CAD, GIS, kuchita zimenezi?

... kugulitsa luso la zomwe zimachita pulogalamu yaulere imakhala yovuta kwambiri kuposa kukhumudwitsa wovomerezeka kuti achite cholakwa (piracy) ndi zomwe sizichita pulogalamu yamtengo wapatali.

cad kapena gis Bentley posachedwapa wayambitsa ntchito yopititsa patsogolo mapu a Bentley, pogwiritsa ntchito ngati kutsutsanako, kuti sikoyenera kuganiza mosiyana ngati zonse zingathe kuthandizidwa ndi chida chimodzi. Pa izi, ndemanga zingapo zomwe ife tikuyandikira kwambiri kuchepetsa kusiyana ndi kusiya kugwiritsa ntchito mawu a CAD / GIS padera.

Pali malingaliro osiyana, ena chifukwa cha zachuma, ena chifukwa chapadera, ena chifukwa choumala, koma pakuchita ndi kupita patsogolo kwamakono, tikulimbanabe ndi vuto lomwelo.

1. Nkhani yeniyeni Zimakhala kuti kukhazikitsa cadastre (kugwiritsa ntchito chitsanzo), zomangamanga, mizere yomwe imatambasula, kudula, kuyendayenda, kukoka, kujambula zithunzi, ndi zina zotero. Pitirizani kuchitidwa ku AutoCAD kapena Microstation. Ngati tipempha aphunzitsi kuti adzifunse chiyani iwo akuti:

ArcGIS sizothandiza pa izo

gvSIG ili ndi zida koma imathamanga kwambiri (mu Windows)

Zozizwitsa sizidziwika kwambiri ndipo ziribe zipangizo zokwanira

Mizere yosinthira ndi yosavuta kuposa ma polygoni

Thandizo kwa IntelliCAD silofanana

Choncho, tiyenera kumanga zonse Spaghetti, m'magulu, mitundu, makulidwe osiyanasiyana, mpaka kenaka apite ku ArcGIS ndipo kumeneko kumanga ma polygoni. Tikamachita izi timapeza zolakwika zapotologi (izo sizikudziwa CAD), timapanga zosintha ndikubwerera kuti tithe kusintha kusintha kwa vector, ndi pulogalamu yomwe imakhala yotsiriza tsiku lina. Koma muzochitika za tsiku ndi tsiku zowonjezeretsa kusintha, kusintha kwa CAD ndi GIS ndi kukoka komwe kumakhala deta yosagwirizana.

gvsigguatemala1

Ndiye, ngati tikufuna kuchita zambiri, timayika pamalo osungiramo malo (Ndikuumirira, mwachitsanzo), makonzedwe a CAD, omwe timawawona m'magulu atatu koma ali olondola kwambiri kuposa ziwalo za 10, zokhala ndi zitatu zokha, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti vector sichimodzimodzi, malinga ngati sichikhudza liwiro za ndondomeko muzenera. Pano mafotokozedwe opanda zoyenera kutsogolo ndi zovuta kwambiri.

Ndipo pa zachuma, kampata kakang'ono ayenera sungani ndalama pulogalamu kumanga vectors zolondola ndi china cha pangani mapu okongola. Ngati masisiterewa ndi owopsa kapena (amakhulupirira zimenezo) sikutanthauza pulogalamu yaumisiri yogwiritsira ntchito AutoCAD Lite imodzi ndi ArcGIS imodzi kuphatikizapo zowonjezera ziwiri; ngakhale mtengo wotsika, ndizoposa $ 4,000 (popanda kuphatikiza maphunziro). Iwo amene agwira ntchito ndi ma municipalities adziwa momwe zimagulitsira kugulitsa ndalamayi kwa msungichuma yemwe amalamulira kuposa a meya.

Ndikudziwa, pali ma municipalities omwe alibe zolepheretsa izi, koma mndandanda wa zochitika za ku Puerto Rico ... amakhala moyo weniweni chifukwa cha kufuna kuchita GIS ndi CAD popanda kusuta astral.

