Pamene ndikukhazikitsa ayamikira LADM

Mu zingapo mwa ntchito ndachita nawo, Ine ndaona chisokonezo zimene zimachititsa LADM Sikuti kugwirizana ndi kuwamva monga ISO, koma kupeza kuchuluka kwawo ntchito mbali yake cilamulo wa mechanization sayansi. Mwa kuyankhula kwina, momwe mungayigwiritsire ntchito.

Yakuti kuti LADM si ochiritsira ISO muyezo, monga muyezo kasamalidwe zambiri zazidziwitso (ISO-19115), chitsanzo, kapena muyezo anaona ndi miyezo (ISO-19156). Ndi ofanana m'njira yakuti iwo chagwiritsidwa mwambo apadera, kapena mfundo izi mukhoza kumvetsa wosuta ena kuposa geomatics wodzipereka kwa kuwerenga ndi egeomates madambwe zokhudza kafukufuku; monga momwe amadziwira kupanga mawonekedwe kapena kuwonetsera ndi malo onse; Maphunziro nthawi zonse amafunikira kudziwa momwe angagwiritsire ntchito chiwerengero cha ISO.

Nkhani kuti lamulo ISO liyenela katswiri wa zapaderazi (ntchito) amachititsa muyezo ISO-19152 kudziwika monga LADM zambiri zovuta kukhazikitsa kwambiri; chifukwa kasamalidwe dziko ndi nkhani imene yaikulu amalanga apadera nawo, ntchito chilungamo anali tsiku mu mayunivesite ochepa omwe gawo.

Kudziwa LADM kumaposa kumvetsetsa momwe mauthenga a UML, magulu ndi magulu akuluakulu amagwirira ntchito; Ndikofunika kudziŵa zomwe zikuchitika poyang'anira ufulu weniyeni; zonse kuchokera ku Registry ndi kuchokera ku Cadastre ndi zojambulajambula, malamulo apadera, malamulo a boma, zamalamulo ndi zachuma. M'malo kudziwa kutembenukira mpando kulembetsa RRR, ndi LADM nkhawa kuti kuyesayesa kukhala monga simplistic ngati n'kotheka, standardize zimene kale zimachitika mu moyo weniweniwo, mawu yotengedwa ndi nkhani ndi malamulo, monga ndi RRR yekha chifukwa cha chifuniro cha zipani amene ankaimba ndi odziwitsa, amene formalized mwa ndakatulo mu script, amene anatsagana ndi kudziwitsa sing'anga ankadziwa cadastral satifiketi, womwe ndi kutanthauzira kuti kuyeza kamodzi anapanga zenizeni thupi, ndipo kuti pambuyo pogwira ntchito molimba ya kutanthauzira ndi chikumbutso maganizo zofuna ndi qualifier adalamula kuti inalembedwa ndi amanuensis, ndipo potsiriza kufika kaundula adzabwerera kuyesera zomwe iye analemba amanuensis, amene anatanthauzira qualifier, kutanthauziridwa ndi mlembi, yemwe anatanthauzira chifuniro cha maphwando, kuti alowe mu dongosolo la kulembedwa kapena kukana ... apo ngati chirichonse cha izi zonse chinali cholakwika mu kutanthauzira kwawo!

Kujambula zithunzi ndi chimodzi mwa mavuto omwe Geofumadados a Beyond Cadastro 2014 adanena mmenemo kwa 1994, kuti lero zidzakhala zachilendo. Iwo anali olondola moona mtima, ndipo ngakhale kutengera chitsanzo ndi chidziwitso choyera, iwo anaiwala kuti izi ndizosavuta kwenikweni kwa anthu. Kujambula kumaphatikizapo zokambirana pakati pa akatswiri a zamalonda: Wothirira, wofufuza, geomatics, wofufuza, wolembetsa, yemwe ayenera kuphunzira UML; ndi ogwiritsira ntchito makompyuta omwe ayenera kumasula kuti amvetse moyo weniweni wa zomwe akuyesera kuti azisintha.

Kumvetsa makonzedwe dziko kumaphatikizapo kudziwa mfundo kaundula kuti kuwafikira konsekonse, osachepera kwambiri a azungu:

Mfundo Kupemphera, amene kumathandiza ndi lien chiletso kapena udindo pa mtundu wamangidwa basi, ngati alola malamulo, mfundo ya chilolezo umene umati malamulo anadutsa msonkhano waukulu kapena ulamuliro ndi udindo mwina matupi ndi chenjezo kapena zindikirani limatiuzanso, mfundo ya nkhani zikusonyeza kuti wosuta aliyense wa bwino ayenera kudziwa kuti migodi chilolezo kapena malo a ulamuliro wapadera amakhudza umwini awo, ntchito kapena ntchito, ndi zapaderazi umene umawalekanitsa mphamvu za kalembera ndi dziko, mfundo ya kulembetsa zomwe zikusonyeza chinthu Kupititsa amafuna kudutsa otaya kuti ali wokhoza malamulo ... ndi zina zotero kutembenuka ndi kukhazikitsidwa malamulo a dongosolo la malamulo kuti atsogolere LADM yaitali ndakatulo Ndondomeko yowonongeka yomwe ili yovuta kufotokoza ngati muli ndi mbiri ya UML yomveka kapena deta chifuwa chakuthupi; Kutengera ku dongosolo la ndondomeko, malamulo, ndondomeko ndi njira zowonjezera kumafuna zambiri kuposa kukhala ndakatulo.

