kaundula Land pa nkhani ya System National kupeza ndalama

Tsiku lirilonse, mayiko akuyang'ana pa machitidwe a E-government, kumene njira zowonjezera zimakhala zosavuta kuti apereke chithandizo chabwino kwa nzika, komanso kuchepetsa malire a ziphuphu kapena zosafunika zolamulira.

Tikudziwa kuti malamulo, machitidwe ndi ndondomeko zokhudzana ndi katundu m'dziko lililonse zimasiyana. Komabe, malamulo omwe ali maziko a mfundozo amatsatira malamulo olembetsa omwe akufuna cholinga chomwecho: kutsimikizira chitetezo chalamulo.

Chitsanzo cha Domain Domain Administration (LADM) ikuyimira imodzi mwa zopindulitsa kwambiri potsatira malamulo oyendetsa dziko; Ngati tikukumbukira kuti pamene chitsanzo cha 2014 Cadastre chinakonzedweratu, chinali chithunzithunzi chabe koma masomphenya kwambiri. An phindu chidwi pa mulingo ndi luso standardize manenedwe othetsera zinthu, ngati kuti Katundu System Kulembetsa akhoza Ufumuyo njira boma mlingo kufunafuna kulimbitsa mapangidwe kupeza ndalama lolunjika pa masomphenya malo.

Ndikudziwa kuti izo zingawoneke kuti ndizowonjezereka mwalamulo ndipo ngakhale zonyenga, malingana ndi momwe bungwe la dziko lirilonse limaonera. Komabe, cholinga cha nkhaniyi ndizotheka kuti Registry ndi Cadastre, pokhapokha kukhala chilumba, zikhoza (zolemba zawo, osati iwo), zimagwirizanitsa ndondomeko yowonongeka.

Tiyenera kumvetsetsa kuti ngakhale kuti mzimu wa nkhaniyi ndi wachitukuko, LADM ndi yabwino kwambiri moti imalola kusintha malamulo ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa dziko lililonse, popanda kuiwala kuti kubwezeretsedwa sikukuposa.

Dongosolo lachidziwitso

cadastral registry ladmGalasi kumapeto kwa nkhaniyi ikusonyeza momwe zigawo zazikulu za LADM zingakhalire maziko omwe njira zosiyanasiyana zimagwirizanirana, kugwirizanitsa zinthu za Property Rights System, osati zogwiritsidwa ntchito ku katundu weniweni, komanso zosuntha. Mfundo zazikuluzikulu za zochita za registry zikuwonetsedwa pakati:

  • Cholembera, chomwe chingakhale chiwembu, galimoto, sitimayo, kapena popanda goreferencing ku cadastre, pansi pa njira ya pepi kapena pa folio weniweni.
  • Maphwando okondweretsedwa; anthu achilengedwe, mabungwe alamulo kapena magulu omwe si a boma. Onse omwe amachita nawo mndandanda wa ndondomeko yogulitsa.
  • Malamulo a zamalamulo ndi auboma; mgwirizano wa zolinga, chiletso kapena udindo umene umakhudza ntchito, ulamuliro kapena ntchito ya katunduyo.
  • Choyenera pakati pa chinthucho ndi maphwando okondweredwa, olembedwera kapena oyenerera. Muyeso, ngakhale lamulo likudziwika kuti ndilo lamulo lina lalamulo.

Ngakhale kuti satenga mbali yekha ndi amene simuvutika zochita za zisudzo kugwirizana ndi ndikupeleka: gombe, ndi odziwitsa, kuyeza, sanjira katswiri, amene kanthu koma ndi mabungwe ena ndi maudindo osiyana.

Kodi mungawaitane bwanji ndi momwe mungawasankhire? ISO: 19152

Kutheka kwa kuphatikizidwa kwa njira pansi pa nsanja yayikulu

cadastral registry ladmmfundo ndi yakuti awa zinthu yemweyo ali njira zosiyana za dziko: Iwo ndi anthu omwewo kuti Register boma la amangomvera zolinga masankho, anthu omwewo kuwonekera kuchititsa ndondomeko msonkho, amalola malonda ntchito, ndondomeko zomangamanga, umuna za pasipoti, ndi zina zotero.

N'zosavuta kukhazikitsa ndondomeko za boma kuti zikhazikitse izi. Monga chitsanzo, mgwirizano wopempherera womwe umalembetsa wolembetsa kuti agwiritse ntchito dzina monga mlembiyo adalenga. Kotero ngakhale María Albertina Pereira Gómez ali m'munsi mwa anthu, ndipo mlembiyo adaika María Albertina Pereira de Mendoza, amapanga munthu wina, ngati njirayi ilibe njira yothandizira.