2. GIS iyenera kukhala ndi zida za CAD

Ndikumvetsetsa kuti pamene ArcView 3x ilipo sizingatheke kugwiritsira ntchito zipangizo zamakono zomangamanga, koma pakadali pano, sindikumvetsa chifukwa chake tilibe zida mu GIS zomwe zimangochita zomwe CAD imachita (30 stuff)

  • Makina a 12 omwe amapanga (mizere, arcs, mabwalo, polylines, mfundo ...)
  • Zosintha za 12 kuti zisinthe (kufanana, kujambula, kusuntha, kusinthasintha, kuwonjezera ...)
  • Kuwongolera kosavuta kowonjezera (kukhululukira kuumirira kwanga, komanso ku CAD)

Zoonadi zinthu izi zili nazo kale, koma tikudandaula za ndondomekoyi. Ayenera kukhala ofanana ndi momwe mapulogalamu apangidwe amapangidwira, mosavuta kulongosola maulendo, maulendo, makonzedwe, kuwonjezera, kukoka, kudula ... palibe astral, monga AutoCAD kapena Microstation. Pachigawo ichi, chinthu chabwino chomwe tawona chinali kuyeserera kwa gvSIG, m'malo mobwezeretsa njira yopangira zinyama, zinasinthidwa kukhala mawonekedwe a chitani ndi AutoCAD, ndi mamiliyoni ambiri ogwiritsa ntchito padziko lapansi (kudziwa kuti AutoCAD ili ndi njira zamakono). Ntchito imakhala yokhwima pa ntchito mwamsanga pamene zithunzi zolemetsa kapena mafayilo akuluakulu atengedwa; Onetsetsani kuti mu Linux ikuyenda bwino, koma osati mu Windows, ndi, a vuto lalikulu kuti atsimikizire dziko kuti kutseguka sikuyenera kumanyoza.

3. Pali CAD yomwe ikuchita kale GIS

Mlandu wa Mapu a Bentley ndi Mapu AutoCAD, malowa adayambitsa kupanga GIS mphamvu ku zipangizo zomwe zinagwiritsidwa ntchito pa injini. Kupititsa patsogolo kwakhala kofunika, palibe kukayikira za izo, koma kuti zisonyezedwe zambiri ndi zofalitsa (zojambula mapu) zili zofooka mu zomwe GIS amachita (kapena bwino). Ndikukhulupiliranso kuti ntchito zogwira ntchito zosavuta zimakhalabebe ... kukoka tsitsi; Ngati sichoncho, tiyeni tiwone momwe angagwiritsire ntchito omwe ali a AutoCAD (mamiliyoni) ndi angati (omwe angafune) a AutoCAD Map (kapena Civil 3D); osati chifukwa cha mtengo wamtengo wapatali, chifukwa kuyerekezera kungakhale kofanana ngati tikuchita ndi ogwiritsa ntchito malayisensi m'njira yopiritsika. Pafupifupi khalidwe lomweli ndi Microstation ndi Bentley Mapu, popanda kulowa mu zofalitsa ndi kuyanjana (chonde).

4. CAD ndi GIS ndi mitu iwiri yosiyana.

Pali malo (omveka) omwe akunena kuti mitu yonseyi ndi malo awiri apadera komanso kuti sipadzakhalanso mphamvu zogwirira ntchito limodzi ndi chida chomwecho; gawo la udindo umenewo timalandira monga momwe timaonera zaka zingapo zapitazo:

... CAD ndiyo kupanga makanema ndi ma GIS pamapu abwino.

Koma udindo wapaderowu, mpaka momwe miyezo yakhala ikukula ndi yokonzedweratu ndi mapulogalamu opanda ufulu, yatha kutayika, zoyesayesa monga OGC pa mbali ya GIS, kukhazikitsidwa kwa lingaliro kuyembekezera, Ntchito XML yambiri BIM mfundo kumbali ya CAD, mwa ena, amene munapanga CAD samaoneka ngati gulu zojambula koma mbali ya ntchito ukatswiri weniweni (Zomangamanga, Civil Engineering, yoyeza, etc).

