MUTU XUMUMX: KUFUNIKA KWA ZINTHU

Ngakhale kuti takambirana kale njira zingapo kuti tigwiritse ntchito zinthu zosiyana, mwachizolowezi, monga kujambula kwathu kumapangitsa kuti zinthu zikhale zovuta, zinthu zatsopano zimalengedwa ndipo zimayikidwa nthawi zonse mogwirizana ndi zomwe zatengedwa kale. Izi ndizo, zinthu zomwe zilipo kale m'kotchulidwa kwathu zimatipatsa zilembo zamakono zatsopano. Kawirikawiri timatha kupeza kuti mzere wotsatira umachokera pakati pa bwalo, phokoso lina la polygon kapena pakati pa mzere wina. Pachifukwa ichi, Autocad imapereka chida champhamvu chosavuta kufotokozera mfundozi panthawi yopanga zojambula zojambula zotchedwa Reference to objects.

Malinga ndi zinthu ndiye njira yofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito zida zamakono za zinthu zomwe zakhala zikukonzekera kumanga zinthu zatsopano, chifukwa zimatithandiza kudziwa ndi kugwiritsa ntchito mfundo monga midpoint, njira ya 2 kapena mfundo yaikulu pakati pa ena. Tiyeneranso kukumbukira kuti chinthu chomwe chimatchulidwa ndi mtundu wa lamulo lomveka bwino, ndiko kuti, akhoza kuyitanitsidwa panthawi yopanga zojambula.

Njira yofulumira yogwiritsira ntchito zosiyana zazinthu zomwe zilipo, ndikugwiritsa ntchito batani lazenera, zomwe zimaloleza kufotokozera maumboni ena, ndipo tikulimbikitsanso, ngakhale tayamba kale kujambula. Tiyeni tiyambe kuyang'ana.

Tiyeni tione chitsanzo. Tidzajambula mzere wolunjika omwe mapeto ake oyambirira adzagwilizana ndi vertex ya mzere umodzi ndi winayo ndi quadrant pa madigiri makumi asanu ndi anai a bwalo. Pazochitika ziwirizi tidzatsegula mafotokozedwe ku zinthu zofunikira pakukwaniritsa lamulo lojambula.

Tsamba la zinthu linaloledwa kumanga mzerewu molondola molondola ndipo popanda kudandaula kwenikweni za makonzedwe, mbali kapena kutalika kwa chinthucho. Tsopano tiyerekeze kuti tikukhumba kuwonjezera bwalo ku chidutswa ichi chomwe chigawo chake chikugwirizana ndi bwalo lomwe liripo (ndilo chingwe chachitsulo pambali ya mbali). Kachiwiri, batani la Buku Lopindulitsa lidzatithandizira kupeza malo awa popanda kugwiritsa ntchito magawo ena monga adilesi yeniyeni ya Cartesian.

Mafotokozedwe a zinthu zomwe zingasinthidwe ndi batani ndi mawonekedwe ake amatha kuwona nthawi yomweyo.

Kuwonjezera pa zapamwambazi, tili ndi maumboni ena pazinthu zofunikira ngati, panthawi ya chojambula chojambula, timasindikiza fungulo "Shift" ndiyeno batani lamanja la mouse.

Chidziwikiritso chapadera cha mafotokozedwe omwe amapezeka mndandanda uwu ndikuti sagwiritsira ntchito mosamalitsa zilembo zamakono za zinthu, koma kwazowonjezera kapena zochokera kwa iwo. Izi zikutanthauza kuti zina mwa zipangizozi zimagwiritsa ntchito mfundo zomwe zilipo pokhapokha ziganizo zina. Mwachitsanzo, mawu akuti "Extension", omwe tawona mu kanema yapitayi, amasonyeza, ndendende, vector yomwe imasonyeza mphamvu yomwe ingakhale nayo mzere kapena uta ngati iwo anali ochulukirapo. Mutu wakuti "Kutembenukira Kwachinyengo" ungathe kuzindikira mfundo yomwe siilipo mu dera lachitatu monga momwe tawonanso muvidiyo.

