mbali 6 kuti aganize Kusakanikirana kaundula - Cadastre

Kupanga Cadastre ndi Real Estate Registry kugwirira ntchito limodzi tsopano ndi imodzi mwa zovuta zowonjezereka muzochitika zamakono za kayendedwe ka ufulu wa phindu.

Vutoli ndilofanana, ngakhale kupitirira nkhani zathu za ku Spain. Kumbali imodzi, chikhulupiliro chokhulupirira kuti ndi chophweka, ndiye kukhumudwa kwa nyumba za quaternary. Pamapeto pake, wokhumudwa ndi nzika yomwe ikufuna kuti ntchito yake ichitike mwamsanga komanso mosamala. Chowonadi nchifukwa chakuti ichi palibe njira yamatsenga, chifukwa ngakhale kuti ndi nkhani yodziwika, chizoloŵezi chimatiwonetsa kuti izi ndizosavuta kwenikweni pakati pa iwo omwe akukhudzidwa mu ndondomeko ya malonda.

Anthu ndi waufupi yokumbukira pambuyo batani kulephera, ndipo ndi chamanyazi ulemerero wa kupambana zatenga andakatulo pamaso systematizers kuwerenga wotsogola popanda ulemerero wopanda pake koma ngati chikhalidwe yosavuta democratization chidziwitso. ena Zedi munalakwitsa zinthu zochepa, koma pano ena ndizosowa portraiture monga ife tinachitira mu dziko la America Central, ndi mawu ena okhudza Cadastral 2014, 19152 a muyezo ISO anatuluka.

1. Tsatanetsatane ndi kumangidwe kwadongosolo ndizomwe zimapangidwira.

Kuyenerera kwadongosolo sikunali zachilendo, chifukwa tikukhala mu nthawi ya chitukuko ndi kukonzanso kwinakwake. Zoonadi sitingonena chabe za chida, koma malo athunthu omwe akuphatikizira kutanthawuzira kwa bizinesi, othandizira ogwirizana, kuthandizidwa ndilamulo, kutsata njira zamakono, kukweza njira, kuphweka kwa omwe akugwirizana ndi oyang'anira gawo komanso moyo wa chida cha sayansi.

Popanda kutanthauzira kolondola za bizinesi yachitsanzo, pafupifupi njira iliyonse ikulephera. Chifukwa chidacho ndi chokhacho.

Phunziro lathuli, kuyendayenda kunayendetsedwa motere, kufotokoza kuti sizitsulo zofanana koma zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pazaka ziwiri:

Chipinda chinakhazikitsidwa chomwe chinali chokonzekera Kulembetsa, nyumba zonse zogulitsa ndi Cadastre, zikuwonedwa ngati zolemba zina. Izi ndizogwirizana zokhudzana ndi zolemba (ZOKHUDZA), zomwe zitatha zaka 11, zikupitirizabe kugwira ntchito, pambuyo pa kusintha kwa boma zinayi -Anaphatikizapo ndondomeko ya boma- oyenerera depatimenti kasinthasintha, banjalo asanakambirane ndi zonse zomwe ife anazolowera m'mayiko osauka. Iye athamangisa mu Registral District ndi dera ziwembu 160,000 panopa ukugwira ntchito 16 m'madera 24 ndi chifukwa chachikulu anali kuchotsedwa pa akufunira ndale anali chifukwa anali kugwira ntchito chida cha owerenga mu kaundula ndi Cadastre -popeza adalengedwa-.

Poganizira dongosolo lino, njira za Registry ndi Cadastre zinayambitsidwa poyamba, ndipo mosasamala, zomwe zingabwere mu lamulo latsopano.

Chitsanzo choyang'anira Cadastre chinali Core Cadastre Domain Model CCDM, kuti mu 2003 inali chabe chabe pambuyo pa 2014 Cadastre yomwe inali nthano chabe. Mwina ichi ndi chimodzi mwa zifukwa zomwe Dongosololi linapindulira mphoto komanso malingaliro abwino kwambiri mu Msonkhano Wachigawo ku Czechoslovakia.