Chikhalidwechi chimati padera sipadzakhalanso pulogalamu yapamwamba (CAD / GIS) koma kumalo ogwiritsira ntchito. Kupereka chitsanzo, kukonza misewu iyenera kukhala yapadera ya mapulogalamu omwe amachititsa izo, molondola za CAD ndi kuthekera kuti zizitumikire ku mapulogalamu omwe angagwiritse ntchito olemba mapepala pamasewero a GIS. Chimodzimodzinso, mawonekedwe ayenera kupita pansi m'mbiri ndipo data ya GIS ikhale chithunzi chowonetseratu kapena choyimira chenichenicho chomwe ma geometry angasinthidwe kuchokera ku GIS, funsani makhalidwe ake, mudziwe kugwirizana kwake ndi zina; pamene kuchokera ku GIS mbali zizindikiro zake zodabwitsa, kulumikizana ndi deta komanso kukonzekera mwachindunji kuti CAD idzatero.

Koma kwa izo ... ndife okhulupilika kutali, osati chifukwa sichinafikepo zafotokozedwa kale, zipangizo zing'onozing'ono zikuchitiranso zambiri, koma muyenera kusuntha mapulogalamu akuluakulu kuti mugwiritse ntchito moyenera.

4. Pamene ndikuwona

Ine ndikuganiza kuti kwa kanthawi, tipitiliza kugwiritsa ntchito mapulogalamu awiri kuti tiyimire chinthu chomwecho: kusinthira vector yake ku CAD, kuzifufuza mu GIS ndikuzikonza zonsezi. Malingaliro anga, zinthu zambiri zomwe timachita ife tanyamula kusuta kwambiri komwe kunatayika kuphweka kwa ntchito yake pochita maluso ndi malonda a maluso (vuto) lachititsa kuti tiiwale chifukwa cha nzeru zaumunthu (kuthetsa mavuto).

image42 Chojambulacho chinali ndi ulemerero wake, chifukwa palibe amene anapanga njira ina yopangira zithunzi, kuphatikizapo magetsi awonjezeredwa koma kuwonetseratu ntchito zawo sikunali pazinthu za patebulo koma zomwe tinkachita kumeneko. Zithunzi zojambulajambulazo zinali kupanga mapu pansi pa machitidwe oyenerera ndi oyenerera, tinkalingalira za kusindikizira koma sitinakayike kuti amagwiritsa ntchito zolinga zaumunthu.

Sitiyenera kutaya mtima, chifukwa tsopano zipangizo zamakono ziyenera kutipangitsa kuti zinthu zikhale zosavuta kwa ife ndikulimbikitsanso ntchito. Kotero, payenera kufika nthawi pamene mabwekhwe akusiya kupanga mawonekedwe, mapulosesa, pixels, ma labels ndi malemba, kuti agwire nthawi chifukwa chimene adalengedwera: KUYESA KUTI MUNGAGWIRITSIRE. Mtundu wa izo, monga kale, kudzipatulira tokha kuti tipeze bizinesi, chuma ndi phindu kwa anthu.

Koma lingalirolo silolondola, ndipo mwa lingaliro langa, zaka zotsatira za 5, chifukwa cha ntchito zambiri za msinkhu wotchulidwa kumayambiriro, tidzapitiriza kuchita zomwezo (tawonani sitikutha ku Google Earth). Ndipo olemba mapulogalamu a CAD / GIS:

  • Pa mbali ya ESRI, mwinamwake tiyeni tiwone kusintha Mu mphamvu ya zomangamanga za CAD, ndikuyembekeza kuti simukuyenera kugwiritsa ntchito momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito zojambulazo kachiwiri.
  • Pa mbali ya AutoDesk, pitizani anthu a Civil 3D kupanga Mapping view ngati gawo la engineering. Lingaliro lomwe limawoneka lolondola kwa ine.
  • Pa mbali ya Bentley, pitirizani PowerMap kwa CAD yotsika mtengo kukhala ndi mphamvu za GIS, ndipo mwinamwake zimapangitsa kukhazikitsa kukhazikitsa.
  • Pulogalamu ya pulogalamu yamtengo wapatali: Zowonjezera, Tatuk GIS, Global Mapper, IntelliCAD, pindula pochita mapulogalamu omwe sachita.