Zili zofanana ndi zomwe msonkho umagwetsera, zomwe zili ndi zilolezo, zomwe zimakhala zoletsedwa, ndi zina zotero.

Kotero, mu dziko lomwe limalimbikitsa chigawo chapakati, gawo la Land Registry ndi Cadastre ndi wina chabe wogwiritsa ntchito, mu maudindo awo a Kulembetsa ndi Legalization. Mabungwe ena amachita ntchito zawo monga Kuopsa kwa Mavuto, Land Management, Planning, Collection, Socioeconomic Development, Infrastructure, ndi zina zotero.

Kunja kwa kukhala chilumba, Registry Land imakhala gawo lofunika kwambiri mu zozizwitsa za njira zogwiritsira ntchito. Zilibe kanthu kuti ndondomekoyi ikuyambira, ngati ndi mlembi, mu banki, kumtunda kapena m'bungwe lomwe liri ndi udindo wopereka mutu, Registry + Cadastre akuwonjezeka pazochitika zabwino:

Ngati bungwe likukonzekera kumanga mlatho, Registry imapereka chidziwitso chokhudzana ndi malo enieni a boma kapena aumwini kumene zidzakhazikitsidwe; Chinthu ichi pamlingo wopangidwe chimalandira chizindikiritso cha Infrastructure System, pogwiritsira ntchito chidziwitso kuchokera ku Cartographic Registry chomwe chili ndi maonekedwe a digito, maonekedwe ndi machitidwe. Chinthu chomwecho mwa njira Investment System Public makonzedwe bajeti, ndi kamodzi anamanga gawo lotetezedwa mamita 500 zokhudza ziwembu yomweyo zikusonyeza zoikika nyumba khomo pa dziko payekha komanso pa dera la njira zalembedwera pansi kumbali ndi kuletsedwa kwa kuperekedwa kwa zilolezo kwa kuchotsedwa kwa magulu. Potsirizira pake, ntchito yomaliza ikamaperekedwa pothandizidwa kumsonkhanowu kukatenga nthawi yokonza nthawi.

Koma deta yonse, lowani Tsamba la Mauthenga omwe amagawana deta yamba. Registry / Cadastre inangosonyeza utumiki wa malo, koma mmbuyo mwake inalandira malamulo omwe akukhudzana ndi malo omwe akugwirizana nawo.

Motero, aliyense bungwe amalandiranso udindo wake mu msinkhu wawo ukatswiri, kukwaniritsa onse Mwachangu mu utumiki ndiponso kulimbikitsa chitukuko ndi chomwe chili chimene zimawerengeredwa kwa chidwi ambiri, ngati timaona kuti ndalama m'munsi ndi nthawi ndikupeleka ndi chinthu chokha chomwe chimadalira boma mu zinthu zosiyana zokhudzana ndi chitukuko monga teknoloji ndi zina.

cadastral registry ladm

Kufotokozera kuti izi sizikutanthawuza kusintha maudindo, luso ndi mfundo zomwe zikutsatiridwa ndi Registry Property. M'malo mwake, izo zikhale zofanana ndi Unified System of Records, kumene Cadastre ndi mbiri ina, yomwe idzakhala malo ophatikizidwa ndi kulembedwa kwa Folio weniweni. Monga kulembetsa ndi kuphatikiza malamulo a malo, monga zolembera ndi kuphatikiza galimoto, kutumiza, ndi zina zotero.

Zomangamanga zozikidwa pa utumiki

N'zoonekeratu kuti kufika pamipingo imeneyi kumafuna masomphenya ambiri a dziko, ngakhale kuti sizinalinso zachilendo ngakhale m'mayiko osauka. Tsiku lirilonse liri ndi udindo wa mabungwe a boma, akatswiri ambiri omwe angathe kupanga magulu osiyanasiyana omwe amawona kayendetsedwe ka boma ndi masomphenya omwewo kwa makampani akulu omwe amachokera. Izi ndizo zowonongeka zomwe zakhala zikuwonetseratu ngati magalimoto akuwonetseratu ngati zopangidwa, zolemba, kugawa, kuyang'anira, kutumiza, mavoti ndi malipoti; ngakhale kukula ndi mphamvu zowonongeka zimatsutsidwa. Ichi ndi chifukwa chake miyambo yamakono ya municipalities ya ERP yakhala yopambana kwambiri.

