Kodi tiyenera kusintha mawu oti "Geomatics"?

Popeza zotsatira za kafukufuku wina waposachedwapa ochitidwa ndi Board ya ndodo akatswiri a Geomatics (EGDP) wa RICS, Brian Coutts amalondola zamoyo za mawu "Geomatics" ndipo ananena kuti nthawi kupenda kusintha

Mawu awa adabvumbulanso mutu wake "wonyansa". Board gulu la akatswiri Geomatics (EGDP) wa RICS, monga ife tinanena, posachedwapa anachita kafukufuku pa ntchito mawu akuti "geomatics" pofotokoza zomwe kale, bungwe lanu, gulu la woyeza ndi Hydrography (LHSD) . Gordon Johnston, Purezidenti wa bungwe lomwe tatchulapo, posachedwa ananena kuti "mayankho osakwanira atulandizidwa kuti athetse vutoli". Kotero, zikuwoneka kuti, mwina kwa ena, pakhalabe kunyalanyaza kotereku pa nthawi yomwe ingakhale ngati kusintha. Geomatics wakhala yotsutsana kwambiri kuyambira pachiyambi chake mu 1998, ndipo yasintha motero.

Jon Maynard inanena kuti mu 1998,% 13 yekha wa Division wa Land and Hydrography anakuvoterani mokomera pempholo kusintha dzina kuti mphamvu ya Geomatics, ndi kuti 13%, 113 amapereka maganizo ndi 93 ankatsutsa . Ngati tifotokozera ziwerengerozo zikutsatira kuti, panthawi imeneyo, panali anthu a 1585 mu LHSD. Ziwerengero zoperekedwa zimapangitsa 7,1% ya mamembala kuti azigwirizana ndi 5,9% motsutsana, ndiko kuti, malire a 1,2% a mamembala onse! Mwachiwonekere sizomwe zingatchulidwe kuti ndivotu, kapena lamulo loti asinthe, makamaka ngati akuganiza kuti 87% sananenepo kanthu kalikonse.

Kodi mawu akuti Geomatics amachokera kuti?

Nthawi zambiri anthu amaganiza kuti mawuwa amachokera ku Canada ndikufalikira mwachangu ku Australia komanso ku United Kingdom. Kutsutsana komwe kunachitika, ku Great Britain, pakusintha mayina ofunikira maphunziro apamwamba m'mayunivesite ndi m'gawo la RICS kuti aphatikizire nthawi yatsopanoyo, adayamba kukambirana panthawiyo, ndipo Zimapangitsa kuwerenga m'mabuku a zomwe zinali dziko lakale kwambiri. Kuyimbira kwa Stephen Booth koti "... kulimbikitsidwa kwambiri kuposa njira za Geomatics ..." zikuwoneka kuti sizinayankhidwe mu 2011.

Ngakhale pali umboni anecdotal kuti Geomatics mawu ankagwiritsa ntchito zaka mwamsanga 1960, anthu ambiri anavomereza kuti liwu (geomatique mu French choyambirira chimene geomatics amamasulira English) anagwiritsidwa ntchito koyamba mu pepala sayansi 1975 ndi Bernard Dubuisson ndi geodesta ndi photogrammetrist French (Gagnon ndi Coleman, 1990). Zakhala analemba kuti mawu anali atavomereza Komiti mayiko a chinenero cha French mu 1977 monga neologism a. Choncho, osati kuti analiko 1975, koma analinso ndi tanthauzo! Ngakhale osati Yesuyo chimafotokozera Dubuisson, tanthauzo lake akufotokozedwa m'buku lake monga zokhudzana ndi malo ake apadera ndi kompyuta.

