10 Patapita zaka amasamukira ndi geospatial nsanja - Microstation Geographics - Oracle okhudza malo

Izi ndi zovuta wamba ambiri Cadastre ndi mapu ntchito, imene 2000-2010 Microstation Geographics Integrated nthawi okhudza malo injini deta kuganizira zifukwa motere:

  • Udindo wamakono unali ndipo umapitilira kukhala wopindulitsa kwambiri, chifukwa cha ntchito za cadastral.
  • DGN ndi njira yosangalatsa, yongoganizira zomwe zili mu fayilo lomwelo, lomwe silinasinthe m'zaka za 15, mosiyana ndi maonekedwe ena omwe tawona matembenuzidwe ambiri osagwirizana zaka zitatu zilizonse.
  • Mu 2002, mapulogalamu aulere anali maloto akutali a zomwe tili nazo masiku ano.
  • Malamulo a OGC sanawerengere ngakhale pulogalamu yamalonda.
  • SHP owona zinali zochepa kuti ntchito oceangoing ndi zapansi danga anali akadali chatsekedwa kwambiri ziwembu sanali yovomerezeka kuti kusweka ntchitoyo maseva ... ndi siliva.
  • Kuyanjanitsa kutali kwapadera kunali kofanana ndi zomwe ife tiri nazo tsopano.

Choncho, kugwiritsa ntchito GIS pogwiritsira ntchito "njira yodalumikizidwa ya CAD" inali njira yothetsera vutoli, ngakhale kuti kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwathu kunaperekedwa chifukwa cha zolinga zokopa. The VBA API zinkathandiza kuti pulogalamu zofunika kuchita kasamalidwe kupeza ndalama olumikizidwa kwa ProjectWise kulamulira owona thupi ndi luso logwiritsa ntchito GeoWeb Wosindikiza yoganizira okhudza malo ku Seva, ngakhale buku ndi zochepa kuti ActiveX ku Internet Explorer (lomwe chaka kuti anali msakatuli yekha).

Vuto si zayambika pang'onopang'ono m'malo pochitika Server kapena zambiri wangwiro Mabaibulo Geospatial wa ProjectWise, kufuna kuti usafe GIS kwa owona thupi, kutenga angathe wodzala Oracle okhudza malo chiphatso ndi luso kukhala. Kotero icho chinali chovuta chathu.

1 Mzerewu: Postgres, SQL Server kapena Oracle?

Makamaka, ndikadakonda choyamba. Koma pamene mukuchita ndi njira yopangira zinthu zomwe sizinagwiritsidwe ntchito koma zimagwira ntchito bwino, pamene gawo la logic ndi umphumphu liri ngati PL muzamasamba, kusintha ku database ya OpenSoure sikumangika. Ayi, pokhapokha mutakhala ndi malingaliro kuti mupange njira yatsopano yomwe ilibe nthawi yomweyo.

bentley mapKomanso sichikuthandizani kupanga Taliban kuti muchepetse chilichonse chomwe chimasangalatsa mwini. Choncho kukhala ndi Oracle ndi chisankho choyenera, ngati chikugwira ntchito bwino, ngati kukula ndi chofunika ndi chachikulu, ngati zili bwino, zitetezedwa ndipo ngati chithandizo chikugwiritsidwa ntchito. Mutu wa nthawi ina.

Kotero chomwe chinatsala chinali kukhazikitsa ntchito zogwiritsira ntchito deta kuti zisamukire ku mazikowa, mautumiki a zofalitsa ndi zipangizo zogwiritsira ntchito zogwiritsira ntchito deta.

Kuti athetse maudindo ndi ogwiritsira ntchito, omwe adakonzedweratu kale kuchokera ku ProjectWise, chida chodziwika bwino chinapangidwa:

  • Sungani ogwiritsa ntchito ndi maudindo kuchokera ku VBA BentleyMap.
  • Perekani kuchokera kwa wogwiritsa ntchito ufulu woloza, kupita ku madera ndi kumatauni.
  • Perekani ufulu ku fayilo ya cadastral pulojekiti.
  • Ufulu wa zida zomwe zilipo mu Ntchito yomanga, yofalitsa, yofalitsa, yowonongeka ndi kayendedwe. Mwa njira iyi, ntchito zatsopano zokha zimalengedwa ndipo zikuwonekera kwa ogwiritsa ntchito malinga ndi udindo wawo kapena ntchito yapadera.
  • Pulojekitiyi yowonjezera kuphatikizapo zovuta zowonjezereka za polojekiti ya BentleyMap, kotero kuti polowera inu mudzawona mtengo wamagulu ndi zikhalidwe zomwe zimatchulidwa mu Geospatial Administrator.vba cadastre bentley map

Gawo la izi limathetsa mavuto osamvetsetsa ndi zoopsa za ogwiritsa ntchito atsopano monga Data Interoperability. Omwe ali mpukutu wina, chifukwa Bentley kusintha natively mu Oracle okhudza malo, zomwe ndi zodabwitsa komanso yowopsa ngati inu mulibe ulamuliro ndalama.

