Ma cadastral akuyesa

Cadastral assessment

Kodi Cadastral Appraisal ndi chiyani?

Monga ndanenera poyamba, kufotokozera kungaganizidwe malonda ku chinthu osati mmalo, chomwe chimafuna kupeza mtengo wowerengetsera malonda wotchedwa mtengo wa cadastral. Malo angakhale ndi mawerengero angapo, ndi njira zosiyana ndi masiku. Koma zimakhala pansipa mtengo msika (za 80%), osati chifukwa amachokera kuphunzira yaikulu komanso chifukwa chakuti ambiri saona zinthu zina zimene zimakhudza mtengo komaliza msika, monga mtengo zowonjezera ntchito akatswiri malonda ndalama kapena ndalama za kayendetsedwe ka kampani yopititsa patsogolo.

Pankhani ya Uruguay, kupereka chitsanzo: Mtengo wa cadastral sukhoza kupitirira 80% ya mtengo wamalonda

Zothandiza

Kugwiritsidwa ntchito kawirikawiri ndi ntchito yokopa msonkho ndi msonkho wa nyumba kapena katundu. Cholinga cha kuyesa ndikugwiritsira ntchito lamulo la zopereka ndi mgwirizano pakati pa anthu, poganiza kuti msonkho ukugawidwa malinga ndi mtengo wa katundu (kulipirira ena omwe ali nawo). Komanso ali applicability kwa wotuluka malonda, zomwe zimasiyanasiyana pakati pa mayiko monga mwa chilamulo, koma nthawi zambiri mbiri cadastral zolinga za ngongole kubanki, thandizo la ndalama ku ntchito kwa chitupa cha visa chikapezeka US, njira expropriation ndi malipilo, maphunziro kuchira zowonjezera mtengo, ndi zina zotero.

Ntchito yanu

Malamulo a dziko lirilonse amasintha pogwiritsa ntchito msonkho umenewu, monga El Salvador, kumene kulibe pansi pa chipembedzocho, komanso ku Colombia komwe msonkho umenewu umaphatikizapo:

  • Misonkho kumapaki kapena mitengo
  • Pulogalamu yamakono a zachuma
  • Kafukufuku wa Cadastral

Palinso zosiyanasiyana za ntchito, ena pansi kudziyimira pawokha boma, monga zinachitikira Honduras ndi ena pa centralized ndi Spain kulamulira, pamene Unduna wa Zachuma zimachititsa phunziro m'madera mfundo koma mizinda yambiri kupanga munganene yatsopano malire amderalo. Kawirikawiri chuma cha matanthauzo code boma, lomwe limati monga katundu amene sangathe kuchotsedwa chiwembu popanda okhudza kapangidwe amafotokoza zimenezi nyumbayi, zinthu zina ndipo ngakhale mbewuzi lingaliro mu sing'anga ndipo nthawi yayitali ndizokhazikika kuonjezera mtengo wawo chifukwa cha zokolola.

Mitengo zambiri kuyenda pakati pa 1 ndi 15% aliyense zikwi, zikutanthauza kuti katundu wofunika pa $ 200,000 ngati mlingo kunja 4% adzalipira $ 400 pa chaka. Zikuwoneka kuti sizing'ono, koma nthawi zambiri zimakhala zolemera, pamene tikukumbukira kuti pali mtundu wina wa misonkho yeniyeni monga:

  • Makampani ndi Zamalonda
  • Kuwonjezera pa mafuta
  • Kuunikira pagulu
  • Zizindikiro
  • Kuwonjezera pa malo
  • Kuperewera ndi urbanism
  • Phunzitsani chimbudzi, moto ndi zina

Kuwunika kumudzi

Cadastral assessmentKawirikawiri, kufufuza kwa m'tawuni, pogwiritsa ntchito (pali ena) njira yobwezeretsera ndalama zochepa zowonongeka, zili ndi zigawo ziwiri:

Mtengo wa dzikolo. Izi kawirikawiri ndi mbali ya phunziro lozikidwa pamsika, zomwe zikachitidwa moyimira zingathe kumasuliridwa m'madera omwe zimakhala zogwirizana ndi nthaka.

