The System National wa Katundu Management SINAP

sinap hondurasThe System National wa Administration Katundu (SINAP) ndi luso nsanja kuti integrates nkhani zonse zokhudza chuma thupi ndi zolimbana mtundu, kumene osiyana onse, ochita zisudzo payekha ndi anthu kulemba wotuluka zonse zokhudzana ndi katundu katundu, kofunika kuti malamulo ndi kukonzanso malonda.

Chithunzi chomwe chili kudzanja lamanja chidzawonetsedwa penapake, chifukwa ndizochitika tsiku lina limene ndimakhala nthawi yanga yopuma. LADM, mu chimodzi cha zisudzo za Amsterdam, komweko ndi 2012.

SINAP anabadwa ndi akuyendera Honduras mu 2002-2005 nthawi mu chimango cha Land Management Program, ofanana ndi amene anali zikuchitika yopezeka pa nthawi m'mayiko osiyanasiyana pansi ndisamalire World Bank. Sanabadwe monga kudzoza mlendo, maziko ake ali mu ziphunzitso za Agiriki amene amathandiza zitsanzo chitukuko komwe aphungu zinthu chitukuko msika ali, pa dzanja limodzi kuchepa kwa ndalama zopangira(zopangira, anthu, teknoloji ndi ndalama) komanso, kuchepa kwa ndalama zogulira. Choncho, chifukwa cha kuchepetsa kuchepetsa ndalama zopangira ndalama m'dziko lotukuka, chiwerengero chachikulu cha SINAP ndi kuchepetsa ndalama ndi nthawi yogulitsa.

SINAP si kompyuta chida, koma mndandanda wa ndondomeko kuphatikizapo luso chitukuko, kuphatikiza okhudzidwa nchito nawo anira malo ndi zosabvuta pa njira yochokera mumaganiza mayiko mfundo ndi umwana matekinoloje mudziwe ndi aya.
SINAP ndi conceptualized pamene pali zokwanira zikumveka kuti yekha kukhazikitsa luso popanda kusintha kwa zolimbana ndi nchito zigawo pafupifupi monga kuvala matayala kavalo, osati kupanga galimoto latsopano. Kotero njira ya limodzi ndi kusintha kwakukulu monga chilengedwe cha malamulo atsopano monga Chilamulo Katundu ndi Chilamulo pa Planning Chathetsa; pansi kukhazikitsidwa mlanduwu Institute Katundu, zomwe zimabweretsa pamodzi Land kaundula (amene anali Supreme Court), ndi National Cadastre (amene anali ndi Director Executive pansi Pulezidenti) ndi National Institute Geographic analenga ( izo zidadalira pa Utumiki wa Ntchito Zachuma ndi Zamtundu).

Bungwe latsopanoli limapangidwa ndi Directorate of Registries, Directorate ya Cadastre ndi Geography ndi Direction of Regularization, kuchokera ku optics omwe akutsogoleredwa kudzera mu bungwe la Associated Centers lomwe lingapangidwe ndi ma municipalities kapena mabungwe ogwirizana ndi anthu.

SINAP

SINAP inabadwa pansi pa Core Register Domain Model (CCDM), chikalata chimene chinali panthawiyo chinali abastracto ya Christiaan Lemmen ndi maofesi ena omwe ankafuna kuti adziwe Cadastre 2014.

The CCDM mu 2012 anakhala LADM (ISO-19152), koma mwa ndiye (2002) anali kale ndi maganizo mokwanira okhwima mmene zinthu ntchito boma m'dziko iwo akhoza wosalira ubale yosavuta Chilamulo, kudziletsa ndi Udindo (RRR ) mwa okhudzidwa (Party) ndi zinthu kaundula (BAUnits), ndi dziko monga ubale okhudza malo a zinthu ndi sanjira monga mfundo za lamulo la boma zokhudza malamulo payekha.