cadastral registry ladmKoma ndondomeko ngati imene tikukamba, silingaganize kuti idzagwira ntchito ndi zitukuko zadesi ndi makasitomala. M'malo mupulogalamuyi mapangidwe multilayer izo chofunika utumiki lathu, pamene kukula kwa zigawo ulaliki anasiyanitsidwa ndi mfundo malonda, m'manja mwa processing injini mu zinenero monga Business Njira Zitsanzo za Pakompyuta Zosonyeza ndi kalembedwe (BPMN 2.0) . Choncho, njira yosavuta monga chilengedwe cha kubweza, kapena zovuta monga individualization wa mizinda, akhoza decomposed mu mabungwe ntchito olaula, misonkhano zofunikira, kotero si koyenera kukhala osiyana lililonse utumiki koma awatsogolere muzochita zowonjezera.

Zolinga zamakono zimapangitsa moyo ndi kukonzanso machitidwe akuluakulu, ndikusunga ogwiritsa ntchito okha zomwe ali akatswiri; ziribe kanthu komwe iwo ali, akatswiri a GIS amachita opaleshoni ya maganizo yomwe imaphwanya katundu, kulandira ufulu wolembetsa mu Folio Yeniyeni yomwe siili yosiyana ndi geometry. Kuphatikizapo ndondomeko monga Front-Back Office sizowoneka zovuta, chifukwa System ndi yochepa; chofunika ndicho kungolumikiza zenera zowonetsera kuntchito kumene ogula malonda a dera lokonzekera akulekanitsidwa.

Ubwino wogwiritsa ntchito LADM

Chosavuta, kuchokera ku mawu omwe anapangidwa zaka 20 zapitazo:

Kutalika kwa nthawi yaitali!

Ichi ndi chifukwa chake chimodzi mwa mavuto ovuta a akatswiri atsopano ndi akatswiri atsopano mu geomatics, ndi kuphunzira kumvetsa zitsanzo. Mkhalidwe umalola kuimika masantics pa mbali yapaderayi, kuti mumangouza wogwira ntchitoyo: gwiritsani ntchito ISO: 19152. Ndikukhumba kuti izo zinali zophweka, koma zimakhala zophweka kusiyana ndi kuyembekezera kuti ena abwere ndikufotokozera momwe katunduyo ayenera kugwirira ntchito, pamene olemba mabuku athu ndi ochita masewerawa ndi akatswiri.

Chifukwa cha nkhumba ...

Chovuta chodabwitsa cha gome la kudzoza kumene ine ndabwerera ndi zomwe ndikugawana nawo gawoli chifukwa cha chidziwitso cha demokrasi chomwe lero sichitha. Podziwa kuti malingaliro omwe amachititsidwa ndi teknoloji ayenera kukhala oleza mtima ndi zovuta za udindo wa bungwe, popanda zomwe sizidzakhala zotheka kuzibweretsa izo zenizeni.

Kumapeto kwa tsikulo, nkhaniyo ikuwoneka ngati sayansi yowona -lero- Koma chitsanzo cha dziko ine ndikuziyankhula, basi anayambitsa anati zaka 11 zapitazo pamene inu munali kuti kusodza Chilamulo latsopano Katundu, ndi chilengedwe cha bungwe kuphatikizamo unyolo chomwecho lamulo Cadastre, ndi Register ndi National Geographic. Mabungwe omwe ali ndi zolinga zosiyana - inde - chifukwa iwo anali osiyana; koma iwe umangoyenera kupita kukawona zabwino za mnzako ndi kusuta fodya wabwino wa kudzoza kuti uwone kumene zinthu zikuyenda. Makamaka chifukwa sitikudziwa kuti tidzakhala ndi mphindi zisanu zotani.

Zitsanzo zamakono zimasintha pang'onopang'ono, kuponderezedwa kwa sayansi sikungagwirizane ndi kuyenda. Ndi chifukwa chake miyezo imapanga mfundo yolondola. Mu zaka za 8, njira zamakono zogwiritsira ntchito zipangizo zamakono zimapereka chifukwa, ngakhale ziwalozi zimatenga pafupifupi zaka 30 kuti zizindikire.

Yankho limodzi ku "Kulembetsa ndi Cadastre mu nkhani ya National Transaction System"

  1. Ndi nkhani yabwino bwanji, ndayang'ana kale gear ya chirichonse !!! Wowª!

Siyani yankho

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa.

Tsambali likugwiritsa ntchito Akismet kuchepetsa spam. Phunzirani momwe deta yanu ikufotokozera.