Kuphatikizanso apo, pali zifukwa zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi zinazake, kaya ndizolakwika kapena zabwino:

  • chikhalidwe cha ngodya
  • Kujambula malo, pamene kumakhudza chiopsezo chotaya madzi, kusefukira kwa madzi kapena kuonjezera mtengo wa zomangamanga
  • Ulamuliro wapadera
  • Kuwopsa kwa kuwonongeka kapena kusefukira kwa madzi
  • Ubwenzi kutsogolo - maziko
  • Malo amtengo wapatali
  • Mautumiki a anthu omwe alipo

Ndi ichi mumapeza mtengo wa dzikolo

Cadastral assessmentPankhani ya Medellín, amaonedwa kuti ndi amtengo wapatali omwe amakhudza phindu la nthaka: malo, malo ogwiritsira ntchito, misewu ndi ntchito zapagulu. Ndipo madera amenewa amatchedwa zones homogeneous geoeconomic, ndi zolembedweratu matebulo, mu malo ena tidzawonetsa ndondomeko yonse ya Medellín.

Cadastral assessment Mtengo wa nyumbayo, izi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pomanga maphunziro a mtundu wa zomangamanga, omwe amachokera ku kulemera kwa nyumba zomwe, zomwe zinawerengedwa pogwiritsa ntchito zizindikiro zamtengo wapatali. Kenaka ndondomeko yojambulidwa ikugawa zinthu zomangirira zomwe zimakhudza mtengo; motero kukhala ndi: ntchito yomwe nyumbayi inamangidwira, mtundu wa zipangizo ndi khalidwe la ntchito kapena chiwerengero cha zolemera za zinthu zomangirira, zikhoza kufotokozedwa momwe chiwerengero cha zomangamanga chimagwirizana.

Mukadziwunikira njira yabwino yomwe ikugwiritsidwa ntchito, imachulukitsidwa ndi makilomita angapo a mamitala, ngati pali malo oyamba oyamba, chinthu chosinthidwa chimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndipo ndalama zonse phindu la nyumbayi.

Cadastral assessment Kuonjezera apo, chiwerengero cha kuchepa kwacho chikugwiritsidwa ntchito, chomwe gome chikugwiritsidwanso ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito zaka zomangamanga nyumba ndi kubwezeretsa zalandira. Kwa nyumba zapadera, ziwonetsero zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito njira zina, monga momwe zimakhalira alendo, malo ogulitsa mafakitale, maulendo a ndege, ndi zina zotero. Mfundo zina zowonjezera zimawerengedwa mosiyana, ngakhale zimaphatikizidwanso mu phunziro la nyumba.

Motero kuyesa kumudzi kuli ndi chiwerengero cha:

  • Mtengo wa dzikolo
  • Mtengo wa nyumbayo
  • Mtengo wazinthu zina zowonjezera

Kuwunika kumidzi

Kumidzi, kapena mtengo wapatali ndi ofanana ndi tawuni, okhala ndi zigawo zotsatirazi:

Cadastral assessmentMtengo wa nthaka, pofufuza za mtengo wa dzikolo pali njira yapadera zogwirizana ndi mgwirizano wa malonda ndi zokolola zake m'madera ena azachuma ndi nyengo. Chigawochi chimaphatikizapo zinthu zakuthupi, zolembera, zakuthambo, malo ndi zofunikira zoyenera kupanga.

Choncho, mndandanda wa dothi amapangidwa malinga ndi mphamvu zawo zamagetsi, zomwe zimakhalanso zofanana. Mtengo udzatsimikiziridwa ndi mtengo wa mita imodzi ya dera, ndi malo a chiwembu; izi, mosiyana ndi mzinda umodzi, ali ndi zinthu zosintha zomwe zimakhudza mtengo wake monga:

  • Kutalikirana kwa node zamalonda
  • Kupeza makanema olankhulana
  • Kutalikira kwa madzi kapena njira yothirira
  • zimachititsa chilumbachi

Mukagwiritsidwa ntchito, mudzapeza phindu la malo akumidzi

Komanso phindu la malo akumidzi likuphatikizapo mtengo wa nyumba, kufufuza kwa machitidwe abwino kungaphatikizepo kumangidwa kwa madera akumidzi ngati malo osungiramo katundu, minda, mabwalo, ndi zina zotero. Padzakhalanso zina zambiri zomwe zidzawerengedwa mosiyana, monga kumidzi, monga mabwawa osambira, mapiri, makoma, veneers, pavements, masitepe, ndi zina zotero.