Ichi ndi kapangidwe cilamulo wa SINAP m'chaka 2004; ndi mndandanda wa mfundo kupeza ndalama umene panthawi imeneyo munamutcha: SINIMUN chifukwa mizinda yambiri, INTUR kwa gawo zokopa alendo, SINIA Environment, SNGR chifukwa kasamalidwe chiopsezo, CIEF kwa nkhalango ndi INFOAGRO kwa gawo la ulimi.

SINAP

Chovala chomwe chili kumanja ndi chomwe chinandigwirizananso ndi ine kuti ndikhazikitsenso mu 2012, ndikusamalira kuti alipo. Mwachidule, SINAP ndi nsanja yomwe ikuphatikizapo zing'onozing'ono zinayi:

Machitidwe Ogwirizana a Ma Records.

Ndondomekoyi ikuphatikizanso, pakati pa zolemba zina, katundu weniweni ndi zolembera za cadastral monga zenizeni. Amatanthauza kuti maphukusi amapanga zikulilima wathunthu dera onse katundu payekha kuti angamvetsere ndi minda mayina pansi njira Patsamba lenileni komanso katundu anthu monga misewu ndi mitsinje zogwirizana pepala utsogoleri. Kuwonjezera apo, ziwembu zikuwonetsa ngati zochitika zomwe chidwi chikuchitidwa ndi zojambulajambula zomwe zimagwirizana ndi malamulo a boma, komanso malo osefukira, malo otetezedwa, malo olemba mbiri, ndi zina zotero.

ZOKHUDZA sizimangotenga nyumba zogulitsa; ndi wosakhulupirira kuti pang'onopang'ono agwirizanitse zinthu zosiyanasiyana za mtunduwo; Pakali pano akuphatikizapo malonda, mphamvu, nzeru ndi vehicular.

Ndondomeko ya Zowonongeka Zachigawo (SINIT)

Izi timva dongosolo ndi imalengeza nkhani zonse cartographic opangidwa ndi mabungwe osiyanasiyana m'dzikoli ndi kulenga ntchito phindu anawonjezera kupezeka kwa owerenga pansi kachitidwe kamodzi ziyerekezo. Komanso publicita mudziwe okhudza malo n'chofunikira wa zapamwamba za mfundo kupewa imfa ya mudziwe opangidwa ndi boma ndi kutumikira monga mfundo buku amene alibe zinkafunikira mfundo opangidwa zomangamanga.

Kulembetsa Malamulo Ogwiritsa Ntchito Padzikoli (RENOT)

Ichi ndi zolembera zomwe zimaphatikizapo malamulo onse omwe ali ndi zikhumbo zokhudzidwa kapena zopindulitsa ku ntchito, madera kapena ntchito ya mapepala. Chiyambi cha zolemberazi chikugwirizanitsidwa ndi lamulo la malo oyang'anira malo, kufunafuna kuti mapulani ndi malamulo a boma omwe amapanga mabungwe osiyanasiyana angakhale oyenerera ndipo amavomerezedwa ngati zomwe zakhudzidwa pa mapepala pamsonkhanowu kapena chiphaso cha cadastral, komanso kutsogoleredwa kwa njira kapena zovomerezeka mu malo a Land Registry.

Ngakhale kuti godparents wa RENOT zasintha panthawi zosiyanasiyana, lingaliro la akanali yemweyo ayenera mapu utoto kukhala kumangako, "zinthu malamulo Potchula mfundo za chilolezo, zapaderazi malonda ndi kulembetsa ayenera kukhalira kuti malamulo zadongosolo zikuwonetsedwa muzipinda zapadera »

National Infatial Data Infrastructure (INDES)

N'zoona kuti sizinali zosavuta kuchita zonse. Mu 2002, nkhani zokhudzana ndi deta zapakati pazomwe zimakhala zovuta kwambiri, makamaka m'mayiko awa kumene zida zogwira ntchito komanso maphunziro apamwamba a masunivesite alibe pang'ono. Panthawiyi, dongosolo lachinayi limatchedwa Clearinghouse, la zaka makumi asanu ndi atatu zomwe zimatikumbutsa za injini zofufuzira za metadata. Kwa chaka chomwe ndikuyenera kuchilingalira, timachitcha kuti National Spatial Data Infrastructure (INDES).