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Zithunzi zapitazo zikuwonetseratu zomwe zikugwirizana ndi Folio Real mu Unified System of Register, ndi kuphatikiza Kutengako zomwe ndi zofooka zomwe sizikuwonetsedwa mu ISO 19152. mu nthawi yake iye analibe mayina awo, chifukwa CCDM sizinali zoyenera; koma zomveka. CCDM lero ndi ISO 19152, yodziwika monga LADM.

Ngakhale chida cha sayansi ndicho chowonekera kwambiri pakuwonetsa zotsatira, izi zimaphatikizapo kusanthula ndi kusintha njira zomwe zilipo zomwe zili ndi mbiri yawo. Zovuta, chifukwa kugwiritsa ntchito njira zosiyana zimakhala zosiyana pakati pa wolemba; Komanso chifukwa pochita zinthu zokhazokha, zomwe sizigwira ntchito pamapepala sizigwira ntchito mwadongosolo. Ndipo popanda kuonongeka, kuti mu nthawi zina, ndibwino kuti akhale wolamulira wankhanza m'malo mowombola; iwo amawerengera ena omwe kwenikweni anawaumiriza iwo kuti asinthe ndi batani la kusintha kosakhala kosavuta kukumba.

Zinali zofunikanso kuchita ntchito yayikulu yokonza malamulo yomwe inali yosavuta kukhazikitsa lamulo latsopano kusiyana ndi kusintha zomwe zilipo. Registry idadalira Khoti Lalikulu la Chilungamo, Cadastre ya Secretariat wa Presidency ndi National Geographic Institute ya Utumiki Wachuma. Zinali zofunikira kukhazikitsa njira zatsopano zothandizira kukhazikitsa malamulo, kuika chitsanzo chosavuta, kulanda malo kumidzi komwe kuli kusagwirizana komwe kulipo ndi kumene anthu akulipira eni eni. Lamulolo linaloleza kubweretsa chuma m'malo mwa boma, pofuna kukhazikitsa chikhulupiliro kumene anthu amapitilira kulipira, adalandira chilemba chawo ndipo abambo awo apita kukhoti kukamenyana nawo. Mukatsimikizika, ndalama zodalirika zidzakhala kuchokera kwa yemwe adapambana mayesero.

Ngakhale kuti zaka ziwiri sizinasinthe kuchita zinthu zonse, pamene boma latsopano linafika sizingatheke kubwerera. Zidazo zinali zojambula bwino kotero kuti zinali zosatheka kugwira ntchito popanda kugwiritsa ntchito dongosolo.

2. Kusintha kwa njira yolembera Folio Personal to Folio Real

Pa izi muli mabuku athunthu, kusokoneza ndi kupotoza malingana ndi omwe chitetezeni malo anu. Pankhani ya phunzirolo, njira ya Folio Real idalipo kale koma sinagwiritsidwe ntchito kotero, motero chisankho chachikulu chinali kuyima pang'onopang'ono pogwiritsa ntchito Folio.

Monga chikhalidwe chachikhalidwe, kusiyana pakati pa njira ziwirizi ndi njira yoperekera zikalata zomwe zimathandiza ufulu wa katundu.

Njira ya Personal Folio, imasunga ndondomeko ya ogwira ntchito, osati pa chinthu, chomwe chizindikiritso cha mpando umamvera. Ngakhale kuli kofunsidwa, cholowa chimene makolo athu adachilandira kwa agogo ndi aakazi chiyenera kuti chigwirizano chalamulo, osati chifukwa choti chinali chabwino, koma chifukwa chogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi anthu omwe ankachita zinthu mwadongosolo, ntchitoyi inatsatira bwino mafotokozedwe olingalira, ndondomeko ya voliyumu ya tsiku ndi tsiku, kugawa malire, kugawa magawo, kukangana ndi ziyeneretso. Vutoli linaperekedwa ponena kuti kugwira ntchito yofotokozera kunali kofunikira kuyang'anirana ndi zotsutsana m'mavoliyumu ena, zomwe buku lalikulu lakutengako tsiku ndi tsiku linapangitsa kuti nthawi yowonjezera ichepetse; popanda kusaiwala kuti kulembetsa malire kunali kosatheka kulamulira pa milandu yomwe sinaphatikizepo kudziwika kwathunthu, kuyendetsa ma homonyms kunali wopenga ndipo milandu monga urbanizations yomwe siiliyake, ma proindivisions ndi katundu wa midzi anakhalapo pang'ono Chikhulupiriro Chaboma. Tiyeneranso kufotokozera kuti Folio weniweni samvera njira zamakono zamakono; njira ziwiri zopanda ntchito zimatsogolera ku zolakwa zofanana. Kachilinso: ngati sichigwira ntchito pa pepala, sichigwira ntchito pazitsulo zamagetsi, ngati sizigwira ntchito m'dongosolo lapitalo, zitsimikizika kuti sizigwira ntchito yatsopano.