Panthawi imeneyo mawuwo analibe chivomerezo choyembekezeka. Sikuti Michel Paradis, wofufuza zinthu ku Quebec, anatenga mawu, omwe anayamba kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri. Yunivesite ya Laval inachititsa kuti ntchitoyi ikhale yophunzitsidwa ku 1986 ndi kukhazikitsa pulogalamu ya digiri ku Geomatics (Gagnon ndi Coleman, 1990). Kuchokera ku Quebec chinapititsidwa ku yunivesite ya New Brunswick, ndiyeno ku Canada. Chikhalidwe chofanana cha Canada chinali chofunikira kwambiri kuti chigwiridwe ndi kulumikizidwa kudzikoli.

Bwanji osintha?

Motero n'zosadabwitsa kuti anthu okalamba wa yoyeza ntchito, pamene mawu akuti "Geomatics" chinafika ku Britain, kukangana kuti akhoza anatengera ndi kumatanthauza kuti amene anasankha akhoza atengere iye zofuna zawo. Zifukwa kuperekedwa kusintha anali, poyamba, kusintha chifanizo cha zimachititsa chilumbachi ndi kuzipanga izo kuti zimveke ano, msika zazikulu ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa umisiri watsopano mu chitukuko. Chachiwiri (ndipo mwina, makamaka chofunika kwambiri) kuti apange chidwi cha ntchitoyi kwa omwe akufuna maphunziro apamwamba a kuyunivesite.

Bwanji osintha?

Poyang'anitsitsa, zikuwoneka kuti chinali chitsimikizo chabwino. Mapulogalamu oyesa kufufuza pa yunivesite akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi sukulu zamakono. Ophunzirawo, akuyankhula mobwerezabwereza, apitiliza kuchepa, kapena kuti akhalabe ofanana, ndipo ntchitoyi siidatengepo nthawiyi kuti ikhale nawo m'maina a zizolowezizo ndipo safuna kutchedwa "geomatics". Kapena, mwachiwonekere, anthu amadziwa zomwe Geomatics imatanthauza. Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa mawu geomatics kuti agwirizane ndi zolemba zojambulazo, makamaka zolemba zapadziko lapansi, zikuwoneka kuti zalephera muzowerengera zonse. Kuonjezera apo, umboniwu umasonyeza kuti GPICS ya RICS sakhulupirira kuti geomatics ndilo mawu omwe mukufuna kupitiliza kugwiritsa ntchito pamutu wanu.

Kafukufuku wochitidwa ndi wolemba ku 2014, komanso momwe a GPGB adawona kuti ndizoyenera kuyambitsa nkhaniyi, zikuwonetsa kuti pali kusakhutira kwatsalira ndikugwiritsa ntchito mawu akuti geomatics monga kufotokozera ... china. Osatinso ntchitoyo, chifukwa, imawonekabe kuti ndiovomerezedwa kwambiri ngati "topography" kapena "topography." Izi sizowona ku United Kingdom zokha, zimachitikanso ku Australia komanso ku Canada, komwe moyo udayamba. Ku Australia, liwu loti geomatics nthawi zambiri layamba kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndipo linasinthidwa ndi "sayansi ya m'mlengalenga," yomwe imangoleka kutsutsana ndi nthawi yaposachedwa komanso mozama monga "sayansi ya geospatial."

M'zigawo zambiri za Canada, mawu akuti geomatics akugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi zamakono, akusonyeza kuti zojambulajambula zingakhale nthambi ina ya chilangocho. Izi zikuchitika makamaka ku yunivesite ya New Brunswick, kumene "Geomatics Engineering" ili pafupi ndi nthambi zina zamakono, monga zomangamanga ndi makina.

Kodi n'chiyani chingalowe m'malo mwa geomatics?

Kotero, ngati mawu oti geomatics amachititsa othandizira ake kukhala osasangalala, kodi ndi mawu ati omwe angawathandize? Chimodzi mwa zinthu zomwe anthu ambiri amavomereza kuti ndizosavomerezeka ndi imfa ya zolembera. Ngati mungathe kukhala ndi injini za geomatics, kodi mungathe kukhala ndi ofufuza a geomatic? Mosakayikira, ndinganene. Izi zikhoza kuchititsa kuti pakhale chisokonezo chachikulu.