Kodi ndizofunikira kuyesetsa kwa SINAP?

SINAP yasonyezedwa m'mayiko osiyanasiyana, ngakhale ine ndikuganiza, izo zimakhudza olemba omwe akufuna kuwerengera kukoma kwawo pansi pa kukonda dziko. Kukhala utsi wobadwa kuchokera pachiyambi, patebulo la galasi ndi makapu ochepa a khofi, m'dziko lomwe liri ndi mavuto a chiphuphu ndi ulamuliro wa ndale wofanana ndi mayiko ambiri a mbiri ya anthu a ku Spain, SINAP ndi ntchito yabwino kwambiri muzinthu zambiri. Pazinthu zina zinayi, ZONSE ndizo zomwe zinkakhala bwino kwambiri, chifukwa chitukukochi chinapangidwa nthawi monga zolemba zowonongeka ndi omwe akuthandizira awo komanso chifukwa chakuti akugwiritsa ntchito molakwika maulendo atsopano a malamulo atsopano ndi kusintha, zomwe sizili zophweka (kapena zowonongeka) kuti zizichita m'dziko lililonse; ngakhale ayenera kudumpha mavuto monga asakhudze malamulo yapachiweniweni (amene awa chifuniro bilu), ndi amene amadza zochepa ntchito Cadastre-Registral ngakhale kuti anali m'gulu zikalata akatswiri.

Pamene kukula nchito pali mavuto ambiri kuyambira institutionalization mochedwa chifukwa cha polojekiti, kupanda pogwira ntchito wamba ndi antchito tanena mgwirizano kwachititsa pafupifupi kugwa mphindi kwambiri ulemerero wa Institute Katundu; Komabe, KUKHALA ngati malo opangira zamakono umayenera kulemekezedwa kuti apitirize kugwira ntchito ngati nsanja yolumikizidwa.

Mapulogalamu aulere a nthawi imeneyo sanawoneke ndi optics, kotero kunali kofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito mateloji ambiri, kuti mupereke chitsanzo:

  • The sanjira digito Makina a pa VBA, kuyambira chachikulu chipika ziwembu kuti mbiri versioning DGN V8 ndi ulamuliro checkin-potuluka ntchito ProjectWise
  • Kupyolera mwa wowona webusaiti pa ActiveX, ogwiritsira ntchito ma municipalities anapempha kugulitsa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito DGN redline, GeoWeb Publisher ndi Web Explorer lite.
  • Mbadwo wa dipatimenti ya cadastral ukhoza kuchitidwa kuchokera kwa kasitomala wa Microstation Geographics, kupanga mapu, deta ya cadastral ndikuwongolera mndandanda pokha posankha chinsinsi cha cadastral; pomwe pa intaneti angapangidwe pogwiritsa ntchito GeoWeb Publisher, payekha kapena mwakuya, kupanga mafayilo a PDF omwe ali ndi data alphanumeric ndi graphic.
  • Kujambula ndi kuchotsa mabuku a Registry kunayankhidwa ndi mapulogalamu ogwira ntchito omwe atembenuza ntchito yovutayi kuntchito ya maquila, yomwe kenako inali yochokera kunja kwa makampani apadera.
  • Chipinda chogwiritsira ntchito cha cadastral ndi folio weniweni chinakhazikitsidwa kwathunthu pa intaneti.