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Njira yamakono ya Folio, mosiyana ndiyi, amalemba malo omwe ali ndi mapulogalamu apadera ozindikiritsa, omwe ali ndi levies, eni ake, mapangidwe, maphatikizidwe, ndi zizindikiro zina za katunduyo. Izi zimachitika mwatsatanetsatane, kutanthawuzira mafayilo, mosiyana ndi Folio yaumwini pamene idasindikizidwa ngati chilembacho ndi kapepala kakulephereka. Muyezo wa ISO 19152, malo ndi Administrative Unit (BA_unit), yomwe ingagwiritsidwe ntchito Pakhomo laumwini kapena mu Real Folio. Inde, malo mu Folio Real ali ofanana ndi chiwembu cha cadastre ndipo njira yolumikizira idzathandizidwa.

3. Makhalidwe a Cadastre njira.

Mbali Cadastral wa wamakono sunali wosangalatsa, makamaka chifukwa mkangano pakati pa amaphunzitsidwa wa asilikali olondera akale amene anali kudziwa zisanawonongeke ndi umisiri adadziwa sanadziwe zapansi ambiri malamulo a cadastre anali kwaiye. Chabwino kapena choipa, ife amakhazikika mu zolakwa ndi phindu kuposa pamenepa.

Vuto lalikulu ndiloti likuyembekeza kukhalabe ngati chilumba chodziwika bwino chomwe chatha nthawi yake mosavuta, chifukwa sichikuphatikizidwa mu ndondomekoyi. Amene sangafune kuti cadastral tapestry ilemekezedwe chifukwa cha ntchito zonse zogulitsa, kutumiza, kuyesa, kukonzekera kugwiritsa ntchito ndi njira zogwirira ntchito panthawi ya maudindo atsopano.

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Zinali zofunikira kusintha ndi zolemba, chifukwa kukhala oona mtima zinthu zambiri zinanenedwa ndi alendo achilendo koma iwo sanalembedwe. Zoonadi izi ndizovuta kwambiri m'mayiko ambiri, koma ndikungonena kuti ndi oona mtima mu phunziro lathu, kumene Cadastre akadakali zovuta. Zina zomwe ndikukumbukira bwino kwambiri:

Kukwezedwa kwa chipolopolo chotsatira; za ziwembu ndi katundu wamba monga misewu, mitsinje, nyanjayi, ndi zina zotero. Oyamba adapatsidwa foni ya cadastral ndi mafayilo awo a cadastral, ku katundu wogwiritsidwa ntchito pagulu komanso makiyi a cadastral ndi apolisi ake oyang'anira. Izi ndizofunikira, popeza kuti mipando ya eni eni, pamene ikuchoka, imafuna malo onse olowera ndi malo ochoka; komanso kuteteza kuwononga kwa mtsogolo kwa katundu wolembedwa.

Cadastre ya 2014: Cadastre ya 2014 idzawonetsa kuti dzikoli ndilovomerezeka, kuphatikizapo malamulo a boma ndi zoletsedwa.

Kupatukana kwa deta ndi kuika malamulo. Mapu asanafike masiku ano anali zojambula zenizeni, mwa iwo kuphatikizapo ziwembuzo zinali malo alamulo, malo otetezedwa, malo okhala ndi chidwi, madera, ndi zina zotero. Izi zinasiyanitsidwa kuti zikhale mapu okhaokha, kupanga mapulani a mapulani amawoneka ophweka, koma pofuna kuyambitsa kupanga digitalization ndi kupanga zokhazokha zamaganizo.

