Kodi dzikolo liyenera kukhala lotani mu mzinda wanu?

Funso lalikulu lomwe lingayankhe mayankho ambiri, ambiri mwa iwo ngakhale maganizo; Mitundu yambiri ngati ili ndi malo opanda kapena nyumba, mautumiki apagulu kapena malo ambiri. Kuti panali tsamba limene tingadziwe kufunika kwa malo kumalo ena a mudzi wathu, mosakayikira zidzakuthandizani pazinthu zokhudzana ndi cadastre, msika wogulitsa nyumba kapena kugwiritsa ntchito nthaka.

Pakalipano ndimakondwera ndi kuyambitsa «Mapu a Makhalidwe a Dziko ku Latin America«, Yomwe imafuna cholinga ichi, pansi pa njira yogwirizanirana ndi kugwiritsa ntchito luso lamakono la webmapping. Zikuoneka kuti zidzatha kukhala zolembedwa m'ma Latin America, makamaka m'midzi yofunika kwambiri, makamaka chifukwa cha kufanana pakati pa madera ndi mayiko.

Zosintha zogwirizana

M'kope lake la 2018, limapereka ndondomeko ya zomwe zinayambira zaka ziwiri zapitazo: kuwonetseratu kayendedwe ka mizinda ya midzi ya mizinda yosiyana siyana ya Latin America yomwe msika uli ndi udindo wokonzekera. Chidziwitso, komanso kuti icho chingathe kubweretsa kunyada kapena kuyamikira, ndikuti ndizogwirizana ndikugwirizana kwathunthu. Gwiritsani ntchito anthu odzipereka omwe amapereka chidutswa chomwe chimathandiza kuthetsa ma puzzles omwe nthawi zina amawoneka Zigawo za zachuma za mayiko athu. Kutsegulidwa kwa anthu akugwirizanitsidwa ndi aphunzitsi, akatswiri, ogulitsa nyumba ndi mabungwe a boma, komanso mabungwe a boma ndi apadera ogwirizana ndi kayendetsedwe ka ndondomeko za nthaka. Ndi ufulu wonse komanso wosasunthika ndi zofuna zachuma kapena zandale zomwe zingapangitse kuti okonzekerawo azikakamizidwa kapena kuikapo mitengo.

Ntchitoyi ikuwerengera ndi malemba awiri apitalo, imodzi mu 2016 ndi ina mu 2017. Chifukwa cha ntchito izi, chiwerengero chonse cha data ya 7,800 georeferenced kuchokera ku maiko a 16 osiyana ndi deralo adasonkhanitsidwa.

Kufunika kodziwa kufunika kwa malo ammudzi

Polimbana ndi luso limeneli, mafunso amayamba chifukwa chake ndi kofunikira kapena kuti zingakhale zothandiza kudziwa malo angati m'deralo. Kupezeka kwa mabanki achidziwitso pa nkhaniyi kungathandize kugwirizanitsa zoyenera pakupanga ndondomeko za boma ndikukulitsa ndondomeko yowonongeka kwa dera la mizinda yofunika kwambiri m'deralo. Chiyero cha kukonzekera kumudzi, monga gulu la anthu okhalamo, chidzapatsidwa ulemu waukulu ngati chidzachitika m'mayiko angapo motsatira malamulo ena; Popanda kutchula ntchito zomwe zimaphatikizapo kutengako katundu, kulungamitsidwa ndi malipiro.

Crowdmapping

Chimodzi mwa zofunikira pa polojekitiyi ndizotheka kuti anthu ambiri amapereka deta kwaulere kudzera pa intaneti.

Tamva zambiri zokhudza crowdfunding monga njira yokwezera kapena kuyendetsa polojekiti kuti ichitike. Iwo ndi anthu, makampani kapena mabungwe omwe amapereka ndalama kuti wina apitirizebe ndi zolinga zawo, kugwiritsa ntchito mwayi wa intaneti. Ndi crowdsourcing Kusiyanitsa kokha kumene kunapereka si ndalama koma deta kapena chidziwitso ndipo zimasintha zomwe zinayambitsa chidziwitso mu gawo logwirizana la polojekitiyo. Kusandulika kungamveke ngati "kugwirizanitsa". Ndi, mwa njira yokhazikitsira, gawo lalikulu, lokhazikika, laulere, lotseguka ndi losavuta kupezeka, ndipo cholinga chake pa malo otchedwa geolocation chafika polemba mawu crowdmapping.

Ntchito zinayi zomwe zingaperekedwe ku chida ichi

  • Ntchito yoyamba imaperekedwa mkati mwa wophunzira. Zingagwiritsidwe ntchito ngati zowona molondola komanso zosamveka bwino pakupanga ziwerengero zofanana. Mwachitsanzo, kuthekera kokhala ndi nyumba kungakhale kofunika kuganiziridwa pofufuza momwe moyo wa munthu wina ulili; Ngati tili ndi dera lophatikizapo dera, titha kufanizitsa miyoyo ya anthu okhala ku Buenos Aires mosiyana ndi midzi yonse ya Argentina, kutchula mulandu.
  • Gawo lina limene mapu awa angagwiritsidwe ntchito ndi a msonkho wa cadastre. Chaka chilichonse maboma am'deralo amafuna ma deta kuti awonetsenso zoyenera za m'madera a dziko lapansi, zomwe zoyesedwazo ziyenera kusinthidwa komanso msonkho unasonkhanitsidwa. Kawirikawiri izi zimafuna kuyanjana ndi makampani apamalonda ogulitsa nyumba, malonda odalirika mu Registry Land, malonda ogulitsa malonda, ndi zina zotero. Chabwino ichi ndi chitsimikizo chofunikira kwambiri ichi; Zingakhale zachilendo kuti ogwira ntchito za komiti omwe akuvutika ndi nkhaniyi akukonzekera deta yawo pano kuti asasiyidwe pa zomwe ena akuchita kuti apange kufufuza kwawo. Ndiyenera kufotokozera kuti mfundo izi ndi msika ndipo zimangotanthauza nthaka, osaphatikizapo mtengo wa nyumbayo.
  • Fomu yachitatu ikugwirizana ndi zomwe zapitazo, koma pansi pa kayendedwe ka msika; makamaka chifukwa poyang'ana pa mapu n'zotheka kuzindikira malo omwe mumzindawu akusuntha; kuti chidziwitso ichi chikhale chabwino kapena choipa chikhoza kukhala chothandiza ngakhale kulimbikitsa malonda kapena kudziwa zambiri zosadziwika. Zowonjezera zowonjezera zingathe kusungidwa, ndipo deta ikuphatikizapo mfundo zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito pazinthu zambiri, monga malo a batch, mautumiki omwe alipo, gwero la deta ndi wogwiritsa ntchito omwe adapereka.
  • Potsirizira pake, ndipo mwinamwake moyenera pang'ono, chida ichi chimapitirizabe ndi kuthetsa zopinga. Ngakhale kudalirana, chifukwa cholephera pa Internet ndi latsopano mitundu ya kulankhulana, amaika mumsewu njira mmene ukhalabe ngati mapu a makhalidwe dziko Latin America kumathandiza kuti wolimbikitsa ubale wa pakati pa anthu a mitundu yosiyanasiyana ogwirizana ndi mwambo wamba .

Kuzindikira kwa polojekitiyi kumakhala koyenera pazochitika za Lincoln Institute of Land Policy zomwe zimafuna kuonjezera kutenga nawo mbali ndi kukhalapo ku Latin America ndi Caribbean kupititsa patsogolo ntchito zophunzitsa ndi zasayansi komanso ntchito zosiyanasiyana zofalitsa.

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