Mwina ntchito njira zamakono onsewa, awa onse ogwiritsa ndi mlingo wa zokha zinatsala chaka cha 2004 ndi BeAwards (lero BeInspired) mphoto mu chilengedwe gulu kasamalidwe ndi 2005 mu gulu boma. Koma chiyeso anali pamene anakumana 2006 kusintha kwa ndale ndi gulu osiyana ndi anthu machenjerero onse chikhalidwe zothandizira mipingo yawo ndale ndi chilakolako kufufuta zonse ndipo kuyambira zikande.

Mmawa wina anafika ndi litayamba Link (amene anali atsopano pa nthawi) kuti iwo apulumuke pa litayamba Wonse Registries ... anasiya kufunsa pamene anazindikira anafunika mbale ambiri kunja.

Mmawa wina, winawake anapempha oyang'anira wa wogwiritsa ntchito wa database. Patapita masiku awiri iye anali atayiwala ofunika kwambiri, ndipo izi zinali zofunikira pa masiku atatu kuyamba Nawonso achichepere pambuyo makina backups usiku, chifukwa pa nthawi imeneyo panalibe virtualization Seva ndi chifanizo anali yogwira monga anapanga kusunga pakati pa 12 usiku ndi 6 ya m'mawa.

Mabisitomala omwe amagwiritsa ntchito kale dongosololo adayamba kudandaula, ndipo mnyamatayo adadziwa kuti Systemyo si chabe mafilimu abwino kuti azisangalatse mu Mafotokozedwe a PowerPoint.

Ndithudi kuchokera ku zolakwitsa zomwe zapangidwa pali maphunziro othandiza kwambiri omwe ogwiritsa ntchito omwe adagwira nawo ntchito angathe kutenga nawo mbali pamalingaliro, mapangidwe, chitukuko, zolemba, kukhazikitsa ndi kukhazikitsidwa. Pamene dongosolo ndi luso, ndipo anthu ndi otsogolera, mwayi wotsatilawa umasintha miyoyo yawo, kupatulapo zomwe adzipeza.

SINAP

Chimene sichikanatsutsidwa ndi kudzipereka kwa Honduras, ndi SINAP, ndikuti nthawi yomweyi, masomphenya oyambirira sanasinthe. Ndondomekoyi inatha kupulumuka nthawi zitatu za boma, kuphatikizapo coup coup d'état (2009); Panthawi imeneyi panali zonse zomwe zingatheke, koma kugwiritsira ntchito mfundo yowona bwino kunali kofunikira «Ngati mukufuna kupanga dongosolo lalikulu, lizigwira mwamsanga«; pamene iwo akufuna kubwereranso kuti agwiritse ntchito mabuku, omwewo akugwiritsa ntchito otetezera. Izo tsopano wayamba modernize 16 24 zigawozo kaundula, kale opaleshoni dongosolo. Mu 2013 dongosolo kusanduka anapangidwa kwa amasamukira ku nsanja latsopano mbali zonse izo depreciated, kutchula lotseguka gwero mapulogalamu kusintha malamulo polojekiti, ndi kusintha lachitsanzo ntchito pokonzekera kusakanikirana kwa woyendetsa payekha, ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa LADM yeniyeni ndi Makina a BlockChain pofuna kutetezera deta. Chimodzi mwazowonjezera zazikulu chinali phukusi pa malo osungirako malo, zomwe zimaperekedwa kuchokera ku zovuta, kotero kuti ngati geometry yatsopano imalembedwa ndi normative binding (ngati malo atsopano otetezedwa), Cadastre Plots zonse zimakhudzidwa ndipo zimawoneka ngati zowonongeka m'minda yolemba; Makanema otseguka otsegula monga OpenLayers, GeoServer ndi GeoNetwork anaphatikizidwanso kuti atenge GeoWeb Publisher ndi BentleyMap m'malo mwa Microstation Geographics; Kwa ma municipalities, ma webusaiti anakhazikitsidwa kuti agwirizane kudzera pa WFS pazowonjezera QGIS.