Izi zinapangitsanso mgwirizano wina, chifukwa Cadastre inali ngati wochita chilichonse. Ngakhale kuti sakanatha kugwira ntchito zawo, momwe kale nthambi zawo zinali ndi maudindo kale. Kuyanjanitsa National Geographic Institute ndi National Cadastre sichinali njira yowonjezera, osati chifukwa chakuti sizingatheke, koma chifukwa chilengedwe sichinayambe kutenga IGN kukhala gawo monga woyang'anira zojambula; M'masiku amenewo lingaliro la IDE linali lopanda nzeru kotero kuti likuwoneka kuti likuchotsa mphamvu za «makapu abwino".

Cadastre ya 2014: Buku la Cadastre lidzakhala chinthu chakale.

Icho chinasiyanitsa kukwezedwa kumatuluka kuchokera kumasintha omwewo. Ndi kusesa ziwembu ndi tchipisi analawira kuchitidwa kamodzi digitized makina mbiri-Mgwirizano mapu kenako kulenga Geoparcela (Spatial_unit) + ntchito encumbrances malamulo ndi utsogoleri (Restrictios + Responsabilities Ufulu +).

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Galasi ndilopadera kwambiri pazochitika zazikulu. Sichiphatikizapo mapeto ena a opaleshoni, koma mwachidule mwachidule ndondomeko ya kusintha kwa Folio Real ndi chiyanjano chake ku Cadastre ziwembu.

Pomwe mapu a Mapu adakhazikitsidwa, Public View anali kuyembekezera, pambuyo pake fayilo yam'munda idasunthira ku fayilo ya cadastral kuti pakhale kusintha kulikonse komwe kungapangidwe kudzera ku pempho la kasitomala. Izi zinasiyidwa pokhapokha ngati zitha kupangidwa ndi pempho la munthu wodzitcha, mtsogoleri kapena pempho la ogwiritsira ntchito (ofufuza nthaka kapena akatswiri a boma). Pakalipano ndondomekoyi ili ndi chikhulupiliro chofanana, ndi maziko omwe akukonzekera nthumwi kupita kwa ogulitsa ntchito omwe sangagwiritse ntchito Cadastre komanso Registry ndi kusinthidwa kwa Tsatanetsatane.

The 2014 Cadastre idzasinthidwa kwambiri. Gulu la anthu ndi mabungwe apadera adzagwira ntchito pamodzi.

Tchati cha zamankhwala, lero zofanana ndi zilembo za LADM, zikuwonetsa momwe njirazo zinapangidwira pansi pa njira yogwiritsira ntchito njira, kotero kuti njira zoyamba iwo ankangokhala chitsanzo, koma izi zingakhale zokha pansi pa njira yopitilira ntchito.

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Cadastre 2014: Mapu a Cadastral adzakhala mbali yambuyomu. Kutalika kwa nthawi yaitali!

Monga momwe mwaonera kale, ndikukhala mophweka komanso mwachidule chifukwa cha kulephera kwa owerenga pa intaneti. Koma zinthu zambiri zomwe tidachita zinali zolakwika. Chodabwitsa, koma chimodzi mwa zinthu zomwe zinasiyidwa ndizofunika ndalama, kuganizira za kulekanitsa malamulo, kupereka zofunikira koposa malamulo. Ngakhale kuti luso loyendetsa ndalama silinayambe m'manja mwa munthu aliyense, tinapitirizabe ndi ma municipalities kuchokera ku malamulo awo, kuti tipewe kupotoza njira zomwe Cadastre adakonzeratu kale. Inde, izi zinayambitsa maofesi a municipalities kumanga ma modules awoawo omwe mpaka lero akhala ovuta kugwirizanitsa.

Kuvutika kwa kuphatikizapo nkhani zandale kumapweteketsa phindu lachuma; Mfundo yayikulu ya chitukuko cha sayansi: Ngati sichipereka ndalama, idzafa. Lero lomwe likutumizidwa ku Operekera, mawonetsero a tsiku ndi tsiku akuwonetsa kuti angayambe kupanga ndalama zochuluka nthawi ina yapitayo, koma zowonjezereka zokhudzana ndi zofunazo zidapindula.