Chitsanzo china ndilo "Pakati pakati pa mfundo za 2", zomwe, monga momwe zikutchulira, zimayika pakatikati pakati pa mfundo ziwiri, ngakhale ngati mfundoyo siili ya chinthu chilichonse.

Chigawo chachitatu chomwe chimagwira ntchito mofanana, ndiko kuti, kukhazikitsa mfundo zomwe zimachokera ku geometry ya zinthu koma osati zazo ndendende, ndizochokera ku "Kuchokera", zomwe zimalola kufotokoza mfundo pamtunda wina mfundo ina ya maziko. Kotero, "Zolemba za Object" izi zingagwiritsidwe ntchito mophatikiza ndi maumboni ena, monga "Mapeto".

M'zigawo zapitazo za Autocad, zinali zachilendo kuti agwiritse ntchito kachipangizo "Zolemba za zinthu" ndikupitiliza makatani a zolembedwera zomwe zili pakati pa lamulo lojambula. Chizoloŵezichi chikhoza kuchitidwa, ngakhale maonekedwe a mawonekedwe akuthandizira kufotokoza zojambulazo ndi kuchepetsa kugwiritsa ntchito zida zamatabwa. M'malo mwake, tsopano mutha kugwiritsa ntchito botani lakutsikira pa barre ya udindo, monga momwe tawonetsera pamwambapa. Komabe, Autocad imaperekanso njira zowonjezera zolemba chimodzi kapena zingapo zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito kosatha pamene mukujambula. Pachifukwa ichi tiyenera kukhazikitsa khalidwe la "Zolemba za Obwino" ndi diso lofanana la bokosi la "Drawing parameters".

Ngati mu bokosi lino timayambitsa, mwachitsanzo, maumboni akuti "Kutsiriza" ndi "Pakati", ndiye iwo adzakhala maumboni omwe tidzakhala nawo pokhapokha titayamba lamulo lojambula kapena kukonzekera. Ngati panthawi yomweyi tikufuna kugwiritsa ntchito bukhu lina, tikhoza kugwiritsa ntchito batani la barreti yoyenera kapena mndandanda wa masewero. Kusiyanitsa ndiko kuti mndandanda wazomwekufotokozera zidzangowonjezera chinthu chofunikirako kwa kanthawi, pamene bokosi la bokosi kapena batani ladongosolo likuwapangitsa kugwira ntchito zojambulazo. Komabe, sizomveka kuyambitsa zolemba zonse ku zinthu zomwe zili mu bokosi, ngakhale zochepa ngati zojambula zathu zili ndi zigawo zambiri, chifukwa chiwerengero cha ziwonetsero chingawonetsedwe kwambiri, kuti zowonjezera zingatheke. Ngakhale ziyenera kudziwika kuti ngati pali mfundo zambiri zokhudzana ndi zinthu zogwira ntchito, tikhoza kuyika chojambula pamsana pazenera ndikusindikiza fungulo "TAB". Izi zidzakakamiza Autocad kuti asonyeze maumboni pafupi ndi ndondomeko panthawi imeneyo. Mosiyana ndi izi, pangakhale nthawi pamene tikufuna kuchotsa zolemba zonse ku zinthu zokhazokha, mwachitsanzo, kukhala ndi ufulu wathunthu ndi chithunzithunzi pazenera. Pazochitikazi, tikhoza kugwiritsa ntchito "Palibe" muzitukuko zomwe zikuwonekera ndi "Shift" fungulo ndi batani lakumanja.

Komabe, zikuonekeratu kuti Autocad akulozera ku mapeto, mwachitsanzo, mwa njira yosiyana ndi yomwe ikuwonetseratu ndipo izi zikusiyana kwambiri ndi malo. Buku lililonse lili ndi chizindikiro. Mfundo yakuti zizindikirozi zikuwoneka kapena ayi, komanso kuti mzerewu "umakopeka" mpaka pomwepo, umatsimikiziridwa ndi kasinthidwe ka AutoSnap, zomwe sizowoneka ngati "Zolemba za zinthu". Kukonza AutoSnap, timagwiritsa ntchito "Dulani" tab ya "Options" bokosi la bokosi lomwe likuwonekera ndi Autocad kuyamba menu.

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