Mu graph yotsatira ndatenga nthawi ya SINAP, yomwe ikufuna kuti ikhale yovuta Malankhulidwe a 2014 Cadastre Iwo sizinathe zagonjetsedwa: nchito payekha ndi ntchito pagulu limodzi, chimene chiri kutenga akafunsiridwa wakulungama kwa mgwirizano payekha anthu ndi kuzunzidwa wamkulu wa nzeru ntchito kuti amalola ndalama ali ndi recoverable.

Pansi pa masomphenya atsopano, mawonekedwe a SINIT ndi RENOT sakufunikanso monga machitidwe ena, monga momwe zanenedwa ndi zopangika zamakono za 2004 ndi milandu yamagetsi. KODI pali mbiri imodzi yokha yotsimikiziridwa (Cartographic Record) ndi RENOT ya Regulatory Register; dongosolo latsopano lidakali mkati mwa chitukuko; Zithunzi zotsatirazi zikuwonetseratu zina mwazitsulo zake zamakono.

Ngati zinthu zikupitirizabe kuyenda mofulumira, SINAP idzatha kukwaniritsa cholinga chake kuyambira pachiyambi pansi pa lingaliro la Associated Centers; Kukhala Registry ndi Cadastre zokhazokha zogwirizana mkati mwa dongosolo lalikulu amagwira ntchito pansi pa ndondomeko ya ofesi ya kumbuyo.

Choncho, ma municipalities ali ndi udindo woyang'anira ma cadastral komanso kupereka mauthenga ogwirizana ndi malonda; panopa ndi angapo mizinda yambiri chikuchitika padziko chiwembu cha nthumwi, wotuluka pa zanyumba ndi amagwira ntchito ndi ena mabanki maofesi zotumphukira, ngati Mercantile kaundula ndi opareshoni ndi Komiti ya Zamalonda ndi phungu kuchita zambiri kuposa zimenezo ...

Ndithudi kufooka kwakukulu kwa SINAP kudzakhala kwa nthawi yaitali, kusowa kwa ndakatulo omwe amalankhula za kuthekera kwawo kuchokera kumalingaliro, maluso ndi zamakono. Chifundo, poganiza kuti mwina ndi mbendera yoyamba ya thupi la LADM, isanakhale yowonjezera (CCDM); ziyeneretso kuti mayiko ena monga Colombia adzalandire, kumene mtundu waulemererowu sumaleka kutenga mwayi ndipo iwo amaikidwa mu ndondomeko ya anthu, monga momwe amachitira YAKHALA 3859.

Zomwe taphunzira kuchokera ku SINAP ndi zina za 8, ndipo zothandiza kwambiri ... kukhala mbali ya utsi umenewu ndiwothandiza kwambiri. Padzakhala nthawi yolankhula za izo, kutha kwachisangalalo cha chaka 2016.

Mayankho a 2 kwa "National System of Administration of Property SINAP"

  1. Ndizowona, buku latsopanoli, lomwe likuchitikabe, limaphatikizapo ntchito kuti ogwiritsa omwe amawononga, kusintha ndikudziwitsa za kasamalidwe ka malo komwe angapange. Chimodzi mwa zitsanzo zotere ndi Municipal SIT, yomwe mabwanawa amatha kukonza kayendedwe ka cadastral mu gawo la Cadastre, komanso akuphatikiza gawo lokonzekera momwe angagwirizanire mapulani awo.

  2. Zodabwitsa Sindingathe ngakhale kulingalira zovuta zogwira ntchito yomweyi. Kodi mwalingalira kuti mungathe kupeza nzeru kudzera mu API? Izi zidzathandiza kuti anthu ena, monga maboma omwe amagwira ntchito pokonzekera madera m'dzikoli, akuphatikizira ntchito yawo mosavuta ndi dziko la cadastre.

Siyani yankho

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa.

Tsambali likugwiritsa ntchito Akismet kuchepetsa spam. Phunzirani momwe deta yanu ikufotokozera.