Registry Property Properties ndi Cadastre ndi sitepe yovuta kwambiri likhale lokhazikika... ndithudi, ngati zinali zophweka. Koma ndi bwino kusiyana ndi kufuna kuti izi zitheke pokhapokha.

The 2014 Cadastre idzasintha ndalamazo.

4 Kugwirizana kwa Matrícula registral - Parcela Catastral.

Makina opanga ngati maquila, kutuluka kwa registry kunali kosavuta:

Kusindikiza, kuyeretsa ndi kulongosola nyumba, kuti mutengere bukuli mu digito, ndi kapangidwe kake ka makina ndipo motero musapeze kuti apitirize kupanga mabuku. Kupatula Mphamvu / Zigawo ndi zina zomwe zinapitilira kugwira ntchito pa Personal Folio.

Kuchokera ku mipando yogwira ndi kulenga mapulogalamu a layisensi. Pachifukwa ichi, tinali ndi "pepala lamakono kapena mapepala enieni omwe amapanga mapulogalamu", omwe ali enieni enieni (mwa njira yogwiritsidwa ntchito), koma molingana ndi zofuna za Honduran, ndi mphamvu ya dongosolo, Folio Yeniyeni iyenera kugwirizanitsidwa ndi Cadastre.

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Pamalo a Catastro, kuukira kwakukulu kunabweretsedwa ku komiti yosindikizira mapu ndi zithunzi-kutanthauzidwa delineation kapena mafayilo onse a masitepe ndi mafayilo a famu. Mu ofesiyi, geopaces anali ndi digiti, yolumikizidwa ndikugwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zamakono panthawiyo ndi VBA ya Microstation Geographics. Zikuoneka sitepe ina kuti kwenikweni anali chabe zamoyo wa luso chifukwa 2003 danga katiriji anali sadatsatire, koma mapu anamangidwa ndi centroid yake pansi chiwembu Arc-mfundo mu tchati, kaya lonse Mokweza ndondomeko anali kupeza ndalama . Pambuyo pake, kusamukira kunkapangidwira ku malo osungirako zinthu ndi malo osungirako zinthu ndi Bentley Map. Panopa mukukonzekera pulojekiti ya Qgis.

Cadastre ya 2014: Kusiyanitsa pakati pa mapu ndi marembedwe kudzathetsedwa.

Mukakhala ndi malemba BA_Unit (Kulembetsa ku Folio Real) ndi Spatial_Unit, njira ina ku maquila inapanga ntchito yolumikizana. Anapanga ndondomeko kuchokera ku rekodi ya cadastral, komwe kufotokozera kwa Folio Private kunakulira, kufanizitsa zinthu za malo, eni, dera, maziko ndi zitsamba zina kuti apange chiyanjano.

Chithunzi chotsatira chikuwonetsa zoona zalamulo zomwe zikugwirizana ndi zenizeni. Ngakhale kuti ndi chitsanzo cha dera lam'midzi, njirayi si yophweka pa zifukwa zingapo. Pazochitika zabwino kwambiri zinkatha kugwirizanitsa ndi 51% (Mizinda ndi Mizinda ya Kumidzi), otsalira otsala adzapangidwe ku zofuna zogulira ndikudutsa mwazochita zomwe zolinga zawo m'dziko lino ndizo ... makamaka.

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Zolemba za Unified System, pamene chiyanjano chimalengedwa, zikuwonetsa zenizeni ziwiri, ndi machenjezo a zosatheka zosavomerezeka. Choncho chilolezo chololedwa popanda chiyanjano cha Catastro chimangosonyeza zazikulu za "Osati kukhala georeferenced molingana ndi lamulo«. Zotsatira zomwe zimaletsa kugwiritsidwa ntchito, malo kapena malo okhala, ngakhale izi ziwiri ndi nkhani yomwe ikudikirira ... pankhani ina, chifukwa kufooka kwamabungwe ndi mutu womwe akatswiri aukadaulo samamvetsetsa nthawi zonse.

