Koperani Google Earth kwa malo utm

Fayilo ili ndi zigawo za UTM pamtundu wa kmz. Mukakopedwa muyenera kuiyika.

Tsitsani fayilo pano

mabacteria UTM Google Earth

Tsitsani fayilo pano

Only buku ... kubwera kwa ndondomeko lawolawo ku dziko lapansi mu zigawo mmene mungachitire ndi apulo, kupanga ofukula mabala meridians (otchedwa zotalika) ndi mabala yopingasa kupanga kufanana (otchedwa M'madera a zitunda).

Kuchokera pamtunda ndi mbali ya equator, kumpoto kapena kum'mwera kuchokera ku zero kupita ku madigiri a 90 pamitengo ndipo magawo awiriwa amatchedwa hemispheres.

Pankhani ya utali, awa anayamba kutchulidwa ku meridian wa Greenwich wotchedwa ziro meridian kum'mawa, zalembedwa mpaka madigiri 180, kumene meridian chomwecho ukugawa dziko (otchedwa antemeridiano), theka uyu akutchedwa " Izi. " Ndiye theka zina amatchedwa West, zambiri umaimiridwa ndi W (kumadzulo), monga meridians Greenwich chiyambi zosiyana kwa madigiri ziro kwa 180.

1 geographic utm

Motero kugwirizana ku Spain kungakhale Latitude 39 N ndi kutalika kwa 3 W, yomwe ikugwirizana ku Peru idzakhala Latitude 10 S ndi 74 W. kutalika

njira iyi kudziwa ndondomeko lokhudzana ndi okwera pamwamba pa nyanja, ndi vekitala imene imayamba kuchokera pakati pa dziko lapansi pamwamba, izi ndi ziyerekezo ntchito Google Earth, ndipo iyi ndiyo njira za maofesi omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mafayela a kml, kuonjezeranso kuti pulojekiti yowonjezeredwa ikuwonjezeredwa yomwe ili njira yofikira pamwamba pa dziko lapansi kuti zikhale zofunikira. Google imagwiritsa ntchito WGS84 ngati spheroid yowonetsera (ngakhale pali zipangizo zomwe zimalola kuti UTM izikonzekeretsedwe kulowa mu Google Earth). Akhudza wa ziyerekezo izi kuti ntchito kokha padziko lapansi, ngakhale yosamalira ntchito kwa kuwerengetsa mtunda kapena njira si othandiza "geographers ayi".

UTM imalumikiza

UTM umagwirizanitsa ndi lingaliro la kulingalira zolemba za spheroid kuchokera ku tsamba la Traverso de Mercator. Dziko lapansi nthawi zonse limagawidwa ndi meridians, mu magawo asanu a madigiri kupanga 60, izi zimatchedwa zones. Kuwerengera kwa malowa kumayamba kuchokera ku antemeridian, kuchokera ku zero kupita ku 60 kuchokera kumadzulo mpaka kummawa.

Zigawo kuti kupanga kufanana kuyambira 84 S kuti 80 N, ndipo zaikidwa ndi makalata kuyambira C kwa X ( "Ine" sakuikidwamo ndi "O"), aliyense gawo ali madigiri 8 Latitude , kupatula X yomwe ili ndi madigiri a 12.

A, B, Y, Z amagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka polar; Google siimaphatikizapo gawo ili chifukwa imakhala ndi chiwerengero chosachepera m'dera la chidwi chokha chifukwa cha zimbalangondo za polar :).

1 geographic utm

1 geographic utmM'madera onse a 60 pali madigiri a 6 iliyonse, komanso

  • Mexico imagwa pakati pa 11 ndi 16
  • Honduras mu 16 ndi mbali ya 17
  • Peru pakati pa 17 ndi 19
  • Spain pakati pa 29 ndi 31.

Kulingalira kwa chiwerengero choyang'ana pamphepete mwa nyanja, kumapangitsa arc kuti mizereyi ikhale yofanana mofanana ndi zenizeni za mderalo. Izi zowonongeka, zomwe kale (zodziwika ku Latin America) zinali NAD27, pakali pano NAD83 imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri, yodziwika ndi ambiri monga WGS84. Pokhala ndi maonekedwe osiyana, magulu onse a spheroids ndi osiyana.

Foni ya 16Choncho m'dera ali x ntchito, ndi kuyambira pa nkhani za ku Central America, malire pakati mabacteria ndi 15 16 ndipo ali ndi zoyerekeza ntchito 178,000 nufikira kwambiri kapena zochepa 820,000. Zokambirana izi ndi zofanana pa gawo lililonse, pamtunda womwewo koma timafotokozera, si galasi loyendetserako koma kuti likhale lofanana. Malire pakati pa malire akutsekedwa, koma mbali yonse ya pakati, yomwe ili ndi meridian yeniyeni yomwe kutalika kwake ndi 300,000 yomwe imadziwika kuti "zabodza izi", kuti cholinga cha kumanzere ndi choyenera cha meridian chisakhale ndi zigawo zoipa
Chigawo (Y coordination) chimayamba kuchokera ku 0.00 ku equator ndikukwera kumpoto kumpoto ndi makonzedwe pafupi ndi 9,300,000.

Mamapu omwe timawadziŵa chifukwa cha cadastral, ndi miyeso 1: 10,000 kapena 1: 1,000 imachokera ku magawo a chigawo ichi, muzotsatira ndikufotokozera momwe gawoli likubwera.

1 geographic utm

Geographic ndondomeko, monga 16N 35W ndi wapadera Komabe, UTM ntchito monga X = 664,235 Y = 1,234,432 liri ina abwerezedwa 60 madera kumpoto chomwecho, onse mu North ndi South; imafuna malo ndi malo omwe akukhala kuti azidziwe komwe kuli.

8 Mayankho ku "Koperani zones za Google Earth"

  1. Kodi pali njira iliyonse yowerengera kupendekera kokhala ndi ma UTM oyang'anira?

  2. Ndakhala ndikuwerenga mitu pabulogu yanu pafupifupi zaka 4. Chowonadi ndi chakuti ndidatsitsa zigawo za UTM ku GEarth. Ndili ndi mapu okhala ndi mapu a topographic a Nicaragua (mapepala omwe "amayeza" 10 'latitude x 15'). Lingaliro ndikuwatengera ku GEarth mofananako ndi zigawo za UTM. Sindine waluso ndi AutoCAD koma china chake ndi Excel. Ndidayesa kuzibweretsa motere: Ku Excel ndili ndi zolumikizira za ngodya za pepala lirilonse (mwachidziwikire sizinapezeke pamapepala oyandikana nawo), ndidapanga .txt ndipo ndi a Geotrans ndidawasinthira ku UTM WGS84 ndicholinga chopita nawo ku AutoCAD, kusamukira ku DXF kenako ku .kml koma vuto langa ndi kuthekera kwanga ndi AutoCAD. Mwina ndikutenga gawo lalikulu, zoona zake ndi zakuti sindingathe kujambula mizere kapena ma polygons ku GEarth. Ndingakhale wokondwa ngati mutandionetsa blog yanu yomwe ingandithandize. Zikomo kwambiri ku Managua.

  3. Zokondweretsa kwambiri, kenako ndikufunika maphunziro ena, chifukwa cha zambiri, ndondomeko

  4. Palibe chotsatira. Kugwirizana kumatsogolera ku nkhani ina. Geofumadas ????

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