Ngati pulogalamu yotsegulira (yotsegulira) imadutsa chotchinga ichi, zedi tonse tidzayang'ana kumbuyo uko, osati kwa chuma (zomwe tidaziwona kale), koma pofuna kuthetsa mavuto omwe anthu ambiri akukumana nawo (zomwe zikuchitika kale) komanso kulengeza kwapadziko lonse koopsa kuposa piracy.

Kusasamala, mwinamwake; kunyozedwa, zedi. Ndipo inu: Mukuziwona bwanji?

Mayankho a 6 ku "CAD, GIS, kapena onse awiri"?

  1. Hi Cesar

    Zomwe zimachitika ndikuti zogwirizanitsa ndi kafukufuku wanu kuti mukhale UTM ndizofanana ndi zomwe zingakhalepo m'malo a 60 a UTM apadziko lapansi, kotero mutha kufotokozera kuti ndinu ndani. Komanso, Datum ndiye index ellipsoid, kuti ndikupatseni lingaliro, ngati kuti WGS84 inali pamlingo wamadzi ndipo Datum ina monga NAD 24 idadutsa 3,000 mita pamwambapa, malowa akhoza kukhala ofanana ndipo nthawi ina kugunda kwa mtima ndi Kutalika ndikofanana, koma mtunda woyerekeza ma spheroid awiri osiyana siofanana. Ichi ndichifukwa chake dongosolo la UTM limakonda kutchedwa "projekiti."

    Kuti muchite izi mu ArcGIS, dinani kumanja pazosankha zomwe mukufuna kuchita georeferencing ndikusankha njira "katundu", ndiye pagawo lomwe likuwoneka kuti mumasankha tabu "pagawo".
    Pamenepo, pali batani kuti musankhe "gwero", ndiye kuti mumalowa ndipo mumayang'ana kachitidwe koganizira (UTM), ndiye kuti mumasankha dera lolingana ndipo ngati muli kumpoto kapena kumwera chakumwera.

    Ndi fayilo yanuyi ndi georeferenced ku datum ndi gawo lonse.

    Zikomo.

  2. m'mawa wabwino, Ine kudzamuthokoza L kwambiri ndi blog kuti amangomvera Ine Tego chikaiko Ndakhala chinthu DXF file shp CAD file yanga georeferenced namwe mu GIS, amene poyamba arcgis ntchito 9.3 ine ndondomeko kuoneka koma monga wosadziwika ndikudziwa kuti Ndidzaika mudziwe datum ndipo, koma osati momwe ine gustari mukudziwa yaque've izi ndinayang'ana kulikonse pa webu koma simungathe kupeza yankho lenileni kuti kwambiri inu mukanakhoza kuyankha funso langa chonde ndi cordenadas utm ndi gsw84

  3. «» »A Jose maria adati: Marichi 16, 2010 - 8: 36 pm
    kudutsa bwanji chithunzithunzi cha arc gis kapena arc view »» »

    Mutu: kuchokera ku mapu a autocad kunja kwa maonekedwe, ma polygoni (kupanga chipolopolo) ndi mfundo.