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Kwa njira yogwirizanirana inali yofunikira -mwinamwake mochedwa ine ndikuvomereza- Longosolerani njira zoyenera zowonetsera kapena njira yokonza, kuti 18 isalepheretse zinthu zosawerengeka, zomwe zilipo:

  • Chimodzi mwa maubwenzi ambiri pakati pa mapulani ndi mapepala,
  • Kusiyanitsa kwa ufulu kwa zikalata za kutumiza kolembetsa,
  • Kusiyanasiyana kwa malo chifukwa chooneka kuti kulimbana kwa dera lonse,
  • Kusiyanasiyana ndi kusintha kwa Registry kapena Cadastral pambuyo pa cadastral,
  • Zomwe sizinatengedwe,
  • Malo ozengereza
  • Property proindiviso,
  • Kusiyana kwa mayina a eni kapena kubwereza kwa ogwira ntchito,
  • ndi zina, ndi zina zotero.

Pachifukwachi, njira yogwiritsira ntchito mafakitale yotsimikiziridwa inagwiritsidwa ntchito: Perekani kwa aliyense amene akuvulaza kwambiri. Wogwiritsa ntchito akawona machenjezo, amayang'ana momwe angathetsere; Chiwerengero, ndi chimodzi mwa mfundo zolembetsera: malonda.

Chirichonse chinali chabwino, mpaka icho chikugwirizana ndi Cadastre.

5 Cadastre ndi data ya Registry sizidzafanana.

Gawo loyanjanitsa kwa kanthawi "ndale limapangidwira" linasiyidwa kuti lichite komanso kuti likhale laling'ono ndilo limodzi la zovuta zovuta pa chikhalidwe chovomerezeka cha lamulo, kuti pulogalamu iliyonse ifunike kulumikizana ku Registry Cadastral. Mbali iyi ndi yovuta, zonse pokhala zovomerezeka kwambiri komanso zofuna monga Papa. M'munsimu muli malangizo ena omwe makamaka amayenera kukhala ovomerezeka.

Cadastre ndi malo a Registry sadzakhala chimodzimodzi. Choncho, kulolerana chilinganizo chimene amaona njira muyeso, m'tawuni / kumidzi chikhalidwe malinga kukula, mu nkhani iyi lonse pazipita ntchito fomu yapita, monga tikuonera chithunzi yotsatirayi ntchito. Kulolerana anali mkulu 6% ndipo onani, ntchito chilinganizo ngati ino, m'dera akutsika 6% kuti 1% insofar monga kukula munda amalima.

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Njirayi inayikidwa monga ndondomeko yosungidwa mu deta, kuti iwonetsedwe mwatsatanetsatane. Ngati malo ovomerezeka sali m'munsi mwake, ndiye kuti dongosolo limadzutsa tcheru ndi kusiyana kwa dera.

Kulembetsa kasitomala sikuli kofanana ndi zolembera zazithunzi. Ngati nyumbayo idzayesa kasanu, mipikisano yake idzakhala yosiyana nthawi iliyonse (mkati mwa malire olekerera). Zomwe zikutanthawuza, kuti ngati makonzedwe awo ali mkati mwake, sikofunikira kusintha katundu wa cadastral; Chifukwa chakuti a LADM amawona zolemba zafukufuku, Survey_chiwerengero ngati mgwirizano pakati pa Source_document ndi Spatial_unit.

  • Sizingatheke kunena kuti chogwirizana ndi notarial protocol iwo ayenera kumawoneka ngati mayina a anthu; Ngakhale kuti mfundoyi imanena kuti ziyenera kukhala zomveka bwino, timadziwa kuti ndi pamene tiyenera kuyang'ana mapu, koma ngati wowona mapu ali womveka bwino kuti sangakhale ndi apadera, ndiye kuti ophatikizanawo angakhale makiyi a cadastral. Zikuwoneka zosavuta, koma kupanga alamulo amamvetsa kutenga nthawi; Chimene tikuyembekeza chidzathetsedwa ndi maminiti olembetsa.