Mwachitsanzo, chitsanzo cha Ntchito yomanga chinali ndi zida zotsatirazi:

  • Perekani Zina
  • Wothandizira Wothandizira
  • Kusamuka kwa Zigawo Zambiri
  • Chotsani zinthu
  • Sinthani ma polygoni
  • Tumizani Shp / CAD
  • Lowani Shp / CAD
  • Geoline akusamuka
  • Kusamuka kwa Geopunto
  • Mayiko Othawa Kwawo
  • Lowani mapu
  • Gwiritsani Geo Line
  • Lumikizani Geo-Point
  • Chigawo cha Geo-Region

Zida zoonjezera zinawonjezereka pang'onopang'ono, kuphatikizapo ena kuti asinthe mwachindunji Geospatial Administrator.bentley map

  • Wotsogolera kuti awone zinthu
  • Topological Analysis
  • Funso SAFT
  • Fufuzani Zochitika
  • Sinthani Kalendala ku LineString
  • Pangani Zinthu
  • Pangani katundu
  • Kusintha kwa DBConnect
  • Funso la DBConnect
  • Sinthani chidindo Xfm
  • Sinthani polojekiti Xfm
  • Chotsani Zamtundu Xfm
  • Chizindikiritso cha Phukusi
  • Sinthani chizindikiro chophiphiritsira
  • Lembani zinthu
  • Maonekedwe ndi makalasi
  • Sakanizani
  • Sakanizani ndi mndandanda wotsika pansi
  • Xfm Zida

2 Deta: Kusamukira kwa DGN kumalo a malo: Oracle Buider kapena Mapu a Bentley?

Chovuta chodabwitsa kwambiri chinali ichi, kuti kusamukira kulamulidwa kunali kofunikira ndipo, podziwa kuti mafayilo a DGN asinthidwa kwa zaka zoposa 10 akhoza kuthetsa mavuto - ulesi weniweni -.

Inde, izo zinali. Mavuto aakulu a mapu ali pano:

  • Kusinthidwa a chiwembu pa file malire (gawo kapena zone) zikutanthauza kuti payenera kukhala kusinthidwa kwa onse, kuphatikizapo zofanana mfundo milandu monga pamene gawo ili mzere umodzi koma loyandikana mzere ndi segmented.
  • Pali maofesi omwe atatha kusamalidwa kwa 300 m'mbiri ya DGN akhoza kuwonetsedwa.
  • Palibe mavuto zovuta kwambiri manageable nduna, pamene m'dera overlaps pa mnzawo wina ku file wina, chifukwa ndalama kuti sangathe pa mapu chifukwa zingatanthauze kuti kuyendera munda kupewa zokhudza gulu lachitatu.
  • Makhalidwe oipa, monga kulembedwa kwa mapu owonetsetsa mosiyana, pakadali pano panali magulu ku NAD27, ngakhale kuti WGS84 inali yoyenera. Panthawi zovuta kwambiri, kusintha kunachitika pakati pa data zochokera kumbali zosiyana, ndi zolakwika.

Yankho lake linali chipangizo cha mtundu wa Wizzard kuti anthu asamuke, omwe angasunthire mapu pawokha, angapo kapena ngakhale magalimoto onse (ofesi ya tauni) kapena ofesi.

Kusamukira kumayang'ana malo osokoneza bongo

Chomwe chimagwiritsa ntchito chida cha polojekiti ya Geographics ndi kuwalimbikitsa ku mapulogalamu a Benltey Map, ndikupanga zowonjezera, monga:

  • Ubale umodzi ndi umodzi pakati pa geometry ndi database,
  • Kuvomerezeka kwa kusowa kwa zowerengeka,
  • Kuvomerezeka kwa malo osasinthika,
  • Zovomerezeka za mapu polemekeza zinthu zopanda mphamvu zomwe zili m'ndandanda,
  • Zovomerezeka za sayansi yokhudzana ndi ziphunzitso zokhudzana ndi zomwe zilipo kale m'madera ozungulira

Pambuyo pa kutsimikiziridwa, gululi limalola kuwonjezera zambiri mwa njira yayikuru, monga njira yowonetsera ndi kuyeza kwa khalidwe la deta.