    Pofuna kuthetsa mavuto a zolakwika zapolisi ku CAD, pali zambiri monga zojambula za autocad zojambula clenup kuti zithetse maofesi a CAD musanatumize kapena kugwiritsa ntchito monga zigawo zokhudzana ndi zinthu kapena zooneka. komanso mu ArcGIS ndi GIS ena mapulogalamu monga OpenJUMP kulibe validators topological mu nkhani yanga ine ntchito awiri ndi encuenta mu arcgis n'kofunika kusamvana xy (kulekerera) ndi Q kuti zimatengera mtundu wa wosanjikiza, ndi OpenJUMP akhoza kuyang'ana polygons ndi mipata kapena mazenera pamtunda wapatali amafunika ang'onoting'ono ang'onoang'ono.
    zonse

  4. Kuchokera ku ArcGIS mumayikamo ngati wosanjikiza, ndiye mutembenuza kukhala FeatureClass

  5. momwe mungadutse chojambula mu cad ku arc gis kapena kuwonetsa arc

  6. Hola

    Ndikuwona kuti mukulankhula kuchokera ku ukadaulo wa "CADISTA".
    Zinthu zoyamba kale: Mapulogalamu onsewa ali ndi orinetaciones.El osiyana kudziwa momwe angagwiritsire ntchito chimodzi kapena chimzake ndi zinthu za wogwiritsa ntchito. Ayerekeze ntchito kuwombera nyumba (CAD) mu GIS kwa ine ndi kusanthula mapulogalamu m'malo amene haca mapu wokongola (chifukwa kuti MAPublisher kapena corel etc).

    Kukhazikitsidwa kwa lingaliro la chipolopolo kumbali ya GIS m'zaka za arcinfo kunandionetsa ine njira yothetsera yankho la zolakwika zapinto. Kuchokera ku Arc / Info info, esri ili ndi mabatani omwe mumayankhula:

    -matsutso omwe amapanga (mizere, ma arcs, mabwalo, polylines, mfundo ...) Pokhapokha mutayankhula za zinthu zomwe simukuzidziwa:

    -matsuko kuti musinthe (kufanana, kukopera, kusuntha, kusinthasintha, kuwonjezera ...) Amenewo ali nawo pokhapokha mutatchula chinthu china.

    -Kuwongolera pang'ono chabe ... «Lolani mizere yomwe ili mtunda wa 10 m ... ibwere pamodzi.» Ndiye? «Kuti idulidwe komwe iwo amadutsana» ...? «Kukuza arc kuti ipatikize ina» ...? Monga ku CAD pamenepo?

    Kumbali ina, zilakolako za pulogalamuyi zimagwirizana ndi ntchito ya ogwiritsa ntchito, kwa ine ndikuyitanitsa kuyanjana kwakukulu pakati pa ARCGIS Splus kapena Matlab mwachitsanzo ...

    Ndikuganiza kuti cosntruccion wa ntchito GIS, otaya tchati kwa akuluakulu anga: contruccion vekitala ofotokoza CAD, alphanumerical Nawonso achichepere mu ARCGIS, zomangamanga ndi kusanthula chithunzichi ERDAS (m'malo mwake ndikuganiza CAD zithunzi okha chithandizo cham'mbuyo ndipo palibe deta yomwe ili ndi chidziwitso chiri mu GIS) ndi kuwonetsera mu ARCGIS.

    Pamene ARCGIS (kuchokera ku ARC / Info, UNIX osachepera) imagwira ntchito ziwiri zovomerezeka m'makonzedwe a vectors, sipadzakhala vuto la kutaya mwachindunji. Choncho SOLOo alibe CAD yomwe ikhoza kuthetsa zolakwa ZONSE ndipo mgwirizano wa GIS / CAD udzakhala wokondedwa.

    Komabe, zonsezi ndizokhudza pulogalamu kuyambira pawareware, ma CADISTS amayenera kuphunzira kuyendetsa ntchito zawo NGAKHALE (mitsinje m'mbali imodzi ndi misewu ina) Ndimadana kulandira chidziwitso cha CAD ndi ma polygons omwe siali, mizere popanda kupitilirabe mopitilira muyeso (chazithunzi zokha), ndi zipilala zomwe zikuyimira mitsinje m'mbali zomwe zikuyimira misewu….

Siyani yankho

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