Sizingatheke kuyambitsa ndondomeko, popanda kukhazikitsidwa bwino. chizindikiritso cha akatswiri oyeza, njira zowonetsera, kulekerera, mafomu owonetsera mafayilo ndi njira zogwirizanirana pakati pa deta yomwe imasonkhanitsidwa ndi ndondomeko zosiyana. Ngati kuyeza kwa malo kumasonyeza kufunika kokonzanso dera lonse, chifukwa sikunakhazikitsidwe bwino kapena chifukwa cha kusiyana kwa njira, kuti LADM iwona Point_parcel, yomwe mayesero a Armageddon angapewe -amene akubwera tsopano-.

Zotsatira zalamulo ndizofotokozera, sizowonongeka. Kunali koyenera kusiya m'chilamulo, ndi kafukufuku cadastral udzakhala wokhazikika pa zinthu zooneka, ndipo ngati mwina pali kusiyana pakati pa zopelekedwa dera ndi dera cadastral, ndipo sanasinthe zinthu colindancias, palibenso umboni zonena , komanso sichiyandikana ndi malo a anthu, malo owonetserako zachilengedwe adzakhalapo. Ndizomveka bwanji, koma kutsimikizira kuti malembo omwe alipo alipo ayenera kusinthidwa, ndi nkhani ina; kuyambira ndi lamulo ayenera ufuluwu boma ndipo sindingathe kunena chimene osasamba analandira pansi mawu yapita, chifukwa magawo wanga unasintha.

M'pofunika kufotokoza Njira zoyeretsera zomwe zimayambitsa kukhazikitsidwa kwa nthawi zonse. Ngati bungwe lovomerezeka ndi Banco Davivienda, koma muzitsulo za mayina awo akuwoneka ndi maina osiyanasiyana pa nthambi iliyonse, pakufunika njira yowonjezera. Mofananamo, ngati nyumba inamangidwa m'njira zosiyanasiyana, koma ndi yofanana, siimagwirizanitsa katundu koma kuphatikiza. Koma mbali zonsezi ziyenera kukhala zovomerezeka.

Vuto lalikulu kwambiri lidzakhalapo nthawi zonse anthu, mu gawoli kawirikawiri sagonjetse kusintha ndikukweza kuti zinthuzo zichitike mwa njira imodzi yokha. Palibenso njira yodzibwezera nokha ndikusiya zosungira. Kusinthasintha kwa zolinga zandale kungakhale kopindulitsa, ngakhale tikuyenera kudziwa kuti ndizoopsa kwambiri. Malinga ndi momwe malamulo angagwiritsidwe ntchito, kutulutsidwa ndi tchimo lachidziwitso, malinga ngati liri lopanda zofuna zambiri.

6 Pomaliza:

Monga ndanenera kumayambiriro, cholinga cha nkhaniyi sikuti tipeze maphikidwe amatsenga. Makamaka chifukwa chenicheni chokhazikika mu dziko lirilonse ndi chovuta kwambiri, osati chifukwa cha luso kapena zalamulo, koma chifukwa cha udindo wa mphamvu ndi kusowa kwa masomphenya a akuluakulu ake. Komabe, chitsanzo chikusonyeza kuti n'zotheka kuchita zinthu zochititsa chidwi m'mayiko atatu akudziko lapansi, ngati mutagwiritsa ntchito nthawi za ulemerero kuti musunge zinthu zosasinthika. Maiko ena adakwaniritsa izi ndi zopusa pang'ono, ena ali nazo mikhalidwe yabwino maziko nkhondo chifukwa chogwirizana kwenikweni.

Kulembetsa kwa malo kumadalira nzeru. Malonda a ufulu wa katundu akhalapo kuyambira pamene munthu anapeza ulimi, ndipo adazindikira kuti akhoza kulenga anthu.

registry registry ladm

Chiwonetserocho chimasonyeza ndime kuchokera m'mabuku athu achipembedzo, kumene maonekedwe omwe akuwoneka ngati akusinthanitsa malamulo a registry, ndi ndalama zowonongeka zokapita kukale, mu ndalama zasiliva zamtengo wapatali zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mosamala -Ndi lingaliro lalikulu bwanji kwa mkulu aliyense lero- Palibe amene ankakayikira kuti nyumbayo ndi yodalirika kapena mtengo wake wa "Tsegulani kutumizira«. Inde, ngati tifuna kugwirizanitsa cadastre ndi rejista pa tsikulo, tidzakhala ndi vuto lomwelo, komanso ntchito yomweyo yokambirana kwa osuta fodya monga ife.