Kumvetsetsa-ndi-LADM

Nditatha kufotokozera ku Instituto Agustín Codazzi mkati mwa chikhazikitso cha ICDE ndi ndemanga yanga sabata ino ku Central America, ndidzatha kutsata nkhaniyi. Kwa tsopano, mayankho angapo akuda ndi oyera:

The LADM kuti Kukhazikitsa amasintha momwe ife kulembetsa?

Iwonetsetseni Ayi. Mvetserani izo mwapadera. Mechanize izo, ndithudi inde.

Kuli kofunika kwa owerenga substantive m'dera (ntchito) mukudziwa LADM?

Mvetserani inde. Momwe mungayigwiritsire ntchito ... osati ayi.

Kodi kukhazikitsa dongosolo latsopano popanda kulandira LADM?

Inde Koma ...

Kodi muyenera kusintha malamulo kapena mabungwe kuti litsatira LADM?

No.

Kwenikweni LADM anakhala ndi ISO?

Pambuyo powona zipangizo zoterezi, mavuto ophatikizira kulembetsa ndi cadastre ndi mtengo wapatali wa kugwirizanitsa, ayenera kukhalapo kale kwambiri. LADM imalimbikitsa bizinesi, yomwe sichimasintha, ngakhale kuti chidachi chiyenera kubwezeretsedwa zaka zonse za 10.

ndi masitepe kumvetsa LADM chiyani?

Werengani Beyond Cadastre 2014 kumvetsa ndondomeko cadastral, kudziwa ndondomeko notarial, kumvetsa ndondomeko kalembera, kumvetsa malamulo a boma wapadera, kutanthauzira zochokera izi ISO-19152, chokwanira anakumana, anakumana nazo ndi zoipa pamaso kuwerenga pa ...

ndi masitepe kuti azolowere mbiri LADM chiyani?

Kutenga mbiri generic, kuwasiyanitsa ku quadrants anayi, anagona anthu a m'dera malamulo kumanga magulu BA_Unit, anagona anthu a m'dzikolo kumanga makalasi okhudza malo ndi topographic, anagona onse kumanga asapita la chilamulo payekha, ndikhudze malamulo a boma ndi kumanga fayilo ndi ndondomeko, kulemba malamulo ena pang'onopang'ono, kuchepetsa zochokera.

ndi masitepe litsatira LADM m'dongosolo latsopano?

Gwiritsani ntchito mbiri yeniyeni yomveka, yosavuta bwino. Lembani mbiri yanu, gwiritsani ntchito zida zogwiritsira ntchito ndikugwiritsanso ntchito, kuyendetsa njira, kukhazikitsa kapena kusintha kagwiritsidwe ntchito kogwiritsa ntchito njira zomwe zimateteza moyo wanu ... ngati ndibwino kusintha ndondomeko malinga ndi malamulo a dzikoli.

Kodi mungathe kuona zitsanzo za ndikukhazikitsa LADM mu a Chisipanishi nkhani?

Ngati mukufuna kuona masewero olimbitsa thupi ndi CCDM isanatchulidwe kuti ISO-19152 ndiyomwe, ndiyenera kuwona SINAP ku Honduras. Osati kokha kachipangizo kogwiritsira ntchito chitukuko chodziwika, koma lamulo lomwe linapatsa moyo lamulo la katundu ndi lamulo la chigawo. Pakatikatikati ndizothandiza kuona chisinthiko cha ZOKHUDZA, chomwe chiri ndondomeko yomwe ikuchitika pothandizana ndi boma, payekha ndi Chigoba.

Ngati mukufuna kuona chida oyang'anira tauni lomwe likukwaniritsa LADM, mukhoza kuona SIGIT mu Commonwealth Puerto Cortés, Omoa Puerto Barrios pakati Guatemala ndi Honduras, ndi kasitomala ukonde chida pa OpenLayers, wosanjikiza detachably cadastre ndipo ngakhale chuma kulembetsa pansi cholinga malo ogwirizana a dziko lonse. Ngakhale kuti ndalamazo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito moyenera monga momwe ziyenera kukhalira, chitsanzo chake ndi cha kuchuluka kwa zinthu, zomwe zingayesedwe pafupi ndi zipatso zomwe zili ku El Salvador.

Ngati mukufuna kuona chida cha m'dera cadastral yokonza misonkhano GML / WFS ndi dongosolo la dziko, iwo akhoza kuwona KUKHALA Municipal mu Association of mizinda yambiri ya Honduras, anakamba pa QGIS kasitomala mlingo, kuphatikiza zitsamba zina interoperability mpaka BentleyMap V8i popanda I-chitsanzo.

Ngati mukufuna kuwona ndondomeko kukhazikitsa, zingamuthandize kwambiri, pafupifupi Mulungu akulamula, onani zinachitikira panopa Agustín Codazzi Institute ndi Superintendency wa kaundula ndi odziwitsa, platanizada sitayilo Colombia. Pogwiritsa ntchito INTERLIS kukhazikitsa kukhazikitsa ntchito, vuto lalikulu la opensource ndi ESRI pamodzi ndi IDE yomwe imakhala ngati nambala ya Land Administration.

Ngati mukufuna kuwona zolimbitsa zingamuthandize, amene zitenga kanthawi koma kenako akwaniritsa njira ndi Tropicalized zikusonyeza zotsatirazi kukula kwa SIICAR2 ku Nicaragua.

Ndipo ngati mukukayikira ... pali makalata anga.

Nicargua

Mkonzi@geofumadas.com

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