Potsirizira pake, izo zimatumizira ku deta, potsiriza kumapereka lipoti. N'kovuta pali Tambasula kwambiri, koma m'kupita kusintha kwa zokhumba za Oracle okhudza malo salinso ngati chosatheka ngati Bentley ndipo njira yake kuona ziwembu zovuta kapena ziwembu mfundo zambiri.

3 Bukuli: Geoserver kapena MapServer? OpenLayers kapena Leaflet?

Wowonera anamangidwa pogwiritsa ntchito OpenLayers ndi mapulagini ena. Kwa nthawi yoyamba patadutsa zaka za kunyalanyaza 10 chitukuko cha gawo danga unali kuoneka latsopano ActiveX wowerenga m'malo mwa GeoWeb Ofalitsa. MapFish kachidindo kwa immpresión ankagwiritsa ntchito kulamulira lateral GeoJSON mtengo Geoserver zigawo za OracleSpatial anatumikira anatumikira.

owonetsa cadastral owonerera

Potsirizira pake, m'malo mwa mateknoloji adachitidwa molingana ndi grafu yotsatirayi. Monga momwe mukuonera, kuphatikizapo malamulo omasuka, kusunga deta ndi kusamalira nthaka pogwiritsa ntchito mapulogalamu.

ufulu mapulogalamu kampani

4 Ntchito yomanga ndi kukonza, yongolerani ku Oracle Spatial. Mapu a Bentley kapena QGIS?

Iyi ndi nkhani ina. Mapu a Bentley amasindikiza chibadwidwe m'dothi, zomwe zimapangitsa mikangano ngati sizigwira ntchito ndi Transactional Web Feature Service (WFS). Nkhondoyo ndi:

Mmene mungathetsere lamulo lololedwa kulowererapo, ngati likukonzedwanso komanso pamene mukufuna kulemba malipoti kuti chinthucho chikukhudza?

Izi zatsimikiziridwa polemba kale, kusinthira mwachindunji ndi kutsimikizira kuti pamene kutumiza, ngati chinachake chikulephera kusinthidwa chibwezeredwa kuchoka pamtengowo utatha koma mulephera.

Vuto lina lomwe linayenera kuthetsedwa ndilolowetsamo mwatsatanetsatane, powalingalira kuti ogwiritsa ntchitowa anayenera kusiya kugwiritsa ntchito Geographics ndipo panali mapulogalamu angapo omwe akukweza kwambiri cadastre.

mapu a georaphik a bentley

Izi zinali zophweka chifukwa chokha ndicho chida chofanana ndi chomwe chinagwiritsidwa ntchito kuphatikizapo data mu Microstation Geographics, kupangidwa ndi zofunikira za BentleyMap komanso ndi othandizidwa kwambiri.

mapu akuluakulu a mapu a bentleey

Chithunzichi chikusonyeza mmene chida ichi anayamba kupanga, ndi ena peculiarities, monga chilengedwe ndi kulembetsa kwa mfundo ndi kulolerana wa Puntoparcela monga mndandanda magwiridwe ngati njira akayezetsa ena mfundo naye zina khalidwe muyezo.

Defintivamente otaya izi zinali zabwino, monga owerenga kudziwa zipangizo zomwe kaŵirikaŵiri ntchito. Kunali koyenera kusintha mindset awo pakati pa ndime ya kusagwirizana zimaonetsa kasamalidwe tiered, kulimbikitsa phindu latsopano kuiwala chachikale chinkawavuta Microstation V8 2004, monga WMS, chilungamo ndi kuzindikira DWG mbadwa owona Mabaibulo posachedwapa; zimenezi sizikutanthauza interoperability ndi KML, shp ndipo GML kwa astral lapansi.

Zofanana zinapangidwa zida zowonongeka kwa cadastral, pokhala ndi mwayi wosinthira mwachindunji mu mawonekedwe kapena kuwatsitsa iwo ku ndondomeko ya mavoti ovuta.

5 Wogwira ntchito kumatauni kudzera pa GML. QGIS kapena gvSIG?

QGIS Koma izo, ndi nkhani ina yomwe iyenera kuwuza mtsogolo.

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