Chifukwa chosowa chokwanira komanso kuthekera kumvetsetsa bwino malo kapena malo a chirichonse, mawu amodzi ndi omveka, mawu akuti "malo" amatenga nthawi yomweyo m'maganizo. Ndiko, malo kapena malo mlengalenga. Ngati malo amenewa ali mu danga, ndiye kuti, pafupi ndi mapangidwe a dziko lapansi, zikutsatira kuti geo-space imakhala yosankha. Popeza chidziwitso cha zofotokoza malo ndi maziko a pokhala yoyeza malo, mphamvu kukula zipangizo angapo molondola osiyana kupereka deta Pamalo komanso chitukuko mosalekeza ntchito zomwe Chidziwitso choterechi chikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito, ntchitoyi ikukula kwambiri - ntchito yomwe ndi ya Geospatial Surveyor.

Ngakhale kuti "zolemba zapadziko lapansi" zili ndi mbiri yakale ndi yonyada, kutchulidwa kwa dziko lapansi mwinamwake kwakhalabe kopindulitsa ndi kufunika kwake. Unzeru wamakono wamasewero womwe wapatsidwa tsopano umamulola kugwiritsa ntchito zida zake zonse, komanso zomwe akudziwa komanso kumvetsetsa molondola, komanso zifukwa zogwirizana ndi miyezo yosiyanasiyana kuchokera ku malo osiyanasiyana, kupitirira malo amtundu wa "malo ojambula zithunzi ndi zojambula zithunzi". Izi ziyenera kuzindikiridwa koma kukhala ndi mgwirizano ndi ntchito ya chikhalidwe. Ngati olemba ziyeneretso amafunika kuti adziwe kusiyana kwa malo oyambirira ojambula zojambulapo zapadziko lapansi kuchokera kuzinthu zina zambiri zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito zolemba pamatchulidwe awo, woyang'anira geospatial ndi mawu omwe amakwaniritsa zosowazo.

Zolemba

Booth, Stephen (2011). Tapeza chida chosowa koma sitinauze aliyense! Geomatics World, 19, 5

Dubuisson, Bernard. (1975). Gwiritsani ntchito Photogrammetrie et des Moyens Cartographiques kuchokera ku ma kompyuta. (KJ Dennison, Trans.). Paris: Zolemba Eyrolles.

Johnston, Gordon. (2016). Mayina, zikhalidwe ndi luso. Geomatics World, 25, 1.

Gagnon, Pierre & Coleman, David J. (1990). Geomatics: njira yowonjezera ndi yowonongeka yokwaniritsa zofunika za malo a malo. Institute of Surveying and Mapping Journal ya Canada, 44 (4), 6.

Maynard, Jon. (1998). Geomatics-voti yanu yanyozedwa. Kupenda Dziko, 6, 1.

Baibulo lapachiyambili linasindikizidwa mu Geomatics World November / December 2017

Yankho Limodzi loti "Kodi tiyenera kusintha mawu oti" Geomatics "?"

  1. Nkhani yabwino, tikhoza kuganizira za momwe zipangizo zamakono zatsopano zimakhudzidwira pazinthu zoyambirira monga chitukuko chokha: Geography, malo ojambula zithunzi ndi zojambulajambula.
    Chofunikira pa izi ndikutsimikiza kuti mawu omwe amavomereza kuti ndi oona, amatha nthawi ndikuti amaonetsa makhalidwe a malonda kapena ntchito yomwe ikufotokoza.
    Kwa ine, geomantic nthawizonse wakhala ngati icing chabwino pa keke, koma pamapeto pali mawu omwe amabwera ndikupita monga mafashoni ndipo samatha nthawi. Ndimatsamira kwambiri ku sayansi ya geospatial kapena geoscience chabe.

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