Cadastral assessment Mtengo wa mbewu zosatha, chifukwa cha izi, kawirikawiri phunziroli likugwiritsidwa ntchito phindu la ntchito, ntchito ndi maluso amatha pafupifupi mitundu yosiyanasiyana (khofi, kaka, palm palm etc),
kapena ngati udzu pa mita imodzi. Ndipo izi zidzakhala ndi zifukwa zosinthira zokhudzana ndi kuyembekezera kwa zokolola zomwe zikuyembekezeka kuchokera ku mbewuyi, zomwe zikuphatikizapo:

  • Chikhalidwe chamoyo
  • Zaka za zomera

Kenaka, chida cha mbewu, kuti mtengo wa kulima ndi kuchulukitsidwa ndi zifukwa zake zosinthidwa zidzakhala mtengo wa mbewu zosatha.

Kenaka kufufuza kwa kumidzi kudzakhala ndi chiwerengero cha:

  • Mtengo wa dzikolo
  • Kufunika kwa nyumba kapena kusintha
  • Mtengo wazinthu zina zowonjezera
  • Mtengo wa mbewu zosatha

Kodi ndizofunika?

Ndizotheka kuti ena mwa inu, pakati pa positi, amamva ngati akuimba masewera a tambala ya capon, pamaso pa Melquiades kuti athe kuchiza matenda obisala ku Macondo.

Koma ndizofunikira, ngati ndizopangira msonkho. Pankhani ya Colombia, chifukwa, kuika kugwira magawo atatu a Pezani Cadastral mu Medellin, amene okwana ndalama analipo pafupifupi miliyoni 8,840, zosonkhanitsira zina zomwe zingagwiritsidwe mlandu polojekiti kuti mfundo Wonse Tax Katundu , m'zaka zoyamba za 3 zowona, ndizofanana pafupifupi nthawi khumi ndi zisanu zomwe mtengo wapatsidwa. Pankhani ya Honduras, msonkho wa malo ogulitsa nyumba umaganiziridwa kuti ndi umodzi mwa zomwe zingatheke kuti asungidwe komasisitala, ngakhale kuti nthawi yasonyeza kuti kukhazikitsa ntchitoyi kuli kosavuta kusiyana ndi kuleka kwake.

Mpaka momwe bungwe lolamulira la boma likugwiritsira ntchito, limayambitsa komanso limapereka njira zowonjezereka, kulingalira kungakhale ntchito yogwira mtima kwambiri; zothandiza osati nkhani zokha za msonkho. Mtengo wa njira zodzipangira kapena zosakanizidwa zingakhale zazikulu kusiyana ndi zomwe akuyembekezera.

Zimakhudzanso ndondomeko zoperewera pa mpikisano wamagulu a anthu ogwira ntchito, pamene ulamuliro wa ndale umakhala wofunikira kukhala kuphunzitsa anthu nthawi iliyonse pali kusintha kwa boma.

M'nkhaniyi pali Buku lothandizira njira yowunika kumudzi

Mayankho a 6 kwa "Maofesi a boma"

  1. Misonkho ya m'madera kumidzi sikumveka koipa kwa ine, sizimveka bwino chifukwa ife omwe timakhala m'midzi simulandira thandizo lililonse kuchokera ku boma, osaganizira zosowa zathu, choncho sitiyenera kutero kulipira msonkho pa chiwerengero ichi cha dziko. Ndife anthu ochokera ku Cobán ndi tawuni ya dera lathu satimvera pamene tikufunikira.

  2. Zosangalatsa kwambiri kaphatikizidwe, posachedwapa padzakhala injini zambiri zofufuzira pa nkhaniyi, ine ndikutsimikiza

  3. Ndondomeko yabwino pa tsamba lanu, ndinagwa ngati magolovesi chifukwa panthawiyi ndimafunika kudziwa zambiri za kumidzi, kumidzi ndi momwe zimakhudzira kuwerengera kwa malo ...
    Zikomo kwambiri chifukwa cha zambiri. Ndikuyembekeza kuti mukupitiriza kusindikiza mitu yambiri.

  4. Zomwe amakhulupirira pazochitika zapamwamba zimakhala zosangalatsa, amaphunzira kwambiri ndi chilankhulo chodziwika kwambiri. Zikondwerero pakhomo.

  5. Zikomo chifukwa cha zambiri zanu, ndikusangalatsa kwambiri koma ndikuyang'ana zina zowonjezereka komanso ngati pali malo omwe mungapezere mtengo wamtunda wa malo ku Barrancabermeja makamaka kudera la Danube.

    Ambiri akuthokoza chifukwa chogwirizana

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