Chifukwa panopa Honduras polingalira za Baibulo latsopano dongosolo, ndondomeko amatsatira pafupifupi zofunika kwambiri monga mbali asanamve, chifukwa ntchito ndi limodzi, chilengedwe adzakhala mutate m'chaching'ono, njira yokha idzasintha. Mu dziko la sayansi luso tikukhala, pakati pamene ine ndinayamba kulemba nkhani ndi tsiku mwangozi mukuwerenga anafika, latsopano Boom luso kupereka vuto la kaundula-cadastre, ndi alangizi zitatu zatsopano kupereka misonkhano. Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti matekinoloje ndiwongowonjezera; Kulimbana pakati pa kupanikizana pakati pa zipangizo zamakono ndi kufunika kwa nyengo ndilo muyezo.

Kugwirizanitsa Registry ndi Cadastre ndi mutu umene uyenera kuyambika. Ngati izo zikanangotengedwa, ndipo sizidzatulutsidwa, izo zidzakhala zowona za sayansi. Chabwino kapena cholakwika, pamene icho chiyambira, zimatengera luso loposa luso kuti liwathandize. Koma ndi mtundu ndondomeko, amene nkomwe amatenga anthu angapo amene ali kutali bwino, chifukwa njira milandu onse ali pa zomwe zilipo anthu, amene ali akatswiri pa nkhani zawo: Kulembetsa, Cadastre, kasamalidwe dziko, zokha , systematization ndi ... mankhwala osokoneza bongo. 🙂

Mavuto atsopano amabwera Theka lina la nkhaniyi likuzungulira pangodya.

Mayankho a 2 ku "6 mbali zofunikira mu Registry Integration - Cadastre"

  1. Sindikudziwa ngati ndimvetsetsa bwino funsoli, ndipo ngati aposa imodzi. Ndiyesera

    Nkhani yalamulo ya Honduran imati ngati pali kusiyana pakati pa chikalata ndi cadastre, ndipo malire sanasinthe, ndipo chidziwitso cha cadastral chiri pompano, chidziwitso cha cadastral chimakhala chofunikira kwambiri. Chifukwa chake wosuta ayenera kusintha zolemba zake. Chikalatachi chimayenera kutsatira tanthauzo laukadaulo wa mbiri ya cadastral.

    Pankhani yoyeserera, yomwe singafune nambala ya cadastral, monga milandu yokhudzana ndi mayendedwe amilandu, sikofunikira kupanga code ya cadastral. Ingolemberani zoyezera (ISO 19152 Survey).

    Malirewo amapangidwa ndi dongosololi m'njira yodziyimira pokha, pofufuza malo omwe akukhudza kaye, kenako omwe amakhudza zabwino pagulu, amasanthula omwe ali mbali inayo. Zambiri zomwe zasamukira kumalo osungirako malo, zimachitika phukusi mu BD, pankhani ya zosasunthidwa mu Geographics, zimachitika ndi VBA yosungidwa pa seva, pa ntchentche. Ngati palibe kafukufuku ndipo alibe chiwembu chodziwikiratu, koma ngati muli ndi gawo lolumikizana, lingasinthidwe kukhala Point Parcel, kuti musataye zambiri zomwe mwapeza, kapena khalani mukukangana chifukwa mulibe geometry yoyeserera. Koma musatulutsenso umboni wa cadastral wa deta yomwe siyili mkati mwa dongosolo.

  2. Ndikufuna ndidziwe momwe makiyi a cadastral amakumbukidwira ndipo zikachitika kuti chikalata chogulitsa malo chimakhala ndi malingaliro opeka, ndiye kuti, akuti mbali ya Kumpoto imalumikizana ndi munthu X ndipo Kum'mawa kwake kumalire ndi munthu Ndipo alibe X kapena Y omwe ali ndi malo omwe amayendera malowa ali ndi malire okha omwe ali kumwera ndi msewu wa anthu komanso kumadzulo ndi msewu woyandikana nawo.

    Gracias

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