Kuyerekezera ndi zosiyana pakati pa QGIS ndi ArcGIS

Anzanu a GISGeography.com apanga nkhani yamtengo wapatali imene amafanizira GQIS ndi ArcGIS, mosasamala kanthu pa nkhani za 27.

Zikuwonekeratu kuti moyo wa mapulatifomu onsewa ndi ovuta, poona kuti chiyambi cha QGIS chimabwerera ku 2002, pomwe ArcView 3x yatha kutuluka ... yomwe yakhala ikuphatikizapo kuyenda kokwanira.

qgis arcgis

Mosakayika ife sitinayambe tayamba kuwona kukula ndi kumvetsetsa ndi nkhani ya geospatial, monga yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi ogwiritsa ntchito njira ziwirizi. Kumbali imodzi, ESRI imathandizidwa ndi njira yeniyeni ya kampani yomwe ili ndi zaka zoposa 40 pamsika, ndi chifukwa chokhala njira zomwe zinayambira kufalitsa masomphenya a malo kuchokera pa malonda ndi malonda omwe si odziwika; pamene QGIS ndiyo njira yothandizira pa njira ya GIS, yomwe inatha kugwiritsa ntchito mwayi wonse wachitsanzo cha OpenSource, ndikuyambitsa dera limene liri ndi utsogoleri osati kungodzipereka koma ndi aphunzitsi apamwamba.

Kawirikawiri, kuyerekezera kumatipatsa kuwala kochititsa chidwi mu zinthu monga:

  • 1. QGIS ili ndi cholinga chotsegulira mtundu uliwonse wa deta.
  • 2. Zonsezi zimapangitsa kuti zovuta zowonjezera zikhale zovuta kwa wosuta, ngakhale kuti QGIS siili yophweka ngati tiganiza kuti chuma ndi mapulagini.
  • 3. Kufufuza deta pakati pa QGIS Browser ndi ArcCatalog ndizosangalatsa, koma sizingatheke malinga ngati akudalira kukhalapo kwa metadata. Nthawizonse zimakhala zovuta kufufuza pakati pa deta.
  • chithunzi4. Mapepala a mgwirizano ndi amodzi mwaziwiri, ndi ubwino pang'ono QGSIS.
  • 5. Bwezerani ndi kusintha kayendedwe ka dongosolo. Zonsezi ndizovomerezeka poyang'ana chiwerengero cha mbadwa ndi ntchentche, ngakhale kuti phindu ndilo kuti QGIS potsiriza yatha kuwerenga popanda zolakwika malingaliro a fayilo .PRJ.
  • 6. Zida zambiri za intaneti kuchokera ku ArcGIS Online ndi phunziro la QGIS lomwe liri ndi plugin OpenLayers amalola zigawo zambiri za m'mbuyo koma palibe zambiri.
  • 7. Geoprocess yadutsa ndi QGIS, koma osati chifukwa ArcMap ilibe, koma chifukwa zimadalira mtundu wa chilolezo chimene chilipo, kotero ntchito zosiyanasiyana zingagwiritsidwe ntchito. Inde, pakati pa chida choterechi n'zotheka kutayika musanayese iwo onse, ngati tiganizira zochitika zonse za geoprocess zomwe GRASS ndi SAGA zili nazo, zomwe tingafune kukhala nayo imodzi yokha.
      • Inde, izi ndizovuta zomwe sizikugwirizana ndi mapulogalamu a pulogalamu koma ndi chitsanzo cha bizinesi. Pokhala QGIS ya GPL layisensi, zonse zilipo.
    • 8. Dziko la mapulagini ndi lalikulu pa nsanja ziwirizo. Ngakhale kuti QGIS ndi yaikulu kwambiri, pomwe pali mapulagulu pafupifupi pafupifupi chirichonse, chinthu chovuta ndi chomwe ArcGIS Marektplace chimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta, chifukwa pali njira zothetsera vutoli ndi cholinga chofuna kupeza. Inde, muyenera kulipira.
        • qgis arcgisNgakhale kuti AGIS ndi makina olimba kwambiri a geoprocessing machine, ilibe zipangizo zosiyanasiyana za ESRI.
    • 9. Malonda ochepa kwambiri a deta akuposa ArcGIS. Ngakhale kuti QGIS + GRASS ikupereka nkhondo, nthawi zonse pali chinthu chinachake chimene ArcGIS chimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta; ngati sizinthu zowonjezera, chifukwa cha zovuta zogwirizana ndi mapulagini okhudzana ndi matembenuzidwe atsopano.
    • 10. Zida za ArcGIS za Geostatistics sizingatheke kufanana. Sikuti amangogwira ntchito, koma amaphunzitsa.
    • 11. Ndili ndi data ya LiDAR, wina ayenera kuganiza, chifukwa pamene ena amati ArcGIS yathawa, ena amanena kuti ESRI ikuganiza kuti ikhale yokhazikika.

Ndikulingalira kuti ndikuwone ndikuwonjezerani kusonkhanitsa kwanu, chifukwa nkhaniyi yoposa kuteteza chida (chomwe chingakhale chowonekera kwambiri), chikufanizira kufanana kwa 27 mu zinthu monga:

  • Network Analysis
  • Ntchito Yogulitsa Ntchito (Wowonongeka Zitsanzo)
  • Zojambula zomaliza zojambula zithunzi
  • Chizindikiro
  • Zisonyezo ndi malemba
  • Kusintha kwa mapu opitirira
  • Kuyenda 3D
  • Mapu otchuka
  • Makhalidwe
  • Zolemba Zapamwamba
  • Topological cleaning
  • Kusintha deta yamasamba
  • XY imagwirizanitsa ndi Kulemba
  • Kusintha kwa mitundu ya geometry
  • Zolemba zothandizira

Mwachidule, ndi ntchito yovuta yomwe yatsogolera nkhaniyi. Mu njira zambiri izo zimafuna kuzama kozama, zomwe zimangodziwa yemwe wagwiritsa ntchito ntchito zonse za ArcGIS ndi mapulogalamu a QGIS. Komabe, chinachake n'chokhutiritsa:

Sitinawonepo nkhondo ya Epic ku GIS mapulogalamu monga momwe ife tikuwonera.

Kuti muwerenge nkhani yonse, onani chingwe.

Mwa njira, ndikukuuzani kuti muyang'anire akauntiyo @GisGeography, kuti tifunika kuwonjezera Top40 Geospatial Twitter.

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