipo ngati ali ndi mphamvu zambiri kuposa inu kapena ine, izo zikutanthauza kuti demokarase ikulephera, malamulo omwe amapeza mwanjira imeneyi alibe ulamuliro, koma amatha kuvulaza. "

Richard Stallman

Gwirizaninso muzochitika zachuma, malamulo ndi ndale za dziko ngati mukufuna kuti mufike pamtundu wa zitukuko za anthu komanso kusintha kwa chitukuko. Koma kutenga nkhaniyi kumafuna kuti anthu azikhala m'mayiko akutali, sizosadabwitsa kuti m'mayiko angapo a ku South America muli kale ndondomeko zadziko zogwiritsira ntchito mapulogalamu aulere m'madera a boma. Uwu ndiwo ufulu wa ulamulilo, ndipo zovuta zapadziko lonse pa izi ziyenera kuonedwa ngati matenda. Koma tiyenera kusamala kuti gulu la Open Source ndi lozunzidwa ndi chiwonongeko cha mfundo zotsalira.

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Chimachitika ndi chakuti mikanganoyi zaka ziwiri zapitazo ku Central America inachoka ku 4 m'mawa kwambiri kupita kwa pulezidenti, pamodzi ndi mapepala ake omwe ali ndi ndege ku Costa Rica. Komanso chifukwa cha ku Venezuela, kampani yachinsinsi ikukhala viacrucis yomwe, pofunafuna chilungamo, yatha kuthamangitsidwa. Kenaka populism ya atsogoleri ena otsala amachititsa kuti azitchula kuti nkhanza kapena kusiya ntchito ndi zotsatira zowopsya kuposa zoyenera.

Ndipo mu nkhani yotsiriza, kuti muwone Stallman pamsonkhano waukulu ndi ndevu zodzaza ndi ziphuphu zomwe zikudalitsa makompyuta a omvetsera, ndi folkloric koma pamafunika khama lomwe silingagwire clichés ngati lawonetsa kuti likukhazikika.

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chithunzi

Kotero ndicho mzimu umene Msonkhano wa Chisanu ndi chiwiri wa GvSIG udzasuntha. Mosakayikira, zochitika zamakono zidzakhala zapamwamba, poganizira nthawi yabwino yomwe maziko tsopano ali ndi ntchito yake yapadziko lonse.

Ndikufuna kuona mapepalawa akuyang'ana bwino, ndithudi tiphunzira zambiri kuti zitsimikizidwe kuti zitsitsimikizidwe kuti padzakhala zitsanzo zomwe zikuchitika pakalipano zomwe tikuganiza kuti ziziyenda koma zomwe sitili bwino monga momwe zidzakhalira zaka 20. Mwa ichi palibe cholembedwa, monga tawonera kusinthika kwa malayisensi obadwa pansi pa GNU kapena zovumbulutsidwa za magawo pa kernel ya Linux.

Kulingalira kokhazikika kwa umunthu kudzagonjetsa pamaso pa malo apamwamba.

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Pomalizira, muyenera kusamalidwa kuti musasakanize ndale kapena chipembedzo ndi ndalama ndi njira, ngati zakhudzidwa ndi zozizwitsa kapena zowonongeka, nkofunika kukhala okonzekera kubwezeretsedwa. Pankhaniyi pali malo osiyanasiyana, kuchokera kumwamba kupita ku gehena.

Chinthu china choyang'ana m'mbuyomu sichikudziyesa kukhala chithunzi, koma kutanthauzira madzulo a Coca Tea, yomwe mnzanga amabweretsa pamene akupita Santa Cruz de la Sierra.

Nthawi zina ndimakhala woopsa, koma pankhani yokhudza ulamuliro wa zachuma muyenera kusamalira chingwe chilichonse. Kutseka ndikusiya chisangalalo chabwino cha kutchuka komwe Stallman anapeza mu nkhani yomwe sitingavomereze.

tiraecol-181

4 Mayankho ku "gvSIG, Kugonjetsa Zida Zatsopano ... Zofunikira! Kodi Mumakangana? "

  1. Tiyenera kudziwa kuti kunyalanyaza pang'ono zinthu zomwe zikuwoneka ngati zowoneka bwino kwayambitsa chisokonezo. Ndipo zofuna zamphamvu zakumayiko zikakhudzidwa, tiyenera kupewa.

  2. Kusinkhasinkha kwabwino, ndikuganiza kuti nthawi ino ikufalikira mu prose, koma chithunzicho chinali chabwino kwambiri.
    Ndikuganiza chinthu chofunika kwambiri ndipo sindinadziwepo kuti Free Software ili ndi chiwanda ichi, monga ndikufotokozera, kuti anthu ena ambiri akuwona.

    zonse

  3. Zikomo chifukwa cha kufotokoza kwa Arnold.
    Ngakhale ali pamsika wapadziko lonse, sizigwira ntchito kwambiri kuti ayang'ane monga "kulowetsedwa ndi masamba a coca" koma monga tiyi wa Coca kapena Mate de coca.

    Ndi tiyi, kulowetsedwa, choonadi ndikuti ndi zabwino kwambiri.

  4. Ndikuganiza kuti imati tiyi ya tiyi, osati tiyi ya tiyi ya Coca.

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